Alessandro Piccolomini

Alessandro Piccolomini (June 13, 1508 - March 12, 1579) was an Italian humanist and philosopher from Siena, who promoted the popularization in the vernacular of Latin and Greek scientific and philosophical treatises. His early works include "Il Dialogo della bella creanza delle donne, o Raffaella" (1539) and the comedies "Amor costante", and "Alessandro", (other titles are erroneously attributed to him) which were sponsored and produced by the Sienese Accademia degl'Intronati, of which he was a member and an official. Much of his literary production consisted of translations from the Classics, of which Book xiii of Ovid's Metamorphoses and book vi of the Aeneid are early examples. In 1540, while a student at the University of Padua, he helped found the Infiammati Academy, in which he gave lectures in philosophy. (He never taught at the University of Padua, as is often stated incorrectly.) His poetry, in which he followed the Petrarchan tradition, appeared first in various contemporary collections, and in 1549 he published as a single volume one hundred sonnets titled "Cento sonetti". Later in life, he translated Aristotle's Poetics on which he wrote a learned commentary issued in 1575. His interest in Aristotle included the publication of a paraphrase of Aristotle's Rhetoric with commentary. In his "Trattato della grandezza della terra e dell' acqua" (1558), he opposed the Aristotelean and Ptolemaic opinion that water was more extensive than land.

The treatises "Sfera del mondo e Delle stelle fisse" (The sphere of the world and The fixed stars) (1540), in which he adhered to Ptolemaic theories, were some of his major contributions to the field of astronomy. He also wrote, at the behest of Cosimo de Medici, a proposal for reforming the calendar (1578). In 1574 Pope Gregory XIII appointed him titular bishop of Patras (Patrae).

His comedy "Alessandro" was adapted by George Chapman into "May Day" (printed 1611).

The important lunar crater Piccolomini is named after him.

See also

*Piccolomini

References

*"This article incorporates text from the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia" article " [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12073c.htm Alessandro Piccolomini] " by U. Benigni, a publication now in the public domain."
*cite book|first=F.|last=Cerreta|title=Alessandro Piccolomini|location=Siena|year=1960

External links

* [http://www.bo.astro.it/~biblio/atlas/picco01n.jpgPiccolomini: Ursa Major and Ursa Minor]


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  • Alessandro Piccolomini —     Alessandro Piccolomini     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alessandro Piccolomini     Littérateur, philosopher, astronomer, b. 13 June, 1508; d. 12 March, 1578. He passed his youth in the study of literature and wrote several comedies ( Amor… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alessandro Piccolomini — Alexandre Piccolomini Frontispice de la Filosofia naturale. Alexandre Piccolomini (né le 13 juin 1508 décédé le 12 mars 1579) est un humaniste et philosophe toscan, qui joua un rôle considérable dans la promotion du toscan en tant que langue… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Alessandro Piccolomini — Titelblatt der Filosofia naturale Alessandro Piccolomini (* 13. Juni 1508 in Siena; † 12. März 1578; lateinisch: Alexander Piccolomineus) war Dichter und Philosoph, erlangte aber besonders als Astronom Bekanntheit. In seiner Jugend schrieb er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piccolomini — (pronounced [pikkoˡlɔːmini] ) is the name of an Italian noble family, which was prominent in Siena from the beginning of the 13th century onwards. In 1220, Engelberto d Ugo Piccolomini received the fief of Montertari in Val d Orcia from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Piccolomini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Escudo de la familia Piccolomini. Piccolomini es el nombre de una familia noble italiana con influencia en Siena desde el siglo XIII (perteneciente a la facción güelfa). Sus orígines son muy antiguos: un tal Martino… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alessandro — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Für den Familiennamen siehe D’Alessandro. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname Alessandro Achillini (1463–1512), italienischer Philosoph und Arzt Alessandro Albani (1692–1779), Kardinal der katholischen Kirche Alessandro… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piccolomini (crater) — lunar crater data latitude=29.7 N or S=S longitude=32.3 E or W=E diameter=88 km depth=4.5 km colong=328 eponym=Alessandro PiccolominiPiccolomini is a prominent lunar impact crater located in the southeastern sector of the Moon. The crater… …   Wikipedia

  • Piccolomini — Den Namen Piccolomini trugen folgende Personen: Agostino Patrizi Piccolomini (1435–1495/96), Bischof und päpstlicher Zeremonienmeister Alessandro Piccolomini (1508–1578), italienischer Dichter, Philosoph und Astronom Antonio Piccolomini… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PICCOLOMINI (LES) — PICCOLOMINI LES Très ancienne famille de Sienne qui apparaît dès le XIe siècle. Elle est parmi les premières de la cité à se vouer à la banque, avec des succursales à Gênes, à Venise, en France et en Angleterre. Après le déclin qui suit l’apogée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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