Odette Hallowes

Odette Sansom Hallowes
Odette Sansom.jpg
Odette Sansom in 1946
Nickname Agent Spindle, Lise
Born 28 April 1912(1912-04-28)
Amiens, France
Died 13 March 1995(1995-03-13) (aged 82)
Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England, UK
Allegiance United Kingdom, France
Service/branch Special Operations Executive
First Aid Nursing Yeomanry
Years of service 1942-1944 (SOE)
Unit Spindle
Awards George Cross,
MBE
Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur
Relations Roy Sansom (3 daughters)
Peter Churchill
Geoffrey Hallowes

Odette Sansom Hallowes GC, MBE, Chevalier de la légion d'honneur (28 April 1912—13 March 1995) was an Allied heroine of World War II.

Contents

Early years

Born as Odette Marie Céline Brailly in Amiens, France, she was the daughter of the First World War hero, Gaston Brailly, who was killed at Verdun in 1918. At seven, she caught polio, and spent a year blind and another without the movement of her limbs.

Roy Sansom

She met an Englishman, Roy Sansom, in Boulogne, and married him in 1931, moving with him to England. The couple had three daughters: Françoise, Lily and Marianne. Roy Sansom enlisted in 1940. In the spring of 1942 the Admiralty appealed for postcards or family photographs taken on the Continent for possible war use. Hearing the broadcast, she wrote that she had photographs taken around Boulogne, on the French coast of the English Channel, but she inadvertently addressed her letter to the War Office instead of the Admiralty. As a result she was enrolled in Special Forces of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY) and trained by Colonel Maurice Buckmaster's Special Operations Executive to be sent into Nazi-occupied France to work with the French underground. She left her three daughters in a convent school.[1]

World War II activities in France

She made a landing near Cannes in 1942, where she made contact with her supervisor, Peter Churchill. Using the code name Lise, she brought him funds and acted as his courier. Churchill's operation in France was betrayed by a double agent, and Odette and Churchill were arrested on 16 April 1943 and imprisoned. Under torture by the Gestapo at Fresnes prison in Paris, she stuck to her cover story that Churchill was the nephew of Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and that she was Peter's wife. The hope was that in this way their treatment would be mitigated[2].

Ravensbrück

She was condemned to death in June 1943, although a time for execution was not specified, and sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp. She survived the war and testified against the prison guards at a 1946 war crimes trial.[3] Camp commandant Fritz Suhren had brought her with him when he surrendered to the Americans in the hope that her supposed connections to Churchill might allow him to negotiate his way out of execution.[4]

Further marriages

Roy Sansom had died during Odette's imprisonment and she married Peter Churchill in 1947. She was divorced from Churchill in 1956 and married Geoffrey Hallowes in the same year. Hallowes outlived her and died in 2006.

Honours

Odette Sansom Hallowes was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) and was the first of three World War II FANY members to be awarded the George Cross (gazetted 20 August 1946).[5] She remains the only woman to have received the George Cross whilst alive, all other female GC awards to date being posthumous. She was also appointed a Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur for her work with the French resistance.[6] In later life her mother's home was burgled and Odette's GC was stolen. After a public appeal it was returned with a note saying:

You, Madame, appear to be a dear old lady. God bless you and your children. I thank you for having faith in me. I am not all that bad - it's just circumstances. Your little dog really loves me. I gave him a nice pat and left him a piece of meat - out of fridge. Sincerely yours, A Bad Egg.

References

  1. ^ Tickell, Odette, chapter 9.
  2. ^ Undercover: The Men and Women of the SOE, Patrick Howarth, 1980
  3. ^ Salvesen, Sylvia (1947) (in Norwegian). Tilgi – men glem ikke. Oslo: Aschehoug. pp. 303–307. 
  4. ^ George Lovell, Consultancy, Ministry & Mission, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000, p. 115
  5. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37693. p. 4175. 16 August 1946. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 39069. p. 5741. 17 November 1950. Retrieved 2008-05-27.

Works Dealing With Her Story

  • Odette, a movie made in 1950 starring Anna Neagle.
  • Tickell, Jerrard (1949). Odette: The Story of a British Agent. London: Chapman & Hall. .

External links


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