- Automotive night vision
An automotive night vision system is a system to increase a vehicle driver's perception and seeing distance in darkness or poor weather beyond the reach of the vehicle's headlights. They are currently offered as optional equipment on certain premium vehicles.
- instrument cluster using a high resolution liquid-crystal display (LCD), newest type
- navigation system or information screen, least expensive and with display's location further away from driver's field of vision (used exclusively by BMW, and the W212 E-class)
- windshield via head-up display, earliest type, dimmer knob can reduce brightness, display nearest to driver's line of sight
There are two kinds of active systems gated and non- gated. The gated system uses a pulser light source and a synchronized camera that enable long ranges (250m) and high performance at rain and snow. Active systems use an infrared light source built into the car to illuminate the road ahead with light that is invisible to humans.
- Pros: higher resolution image, superior picture of inanimate objects, works better in warmer conditions, smaller sensor can be mounted to rearview mirror.
- Cons: does not work as well in fog or rain, lower contrast for animals, shorter range of 150-200 meters or 500-650 feet
In late-2005, Mercedes-Benz introduced their Night View Assist system on the redesigned S-class. It was the first system to use the instrument cluster's LCD as a display. In 2009, Mercedes added a pedestrian detection function calling the revised system Night View Assist Plus and offered it on the redesigned E-class and refreshed S-class, however, the E-class uses the navigation screen's display.
In 2002, Toyota introduced the first production automotive active night vision system or Night View on the Lexus LX 470 and Landcruiser Cygnus. This system uses the headlight projectors emitting near infrared light aimed like the car's highbeam headlights and a CCD camera then captures that reflected radiation, this signal is then processed by computer which produces a black-and-white image which is projected on the lower section of the windshield. In 2008 Toyota added a feature to the Crown Hybrid which highlights pedestrians and presents them in a box on an LCD display in front of the driver, this was the first pedestrian detection feature for an active system.
- Pros: greater range of about 300 meters or 1,000 feet, higher contrast for living objects
- Cons: grainy, lower resolution image, works poorly in warmer weather conditions, larger sensor
The Night Vision Assistant was introduced in 2010 on the Audi A8. It uses a thermal imaging camera behind the four rings at the front of the car which can "see" 300 meters (984 ft) ahead. The display in the instrument cluster highlights humans with yellow markings. More importantly, the computer can determine if the person on the road moves in a way that could lead to a collision with the car. In that case the pedestrian is being marked in red color and the driver of the car receives an audible warning.
In fall 2005, BMW introduced BMW Night Vision on the 7-series. This system processes far infrared radiation, which minimizes non-essential information placing a greater emphasis on pedestrians and animals, allows for a range of 300 meters or nearly 1,000 feet, and avoids "dazzle" from headlights, road lights and similar intense light sources. In the fall of 2008, on the redesigned 7-series, BMW added a pedestrian detection system which flashes a caution symbol on the navigation/information screen and head-up-display when it detects pedestrians.
In 2000, General Motors introduced Night Vision on the Cadillac Deville which became the first vehicle sold with such a system, however it was discontinued in 2004. This system was developed with Raytheon and worked by using an infrared sensing camera mounted behind the vehicle's grille. Infrared radiation is picked up by the sensor, processed by computer and then displayed on the windshield using a head-up display. Information is displayed as a black and white image with warmer objects in white, while cooler objects appear black.
In the fall of 2004, Honda introduced the redesigned Legend with an optional Intelligent Night Vision system. This system detected far infrared radiation and was also the first system to offer pedestrian detection. The pedestrian detection feature alerted the driver with an audio warning and visually enclosed the pedestrian in a box on the display which was presented via head-up display.
- 2002-2007 Lexus LX 470 (windshield)
- 2009 Lexus LS (instrument cluster)1
- 2006 Mercedes CL-class (instrument cluster)
- 2009 Mercedes E-class (navigation screen)1
- 2005 Mercedes S-class (instrument cluster)
- 2009 Mercedes S-class (instrument cluster)1
- 2008 Toyota Crown Hybrid (instrument cluster)1
- 2002 Toyota Landcruiser Cignus (windshield)
- 2011 Under development BrightEye Gated long range system
- 2011 Audi A6 (instrument cluster)1
- 2010 Audi A8, Audi A7 (instrument cluster)1
- 2005 BMW 5-series (navigation screen)
- 2008 BMW 5-series (navigation screen)1
- 2005 BMW 7-series (navigation screen)
- 2008 BMW 7-series (navigation screen)1
- 2011 BMW 6-series (navigation screen)1
- 2000-2004 Cadillac (windshield)
- 2004 Honda Legend (windshield)1
- 1 includes pedestrian detection
- Night Vision
- Active Night Vision
- Infrared radiation
- Thermographic camera
- CCD camera
- Adaptive headlamp
- Automatic highbeam headlamp
- Pedestrian detection
- Intelligent car
- ^ a b Jones, Willie D. (March 2006). "Safer Driving in The Dead of Night". IEEE Spectrum. Spectrum.ieee.org. http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/mar06/3043. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "Night vision enhancement systems". I-CAR Advantage Online. I-car.com. 2006-05-15. http://www.i-car.com/html_pages/technical_information/advantage/advantage_online_archives/2006/051506.shtml. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ Austin, Ian (October 31, 2005). "Illuminating Road Hazards That Lurk Beyond Lights". New York TImes. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/31/automobiles/31CARS.html.
- ^ Romans, Brent (2002-10-31). "Follow-Up Test: 2003 Lexus LX 470". Edmunds.com. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/Drives/Followup/articleId=77844. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "Safety Presentation". Toyota.Co.Jp. http://www.toyota.co.jp/en/safety_presen/tech/40.html. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2008-05-31). "Toyota introduces Night View on Japanese Crown Hybrid — Autoblog Green". Autobloggreen.com. http://www.autobloggreen.com/2008/05/31/toyota-introduces-night-view-on-japanese-crown-hybrid/. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "The new Audi A8". http://www.audimedia.ca/media/assets/0/110/278/a53962d1-394e-46f1-b8cf-a9f174de5019.pdf. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- ^ "BMW Night Vision Available in the 5 and 6 Series as of March". Worldcarfans.com. 2006-01-30. http://www.worldcarfans.com/2060130.001/bmw-night-vision-available-in-the-5-and-6-series-as-of-march. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "Improved Night-Vision for next 2009 BMW 7-series". Bmwblog.com. 2008-12-31. http://www.bmwblog.com/2008/06/05/improved-night-vision-for-next-2009-bmw-7-series/. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ Keegan, Walter J (2004-11-17). "Cadillac kills passive night-vision system — Autoblog". Autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/2004/11/17/cadillac-kills-passive-night-vision-system/. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ Romans, Brent (1999-01-01). "Full Test: 2000 Cadillac DeVille DTS". Edmunds.com. http://www.edmunds.com/apps/vdpcontainers/do/vdp/articleId=44088/pageNumber=3. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ Vale, Frank (2006-12-13). "21st-Cadillac Night Vision". Vxm.com. http://www.vxm.com/Impact.cadillac.nitevision.html. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "Cadillac Introduces "Night Vision" Technology" (Press release). GM. January 16, 2000. http://archives.media.gm.com/ca/gm/en/news/releases/archived%20releases/8f8b67f39a2b5d948525696d00711289.htm.
- ^ "Honda Develops World’s First Intelligent Night Vision System Able to Detect Pedestrians and Provide Driver Cautions" (Press release). World.honda.com. 2004-08-24. http://world.honda.com/news/2004/4040824_01.html. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- ^ "Honda Worldwide | Intelligent Night Vision". World.honda.com. http://world.honda.com/HDTV/IntelligentNightVision/200408/. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Night vision — For other uses, see Night vision (disambiguation). Two American soldiers pictured during the 2003 Iraq War seen through an image intensifier Night vision is the ability to see in low light conditions. Whether by biological or technological means … Wikipedia
Automotive lighting — Blinker redirects here. For other uses, see Blinker (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Magneti Marelli company AL Automotive Lighting. For lights in seafaring and aviation, see navigation light. The lighting system of a motor vehicle… … Wikipedia
Automotive navigation system — A taxi equipped with GPS navigation device An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles. It typically uses a GPS navigation device to acquire position data to locate the user on a road in the… … Wikipedia
Automotive molding — Chevrolet C/K with Body side molding Automotive molding (or car body molding) are decorative and protective moldings on the car body. The term applies both to the detail and the material. Car moldings include side body molding, lower body molding … Wikipedia
Tell-tale (automotive) — A group of tell tales A tell tale (or idiot light, especially in North America) is an indicator of the status or malfunction of a system within a motor vehicle. Tell tales consist of a light bulb or an LED which lights up a symbol or text… … Wikipedia
List of automotive superlatives — This page lists of the automobile industry that is, the smallest, largest, fastest, lightest, best selling, and other such topics.In order to keep the entries relevant, the list (except for the Firsts section) will be limited to automobiles built … Wikipedia
Overhang (automotive) — Overhangs are the lengths of a car, at the front and rear, which extend beyond the wheelbase. They are normally described as front overhang and rear overhang. Practicality, style, and performance are affected by the size and weight of overhangs.… … Wikipedia
List of Saturday Night Live commercial parodies — This television related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. The following is a partial list of Saturday Night Live commercial parodies. On Saturday Night Live (SNL), a parody advertisement is commonly shown after the host s opening… … Wikipedia
List of Saturday Night Live commercials — The following is a partial list of Saturday Night Live commercial parodies. On Saturday Night Live ( SNL ), a parody advertisement is commonly shown after the host s opening monologue. Fast food, beer, feminine hygiene products, toys, and… … Wikipedia
Headlamp — Headlight redirects here. For other uses, see Headlight (disambiguation). High Beams redirects here. For the urban legend also known by that name, see Killer in the backseat. A motor scooter s front with an impractical number and variety of… … Wikipedia