List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation


List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation

This list of Nobel laureates by university affiliation shows the university affiliation (either as a student, alumnus or faculty) of winners of the Nobel Prize. Universities are listed in order of number of affiliated Nobel Prize winners, from highest to lowest.

It is not always straightforward to determine which institution was key to the contribution for which each Nobel laureate was honoured. Many laureates earn their bachelors and masters degrees at one university, then move to a different university to earn their doctorates. Some laureates may have taught or done research at more than one university. Some names will appear below as 'graduates', 'researchers' or 'academic staff' of more than one university. Each institution practices different methods for counting affiliates, from extremely generous counting to extremely conservative counting. For example, Oxford University declares that it does not include anyone who received the Nobel Prize before arriving there[1], although there are very few laureates who joined Oxford after winning a prize.

The federal University of London is counted by individual constituent college in this table. The University of London and Imperial College London (which separated in 2007) together have a total of 72 affiliated Nobel laureates overall (including 7 Nobel laureates affiliated to the University of London International Programmes).

A list of laureates' university affiliations is also maintained by the Nobel Foundation, which defines the awards by the affiliation at the time of the award.[2]

Legend: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, Economics.

Contents

United States Columbia University

Affiliations[1] Graduate[2] Attendee or Researcher[3] Academic staff before or at the time of award[4] Academic staff after award[5]
Columbia University's official count does not include affiliates for less than one year.[citation needed]
79 (Official)[3]

96 Total[original research?]

  1. Robert A. Millikan
  2. Nicholas Murray Butler
  3. Irving Langmuir
  4. I. I. Rabi
  5. John Howard Northrop
  6. Hermann J. Muller
  7. Edward C. Kendall
  8. Dickinson W. Richards
  9. Joshua Lederberg
  10. Konrad E. Bloch
  11. Julian S. Schwinger
  12. George Wald
  13. Simon S. Kuznets
  14. William H. Stein
  15. Kenneth J. Arrow
  16. Leon N. Cooper
  17. James Rainwater
  18. Baruch S. Blumberg
  19. Milton Friedman
  20. Arno A. Penzias
  21. Baruj Benacerraf
  22. Val L. Fitch
  23. Roald Hoffman
  24. Herbert A. Hauptman
  25. Leon M. Lederman
  26. Melvin Schwartz
  27. Harold E. Varmus
  28. Norman F. Ramsey
  29. Robert W. Fogel
  30. Martin L. Perl
  31. William Vickrey
  32. Robert C. Merton
  33. Louis J. Ignarro
  34. William S. Knowles
  35. Stephen Schneider
  36. Richard Axel
  37. Robert H. Grubbs
  38. Barack H. Obama
  1. Theodore Roosevelt
  2. Dickinson W. Richards
  3. Luis Federico Leloir
  4. Baruch S. Blumberg
  5. Sidney Altman
  6. Milton Friedman
  7. Arno Allan Penzias
  8. Baruj Benacerraf
  9. Arthur Kornberg
  10. Konrad Lorenz
  11. Robert Solow
  12. José Ramos-Horta
  13. Linda B. Buck
  14. John C. Mather
  1. Wilhelm Wien
  2. Hans Bethe
  3. Murray Gell-Mann
  4. Nicholas Murray Butler
  5. Irving Langmuir
  6. I. I. Rabi
  7. Hermann J. Muller
  8. Dickinson W. Richards
  9. Joshua Lederberg
  10. Konrad E. Bloch
  11. Emilio G. Segrè
  12. James Rainwater
  13. Milton Friedman
  14. Leon M. Lederman
  15. Melvin Schwartz
  16. Norman F. Ramsey
  17. Val L. Fitch
  18. William Vickrey
  19. Richard Axel
  20. Thomas Hunt Morgan
  21. Harold C. Urey
  22. Enrico Fermi
  23. Hideki Yukawa
  24. Polykarp Kusch
  25. Willis E. Lamb
  26. Andre F. Cournand
  27. Tsung-Dao Lee
  28. Willard Libby
  29. Maria Goeppert Mayer
  30. Charles H. Townes
  31. Salvador E. Luria
  32. Aage Bohr
  33. D. Carleton Gajdusek
  34. Samuel C. C. Ting
  35. Daniel Nathans
  36. Steven Weinberg
  37. Arthur L. Schawlow
  38. Sune Bergström
  39. George J. Stigler
  40. Franco Modigliani
  41. Carlo Rubbia
  42. Joseph Brodsky
  43. Jack Steinberger
  44. E. Donnall Thomas
  45. Gabriela Mistral
  46. Nadine Gordimer
  47. Gary S. Becker
  48. Derek Walcott
  49. Horst L. Stormer
  50. Robert Mundell
  51. James Heckman
  52. Eric Kandel
  53. Harold E. Varmus
  54. Joseph Stiglitz
  55. Edmund S. Phelps
  56. Orhan Pamuk
  57. Al Gore
  58. Martin Chalfie
  59. Liu Xiaobo
  60. Mario Vargas Llosa
  1. Hendrik A. Lorentz
  2. Max Planck
  3. Joshua Lederberg
  4. Melvin Schwartz
  5. Elie Wiesel
  6. Robert Solow
  7. Roald Hoffman
  8. Daniel C. Tsui
  9. Kofi Annan

United Kingdom University of Cambridge

Affiliations[6] Graduate[7] Attendee or Researcher[8] Academic staff before or at the time of award[9] Academic staff after award[10]
University of Cambridge's official count includes affiliates for less than one year.[4][not in citation given]
88 (official)[5]
  1. Lord Rayleigh
  2. J. J. Thomson
  3. Ernest Rutherford
  4. William Bragg
  5. Lawrence Bragg
  6. Charles Barkla
  7. Niels Bohr
  8. Francis Aston
  9. Archibald Hill
  10. Austen Chamberlain
  11. Charles Wilson
  12. Owen Richardson
  13. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
  14. Charles Sherrington
  15. Paul Dirac
  16. James Chadwick
  17. Henry Dale
  18. George Thomson
  19. Albert Szent-Györgyi
  20. Howard Florey
  21. Edward Appleton
  22. Patrick Blackett
  23. Bertrand Russell
  24. Cecil Powell
  25. John Cockcroft
  26. Ernest Walton
  27. Richard Synge
  28. Archer Martin
  29. Frederick Sanger
  30. Philip Noel-Baker
  31. John Kendrew
  32. Max Perutz
  33. Francis Crick
  34. Maurice Wilkins
  35. Alan Hodgkin
  36. Andrew Huxley
  37. Dorothy Hodgkin
  38. Ronald Norrish
  39. George Porter
  40. Rodney Porter
  41. Brian Josephson
  42. Patrick White
  43. Antony Hewish
  44. Nevill Mott
  45. James Meade
  46. Pjotr Kapitsa
  47. Peter Mitchell
  48. Abdus Salam
  49. Walter Gilbert
  50. Frederick Sanger
  51. Aaron Klug
  52. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
  53. Richard Stone
  54. Cesar Milstein
  55. Norman Ramsey
  56. James Mirrlees
  57. Amartya Sen
  58. John Pople
  59. Alan McDiarmid
  60. Tim Hunt
  61. John Sulston
  62. Richard R. Schrock
  63. Martin Evans
  64. Roger Y. Tsien
  65. Elizabeth Blackburn
  1. Arthur Holly Compton
  2. Ernst Chain
  3. Hans Krebs
  4. Max Born
  5. James Watson
  6. Kenneth J. Arrow
  7. Martin Ryle
  8. Allan Cormack
  9. Gerard Debreu
  10. Georges Kohler
  11. John Walker
  12. Paul Greengard
  13. Joseph Stiglitz
  14. Sydney Brenner
  1. Frederick Hopkins
  2. Alexander Todd
  3. John Hicks
  4. Philip Anderson
  5. Steven Weinberg
  6. William Fowler
  7. Lord Rayleigh
  8. J. J. Thomson
  9. Charles Barkla
  10. Francis Aston
  11. Archibald Hill
  12. Charles Wilson
  13. Owen Richardson
  14. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
  15. Charles Sherrington
  16. Paul Dirac
  17. James Chadwick
  18. George Thomson
  19. Howard Florey
  20. Edward Appleton
  21. Patrick Blackett
  22. Bertrand Russell
  23. John Cockcroft
  24. Frederick Sanger
  25. John Kendrew
  26. Max Perutz
  27. Francis Crick
  28. Alan Hodgkin
  29. Andrew Huxley
  30. Ronald Norrish
  31. George Porter
  32. Kenneth J. Arrow
  33. Brian Josephson
  34. Martin Ryle
  35. Antony Hewish
  36. Nevill Mott
  37. James Meade
  38. Pyotr Kapitsa
  39. Peter Mitchell
  40. Abdus Salam
  41. Frederick Sanger
  42. Aaron Klug
  43. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
  44. Richard Stone
  45. Cesar Milstein
  46. James Mirrlees
  47. John Pople
  48. Tim Hunt
  49. John Sulston
  50. Martin Evans
  51. Eric Maskin
  52. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
  53. Robert G. Edwards
  54. Mario Vargas Llosa
  1. Ernest Rutherford
  2. Lawrence Bragg
  3. John Walker
  4. Amartya Sen

United States University of Chicago

Affiliations[11] Graduate[12] Attendee or Researcher[13] Academic staff before or at the time of award[14] Academic staff after award[15]
University of Chicago's official count includes affiliates for less than one year.[6]
87 (official)[7]
  1. Luis W. Alvarez
  2. Gary Becker
  3. Herbert C. Brown
  4. James M. Buchanan
  5. Owen Chamberlain
  6. James Cronin
  7. Clinton Davisson
  8. Jerome Friedman
  9. Milton Friedman
  10. Ernest Lawrence
  11. Tsung-Dao Lee
  12. Robert Lucas Jr
  13. Harry Markowitz
  14. Robert Millikan
  15. Robert Mulliken
  16. Irwin Rose
  17. F. Sherwood Rowland
  18. Paul Samuelson
  19. Myron Scholes
  20. Herbert Simon
  21. Roger Sperry
  22. Jack Steinberger
  23. George Stigler
  24. Edward Lawrie Tatum
  25. Daniel Tsui
  26. James Dewey Watson
  27. Frank Wilczek
  28. Chen Ning Yang
  29. George E. Smith
  30. Bruce Beutler
  1. Alexei A. Abrikosov
  2. Saul Bellow
  3. Masatoshi Koshiba
  4. Hans Albrecht Bethe
  5. Kenneth J. Arrow
  6. Julian Schwinger
  7. Eugene P. Wigner
  8. Maria Goeppert-Mayer
  9. Werner Heisenberg
  10. George Wald
  11. Alexis Carrel
  1. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
  2. Robert Schrieffer
  3. Murray Gell-Mann
  4. Enrico Fermi
  5. James Franck
  6. Albert Abraham Michelson
  7. Arthur Holly Compton
  8. Yoichiro Nambu
  9. Edward C. Prescott
  10. James J. Heckman
  11. Daniel L. McFadden
  12. Robert A. Mundell
  13. Robert Fogel
  14. Ronald H. Coase
  15. Merton H. Miller
  16. Trygve Haavelmo
  17. Gerard Debreu
  18. Lawrence R. Klein
  19. Kenneth J. Arrow
  20. Theodore W. Schultz
  21. Tjalling C. Koopmans
  22. Friedrich August von Hayek
  23. Roger Myerson
  24. Leonid Hurwicz
  25. Richard E. Smalley
  26. Paul Crutzen
  27. Yuan T. Lee
  28. Henry Taube
  29. Herbert C. Brown
  30. Ilya Prigogine
  31. William H. Stein
  32. Gerhard Herzberg
  33. Karl Ziegler
  34. Willard Frank Libby
  35. Glenn Theodore Seaborg
  36. Ada Yonath
  37. Charles Brenton Huggins
  38. Konrad Bloch
  39. Sir John Carew Eccles
  40. George Wells Beadle
  41. Hermann Joseph Muller
  42. Edward Adelbert Doisy
  43. JM Coetzee
  44. Bertrand Russell
  45. Barack H. Obama
  46. Thomas J. Sargent
  1. Leon M. Lederman
  2. Harold Clayton Urey

United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Affiliations[16] Graduate[17] Attendee or Researcher[18] Academic staff before or at the time of award[19] Academic staff after award[20]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology's official count include affiliates for less than one year.[citation needed]
77 (official)[8][9]
  1. Oliver E. Williamson
  2. George Smoot
  3. Andrew Fire
  4. Robert J. Aumann
  5. Kofi Annan
  6. Joseph E. Stiglitz
  7. George A. Akerlof
  8. Carl E. Wieman
  9. Eric A. Cornell
  10. Leland H. Hartwell
  11. Robert A. Mundell
  12. William D. Phillips
  13. Robert C. Merton
  14. Robert B. Laughlin
  15. Elias J. Corey Jr.
  16. Sidney Altman
  17. Charles J. Pedersen
  18. Lawrence R. Klein
  19. Burton Richter
  20. John Robert Schrieffer
  21. Murray Gell-Mann
  22. Robert S. Mulliken
  23. Richard P. Feynman
  24. Robert Burns Woodward
  25. William Shockley
  26. Paul R. Krugman
  27. Adam Riess
  1. Ada E. Yonath
  2. Aaron Ciechanover
  3. Daniel C. Tsui
  4. Horst L. Störmer
  5. E. Donnall Thomas
  6. Norman F. Ramsey
  7. Thomas R. Cech
  8. Jack Steinberger
  9. Geoffrey Wilkinson
  10. Luis W. Alvarez
  11. Hans A. Bethe
  12. Julian Schwinger
  13. Edward M. Purcell
  14. Edwin M. McMillan
  15. Isidor Isaac Rabi
  16. Mario Capecchi
  17. Nicolaas Bloembergen
  18. Vernon L. Smith
  19. Paul Greengard
  1. Peter A. Diamond
  2. Eric S. Maskin
  3. Richard R. Schrock
  4. Frank Wilczek
  5. Robert Engle
  6. H. Robert Horvitz
  7. K. Barry Sharpless
  8. Wolfgang Ketterle
  9. Daniel L. McFadden
  10. Myron S. Scholes
  11. Robert C. Merton
  12. Mario J. Molina
  13. Clifford G. Shull
  14. John Forbes Nash
  15. Phillip A. Sharp
  16. Henry W. Kendall
  17. Jerome I. Friedman
  18. Susumu Tonegawa
  19. Robert M. Solow
  20. Franco Modigliani
  21. Steven Weinberg
  22. Samuel C.C. Ting
  23. David Baltimore
  24. Paul A. Samuelson
  25. Salvador E. Luria
  26. Har Gobind Khorana
  27. Charles H. Townes
  28. Sheldon Lee Glashow
  29. Amartya Sen
  30. James Mirrlees
  31. Edmund Phelps
  32. Ernst Otto Fischer
  33. Paul R. Krugman

United States Harvard University

Affiliations[21] Graduate[22] Attendee or Researcher[23] Academic staff before or at the time of award[24] Academic staff after award[25]
Harvard University
46 (official)[10]
  1. Christian Anfinsen
  2. Philip W. Anderson
  3. Ralph Bunche
  4. Percy W. Bridgman
  5. Mario Capecchi
  6. Donald J. Cram
  7. John F. Enders
  8. Sheldon Glashow
  9. Walter Gilbert
  10. Al Gore
  11. Dudley R. Herschbach
  12. Roald Hoffmann
  13. Roger D. Kornberg
  14. H. Robert Horvitz
  15. Jerome Karle
  16. Henry Kissinger
  17. William S. Knowles
  18. David M. Lee
  19. Eric Maskin
  20. Craig C. Mello
  21. George R. Minot
  22. Merton H. Miller
  23. David A. Morse
  24. Ben R. Mottelson
  25. Joseph E. Murray
  26. William P. Murphy
  27. Roger Myerson
  28. E. M. Purcell
  29. Theodore W. Richards
  30. Frederick Chapman Robbins
  31. Theodore Roosevelt
  32. Thomas Schelling
  33. A. Michael Spence
  34. Paul A. Samuelson
  35. Robert M. Solow
  36. Vernon L. Smith
  37. William H. Stein
  38. Thomas A. Steitz
  39. James B. Sumner
  40. E. Donnall Thomas
  41. James Tobin
  42. Thomas H. Weller
  43. Kenneth G. Wilson
  44. John H. van Vleck
  45. Harold E. Varmus
  46. Martin Chalfie
  47. Roger Y. Tsien
  48. Barack H. Obama
  49. Adam Riess
  50. Saul Perlmutter
  51. Brian Schmidt
  52. Ralph Steinman
  53. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  54. Christopher A. Sims
  55. Thomas J. Sargent
  1. Georg von Békésy
  2. Jean Dausset
  3. D. Carleton Gajdusek
  4. George H. Hitchings
  5. Eric R. Kandel
  6. Walter Kohn
  7. Yuan T. Lee
  8. Jean-Marie Lehn
  9. Ryoji Noyori
  10. Bertil Ohlin
  11. T. S. Eliot
  12. Eugene O'Neill
  13. Richard J. Roberts
  1. Christian Anfinsen
  2. Kenneth J. Arrow
  3. Baruj Benacerraf
  4. Derek Barton
  5. J. Michael Bishop
  6. Felix Bloch
  7. Nicolaas Bloembergen
  8. Ralph Bunche
  9. Elias J. Corey
  10. Allan M. Cormack
  11. John F. Enders
  12. Sheldon Glashow
  13. Riccardo Giacconi
  14. Seamus Heaney
  15. Dudley R. Herschbach
  16. George R. Minot
  17. Henry Kissinger
  18. Simon Kuznets
  19. Willis E. Lamb
  20. Fritz Lipmann
  21. Wassily Leontief
  22. William Lipscomb
  23. E. M. Purcell
  24. Frederick Chapman Robbins
  25. Amartya Sen
  26. Albert Szent-Györgyi
  27. Max Theiler
  28. George Wald
  29. James Watson
  30. Torsten N. Wiesel
  31. Geoffrey Wilkinson
  32. Norman F. Ramsey
  33. Theodore W. Richards
  34. A. Michael Spence
  35. Thomas H. Weller
  36. Linda B. Buck
  37. Roy Glauber
  38. Steven Weinberg
  39. Robert C. Merton

United States University of California, Berkeley

Affiliations[26] Graduate[27] Attendee or Researcher[28] Academic staff before or at the time of award[29] Academic staff after award[30]
University of California, Berkeley
47 (official)[11]
  1. Thomas R. Cech
  2. Steven Chu
  3. Robert Curl
  4. Joseph Erlanger
  5. Andrew Fire
  6. William F. Giauque
  7. Carol W. Greider
  8. David Gross
  9. Alan J. Heeger
  10. Daniel Kahneman
  11. Lawrence R. Klein
  12. Willis Lamb
  13. Robert B. Laughlin
  14. Yuan T. Lee
  15. Willard F. Libby
  16. John C. Mather
  17. Mario J. Molina
  18. Kary B. Mullis
  19. Saul Perlmutter
  20. Adam Riess
  21. Thomas J. Sargent
  22. Thomas Schelling
  23. Glenn T. Seaborg
  24. Christopher Sims
  25. Hamilton O. Smith
  26. Otto Stern
  27. Henry Taube
  28. Harold C. Urey
  29. Selman Waksman
  1. Werner Arber
  2. Felix Bloch
  3. Sydney Brenner
  4. Arthur Kornberg
  5. Tsung-Dao Lee
  6. Yuan T. Lee
  7. Adam Riess
  8. Amartya Sen
  9. Julian Schwinger
  10. William Forsyth Sharpe
  11. Christopher Sims
  12. Jack Steinberger
  13. Steven Weinberg
  14. Maurice Wilkins
  15. Geoffrey Wilkinson
  16. Ahmed Zewail
  1. George A. Akerlof
  2. Luis W. Alvarez
  3. Elizabeth Blackburn
  4. Melvin Calvin
  5. Owen Chamberlain
  6. Gerard Debreu
  7. Peter A. Diamond
  8. William F. Giauque
  9. Donald A. Glaser
  10. Sheldon Lee Glashow
  11. John C. Harsanyi
  12. Dudley R. Herschbach
  13. Daniel Kahneman
  14. Ernest O. Lawrence
  15. Willard F. Libby
  16. Daniel McFadden
  17. Edwin M. McMillan
  18. Czesław Miłosz
  19. Douglass C. North
  20. John H. Northrop
  21. Saul Perlmutter
  22. Stanley B. Prusiner
  23. Glenn T. Seaborg
  24. Emilio Segrè
  25. Herbert Simon
  26. George Smoot
  27. Roger Y. Tsien
  28. Oliver Williamson
  1. Wendell M. Stanley
  2. Charles H. Townes

France University of Paris

Affiliations[31] Graduate[32] Attendee or Researcher[33] Academic staff before or at the time of award[34] Academic staff after award[35]
University of Paris's count includes the successor Universities Paris I-XIII.[citation needed]
26[citation needed]
  1. Gabriel Lippmann
  2. Paul Sabatier
  3. François Jacob
  4. Jacques Monod
  5. Louis de Broglie
  6. Albert Gobat
  7. Charles Richet
  8. Albert Schweitzer
  9. André Frédéric Cournand
  10. Marie Curie
  11. Louis Renault
  12. Jean Dausset
  13. Giorgos Seferis
  14. Albert Fert
  15. Alfred Kastler
  16. Maurice Allais
  17. Henri Moissan
  18. Irène Joliot-Curie
  19. Pierre Curie
  1. Rene Cassin
  2. Léon Jouhaux
  3. Samuel Beckett
  4. Roger Guillemin
  5. Odysseus Elytis
  6. Jules Bordet
  7. Gerhard Ertl
  1. Gabriel Lippmann
  2. Louis de Broglie
  3. Marie Curie
  4. Albert Fert
  5. Jean Baptiste Perrin
  6. Alfred Kastler
  7. Henri Moissan
  8. Irène Joliot-Curie
  9. Jean Dausset
  10. Charles Richet
  11. François Jacob
  12. Jacques Monod
  13. Louis Renault
  1. Georges Charpak
  2. Alphonse Laveran
  3. Henri Becquerel
  4. Andre Michel Lwoff
  5. Charles Nicolle
  6. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
  7. Jean-Marie Lehn
  8. Nicolaas Bloembergen
  9. Victor Grignard
  10. Yves Chauvin
  11. Abdus Salam
  12. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  13. Jules Bordet
  14. Charles-Edouard Guillaume
  15. Corneille Heymans
  16. Giulio Natta
  17. Luis Leloir
  18. George Smoot

United Kingdom Oxford University

Affiliations[36] Graduate[37] Attendee or Researcher[38] Academic staff before or at the time of award[39] Academic staff after award[40]
Oxford University's official count does not include affiliates who were awarded an honorary degree by the University nor those who came to Oxford after receiving their Nobel prize.[12]
57 (unofficial)[citation needed]

48 (official)[12]

  1. Baruch S. Blumberg
  2. Sydney Brenner
  3. Cecil of Chelwood
  4. John Cornforth
  5. John Carew Eccles
  6. T. S. Eliot
  7. Howard Florey
  8. John Galsworthy
  9. William Golding
  10. John Hicks
  11. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
  12. Dorothy Hodgkin
  13. Anthony J. Leggett
  14. James Meade
  15. Peter Medawar
  16. Gunnar Myrdal
  17. V. S. Naipaul
  18. Lester B. Pearson
  19. Martin Ryle
  20. Frederick Soddy
  21. Oliver Smithies
  22. Michael Spence
  23. John Vane
  24. John E. Walker
  25. Aung San Suu Kyi
  1. George Wells Beadle
  2. Ernest Chain
  3. Paul Crutzen
  4. Seamus Heaney
  5. Lawrence Klein
  6. Klaus von Klitzing
  7. Rudolph A. Marcus
  8. James Mirrlees
  9. Robert Mulliken
  10. Paul Nurse
  11. José Ramos-Horta
  12. Linus Pauling
  13. Linus Pauling
  14. Severo Ochoa
  15. Rodney Porter
  16. Norman Ramsey
  17. Robert Robinson
  18. Erwin Schrödinger
  19. Amartya Sen
  20. Charles Sherrington
  21. Robert Solow
  22. Joseph Stiglitz
  23. Nikolaas Tinbergen
  24. Alexander Todd
  25. John H. van Vleck
  26. Ahmed Zewail
  1. William D. Phillips
  2. Willis Lamb
  3. Kenneth Arrow
  4. Philip Warren Anderson
  5. Harold Urey
  6. Arthur Compton
  7. Melvin Calvin

Germany University of Heidelberg

Affiliations[41] Graduate[42] Attendee or Researcher[43] Academic staff before or at the time of award[44] Academic staff after award[45]
University of Heidelberg
54[13]
  1. Charles Albert Gobat
  2. Otto Heinrich Warburg
  3. Adolf von Baeyer
  4. Theodor W. Hänsch
  5. Wolfgang Ketterle
  6. Otto Fritz Meyerhof
  7. Max Born
  8. Hans Spemann
  9. Albrecht Kossel
  10. Sir William Ramsay
  11. Albert Abraham Michelson
  12. Auguste Beernaert
  13. Wilhelm Wien
  14. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
  15. Theodore William Richards
  16. Fritz Haber
  17. Carl Spitteler
  18. James Franck
  1. Auguste Beernaert
  2. James Franck
  3. Theodor W. Hänsch
  4. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
  5. Rudolf Mössbauer
  6. Philipp Lenard
  7. André Michel Lwoff
  8. Severo Ochoa
  9. Gabriel Lippmann
  10. Hans G. Dehmelt
  11. Wolfgang Ketterle
  12. Fritz Albert Lipmann
  13. Severo Ochoa
  14. Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer
  15. André Michel Lwoff
  16. George Wald
  17. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
  18. Eric F. Wieschaus
  19. Masatoshi Koshiba
  20. Sir Peter Mansfield
  1. Otto Heinrich Warburg
  2. Friedrich Bergius
  3. Walther Bothe
  4. J. Hans D. Jensen
  5. Richard Kuhn
  6. Lothar Ledderose
  7. Fritz Albert Lipmann
  8. Bert Sakmann
  9. George Wald
  10. Georg Wittig
  11. Karl Ziegler
  12. Bert Sakmann
  13. Harald zur Hausen
  1. William Ramsay
  2. Hans Spemann
  3. Carl Bosch

United States Stanford University

Affiliations[46] Graduate[47] Attendee or Researcher[48] Academic staff before or at the time of award[49] Academic staff after award[50]
Stanford University
26 (official)[14]
  1. Eric A. Cornell
  2. John C. Harsanyi
  3. Dudley R. Herschbach
  4. Roger D. Kornberg
  5. Richard E. Taylor
  6. Oliver E. Williamson
  7. Carl E. Wieman
  8. Barry Sharpless
  1. Kenneth J. Arrow
  2. Gerard Debreu
  3. Tjalling C. Koopmans
  4. John Steinbeck (dropped out)
  5. Martinus J.G. Veltman
  6. Kenneth G. Wilson
  1. Kenneth J. Arrow
  2. Herbert Abrams (IPPNW member)
  3. Paul Berg
  4. George Beadle
  5. Felix Bloch
  6. Steven Chu
  7. J.M. Coetzee
  8. Andrew Fire
  9. Paul J. Flory
  10. Jerome I. Friedman
  11. Milton Friedman
  12. Grubbs
  13. Robert Hofstadter
  14. Theodor Hänsch
  15. Henry W. Kendall
  16. Roger D. Kornberg
  17. Willis E. Lamb
  18. Robert B. Laughlin
  19. Paul C. Lauterbur
  20. Joshua Lederberg
  21. Ferid Murad
  22. Arthur Kornberg
  23. Douglass North
  24. Douglas D. Osheroff
  25. Linus Pauling
  26. Arno Penzias
  27. Martin Perl
  28. Burton Richter
  29. Arthur L. Schawlow
  30. William Shockley
  31. William F. Sharpe
  32. A. Michael Spence
  33. Joseph Stiglitz
  34. Myron Scholes
  35. Edward Tatum
  36. Henry Taube
  37. Vernon L. Smith
  38. Melvin Schwartz
  39. Thomas J. Sargent
  1. Enrico Fermi

United States Yale University

Affiliations[51] Graduate[52] Attendee or Researcher[53] Academic staff before or at the time of award[54] Academic staff after award[55]
Yale University
49[citation needed]
  1. George Akerlof
  2. Raymond Davis Jr.
  3. John F. Enders
  4. John B. Fenn
  5. Murray Gell-Mann
  6. Alfred G. Gilman
  7. Ernest Lawrence
  8. Joshua Lederberg
  9. David Lee (physicist)
  10. Sinclair Lewis
  11. Lars Onsager
  12. Edmund Phelps
  13. Dickinson W. Richards
  14. William Vickrey
  15. George Whipple
  16. Eric Wieschaus
  17. Paul R. Krugman
  18. Peter Diamond
  1. Herbert Simon (Cowles Foundation)
  2. Robert J. Aumann (Cowles Foundation)
  3. Joseph Stiglitz (Cowles Foundation)
  4. James Heckman (Cowles Foundation)
  5. John Harsanyi (Cowles Foundation)
  6. Harry M. Markowitz (Cowles Foundation)

Note: Cowles Foundation Nobel Laureates only include those on research staff after 1955, when the Foundation moved to Yale

  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
  2. Elizabeth Blackburn
  3. Erwin Neher
  1. Sidney Altman
  2. John B. Fenn
  3. Tjalling Koopmans
  4. George Palade
  5. Edward Tatum
  6. Charles K. Kao
  7. Gerard Debreu
  8. Wangari Maathai
  9. Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker
  10. Irwin Rose
  11. Thomas Schelling
  12. Paul Greengard
  13. Paul R. Krugman
  14. Thomas A. Steitz
  15. Oliver Williamson
  16. Lars Onsager
  17. John Vane
  18. Joseph E. Stiglitz
  19. James Tobin
  20. Daniel L. McFadden
  21. J. J. Thomson
  22. Philip Noel-Baker
  23. Toni Morrison
  1. Willis E. Lamb
  2. Max Theiler

Germany Georg August University of Göttingen

Affiliations[56] Graduate[57] Attendee or Researcher[58] Academic staff before or at the time of award[59] Academic staff after award[60]
Georg August University of Göttingen
45 (unofficial)[citation needed]

44 (official)[15]

  1. Adolf Butenandt
  2. Hans Georg Dehmelt
  3. Max Delbrück
  4. Manfred Eigen
  5. Rudolf Eucken
  6. Maria Goeppert-Mayer
  7. Walter Norman Haworth
  8. Werner Heisenberg
  9. Robert Koch
  10. Herbert Kroemer
  11. Irving Langmuir
  12. Max von Laue
  13. Ludwig Quidde
  14. Ilja Iljitsch Metschnikow
  1. Paul Dirac
  2. Enrico Fermi
  3. Carol W. Greider
  4. Gustav Hertz
  5. Gerhard Herzberg
  6. Sir Hans Adolf Krebs
  7. Robert Andrews Millikan
  8. Theodore William Richards
  9. Thomas A. Steitz
  1. Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett
  2. Max Born
  3. Walther Bothe
  4. Peter Debye
  5. Paul Ehrlich
  6. James Franck
  7. Otto Hahn
  8. Erwin Neher
  9. Walther Nernst
  10. Wolfgang Paul
  11. Wolfgang Pauli
  12. Max Planck
  13. Bert Sakmann
  14. Manne Siegbahn
  15. Nathan Söderblom
  16. Johannes Stark
  17. Otto Stern
  18. Otto Wallach
  19. Wilhelm Wien
  20. Eugene Paul Wigner
  21. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
  22. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy

United States Cornell University

Affiliations[61] Graduate[62] Attendee or Researcher[63] Academic staff before or at the time of award[64] Academic staff after award[65]
Cornell University
42 (unofficial)[citation needed]

41 (official)[16]

  1. George W. Beadle
  2. Pearl S. Buck
  3. Robert F. Engle
  4. Robert Fogel
  5. Sheldon Lee Glashow
  6. Robert W. Holley
  7. Barbara McClintock
  8. Toni Morrison
  9. John R. Mott
  10. Douglas D. Osheroff
  11. Isidor Isaac Rabi
  12. Steven Weinberg
  13. Jack W. Szostak
  1. Hermann J. Muller
  1. Hans Bethe
  2. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
  3. Vincent du Vigneaud
  4. Richard P. Feynman
  5. Paul J. Flory
  6. Robert F. Furchgott
  7. Herbert S. Gasser
  8. Paul Greengard
  9. Haldan Hartline
  10. Roald Hoffmann
  11. Robert W. Holley
  12. David Lee
  13. Fritz Lipmann
  14. Peter B. Medawar
  15. Octavio Paz
  16. Robert Coleman Richardson
  17. J. Robert Schrieffer
  18. Amartya Sen
  19. Wole Soyinka
  20. James B. Sumner
  21. Henry Taube
  22. Kenneth G. Wilson
  1. Hannes Alfven
  2. Norman E. Borlaug
  3. Peter J.W. Debye
  4. Manfred Eigen
  5. Richard R. Ernst
  6. H. Gobind Khorana

Germany Humboldt University

Affiliations Graduate Attendee or Researcher Academic staff before or at the time of award Academic staff after award
Humboldt University Berlin
40 (unofficial)[citation needed]

29 (official)[17]

  1. Emil Adolf von Behring
  2. Kurt Alder
  3. Adolf von Baeyer
  4. Walther Bothe
  5. Karl Ferdinand Braun
  6. Hans von Euler-Chelpin
  7. James Franck
  8. Fritz Haber
  9. Gustav Ludwig Hertz
  10. Paul Heyse
  11. Hans Adolf Krebs
  12. Max von Laue
  13. Fritz Albert Lipmann
  14. Walther Nernst
  15. Max Planck
  16. Bert Sakmann
  17. Otto Wallach
  18. Otto Heinrich Warburg
  19. Wilhelm Wien
  20. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
  1. Albert Abraham Michelson
  1. Albert Einstein
  2. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
  3. Eduard Buchner
  4. Albrecht Kossel
  5. Hans Spemann
  6. Adolf Butenandt
  7. Otto Hahn
  8. Max Born
  9. Walther Bothe
  10. Peter Debye
  11. Otto Diels
  12. Paul Ehrlich
  13. Gerhard Ertl
  14. Hermann Emil Fischer
  15. James Franck
  16. Robert Koch
  17. Max von Laue
  18. Theodor Mommsen
  19. Max Planck
  20. Erwin Schrödinger
  21. Richard Willstätter
  22. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
  1. Werner Heisenberg

United States Johns Hopkins University

Affiliations[66] Graduate[67] Attendee or Researcher[68] Academic staff before or at the time of award[69] Academic staff after award[70]
Johns Hopkins University's official count includes those who have had an association with the University, either as graduates of Johns Hopkins or as faculty of the University before, at the time of or subsequent to their receipt of the prize.[18]
36 (official)[18]
  1. Woodrow Wilson
  2. Thomas Hunt Morgan
  3. George Hoyt Whipple
  4. Joseph Erlanger
  5. Herbert Spencer Gasser
  6. Francis Peyton Rous
  7. Haldan Keffer Hartline
  8. Hamilton O. Smith
  9. Merton H. Miller
  10. Robert W. Fogel
  11. Martin Rodbell
  12. Jody Williams
  13. Paul Greengard
  14. Peter Agre
  15. Richard Axel
  1. Riccardo Giacconi
  2. Vincent du Vigneaud
  3. Robert Edwards
  4. Daniel Shechtman
  1. George Richards Minot
  2. George Hoyt Whipple
  3. Harold Clayton Urey
  4. Joseph Erlanger
  5. Maria Goeppert-Mayer
  6. Haldan Keffer Hartline
  7. Lars Onsager
  8. Simon Kuznets
  9. Hamilton O. Smith
  10. Daniel Nathans
  11. David H. Hubel
  12. Torsten Wiesel
  13. Richard Stone
  14. Robert H. Mundell
  15. Riccardo Giacconi
  16. J.M. Coetzee
  17. Peter Agre
  18. Andrew Fire
  19. Carol Greider
  20. Adam Riess
  1. James Franck
  2. Nicholas Murray Butler
  3. Christian B. Anfinsen
  4. Hamilton O. Smith
  5. Daniel Nathans
  6. Riccardo Giacconi
  7. Peter Agre
  8. Carol Greider

Germany Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich

Affiliations[71] Graduate[72] Attendee or Researcher[73] Academic staff before or at the time of award[74] Academic staff after award[75]
Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich
34 (unofficial)[19]
  1. Wolfgang Ketterle
  2. Hans Bethe
  3. Wolfgang Pauli
  4. Werner Heisenberg
  5. Gustav Hertz
  6. Johannes Stark
  7. Max Planck
  8. Max von Laue
  9. Gerhard Ertl
  10. Hartmut Michel
  11. Otto Hahn
  12. Richard Kuhn
  13. Peter Debye
  14. Hans Fischer
  15. Heinrich Wieland
  16. Richard Willstätter
  17. Eduard Buchner
  18. Günter Blobel
  19. Konrad Emil Bloch
  20. Feodor Lynen
  21. Hans Adolf Krebs
  22. Otto Loewi
  23. Hans Spemann
  24. Thomas Mann
  25. Bert Sakmann
  1. Bert Sakmann
  2. Karl von Frisch
  3. Bert Sakmann
  1. Theodor W. Hänsch
  2. Wilhelm Wien
  3. Max von Laue
  4. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
  5. Gerhard Ertl
  6. Ernst Otto Fischer
  7. Adolf Butenandt
  8. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
  9. Adolf von Baeyer
  10. Eduard Buchner
  11. Adolf von Baeyer
  12. Hermann Emil Fischer
  13. Karl von Frisch
  14. Feodor Lynen
  1. Gerd Binnig

United States New York University

Affiliations[76] Graduate[77] Attendee or Researcher[78] Academic staff before or at the time of award[79] Academic staff after award[80]
New York University (NYU)
34[citation needed]
  1. Julius Axelrod
  2. Gertrude B. Elion
  3. Eric R. Kandel
  4. Martin L. Perl (NYU-POLY)
  5. Frederick Reines
  6. Elihu Root
  7. Clifford Shull
  8. George Wald
  9. Mohamed ElBaradei
  1. Friedrich Hayek
  2. Rosalyn Yalow
  3. James Heckman
  1. Robert Aumann
  2. Baruj Benacerraf
  3. Robert F. Engle
  4. Avram Hershko
  5. Arthur Kornberg
  6. Tjalling Koopmans
  7. Rudolph Marcus
  8. Robert S. Mulliken
  9. Gunnar Myrdal
  10. Severo Ochoa
  11. George E. Palade
  12. Irwin Rose
  13. Thomas J. Sargent
  1. Saul Bellow
  2. Joseph Brodsky
  3. Francis Crick(NYU-Poly)
  4. Rudolf Eucken
  5. Wassily Leontief
  6. Otto Loewi
  7. Paul A. Samuelson
  8. Edward C. Prescott
  9. Wole Soyinka

United States Princeton University

Affiliations[81] Graduate[82] Attendee or Researcher[83] Academic staff before or at the time of award[84] Academic staff after award[85]
Princeton University
35 (official)[20]
  1. Arthur H. Compton
  2. Eugene O'Neill
  3. Clinton Davisson
  4. Edwin M. McMillan
  5. John Bardeen
  6. Robert Hofstadter
  7. Richard P. Feynman
  8. Steven Weinberg
  9. Gary S. Becker
  10. Richard Smalley
  11. James J. Heckman
  12. A. Michael Spence
  13. Frank Wilczek
  1. Woodrow Wilson
  2. Philip W. Anderson
  3. Arno A. Penzias
  4. James W. Cronin
  5. David Gross
  6. Eric S. Maskin
  7. Osamu Shimomura
  1. Toni Morrison
  2. Mario Vargas Llosa
  3. Christopher Sims
  4. John F. Nash
  5. Paul R. Krugman
  6. Daniel C. Tsui
  7. Daniel Kahneman
  8. Eugene P. Wigner
  9. Val L. Fitch
  10. Wolfgang Pauli
  11. Russell Hulse
  12. Joseph H. Taylor
  13. Eric Wieschaus
  14. Sir William Arthur Lewis
  15. Christopher A. Sims

United States California Institute of Technology

Affiliations[86] Graduate[87] Attendee or Researcher[88] Academic staff before or at the time of award[89] Academic staff after award[90]
California Institute of Technology
32 (official)[21]
  1. Carl D. Anderson
  2. William A. Fowler
  3. Donald A. Glaser
  4. Leland H. Hartwell
  5. Edward B. Lewis
  6. William Lipscomb
  7. Edwin Mattison McMillan
  8. Robert C. Merton
  9. Douglas D. Osheroff
  10. Linus Pauling
  11. Leo James Rainwater
  12. William Shockley
  13. Vernon L. Smith
  14. Howard M. Temin
  15. Charles H. Townes
  16. Kenneth G. Wilson
  17. Robert Woodrow Wilson
  1. Robert W. Holley
  1. Carl D. Anderson#
  2. Richard Feynman
  3. Murray Gell-Mann
  4. Robert H. Grubbs
  5. Rudolph Marcus
  6. Robert A. Millikan
  7. Thomas Hunt Morgan
  8. Rudolf Mössbauer
  9. Linus Pauling#
  10. H. David Politzer
  11. Roger W. Sperry
  12. Ahmed Zewail
  1. David Baltimore
  2. George Wells Beadle
  3. Max Delbrück
  4. Renato Dulbecco

Switzerland ETH Zurich

Affiliations[91] Graduate[92] Attendee or Researcher[93] Academic staff before or at the time of award[94] Academic staff after award[95]
ETH Zurich
31 (unofficial)[22][23][dead link]

21 (official)[24]

  1. Albert Einstein
  2. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
  3. Fritz Haber
  4. Charles-Edouard Guillaume
  5. Tadeus Reichstein
  6. Felix Bloch
  7. Werner Arber
  8. Heinrich Rohrer
  9. Gerd Binnig
  10. Georg Bednorz
  11. Alexander Müller
  12. Richard R. Ernst
  1. Nils Gustaf Dalén
  2. Max Born
  3. George de Hevesy
  4. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
  5. Lars Onsager
  6. Max Delbrück
  7. Har Gobind Khorana
  8. Konrad E. Bloch
  9. Jean-Marie Lehn
  10. Richard F. Heck
  1. Albert Einstein
  2. Alfred Werner
  3. Richard Martin Willstätter
  4. Peter Debye
  5. Richard Kuhn
  6. Leopold Ruzicka
  7. Otto Stern
  8. Wolfgang Pauli
  9. Vladimir Prelog
  10. Richard R. Ernst
  11. Kurt Wüthrich

United States University of Pennsylvania

Affiliations[96] Graduate[97] Attendee or Researcher[98] Academic staff before or at the time of award[99] Academic staff after award[100]
University of Pennsylvania
28 (official)[25]
  1. Christian B. Anfinsen
  2. Michael S. Brown
  3. Gerald Edelman
  4. Stanley Prusiner
  5. Ahmed Zewail
  6. Ei-ichi Negishi
  7. George E. Smith
  1. Hideki Shirakawa
  2. Vincent du Vigneaud
  1. Christian B. Anfinsen
  2. Baruch Blumberg
  3. Raymond Davis
  4. Gerald Edelman
  5. Ragnar Granit
  6. Haldan K. Hartline
  7. Robert Hofstadter
  8. Richard Kuhn
  9. Robert Schrieffer
  10. Irwin Rose
  11. Alan MacDiarmid
  12. Alan J. Heeger
  13. Oliver Williamson
  14. Thomas J Sargent
  15. Edward C. Prescott
  1. Lawrence Klein
  2. Simon Kuznets
  3. Otto Fritz Meyerhof
  4. Edmund S. Phelps

United States University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Affiliations[101] Graduate[102] Attendee or Researcher[103] Academic staff before or at the time of award[104] Academic staff after award[105]
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
26 (official)[26]
  1. Edward Adelbert Doisy
  2. Vincent Du Vigneaud
  3. Robert W. Holley
  4. Jack Kilby
  5. Edwin G. Krebs
  6. Polykarp Kusch
  7. John Robert Schrieffer
  8. Phillip A. Sharp
  9. Wendell Stanley
  10. Rosalyn Yalow
  11. James Tobin
  1. Hamilton O. Smith
  2. Leon Neil Cooper
  3. Murray Gell-Mann
  4. Brian David Josephson
  1. John Bardeen
  2. Elias Corey
  3. Paul Lauterbur
  4. Anthony J. Leggett
  5. Salvador Luria
  6. Rudolph Marcus
  7. Franco Modigliani
  8. Vincent Du Vigneaud
  9. John Robert Schrieffer
  10. Leonid Hurwicz
  1. John Bardeen(Twice)

United Kingdom University College London

Affiliations[106] Graduate[107] Attendee or Researcher[108] Academic staff before or at the time of award[109] Academic staff after award[110]
University College London
26 (unofficial)[27]

21 (official)[28]

  1. Owen Willans Richardson
  2. Jaroslav Heyrovský
  3. Francis Crick
  4. Bernard Katz
  5. Martin Evans
  6. Charles K Kao
  1. Rabindranath Tagore
  2. Frederick Soddy
  3. Frederick Hopkins
  4. Henry Dale
  5. Otto Hahn
  6. Vincent du Vigneaud
  7. Ulf von Euler
  8. Bert Sakmann
  9. Herbert Spencer Gasser[27]
  10. Corneille Heymans[27]
  11. Otto Loewi[27]
  1. William Ramsay
  2. Robert Robinson
  3. Peter Medawar
  4. Andrew Huxley
  5. Archibald Hill
  6. Bernard Katz
  7. James Black
  1. William Henry Bragg
  2. George Porter[27]
  3. James Heckman[27]

United Kingdom University of Manchester

Affiliations[111] Graduate[112] Attendee or Researcher[113] Academic staff before or at the time of award[114] Academic staff after award[115]
University of Manchester
25 (official)[29]
  1. Michael Smith
  2. John Polanyi
  3. Robert Robinson
  4. Walter Haworth
  5. James Chadwick
  6. Arthur Harden
  7. Charles Wilson
  8. Joseph Thomson
  1. Hans Bethe
  2. Melvin Calvin
  3. John Cockcroft
  4. George de Hevesy
  5. Niels Bohr
  1. Arthur Lewis
  2. Nevill Mott
  3. John Hicks
  4. Alexander Todd
  5. P.M.S. Blackett
  6. Archibald V. Hill
  7. Ernest Rutherford
  8. Andre Geim
  9. Konstantin Novoselov
  1. William L. Bragg
  2. Joseph Stiglitz
  3. John E. Sulston

United States Rockefeller University

Affiliations[116] Graduate[117] Attendee or Researcher[118] Academic staff before or at the time of award[119] Academic staff after award[120]
Rockefeller University
23 (official)[30]
  1. Gerald M. Edelman
  2. David Baltimore
  1. Alexis Carrel
  2. Karl Landsteiner
  3. Herbert S. Gasser
  4. John H. Northrop
  5. Wendell M. Stanley
  6. Fritz Lipmann
  7. Edward L. Tatum
  8. Joshua Lederberg
  9. Peyton Rous
  10. H. Keffer Hartline
  11. Gerald M. Edelman
  12. Stanford Moore
  13. William H. Stein
  14. Albert Claude
  15. Christian de Duve
  16. George E. Palade
  17. David Baltimore
  18. Torsten Wiesel
  19. R. Bruce Merrifield
  20. Günter Blobel
  21. Paul Greengard
  22. Roderick MacKinnon
  1. Paul Nurse

United States Washington University

Washington University in St. Louis
Affiliations[121] Graduate[122] Attendee or Researcher[123] Academic staff before or at the time of award[124] Academic staff after award[125]
22 (official)[31]
  1. Earl Sutherland
  2. Edwin Krebs
  3. Daniel Nathans
  1. Arthur H. Compton
  2. Luis F. Leloir
  3. Paul Berg
  4. Douglass C. North
  5. Aaron Ciechanover
  6. Edward A. Doisy
  7. Joseph Erlanger
  8. Herbert Gasser
  9. Carl F. Cori
  10. Gerty T. Cori
  11. Arthur Kornberg
  12. Severo Ochoa
  13. Alfred Hershey
  14. Earl Sutherland
  15. Christian de Duve
  16. Daniel Nathans
  17. Hamilton O. Smith
  18. George D. Snell
  19. Stanley Cohen
  20. Rita Levi-Montalcini
  21. Edwin G. Krebs
  22. Robert F. Furchgott

Switzerland University of Zurich

Affiliations[126] Graduate[127] Attendee or Researcher[128] Academic staff before or at the time of award[129] Academic staff after award[130]
University of Zurich
22 (unofficial)[23]

12 (official)[32]

  1. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
  2. Carl Spitteler
  3. Theodor Mommsen
  4. Alfred Werner
  5. Albert Einstein
  6. Paul Karrer
  7. Walter Rudolf Hess
  1. Emil Theodor Kocher
  2. Charles-Edouard Guillaume
  3. Walther Hermann Nernst
  4. Karl Landsteiner
  5. Linus Pauling
  6. George Wald
  7. Henrik Carl Peter Dam
  8. Hamilton O. Smith
  9. Eric F. Wieschaus
  1. Alfred Werner
  2. Max von Laue
  3. Albert Einstein
  4. Erwin Schrödinger
  5. Peter Debye
  6. Paul Karrer
  7. Leopold Ruzicka
  8. Walter Rudolf Hess
  9. Karl Alexander Müller
  10. Rolf M. Zinkernagel

United States Carnegie Mellon University

Affiliations[131] Graduate[132] Attendee or Researcher[133] Academic staff before or at the time of award[134] Academic staff after award[135]
Carnegie Mellon University
21 (unofficial)[citation needed]

18 (official)[33]

  1. John Forbes Nash
  2. Clifford Shull
  3. Finn E. Kydland
  4. Edward C. Prescott
  5. John L. Hall
  6. Oliver Eaton Williamson
  7. Dale T. Mortensen
  1. Paul Flory
  2. Paul Lauterbur
  3. Ada Yonath
  1. Clinton Davisson
  2. Otto Stern
  3. Herbert Simon
  4. Franco Modigliani
  5. Merton Miller
  6. Robert Lucas, Jr.
  7. John Pople
  8. Walter Kohn
  9. Finn E. Kydland
  10. Edward C. Prescott
  11. Ed Rubin (IPCC member)

Other universities

United States University of California, San Diego[34][35][36]
20
  1. Susumu Tonegawa
  2. Bruce Beutler
  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
  1. Roger Tsien
  2. Linus Pauling (twice)
  3. Robert W. Holley
  4. Roger Guillemin
  5. Hannes Alfven
  6. Sydney Brenner
  7. Paul Crutzen
  8. Renato Dulbecco
  9. Robert Engle
  10. Clive Granger
  11. Harry Markowitz
  12. Mario Molina
  13. George Palade
  14. Francis Crick
  15. Maria Goeppert-Mayer
  16. Harold Urey
  17. Walter Kohn
Germany Technical University of Munich
20
  1. Gerhard Ertl
  2. Rudolf Mössbauer
  3. Erwin Neher
  4. Ernst Otto Fischer
  5. Konrad Emil Bloch
  6. Robert Huber
  7. Ernst Ruska
  8. Johann Deisenhofer
  9. Wolfgang Paul
  10. Wolfgang Ketterle
  11. Thomas Mann
  1. Gerhard Ertl
  2. Johann Deisenhofer
  3. Ernst Otto Fischer
  4. Rudolf Mössbauer
  1. Klaus von Klitzing
  2. Gerhard Ertl
  3. Ernst Otto Fischer
  4. Hans Fischer
  5. Heinrich Otto Wieland
  1. Richard Robert Ernst
  2. Ernst Otto Fischer
  3. Rudolf Mössbauer
  4. Hans Fischer
  5. Ryoji Noyori
  6. Karl Barry Sharpless
  7. John Robert Schrieffer
  8. Feodor Lynen
United States University of Minnesota
21
  1. Norman Borlaug
  2. Walter Brattain
  3. Melvin Calvin
  4. Louis J. Ignarro
  5. Ernest O. Lawrence
  6. Edward B. Lewis
  7. Daniel McFadden
  1. Arthur H. Compton
  2. Philip S. Hench
  3. Edward C. Kendall
  4. John Bardeen
  5. William Lipscomb
  6. Saul Bellow
  7. Milton Friedman
  8. John H. van Vleck
  9. George J. Stigler
  10. Paul D. Boyer
  11. Edward C. Prescott
  12. Thomas J. Sargent
  13. Christopher A. Sims
  1. Leonid Hurwicz
Affiliations[136] Graduate[137] Attendee or Researcher[138] Academic staff before or at the time of award[139] Academic staff after award[140]
United States University of Michigan
19
  1. Thomas Huckle Weller
  2. Stanley Cohen
  3. Jerome Karle
  4. Marshall Warren Nirenberg
  5. David Politzer
  6. Richard Smalley
  7. Samuel C.C. Ting
  1. Joseph Brodsky
  2. Donald A. Glaser
  3. Charles B. Huggins
  4. Lawrence R. Klein
  5. Wolfgang Pauli
  6. Martin L. Perl
  7. Norman F. Ramsey
  8. Peyton Rous
  9. Hamilton O. Smith
  10. Charles H. Townes
  11. Martinus Veltman
  12. Carl Wieman
Affiliations[141] Graduate[142] Attendee or Researcher[143] Academic staff before or at the time of award[144] Academic staff after award[145]
Germany University of Freiburg[37]
(The official count is 10 according to the home page)
19
  1. Adolf Windaus
  2. George de Hevesy
  3. Hans Adolf Krebs
  4. J. Hans D. Jensen
  5. Georges J. F. Köhler
  6. Mario Molina
  1. Paul Ehrlich
  2. Robert Bárány
  3. Otto Meyerhof
  4. Otto Heinrich Warburg
  5. Philip Hench
  6. Bert Sakmann
  7. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
  1. Heinrich Otto Wieland
  2. Adolf Windaus
  3. Hans Spemann
  4. George de Hevesy
  5. Hans Adolf Krebs
  6. Hermann Staudinger
  7. Friedrich August von Hayek
  8. Georg Wittig
  9. Georges J. F. Köhler
  10. Harald zur Hausen
United States University of Wisconsin–Madison
19
  1. Herbert Spencer Gasser
  2. John Bardeen (2)
  3. Edward Lawrie Tatum
  4. Stanford Moore
  5. John H. van Vleck
  6. Theodore Schultz
  7. Erwin Neher
  8. Paul D. Boyer
  9. Günter Blobel
  10. Alan G. MacDiarmid
  11. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  1. Har Gobind Khorana
  2. Joshua Lederberg
  3. Howard Martin Temin
  4. Joseph Erlanger
  5. Eugene Wigner
  6. Oliver Smithies
United Kingdom London School of Economics[38]
17
  1. Sir William Arthur Lewis
  2. Óscar Arias
  3. Ronald Coase
  4. Leonid Hurwicz
  5. Christopher A. Pissarides
  1. Ralph Bunche
  2. Robert Mundell
  1. George Bernard Shaw
  2. Bertrand Russell
  3. Sir John Hicks
  4. Philip Noel-Baker
  5. Friedrich von Hayek
  6. James Meade
  7. Merton Miller
  8. Amartya Sen
  9. George Akerlof
  10. Paul Krugman
  11. Christopher A. Pissarides
United States Case Western Reserve University
16
  1. Paul Berg
  2. Alfred G. Gilman
  3. Donald A. Glaser
  4. Polykarp Kusch
  5. Paul Lauterbur
  6. Ferid Murad
  7. Edward C. Prescott
  1. Peter Agre
  1. Corneille Heymans
  2. George H. Hitchings
  3. John James Richard Macleod
  4. Albert Abraham Michelson
  5. George Andrew Olah
  6. Frederick Reines
  7. Frederick Chapman Robbins
  8. Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr.
Austria University of Vienna(The official webpage only counted 9)
15
  1. Robert Bárány
  2. Karl Landsteiner
  3. Erwin Schrödinger
  4. Konrad Lorenz
  5. Friedrich Hayek
  1. Julius Wagner-Jauregg
  2. Hans Fischer
  3. Karl Landsteiner
  4. Victor Francis Hess
  5. Otto Loewi
Sweden Uppsala University
15
  1. Svante Arrhenius
  2. Theodor Svedberg
  3. Arne Tiselius
  4. Hannes Alfvén
  5. Erik Axel Karlfeldt
  6. Nathan Söderblom
  7. Alva Myrdal
  8. Dag Hammarskjöld
  1. Allvar Gullstrand
  2. Robert Bárány
  3. Manne Siegbahn
  4. Kai Siegbahn
  5. Pär Lagerkvist
  6. Hjalmar Branting
  7. Hugo Theorell
United Kingdom Imperial College London[39]
15
  1. Derek Barton
  2. Geoffrey Wilkinson
  3. Alexander Fleming
  1. Walter Haworth
  2. Frederick Hopkins
  1. George Thomson
  2. Dennis Gabor
  3. Abdus Salam
  4. Derek Barton
  5. Geoffrey Wilkinson
  6. Alexander Fleming
  7. Rodney Porter
  8. Charles K. Kao
  1. Patrick Blackett
  2. Cyril Hinshelwood
  3. George Porter
  4. Ernest Chain
  5. Andrew Huxley
United States University of California, Los Angeles
14
  1. Ralph Bunche
  2. Bruce Merrifield
  3. Glenn T. Seaborg
  4. William Sharpe
  5. Elinor Ostrom
  6. Richard Heck
  1. Paul D. Boyer
  2. Donald Cram
  3. Louis Ignarro
  4. Willard Libby
  5. Bertrand Russell
  6. Al Gore
  7. Christopher Pissarides
  1. Julian Schwinger
Germany University of Frankfurt
14[40]
  1. Reinhard Selten
  2. Horst Ludwig Störmer
  3. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
  4. Günter Blobel
  5. Gerd Binnig
  6. Hans Bethe
  7. Alexander Robertus Todd
  1. Max von Laue
  2. Karl Ziegler
  3. Max Born
  4. Otto Stern
  5. Paul Karrer
  6. Paul Ehrlich
  7. Hartmut Michel
Germany University of Würzburg
14[41]
  1. Svante Arrhenius
  2. Ferdinand Braun
  3. Karl Landsteiner
  4. Walther Hermann Nernst
  5. Klaus von Klitzing
  6. Hartmut Michel
  7. Harald zur Hausen
  1. Wilhelm Röntgen
  2. Emil Fischer
  3. Wilhelm Wien
  4. Hans Spemann
  1. Eduard Buchner
  2. Johannes Stark
  3. Max von Laue
France École Normale Supérieure
14
  1. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
  2. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
  3. Gabriel Lippmann
  4. Louis Néel
  5. Jean Baptiste Perrin
  6. Paul Sabatier
  7. Alfred Kastler
  8. Romain Rolland
  9. Jean-Paul Sartre
  10. Henri Bergson
  11. Gerard Debreu
  12. Albert Fert
  1. Samuel Beckett
  1. Nicolaas Bloembergen
Netherlands Leiden University[42]
14
  1. Tobias Asser
  2. Nico Bloembergen
  3. Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart
  4. J.H. van 't Hoff
  5. Tjalling Koopmans
  6. Jan Tinbergen
  7. Niko Tinbergen
  8. J.D. van der Waals
  9. Pieter Zeeman
  1. Enrico Fermi
  2. Igor Tamm
  1. Albert Einstein
  2. Willem Einthoven
  3. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
  4. Hendrik A. Lorentz
  5. Albert Szent-Györgyi
United States City University of New York[43]
13[citation needed]
  1. Stanley Cohen
  2. Gertrude Elion
  3. Rosalyn Yalow
  1. Harry M. Markowitz
Canada McGill University
12
  1. Willard Boyle
  2. Val Logsdon Fitch
  3. David Hunter Hubel
  4. Rudolph Marcus
  5. Mohan Munasinghe
  6. Andrzej W. Schally
  7. Ralph M. Steinman
  8. Jack W. Szostak
  1. Frederick Soddy
  2. Otto Hahn
  1. Ernest Rutherford
  2. Robert Mundell
United States Duke University
10
  1. Robert C. Richardson
  2. Charles H. Townes
  1. Hans Dehmelt
  1. Hans Bethe
  2. Joseph Stiglitz
  3. Gertrude Elion
  1. Peter Agre
  2. Wole Soyinka
  3. August Krogh
  4. Eric Wieschaus
United States University of Washington
11
  1. Linda B. Buck
  2. George Hitchings
  3. Martin Rodbell
  4. George Stigler
  1. Linda B. Buck
  2. Hans G. Dehmelt
  3. Leland H. Hartwell
  4. Douglass North
  5. William F. Sharpe
  1. Edmond H. Fischer
  2. Edwin Krebs
  3. E. Donnall Thomas
Switzerland University of Geneva[23]
11
  1. Norman Angell
  2. Daniel Bovet
  3. Edmond H. Fischer
  4. Kofi Annan
  1. Werner Arber
  1. Gunnar Myrdal
  2. Niels Jerne
  3. Maurice Allais
  4. Edmond H. Fischer
  5. Martin Rodbell
  6. Alan J. Heeger
Netherlands University of Utrecht[44]
11
Canada University of Toronto
10
  1. Frederick Banting
  2. James Orbinski
  3. Walter Kohn
  4. Arthur Leonard Schawlow
  5. Lester B. Pearson
  6. Bertram Brockhouse
  7. Michael A. Spence
  1. John James Richard Macleod
  2. John Charles Polanyi
  3. Oliver Smithies
  4. Frederick Banting
  5. Lester B. Pearson
France École Polytechnique
10
  1. Maurice Allais
  2. Henri Becquerel
  3. Sully Prudhomme
  1. Albert Michelson
  1. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
  2. Georges Charpak
Denmark University of Copenhagen
10
  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen
  2. Niels Bohr
  3. Aage Bohr
  4. August Krogh
  5. Johannes Fibiger
  6. Jens Christian Schou
  7. Niels Kaj Jerne
  1. Johannes Vilhelm Jensen
  2. Ben Roy Mottelson
  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen
  2. Niels Bohr
  3. Aage Bohr
  4. August Krogh
  5. Johannes Fibiger
  6. Henrik Dam
United States City College of New York
10
  1. Julius Axelrod
  2. Kenneth Arrow
  3. Herbert Hauptman
  4. Robert Hofstadter
  5. Jerome Karle
  6. Arthur Kornberg
  7. Leon M. Lederman
  8. Arno Penzias
  9. Henry Kissinger
  10. Robert J. Aumann
United Kingdom University of Edinburgh[45][dead link]
10
  1. James Mirrlees
  2. Peter C. Doherty
  3. Robert G. Edwards
  4. Terry Barker
  1. Igor Tamm
  1. Charles Glover Barkla
  2. Max Born
  3. Peter D. Mitchell
  4. Edward Victor Appleton
  5. Alexander R. Todd
United Kingdom King's College London[46]
10
  1. Frederick Gowland Hopkins
  2. Desmond Tutu
  3. Max Theiler
  1. Charles Barkla
  2. Owen Richardson
  3. Frederick Gowland Hopkins
  4. Charles Scott Sherrington
  5. Edward Appleton
  6. Maurice Wilkins
  7. James Black
  8. Mario Vargas Llosa
  1. Desmond Tutu
Russia Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
9
  1. Andre Geim
  2. Konstantin Novoselov
  1. Nikolay Semyonov
  2. Igor Tamm
  3. Lev Landau
  4. Aleksandr Prokhorov
  5. Pyotr Kapitsa
  6. Alexei Abrikosov
  7. Vitaly Ginzburg
Switzerland University of Basel[23]
9
  1. Charles Albert Gobat
  2. Carl Spitteler
  3. Paul Hermann Müller
  4. Rolf Zinkernagel
  5. Kurt Wüthrich
  1. Sune Bergström
  2. Eric F. Wieschaus
  1. Tadeus Reichstein
  2. Werner Arber
United States University of Texas at Austin
9
  1. John Maxwell Coetzee
  2. E. Donnall Thomas
  1. Hermann Joseph Muller
  2. George Davis Snell
  3. Finn E. Kydland[47]
  1. Ilya Prigogine[48]
  1. Gunnar Myrdal[49]
  2. Alva Myrdal[49]
  3. Steven Weinberg[50]
Germany Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen
9
  1. Günter Blobel
  2. Karl Ferdinand Braun
  3. Eduard Buchner
  4. Adolf Butenandt
  5. Hartmut Michel
  6. William Ramsay
  7. Bert Sakmann
  8. Georg Wittig
  1. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
United States University of California, Santa Barbara
9
  1. Carol Greider
  1. Edward Prescott
  1. David Gross
  2. Alan Heeger
  3. Walter Kohn
  4. Herbert Kroemer
  5. Finn Kydland
  6. Frank Wilczek
  1. Robert Schrieffer
Austria University of Graz
9
  1. Victor Francis Hess
  2. Ivo Andric
  3. Walther Nernst
  1. Karl von Frisch
  2. Victor Francis Hess
  3. Otto Loewi
  4. Erwin Schrödinger
  5. Julius Wagner-Jauregg
  6. Fritz Pregl
  7. Gerty Cori
United States Indiana University
8
  1. James D. Watson
  1. Riccardo Giacconi
  2. Renato Dulbecco
  3. Ferid Murad
  1. Salvador E. Luria
  2. Hermann Joseph Muller
  3. J. Hans D. Jensen
  4. Elinor Ostrom
Germany University of Leipzig
8
  1. Felix Bloch
  1. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga
  1. Theodor Mommsen
  2. Wilhelm Ostwald
  3. Nathan Söderblom
  4. Werner Heisenberg
  5. Peter Debye
  1. Theodor Mommsen
  2. Wilhelm Ostwald
  3. Gustav Ludwig Hertz
  4. Werner Heisenberg
United Kingdom University of Birmingham[51]
8
  1. Francis Aston
  2. Maurice Wilkins
  3. Sir Paul Nurse
  4. Professor Peter Bullock
  5. Sir John Vane
  1. Sir John Vane
  1. Sir Norman Haworth
  2. Lord Robert Cecil
  1. Sir Peter Medawar
United States University of Rochester
8
  1. Steven Chu
  2. Vincent du Vigneaud
  3. Arthur Kornberg
  4. Carleton Gajdusek
  5. Masatoshi Koshiba
  1. George Hoyt Whipple
  2. Henrik Dam
  3. Robert Fogel
United States Northwestern University
8
  1. Saul Bellow
  2. Robert Furchgott
  3. George Stigler
  1. Ralph Bunche
  1. Roger Myerson
  2. John Pople
  3. Edward Prescott
  4. Dale Mortensen
United Kingdom University of Liverpool
9
  1. Charles Barkla
  2. Har Gobind Khorana
  3. Rodney Porter
  4. Joseph Rotblat
  1. Sir Robert Robinson
  1. Sir James Chadwick
Japan Kyoto University
8
  1. Kenichi Fukui
  2. Ryoji Noyori
  3. Shinichirou Tomonaga
  4. Susumu Tonegawa
  5. Hideki Yukawa
  1. Aung San Suu Kyi
  1. Kenichi Fukui
  2. Hideki Yukawa
  3. Toshihide Masukawa
  4. Makoto Kobayashi
Japan University of Tokyo
8
  1. Yasunari Kawabata
  2. Leo Esaki
  3. Eisaku Sato
  4. Kenzaburo Oe
  5. Masatoshi Koshiba
  6. Yoichiro Nambu
  7. Ei-ichi Negishi
  1. Masatoshi Koshiba
Spain Complutense University[52]
7
  1. Severo Ochoa
  2. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  3. Jose Echegaray
  4. Mario Vargas Llosa
  5. Camilo José Cela
  6. Vicente Aleixandre
  7. Jacinto Benavente
  1. Severo Ochoa
  2. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  3. Jose Echegaray
  1. Severo Ochoa
  2. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  3. Jose Echegaray
  1. Severo Ochoa
  2. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  3. Jose Echegaray
United States Brown University
7
  1. Jerry White
  2. Craig C. Mello
  1. Leon Neil Cooper[53]
  2. Lars Onsager
  3. Vernon L. Smith
  4. George Stigler
  5. George Snell
  1. Leon Neil Cooper
Germany Bonn University
7
  1. Harald zur Hausen
  2. Luigi Pirandello
  3. Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse
  1. Reinhard Selten
  2. Wolfgang Paul
  3. Otto Wallach
  4. Philipp Lenard
  1. Reinhard Selten
  2. Wolfgang Paul
United States Purdue University
7
  1. Edward Mills Purcell
  2. Ben Roy Mottelson
  1. Akira Suzuki
  1. Herbert C. Brown
  2. Julian Schwinger
  3. Vernon L. Smith
  4. Ei-ichi Negishi
United States Vanderbilt University
7
  1. Stanford Moore
  2. Muhammad Yunus
  1. Al Gore
  1. Max Delbrück
  2. Paul Greengard
  3. Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
  4. Stanley Cohen
United States University of Maryland, College Park
7
  1. Raymond Davis Jr.
  2. Herbert Hauptman
  1. Hannes Alfven
  1. Thomas C. Schelling
  2. Juan Ramon Jimenez
  3. John C. Mather
  1. William Daniel Phillips
United States University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
7
  1. Robert F. Furchgott
  1. Peter Agre
  2. Gertrude B. Elion
  3. George H. Hitchings
  4. Rudolph Marcus
  5. Martin Rodbell
  6. Oliver Smithies
United Kingdom University of Bristol
7
  1. Paul Dirac
  2. Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
  1. Nevill Francis Mott
  2. Cecil Frank Powell
  3. William Ramsay
  4. Winston Churchill
  1. Dorothy Hodgkin
Israel Hebrew University of Jerusalem
7
  1. David J. Gross
  2. Avram Hershko
  3. Ada Yonath
  4. Aaron Ciechanover
  5. Daniel Kahneman#
  1. Roger D. Kornberg
  1. Robert J. Aumann
  2. Daniel Kahneman#
Australia University of Melbourne
7
  1. Frank Macfarlane Burnet
  2. John Carew Eccles
  3. Elizabeth Blackburn
  1. Peter C. Doherty
  2. Bert Sakmann
  3. James Mirrlees
  4. Clive Granger
United States Florida State University[54]
6[citation needed]
  1. James M. Buchanan
  1. Konrad E. Bloch
  2. Paul A.M. Dirac
  3. Harold Kroto
  4. Robert S. Mulliken
  5. Robert Schrieffer
Netherlands University of Amsterdam
6
  1. Christiaan Eijkman
  2. Frits Zernike
  1. Tobias Asser
  2. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
  3. Johannes Diderik van der Waals
  4. Pieter Zeeman
Australia The Australian National University
6
  1. Rolf M. Zinkernagel
  1. Sir John Eccles
  2. Sir Howard Florey
  3. John C. Harsanyi
  4. Peter C. Doherty
  5. Brian P. Schmidt
United Kingdom University of Glasgow[55]
6
  1. Sir William Ramsay
  2. John Boyd Orr
  3. Sir Alexander Robert Todd
  1. Sir James Black
  1. Frederick Soddy
  2. Sir Derek Barton
United States University of Colorado
6
  1. Sidney Altman
  1. Craig C. Mello
  1. Carl Wieman
  2. Eric Cornell
  3. Thomas R. Cech
  4. John L. Hall
Poland University of Breslau
6
  1. Friedrich Bergius
  2. Max Born
  3. Hans Georg Dehmelt
  4. Paul Ehrlich
  5. Theodor Mommsen
  6. Otto Stern
Australia University of Adelaide[56]
6[citation needed]
  1. Sir William Lawrence Bragg
  2. Sir Howard Walter Florey
  3. J. Robin Warren
  1. Sir William Henry Bragg
  2. Nick Harvey (As a member of the IPCC)
  1. J. M. Coetzee
Germany University of Hamburg
6
  1. Hans Adolf Krebs
  2. J. Hans D. Jensen
  1. Harald zur Hausen
  1. Otto Stern
  2. Wolfgang Pauli
  1. Wolfgang Pauli
Germany University of Kiel[57]
6
  1. Kurt Alder
  2. Eduard Buchner
  3. Otto Diels
  4. Philipp Lenard
  5. Otto Meyerhof
  6. Max Planck
Norway University of Oslo[58]
6
  1. Christian Lous Lange
  2. Ragnar Frisch
  3. Odd Hassel
  4. Trygve Haavelmo
  1. Fridtjof Nansen
  1. Ivar Giæver
United Kingdom University of Aberdeen
5
  1. John James Richard Macleod
  2. George Paget Thomson
  3. John Boyd Orr
  4. Frederick Soddy
  5. Richard Laurence Millington Synge
United Kingdom University of St Andrews
5
  1. James W. Black
  1. Rudyard Kipling
  2. Fridtjof Nansen
  1. Alan MacDiarmid
  2. Walter Haworth
United States Amherst College
5
  1. Henry W. Kendall
  2. Edmund Phelps
  3. Harold E. Varmus
  4. Joseph E. Stiglitz
  1. Hermann J. Muller
United StatesUniversity of Arizona
5
  1. Brian Schmidt
  1. Vernon L. Smith
  1. Nicolaas Bloembergen
  2. Roy J. Glauber
  3. Willis E. Lamb
Switzerland University of Bern
5
  1. Charles Gobat
  2. Theodor Kocher
  3. George de Hevesy
  1. Paul Nurse
  1. Theodor Kocher#
  2. Albert Einstein
Canada University of British Columbia
6
  1. Robert Mundell
  2. Bertram Brockhouse
  1. Michael Smith
  2. Har Gobind Khorana
  3. Daniel Kahneman
  1. Carl Wieman
Argentina University of Buenos Aires
5
  1. Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  2. Bernardo Houssay
  3. Luis Federico Leloir
  4. César Milstein
  1. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel
United States University of California, San Francisco
5
  1. Kary Mullis
  1. J. Michael Bishop
  2. Harold E. Varmus
  3. Stanley B. Prusiner
  4. Elizabeth Blackburn
Hungary Eötvös Loránd University
5
  1. Philipp Lenard
  2. Albert Szent-Györgyi
  3. George de Hevesy
  4. Georg von Békésy
  5. John Harsanyi
United Kingdom University of Leeds
5
  1. George Porter
  2. Wole Soyinka
  1. Richard Laurence Millington Synge
  2. Archer John Porter Martin
  3. William Henry Bragg
United States University of Pittsburgh
5
  1. Philip Hench
  2. Paul Lauterbur
  3. Wangari Maathai
  1. Daniel McFadden
  1. Niels Jerne
United States Rutgers University
5
  1. Milton Friedman
  2. Selman Waksman
  3. David A. Morse
  1. Heinrich Rohrer
  1. Selman Waksman
  2. Toni Morrison
Italy Sapienza University of Rome
5
  1. Daniel Bovet
  2. Enrico Fermi
  3. Emilio G. Segrè
  1. Salvador Luria
  1. Enrico Fermi
  2. Giulio Natta
United Kingdom University of Sheffield[59]
5
  1. Harry Kroto
  2. Richard J. Roberts
  1. Howard Florey
  2. Hans Adolf Krebs
  3. George Porter
United States Swarthmore College
5
  1. Christian B. Anfinsen
  2. David Baltimore
  3. Howard Martin Temin
  4. Edward C. Prescott
  5. John C. Mather
France École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris
5
  1. Frédéric Joliot
  1. Pierre Curie
  2. Marie Curie
  3. Georges Charpak
  1. Pierre Curie
  2. Marie Curie
  3. Georges Charpak
  4. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
United States University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas[60][61]
5
  1. Linda B. Buck
  2. Bruce Beutler
  3. Joseph L. Goldstein
  1. Michael S. Brown
  2. Bruce Beutler
  3. Johann Deisenhofer
  4. Alfred G. Gilman
  1. Joseph L. Goldstein
  2. Bruce Beutler
United States University of Virginia
5
  1. Woodrow Wilson
  1. Alfred G. Gilman
  2. Barry Marshall
  3. Ferid Murad
  1. William Faulkner
Germany Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
5
  1. Leopold Ružička
  1. Jean-Marie Lehn
  2. Leopold Ružička
  1. Karl Ferdinand Braun
  2. Fritz Haber
  3. Hermann Staudinger
Hungary Semmelweis University
4
  1. Albert Szent-Györgyi
  1. George de Hevesy
  2. Georg von Békésy
  1. John Harsanyi
United StatesBoston University
4
  1. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  1. Elie Wiesel
  2. Derek Walcott
  3. Osamu Shimomura
United StatesUniversity at Buffalo, The State University of New York
4
  1. Ronald H. Coase
  2. J. M. Coetzee
  1. Herbert A. Hauptman
  2. Sir John Carew Eccles
India University of Calcutta
4
  1. Amartya Sen
  1. Rabindranath Tagore
  2. Ronald Ross
  1. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
  2. Amartya Sen
  1. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
United States University of California, Irvine
4
  1. Frank Sherwood Rowland
  2. Frederick Reines
  3. Irwin Rose
  4. Mario J. Molina
South Africa University of Cape Town
4
  1. Max Theiler
  2. Allan McLeod Cormack
  3. Aaron Klug
  4. J. M. Coetzee
  1. Ralph Bunche
  1. Allan McLeod Cormack
  2. J. M. Coetzee
Czech Republic Charles University of Prague
4
  1. Jaroslav Heyrovský
  2. Carl Ferdinand Cori
  3. Gerty Cori
  1. Albert Einstein
Hong Kong Chinese University of Hong Kong[62]
4
  1. Charles K. Kao
  1. Chen Ning Yang
  2. James Mirrlees
  3. Robert A. Mundell
United States Haverford College
4
  1. Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.
  2. Baron Noel-Baker
  3. Theodore William Richards
  4. Henry J. Cadbury
France Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France
4
  1. Karl Ferdinand Braun
  2. Albrecht Kossel
  3. Jean-Marie Lehn
  1. Albert Schweitzer
France Paul Cézanne University, Aix-en-Provence, France
4
  1. René Cassin
Sweden Lund University, Lund, Sweden
4
  1. Arvid Carlsson
  2. Bertil Ohlin
  1. Manne Siegbahn
  2. Sune Bergström
United States Mayo Clinic
4
  1. Albert Szent-Györgyi[63]
  2. Luis Walter Alvarez[63]
  1. Philip Showalter Hench
  2. Edward Calvin Kendall
Japan Nagoya University
4
  1. Makoto Kobayashi
  2. Toshihide Maskawa
  3. Osamu Shimomura
  1. Ryōji Noyori
  2. Osamu Shimomura
United States Ohio State University
4
  1. Paul Flory
  2. William Fowler
  1. Leon Cooper
  1. Kenneth G. Wilson
United States Texas A&M University[64]
4
  1. Jack Kilby
  1. Dudley R. Herschbach
  2. Norman E. Borlaug
  3. Derek Barton
United States University of Southern California
4
  1. Werner Arber
  1. George Andrew Olah
  1. Murray Gell-Mann[65]
  2. Daniel McFadden[66]
South Africa University of the Witwatersrand
4
  1. Aaron Klug
  2. Nadine Gordimer
  3. Nelson Mandela
  4. Sydney Brenner
Ukraine Kharkiv University
3
  1. Simon Kuznets
  1. Lev Davidovich Landau
  2. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
Italy University of Bologna
3
  1. Guglielmo Marconi
  1. Camillo Golgi
  2. Giosuè Carducci
United States Arizona State University
3
  1. Edward C. Prescott
  2. Elinor Ostrom
  1. Leland H. Hartwell
Affiliations[146] Graduate[147] Attendee or Researcher[148] Academic staff before or at the time of award[149] Academic staff after award[150]
Netherlands Delft University of Technology

3

  1. Jacobus van 't Hoff
  2. Simon van der Meer
  1. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Germany Universität zu Köln
3
  1. Heinrich Böll
  1. Kurt Alder
  2. Peter Grünberg
United States University of New Mexico
3
  1. Frederick Chapman Robbins
  1. Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
  1. Murray Gell-Mann
United States Dartmouth College
3
  1. Owen Chamberlain
  2. K. Barry Sharpless
  3. George Snell
United States George Washington University
3
  1. Julius Axelrod
  1. Vincent du Vigneaud
  1. Ferid Murad
United States Georgia Institute of Technology
3
  1. Kary B. Mullis
  2. Jimmy Carter
  1. Paul J. Crutzen
Pakistan University of the Punjab
3
  1. Hargobind Khorana
  2. Abdus Salam
  1. Arthur Holly Compton
Egypt Cairo University
3
  1. Naguib Mahfouz
  2. Yasser Arafat
  3. Mohamed ElBaradei
Finland University of Helsinki
3

Frans Eemil Sillanpää

  1. Ragnar Granit
  2. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
United States Illinois Institute of Technology
  1. Jack Steinberger
  1. Herbert Simon
  1. Leon M. Lederman
Canada McMaster University
3
  1. Myron Scholes
  2. James Orbinski
  1. Bertram Brockhouse
Mexico Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
3
  1. Alfonso García Robles
  2. Mario Molina
  3. Octavio Paz
United States Oberlin College[67]
3
  1. Robert Millikan
  2. Roger Sperry
  3. Stanley Cohen
United States Rice University
3
  1. Robert Curl
  2. Robert Woodrow Wilson
  1. Richard Smalley
Japan Tsukuba University
3
  1. Shinichirou Tomonaga
  2. Hideki Shirakawa
  1. Leo Esaki
United States State University of New York at Stony Brook
3
  1. Paul Lauterbur
  2. Robert J. Aumann
  3. Chen Ning Yang
Italy University of Pisa
3
  1. Giosuè Carducci
  2. Enrico Fermi
  3. Carlo Rubbia
United Kingdom Queen Mary, University of London[68]
3
  1. Peter Mansfield
  1. Joseph Rotblat
  1. John Robert Vane
Australia University of Sydney[69]
3
  1. John Cornforth
  2. John Harsanyi
  1. Robert Robinson
United States University of Texas at Dallas[64]
3
  1. Russell A. Hulse
  2. Alan MacDiarmid
  1. Polykarp Kusch
United States University of Utah
3
  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan[70]
  1. Mario Capecchi
  1. James Cronin
Poland University of Warsaw
4
  1. Menachem Begin
  2. Józef Rotblat
  3. Leonid Hurwicz
  4. Henryk Sienkiewicz
Italy University of Pavia
3
  1. Camillo Golgi
  2. Giulio Natta
  1. Carlo Rubbia
Italy University of Turin
3
  1. Rita Levi Montalcini
  2. Renato Dulbecco
  3. Salvador Luria
Israel Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
3
  1. Avram Hershko
  2. Aaron Ciechanover
  3. Dan Shechtman
Israel Weizmann Institute of Science
1
  1. Ada Yonath
United States Wesleyan University
3
  1. T.S. Eliot
  1. V.S. Naipaul
  2. Woodrow Wilson
United Kingdom University of Nottingham
3
  1. Clive Granger
  1. Peter Mansfield
  2. Andre Geim
United Kingdom University of Essex
3
  1. Óscar Arias
  2. Christopher A. Pissarides
  1. Derek Walcott
United States Brandeis University
2
  1. Roderick MacKinnon
  1. John Forbes Nash, Jr.
United States University of Delaware[71]
2
  1. Daniel Nathans
  1. Richard F. Heck
Germany University of Erlangen-Nuremberg[72]
2
  1. Eduard Buchner[73]
  2. Harald zur Hausen
United Kingdom Cardiff University[74]
2
  1. Martin Evans
  1. Robert Huber
United States Hamilton College[75]
2
  1. Elihu Root
  2. Paul Greengard
United States Michigan State University
2
  1. Alfred D. Hershey
  1. Robert H. Grubbs
United States Ohio Wesleyan University[76]
2
  1. F. Sherwood Rowland
  2. Woodrow "Woody" Clark II
Netherlands Radboud University Nijmegen
2
  1. Kostya Novoselov
  1. Andre Geim
Russia Saint Petersburg Polytechnical University[77]
2
  1. Pyotr Kapitsa
  1. Nikolay Semyonov
Republic of China Southwest Associated University
2
  1. Chen Ning Yang
  2. Tsung-Dao Lee
Greece University Of Athens
2
  1. Odysseas Elytis
  1. Giorgos Seferis
New Zealand University of Canterbury
2
  1. Ernest Rutherford
  1. Clive Granger
Chile Universidad de Chile
2
  1. Gabriela Mistral
  2. Pablo Neruda
India University of Delhi
2
  1. Aung San Suu Kyi
  1. Amartya Sen
Republic of Ireland University of Dublin, Trinity College
2
  1. Samuel Beckett
  1. Ernest Walton
Germany University of Greifswald
2
  1. Gerhard Domagk
  2. Johannes Stark
India University of Madras
2
  1. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
  2. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
United States Middle Tennessee State University
2
  1. James M. Buchanan
  1. Muhammad Yunus
United States University of Florida
2
  1. Marshall Nirenberg
  2. Robert Grubbs
United States George Mason University
2
  1. James M. Buchanan
  2. Vernon L. Smith
Canada University of Saskatchewan[78]
2
  1. Henry Taube
  1. Gerhard Herzberg
United Kingdom University of Sussex
2
  1. Sir John Cornforth
  2. Harry Kroto
United States Stevens Institute of Technology
2
  1. Frederick Reines
  1. Irving Langmuir
United States Baylor College of Medicine
2
  1. Roger Guillemin
  2. Andrew W. Schally
United States Emory University[79]
2
  1. Tenzin Gyatso, The 14th Dalai Lama
  2. Jimmy Carter
United States Tufts University
2
  1. Roderick MacKinnon
  1. Allan M. Cormack
United States United States Naval Academy
2
  1. Albert Abraham Michelson
  2. Jimmy Carter
United States University of Kansas
2
  1. Vernon L. Smith
  1. F. Sherwood Rowland
Australia University of Western Australia
2
  1. Barry Marshall
  2. Robin Warren
United States Virginia Commonwealth University
2
  1. Baruj Benacerraf
  1. John Bennett Fenn
United States University of Notre Dame
2
  1. Eric F. Wieschaus
  2. James E. Muller
Estonia University of Tartu
2
  1. Wilhelm Ostwald
  1. Robert Koch
  2. Wilhelm Ostwald
New Zealand Victoria University of Wellington[80]
1
  1. Alan Graham MacDiarmid
Denmark Aarhus University[81]
1
  1. Jens Christian Skou
Canada Acadia University
1
  1. Charles B. Huggins
Azerbaijan Baku State University
1
  1. Lev Landau
China Beijing Foreign Studies University
1
  1. Gao Xingjian
China Beijing Normal University
1
  1. Liu Xiaobo
  1. Liu Xiaobo
United States University of California, Riverside
1
  1. Richard R. Schrock
Sweden Chalmers University of Technology
1
  1. Nils Gustaf Dalén
Romania Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
1
  1. George Palade
  1. George Palade
United States College of the Holy Cross
1
  1. Joseph E. Murray
United States DePauw University
1
  1. Ferid Murad
United Kingdom University of East Anglia
1
  1. Sir Paul Nurse
United States Fordham University
1
  1. Victor Hess
United States Georgetown University
1
  1. Mario Vargas Llosa
United States Grinnell College
1
  1. Thomas Cech
Turkey Istanbul University
1
  1. Orhan Pamuk
United States University of Houston
1
  1. Jody Williams
Japan Kyoto Institute of Technology
1
  1. Kenichi Fukui
Poland Jagiellonian University
1
  1. Wisława Szymborska
India Jadavpur University
1
  1. Amartya Sen
China Jilin University
1
  1. Liu Xiaobo
United States Juniata College[82]
1
  1. William Daniel Phillips
United States Lawrence University
1
  1. Thomas A. Steitz
United States Michigan Technological University
1
  1. Melvin Calvin
China Nanjing University
1
  1. Pearl S. Buck
Republic of Ireland National University of Ireland, Maynooth
1
  1. John Hume
Republic of China National Taiwan University
1
  1. Yuan T. Lee
  1. Yuan T. Lee
Republic of China National Tsing Hua University
1
  1. Yuan T. Lee
Norway Norwegian University of Science and Technology
1
  1. Lars Onsager
United States Pennsylvania State University[83]
1
  1. Paul Berg
Australia University of Queensland
1
  1. Peter C. Doherty
United States Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
1
  1. Ivar Giaever
Sweden Royal Institute of Technology[84]
1
  1. Hannes Alfvén
United States School for International Training
1
  1. Jody Williams
United Kingdom School of Oriental and African Studies
1
  1. Aung San Suu Kyi
United States State University of New York Downstate Medical Center
1
  1. Robert F. Furchgott
Italy Politecnico di Milano
1
  1. Giulio Natta
  1. Giulio Natta
United States University of Tennessee
1
  1. James M. Buchanan
United States The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston[64]
1
  1. Ferid Murad
United States Virginia Military Institute
1
  1. George C. Marshall
United States Southern Methodist University
1
  1. James Cronin
United States University of Massachusetts Medical School
1
  1. Craig C. Mello
Hungary University of Szeged
1
  1. Albert Szent-Györgyi
Iran University of Tehran
1
  1. Shirin Ebadi
United States Tulane University
1
  1. Andrzej W. Schally
  2. Louis J. Ignarro
Portugal University of Coimbra
1
  1. Egas Moniz
Republic of Ireland University College Dublin
1
  1. James Heckman
United States University of Connecticut
1
  1. David Lee (physicist)
United States University of Mississippi
1
  1. William Faulkner
United States University of Vermont
1
  1. Jody Williams
Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus
1
  1. Juan Ramón Jiménez
United States Wellesley College
1
  1. Emily Greene Balch
United States College of Wooster
1
  1. Arthur Holly Compton
United States Brigham Young University
1
  1. Paul D. Boyer
Bangladesh University of Dhaka
1
  1. Muhammad Yunus
Bangladesh University of Chittagong
1
  1. Muhammad Yunus
India Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
1
  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
United States Mount Sinai School of Medicine
1
  1. Rosalyn Yalow
United States Macalester College
1
  1. Kofi Annan
United States Williams College
1
  1. Robert F. Engle
Norway Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration[85]
1
  1. Finn E. Kydland
Ukraine Tavrida National V.I. Vernadsky University[86]
1
  1. Igor Tamm
United States Saint Louis University
1
  1. Edward Doisy
United States Ohio University
1
  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Canada York University[87][88]
1
  1. Roger Pulwarty
Japan Tokyo Institute of Technology
1
  1. Hideki Shirakawa
Japan Tohoku University
1
  1. Koichi Tanaka
Japan Nagasaki University
1
  1. Osamu Shimomura
Colombia National University of Colombia
1
  1. Gabriel García Márquez
United States State University of New York at Albany
1
  1. Toni Morrison
CanadaUniversity of Alberta
1
  1. Richard E. Taylor
Egypt University of Alexandria
1
  1. Ahmed Zewail
Italy University of Milan
1
  1. Riccardo Giacconi
United States University of Hawaii at Manoa
1
  1. Georg von Békésy
Costa Rica Universidad de Costa Rica
1
  1. Óscar Arias
United States Syracuse University
1
  1. Ei-ichi Negishi
Peru Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
1
  1. Mario Vargas Llosa
Belgium University of Ghent
1
  1. Maurice Maeterlinck
Lithuania University of Vilnius
1
  1. Czesław Miłosz
United States University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
1
  1. Jack Kilby
Croatia University of Zagreb
1
  1. Vladimir Prelog
China Zhejiang University
1
  1. Tsung-Dao Lee
Russia Southern Federal University
1
  1. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Notes

  1. ^ For the purpose of this ranking, "affiliation" is defined by the broadest possible terms to avoid any discussion on the parameters of an affiliation. Therefore, an affiliate is a Nobel laureate who can be classified as attendee, graduate, researcher or member of the academic staff at or of the respective institution. Laureates who qualify for several categories are only counted once.
  2. ^ Any laureate who received a degree from the academic institution.
  3. ^ Any laureate who attended at least one course or conducted research at the institution, but did not receive a degree from it.
  4. ^ Any laureate who was a member of the respective institution's academic staff before or during receiving the prize. The degree of affiliation (adjunct, visiting, tenured etc.) is irrelevant for these purposes.
  5. ^ Any laureate who was a member of the respective institution's academic staff only after receiving the prize. The degree of affiliation (adjunct, visiting, tenured etc.) is irrelevant for these purposes.
  6. A star (#) indicates a Nobel laureate who has more than one affiliation to the respective institution. To be counted only once.
  7. The Nobel Committee has their own list at http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/universities.html that lists the university the Prize winners were affiliated with at the time of the Prize announcement.

See also

Nobel Prize laureates by secondary school affiliation

References

The following is a list of university homepages listing Nobel Prize laureates affiliated to the respective university. Please note that the method of counting differs from university to university. Often, graduates are not included, sometimes, researchers and faculty appointments after the award are not counted. Please consider that some of the pages are not up to date.

  1. ^ "University of Oxford: Nobel Laureates". http://www.ox.ac.uk/about_the_university/oxford_people/oxonian_award_winners. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  2. ^ "Nobel Laureates and Universities". nobelprize.org. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/universities.html. 
  3. ^ "Columbia". http://www.columbia.edu/content/nobel-laureates.html. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  4. ^ Hirsch, Jerry (2000-10-19). "Nobel Prize Inflation Hits University of Chicago". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/oct/19/business/fi-38718. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  5. ^ "University of Cambridge". http://www.cam.ac.uk/univ/nobelprize.html. Retrieved 2010-10-11.  The official count excludes researchers at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology after 1962 without a college or university affiliation. (See separate listing).
  6. ^ Kaplan, Karen (2005-10-10). "Nobel Prize for Creativity". LA Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2005/oct/10/science/sci-nobelinflate10. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  7. ^ "Chicago". http://www-news.uchicago.edu/resources/nobel. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  8. ^ MIT Office of the Provost, Institutional Research
  9. ^ "Massachusetts Institute of Technology". Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20071228064902/http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/special/nobels.html. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  10. ^ "Harvard". http://news.harvard.edu/guide/content/nobel-laureates. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  11. ^ "University of California, Berkeley". http://berkeley.edu/news/features/nobel/. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  12. ^ a b "Oxford". http://www.ox.ac.uk/about_the_university/oxford_people/oxonian_award_winners/. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  13. ^ "University of Heidelberg". http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/md/zentral/universitaet/geschichte/hd_nobelpreis_gb_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  14. ^ "Stanford". http://www.stanford.edu/home/stanford/facts/faculty.html. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  15. ^ "Göttingen". http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/ebook/a/2002/nobelcd/html/intro.htm. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  16. ^ "Cornell University". http://www.news.cornell.edu/campus/Nobel_Laureates_at_CUk1.shtml. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  17. ^ "Humboldt University". http://www.hu-berlin.de/ueberblick-en/history/huben_html. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  18. ^ a b "Johns Hopkins University". http://webapps.jhu.edu/jhuniverse/information_about_hopkins/facts_and_statistics/nobel_prize_winners/index.cfm. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  19. ^ Nobel laureates affiliated with LMU
  20. ^ "Princeton University". http://www.princeton.edu/pr/facts/nobels/. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  21. ^ "Caltech". http://pr.caltech.edu/events/caltech_nobel. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  22. ^ "ETH Zurich". http://www.ethz.ch/about/bginfos/nobelprize/index_EN. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Schweizer Nobelpreistraeger". http://www.muellerscience.com/SPEZIALITAETEN/Schweiz/SchweizerNobelpreistraeger.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  24. ^ "ETH Zurich 2". http://www.ethz.ch/about/nobelprize. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  25. ^ "UPenn". http://www.archives.upenn.edu/people/notables/awards/nobel.html. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  26. ^ "University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2007-11-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20071128221728/http://www.creativeservices.uiuc.edu/factsheetpdfs/nobel.pdf. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  (archived from the original on 2007-11-28)
  27. ^ a b c d e f "List of Nobel laureates affiliated with University College London". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nobel_laureates_affiliated_with_University_College_London. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  28. ^ "University College London". http://www.ucl.ac.uk/about-ucl/about-ucl-home/nobel-winners. Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  29. ^ "University of Manchester". Archived from the original on 2005-02-04. http://web.archive.org/web/20050204165730/http://www.man.ac.uk/about/nobel.html. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  (archived from the original on 2005-02-04)
  30. ^ "Rockefeller University". http://www.rockefeller.edu/about/awards/nobel/. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  31. ^ "Washington University in St. Louis". http://library.wustl.edu/units/spec/archives/facts/nobelprizes.html. Retrieved 2007-03-07. 
  32. ^ "University of Zurich". http://www.uzh.ch/about/portrait/nobelprize_en.html. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  33. ^ "CMU". http://www.cmu.edu/news/rankings-awards/awards/nobel-prize.shtml. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  34. ^ "University of California". http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/nobel/list.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  35. ^ "Former UC San Diego Graduate Student Shares 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for Ribosome Research". UC San Diego website. October 7, 2009. http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/newsrel/science/10-09Ramakrishnan.asp. 
  36. ^ "Walter Kohn". UC Santa Barbara physics website. http://www.physics.ucsb.edu/~kohn/. 
  37. ^ "top Nobelpreisträger Universität Freiburg". http://www.pr.uni-freiburg.de/publikationen/flyerbroschplak/Nobelpreisgewinner_universitaet_freiburg.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  38. ^ "LSE Nobel Prize Winners". http://www2.lse.ac.uk/intranet/LSEServices/divisionsAndDepartments/ERD/pressAndInformationOffice/LSEFacts/nobelPrizeWinners/Home.aspx. 
  39. ^ "Imperial College London". http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/aboutimperial/imperial_people/nobel_laureates. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  40. ^ "Nobel Prize Goethe University". http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1914/laue.html. 
  41. ^ "Nobelpreisträger der Universität Würzburg". http://www.uni-wuerzburg.de/ueber/universitaet_wuerzburg/persoenlichkeiten/nobelpreise/. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "Leiden University". http://about.leiden.edu/laureates/international/nobel-prize.html. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  43. ^ "City University of New York". http://www1.cuny.edu/about/cuny/nobel-laureates.html. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  44. ^ "University of Utrecht". http://www.uu.nl/uupublish/homeuu/homeenglish/aboututrechtuniv/corporateinforma/history/nobelprizewinner/23055main.html. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  45. ^ "University of Edinburgh". http://www.international.ed.ac.uk/reputation.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-01. 
  46. ^ "King's College London". https://www.kcl.ac.uk/about/history/people/nobel.html. Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  47. ^ "Former UT professor wins Nobel Prize for economics". 2004-10-11. http://www.bizjournals.com/austin/stories/2004/10/11/daily9.html. 
  48. ^ Prof. Ilya Prigogine @ Center for Complex Quantum Systems
  49. ^ a b Faculty during 1978: http://www.utexas.edu/lbj/archive/pubs/record/archive/issue047.html
  50. ^ Professor Steven Weinberg
  51. ^ "University of Birmingham". http://bhamalumni.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=610. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  52. ^ Complutense University website http://www.ucm.es/pags.php?a=presenta&d=0020427
  53. ^ Leon N. Cooper - Biography
  54. ^ "Florida State University". http://www.fsu.edu/~fstime/FS-Times/Volume2/apr97web/11apr97.html. Retrieved 2006-09-16. 
  55. ^ "University of Glasgow". http://www.gla.ac.uk/about/history/fame/. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  56. ^ "University of Adelaide". Archived from the original on September 10, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060910035537/http://www.adelaide.edu.au/research/nobel/. Retrieved 2006-08-28. 
  57. ^ "University of Kiel". http://www.uni-kiel.de/ps/cgi-bin/fo-list.php. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 
  58. ^ "University of Oslo". Archived from the original on April 5, 2001. http://web.archive.org/web/20010405224202/http://www.uio.no/english/nobel_prize. Retrieved 2006-06-11. 
  59. ^ "University of Sheffield". http://www.shef.ac.uk/about/nobel.html. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  60. ^ "University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas". http://www8.utsouthwestern.edu/utsw/cda/dept37389/files/68757.html. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  61. ^ "University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas". http://www8.utsouthwestern.edu/utsw/home/about/nobel/index.html. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  62. ^ "Chinese University of Hong Kong". http://www2.cuhk.edu.hk/oafa/about.php?section=Distinguished%20Faculty%20Members. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
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