Nigerian Civil Service
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The Nigerian Civil Service consists of employees in Nigerian government agencies other than the military. Most employees are career civil servants in the Nigerian ministries, progressing based on qualifications and seniority. Recently the head of the service has been introducing measures to make the ministries more efficient and responsive to the public.
The Nigerian Civil Service has its origins in organizations established by the British in colonial times. Nigeria gained full independence in October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country's three regions. Since then, various panels have studied and made recommendations for reforming of the Civil Service, including the Margan Commission of 1963, the Adebo Commission of 1971 and the Udoji Commission of 1972-74. A major change occurred with the adoption in 1979 of a constitution modeled on that of the United States. The Dotun Philips Panel of 1985 attempted to reform to the Civil Service. The 1988 Civil Service Reorganization Decree promulgated by General Ibrahim Babangida had a major impact on the structure and efficiency of the Civil Service. The later report of the Ayida Panel made recommendations to reverse some of the past innovations and to return to the more efficient Civil Service of earlier years. The Civil Service has been undergoing gradual and systematic reforms and restructuring since May 29, 1999 after decades of military rule. However, the civil service is still considered stagnant and inefficient, and the attempts made in the past by panels have had little effect.
In August 2009 the Head of the Civil Service, Stephen Osagiede Oronsaye, proposed reforms where permanent secretaries and directors would spend a maximum of eight years in office. The reform, approved by President Umaru Yar'Adua, would result in massive retirement of Permanent Secretaries and Directors, many of whom are from the North. Stephen Oronsaye has said that his goal is for the Nigerian civil service to be among the best organized and managed in the world. Oronsaye retired in November 2010 at the statutory age of 60 and was succeeded by Oladapo Afolabi.
The civil service is mainly organized around the federal ministries, headed by a minister appointed by the President, who must include at least one member of each of the 36 states in his cabinet. The President's appointments are confirmed by the Senate of Nigeria. There are less than 36 ministries. In some cases a Federal minister is responsible for more than one ministry (e.g. Environment and Housing may be combined), and a minister may be assisted by one or more ministers of State. Each ministry also has a Permanent Secretary, who is a senior civil servant.
The ministries are responsible for various parastatals (government-owned corporations) such as universities (Education), National Broadcasting Commission (Information) and Nigerian National Petroleum Corp (Petroleum). Other parastatals are the responsibility of the Office of the Presidency, such as the Independent National Electoral Commission, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission and the Federal Civil Service Commission.
The service has six additional units which provide services to all departments on the Civil Service:
- Establishments & Record Office (E&RO)
- Career Management Office (CMO)
- Manpower Development Office (MDO)
- Management Services Office (MSO)
- Common Services Office (CSO)
- Bureau of Public Service Reforms (BPSR)
A sense of the relative expenditure on the different areas is given by the table below, which shows the 2008 budget for Federal ministries, departments and agencies.
MDA (Ministry, Department or Agency) Budget (Naira) Agriculture & Water Resources 113,673,666,845 Auditor-General 2,477,435,789 Code of Conduct Bureau 1,126,777,207 Commerce and Industry 7,758,202,700 Culture & National Orientation 11,655,900,664 Defense 151,940,617,034 Education 210,444,818,579 Energy 139,783,534,336 Environment, Housing and Urban Development 15,915,443,907 Federal Capital Territory 37,958,110,000 Federal Character Commission 2,366,945,741 Federal Civil Service Commission 925,690,890 Health 138,179,657,132 Transportation 124,444,316,123 Finance 11,777,469,168 Foreign & Intergovernmental Affairs 40,873,686,687 Independent Corrupts Practices Commission 3,588,338,165 Independent National Electoral Commission 12,693,517,785 Information & Communications 18,183,376,503 Interior 266,371,519,798 Justice 12,695,948,416 Labour and Productivity 6,142,634,383 Mines and Steel Development 6,592,555,334 National Planning Commission 6,400,000,000 National Population Commission 5,219,851,968 National Salaries, Income and Wages Commission 441,347,573 National Sports Commission 5,562,611,171 Office of the Head of the Civil Service 6,836,928,125 Police Service Commission 599,570,075 Public Complaints Commission 2,008,996,208 Revenue Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Allocation Commission 2,370,007,697 Science and Technology 16,306,271,658 Women Affairs 2,288,935,104 Youth Development 45,591,142,712
Note: As of January 2008, one Naira was worth about 0.0057 Euros, or 0.0084 US Dollars.
Permanent secretaries head the civil service departments. In August 2009, Stephen Oronsaye announced a major reshuffle where almost half of the permanent secretaries were assigned to new departments. A partial list of the new line-up as of December 2009 follows:
Name Ministry Joined
Mr Otaki Mijiyaw Oyigbenu Agriculture & Water Resources 1978-07-24 2005-12-21 Idris Adamu Kuta Aviation Dr A.K. Mohammed Commerce & Industry Sheidu Bello Ozigis Culture, Tourism & National Orientation 1976-11-30 2005-12-21 Ezikiel O. Oyemomi Defense Prof. O. A. Afolabi Education Dr. Safiya Muhammed Environment 1982-01-19 2001-01-01 Dr. Ochi C. Achinivu Finance Amb J C Keshi Foreign Affairs Linus Awute Health Ammuna Lawan-Ali Information & Communication 1977-02-17 2001-01-01 Dr A.S Adegoroye Interior Abdullahi Yola Justice Dr. Haruna Usman Sanusi Labour 1977-07-01 2001-04-09 Suleiman D. Kassim Mines & Steel Development 1978-08-01 2005-12-21 Elizabeth B.P. Emuren Petroleum 1980-12 2005-12-21 I B Sali Power Dr N A Damachi Science and Technology A. S. Olayisade Transport Dr D B Ibe Women Affairs Dr. Tukur. B. Ingawa Works, Housing and Urban Development Danladi I Kifasi Youth Development
Name Commission Joined
Dr Y.A Thorpe Federal Civil Service Commission Dr. Yahaya A. Abdullahi Niger Delta Bukar Goni Aji Police Affairs Engr (Mrs) E.G. Gonda Police Service Commission S. D. Matankari State House 1977-08-01 2001-11-01
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Name Department Joined
S.A.D Osuagwu OHCSF --- T.O Iroche OHCSF --- Dr. (Mrs.) E. A. Abebe OHCSF (CSO) B. U. Maitambari OSGF SSO 1976-08-03 1999-06-14 Dr Alex Chike Anigbo OSGF-PAO S. Oronsaye OHOSF 1995-12-18 2001-04-09 M. N. B. Danbatta OHOSF-ERO 1980-07-01 2001-01-01 Pius I Major OHOSF-MDO Dr. Imoro Kubor OSGF (Ecological Funds) Dr. Hakeem Baba-Ahmed OSGF (GSO) 1978-08-16 1999-03-18 E. I. Ogbile OSGF -CS Garba Buwai OSGF-EAO 1979-01-01 2001-01-01
Dr. Abdullahi Aliyu 1980-08-01 2001-01-01 Ibrahim Talba 1981-10-19 2001-01-01 Engr. S. M. Mahmood 1974-07-12 2002-07-15 Prof. Ignatius A. Ayua, SAN, OFR 1974-06 2003-03-05 Dr. (Mrs) Timiebi K. Agary 1980-04-18 2003-12-18 Engr. Raymond N. Okenwa 1981-07 2005-12-21
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Federal Ministries of Nigeria Federal ministriesAgriculture · Aviation · Commerce and Industry · Defence · Education · Energy (Gas, Petroleum and Power) · Environment · Federal Capital Territory · Finance · Foreign Affairs · Health · Information & Communications · Interior · Justice · Labour · Mines and Steel Development · Niger Delta · Science & Technology · Transportation · Tourism, Culture & National Orientation · Water Resources · Women Affairs · Works, Housing & Urban Development · Youth Development Commissions Civil service in the executive branch of government Concepts Terminology International
CategoriesNational civil service commissions · Government occupations · Civil service by country See also: Civil service reform in developing countries · Imperial examination (Ancient China)
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