Ola Delight Smith

Ola Delight Smith. Source: Railroad Telegrapher, May 1911, 1018

Ola Delight Lloyd Smith (January 21, 1880 – December 5, 1958) was an American telegrapher, journalist, and labor activist.

Biography

Ola Delight Lloyd was born in Mercer County, Illinois, in 1880. Her father, John Alva Lloyd, was a farmer; her mother, Celeste Crawford "Lettie" Long, died when Ola was nine. The family moved many times during her childhood, residing for various periods of time in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Nebraska, Iowa, and Wisconsin.[1]

While the family was living in Epes, Alabama, Ola became interested in telegraphy and used a practice set at home to learn Morse code. She took a telegraphy course at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute for Girls in Montevallo (now known as the University of Montevallo) and began working as a telegrapher, first for the Queen and Crescent Route and later for the Postal Telegraph Company. In 1901, Ola married Edgar B. Smith, a traveling salesman, and the couple moved to Birmingham, Alabama, where she managed a Western Union office. They later moved to Gainesville, Georgia, where Ola again worked for the Postal Telegraph; she joined the Commercial Telegraphers Union of America (CTUA) in 1904. The CTUA had been formed in 1902 to represent the interests of commercial telegraphers. In 1906, she also joined the Order of Railroad Telegraphers (ORT), which had been formed in 1886 to represent telegraphers who worked for the railroads.[2]

In 1907, Ola and her husband moved to Atlanta, Georgia. The CTUA declared a nationwide strike in August 1907 after several union members were dismissed by Western Union for participating in union activities. Ola Delight Smith played an active role in the strike, which ended in defeat for the union in November 1907. As a result, she was blacklisted by Western Union and was unable to find employment as a telegrapher.[3]

To supplement her husband's meager and erratic income, she entered into a variety of ventures, including running a boarding house, writing business letters, and providing general secretarial services. She continued to participate in union activities, and in May 1908 organized the Dixie Twin Order Telegraphers' Club in order to coordinate social activities involving both the CTUA and the ORT. She organized a telegraphers' convention that was held in Atlanta in May 1909, and served as president of the ladies' auxiliary of the Twin Order Telegraphers until 1913. She also served as the CTUA representative to the Atlanta Federation of Trades and the Georgia Federation of Labor.[4]

In 1906, she had begun writing for the Atlanta Journal of Labor, published by the Atlanta Federation of Trades, and eventually became an associate editor. She wrote columns on a variety of subjects, focusing on the need for organized labor and women's role in labor unions. She became an advocate for the rights of children, and served as the Georgia Federation of Labor's delegate to the Southern Conference on Women and Child Labor.

In 1914, Atlanta textile workers belonging to the United Textile Workers Union went on strike against the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills to protest poor working conditions and the employment of children in the mills. Ola Delight Smith became involved as a labor organizer. She took photographs to document working conditions and to illustrate the condition of children working in the mills. Her activities came to the attention of the mill owners, who hired operatives to spy on her and report on her activities.

The mill owners began to clandestinely circulate attacks on her reputation, resulting in her being dismissed as strike leader in November 1914. Her husband filed for divorce at the same time, aided by a lawyer who represented the mills. The strike finally ended in defeat for the UTW in 1915.[5]

Ola Delight Smith left Atlanta and resumed her work as a telegrapher, operating for the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway in Texas. In 1919 she moved to Portland, Oregon, where she went to work for Western Union and resumed her affiliation with the CTUA. She became prominent in the Oregon labor movement, and remained active until her death in 1958.

References

  1. ^ http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/7531470/person/-655721543?ssrc=
  2. ^ Hall, J,: "O. Delight Smith's Progressive Era: Labor, Feminism and Reform in the Urban South", in Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism, ed. Nancy A. Hewitt and Suzanne Lebsock (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993) pp. 169-171.
  3. ^ Jepsen, Thomas C., My Sisters Telegraphic: Women in the Telegraph Office, 2000, Ohio University Press, pp. 166 - 181.
  4. ^ “The Atlanta Convention”, Railroad Telegrapher, February 1909: 584-5.
  5. ^ Hall, J, pp. 182-184.

Further reading


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Commercial Telegraphers Union of America — The Commercial Telegraphers Union of America (CTUA) was a United States labor union formed to promote the interests of commercial telegraph operators. Logo, Commercial Telegraphers Union of America. Source: Commercial Telegraphers Journal, June… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Railroad Telegraphers — The Order of Railroad Telegraphers (ORT) was a United States labor union established in the late nineteenth century to promote the interests of telegraph operators working for the railroads. Contents 1 Background and Early History 2 Increased… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • List of high schools in Arkansas — This is a list of high schools in the state of Arkansas.Arkansas County*DeWitt High School, DeWitt *Gillett High School, Gillett *Humphrey High School, Humphrey *Stuttgart High School, StuttgartAshley County*Crossett High School, Crossett… …   Wikipedia

  • List of rock instrumentals — The following is a list of rock instrumentals, including live performances and drum solos, organized by artist name. 0 9 =3= *Bramfatura =311= * Blizza * Cali Soca * Color ( Transistor ) * Dreamland ( Enlarged to Show Detail 2 ) * Old Funk *… …   Wikipedia

  • Historia de las islas Malvinas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mapa de las islas Malvinas, con la toponimia argentina. Las islas Malvinas son un archipiélago ubicado en el mar Argentino, en el océano Atlántico Sur, a una distancia mínima de la Patagonia d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Historia de las Islas Malvinas — Este artículo o sección puede ser demasiado extenso(a). Algunos navegadores pueden tener dificultades al mostrar este artículo. Por favor, considera separar cada sección por artículos independientes, y luego resumir las secciones presentes en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • skiing — /skee ing/, n. the act or sport of gliding on skis. [1890 95; SKI + ING1] * * * I Sport and mode of transportation involving moving over snow on a pair of long flat runners (skis) attached to shoes or boots. Skiing was born in northern Europe;… …   Universalium

  • Cannabis — This article is about the plant genus. For use as a psychoactive drug in the genus, see Cannabis (drug). Cannabis …   Wikipedia

  • Arkansas locations by per capita income — Arkansas is the forty eighth richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $16,904 (2000). Arkansas Places Ranked by Per Capita Income # Morrison Bluff, Arkansas ndash; $56,436 # Prairie Creek, Arkansas ndash; $37,355 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.