North Field (Iwo Jima)


North Field (Iwo Jima)
North Field (Iwo Jima)
20th usaaf.png
Part of Twentieth Air Force
Type Military airfield
Coordinates 24°47′05″N 141°19′27″E / 24.78472°N 141.32417°E / 24.78472; 141.32417
Built Prior to 1944
In use 1944–present
Controlled by United States Army Air Forces (1945–1953)
Japan Self-Defense Forces (1953–present) (IATA: IWOICAO: RJAW)
Iwo Jima Air Base
North Field

Iwoto Airport
硫黄島飛行場
Iōtō Hikōjō
IATA: IWOICAO: RJAW
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Ministry of Defense, Japan
Operator JMSDF
Location Iwo Jima, Ogasawara, Tokyo
Elevation AMSL 384 ft / 117 m
Coordinates 24°47′03″N 141°19′21″E / 24.78417°N 141.3225°E / 24.78417; 141.3225Coordinates: 24°47′03″N 141°19′21″E / 24.78417°N 141.3225°E / 24.78417; 141.3225
Map
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,650 8,694 Asphalt
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

North Field or Iwo Jima Air Base (IATA: IWOICAO: RJAW) is a World War II airfield on Iwo Jima in the Bonin Islands, located in the Central Pacific. The Bonin Islands are part of Japan. Today, the airfield is operated by the Japan Self-Defense Forces as a military airfield.

Contents

History

See also: Battle of Iwo Jima

Located south and west of the midpoint between Tokyo and Saipan, the island of Iwo Jima was needed by the United States Army Air Force Twentieth Air Force as an emergency landing facility for its B-29 Superfortress strategic bombing campaign against the Empire of Japan.

United States Marines landed on Iwo Jima February 19, 1945. The first day saw 2,400 American casualties. During the battle U.S. Marines, sailors and soldiers killed an estimated 20,000 Japanese and captured over 1,000 prisoners. On March 25 the Battle of Iwo Jima was declared over and the island secured, although mopping up continued until July. United States Army units, including the 147th Infantry also participated in the battle.

North Field was a Japanese airfield which was repaired and lengthened by American forces to accommodate B-29s making emergency landings. Central and North Fields on Iwo Jima handled over 2,400 emergency landings by American aircraft. It was also the headquarters for VII Fighter Command (assigned to Twentieth Air Force) from March 1 – December 1, 1945, along with the intelligence-gathering 41st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron from August though mid-September 1945. Operational fighter squadrons which performed B-29 escort missions from North Field were:

After the war, North Field stayed in American hands until after the Korean War, when it was turned over to the Japan Self-Defense Forces as an interceptor base. It continues in that role today.

See also

Heinkel He 111 during the Battle of Britain.jpg World War II portal
  • USAAF in the Central Pacific
  • Central Field

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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