Nicole Aubrey


Nicole Aubrey

Nicole Aubrey or Obry was a young married woman, 15 or 16 years of age, who was publicly exorcised in 1566 in the French city of Laon. Occurring during the French Wars of Religion, the so-called Miracle of Laon was almost immediately seized upon for polemic by proponents of the Counter-Reformation, and it is from those polemics that the account survives.

Events leading up to the exorcism

In the aftermath of the Edict of Amboise, tensions between Catholics and Huguenots remained high in France, including in the city of Laon, which lay in the domain of the Prince of Conde, a Protestant.

In November 1565, Nicole Obry, a resident of Vervins, became so sick she was unable to eat, and claimed to be possessed by an evil spirit that she thought was the ghost of her deceased grandfather. Her family obtained the services of a Dominican priest, Pierre de la Motte, who attempted to exorcise the young woman. He rid her of a number of demons, who promptly "fled to Geneva," the center of the Calvinist movement. The chief demon, however, who identified himself as "Beelzebub, the Prince of the Huguenots," refused to leave for any personage less than the Bishop of Laon.

On January 4, 1566, Bishop Jean de Bours arrived in Vervins, but was unable to exorcise the demon. On January 29, the Bishop led a procession to the cathedral of Laon, where the demon engaged in a theological discourse with the Bishop, alleging that the Huguenots were cruel and infidel, that they stole the communion wafer, cut it up, boiled it, and burned the pieces. According to "Beelzebub," the Huguenots would do more evil to Jesus Christ than the Jews had done. After daily processions to the cathedral, on February 8, the "miracle of Laon" occurred when the bishop held up the communion wafer, and drove the remaining demons from Obry's body.

Effect on the Wars of Religion

Within months of the event, multiple eyewitness accounts had been published and spread throughout Europe. For Catholics, the exorcism was a miracle and proof of the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist: a refutation of Protestant heresy. For Protestants, the event was an obvious hoax, and Louis, the Prince of Conde imprisoned Obry until he was ordered to free her by Charles IX.

Louis, believing that persecution of Protestants was imminent, attempted to overthrow Charles, and war broke out again.

Sources

  • Backus, Irena Dorota, Guillaume Postel et Jean Boulaese: De Summopere (1566) et Le Miracle De Laon (1566) (Droz 1995).
  • Kuntz, Marion, Guillaume Postel: Prophet of the Restitution of All Things, His Life and Thought (Martinus Nijhoff 1981).
  • Pearl, Jonathan L., The Crime of Crimes. Demonology and politics in France 1560-1620 (Waterloo 1999) 43-45.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicole Eggert — Données clés Nom de naissance Nicole Elizabeth Eggert Naissance 13 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Biggest Loser: Couples 2 — For the Australian series, see The Biggest Loser Australia: Couples 2. The Biggest Loser: Couples 2 Format Reality TV Created by Dave Broome Presented by Alison Sweeney Starring Bob Harper …   Wikipedia

  • 16 & pregnant — (16 y embarazada o Embarazada a los 16) es un show del canal televisivo MTV que muestra las experiencias de madres adolescentes en un formato de Reality desde el embarazo hasta poco después del parto. Contenido 1 Temporada 1 1.1 Maci 1.2 Farrah …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lord Great Chamberlain — Edward de Vere, 17. Earl of Oxford …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WrestleMania XXV — Promotional poster featuring various WWE Superstars Tagline(s) The 25th Anniversary of WrestleMania Theme song(s) …   Wikipedia

  • List of awards and nominations received by the Degrassi franchise — List of Degrassi awards Award Wins Nominations American Children s Television Festival 1 0 Awards of Excellence Ga …   Wikipedia

  • List of Barack Obama presidential campaign endorsements, 2008 — This is a list of prominent groups who formally endorsed or voiced support for Senator Barack Obama s presidential campaign during the Democratic Party primaries and the general election. Contents 1 Campaign endorsements 1.1 U.S. Presidents and… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Kriegsfilmen — Es ist teilweise umstritten, welche Spielfilme als „Kriegsfilme“ gelten können. Wie im Hauptartikel Kriegsfilm dargelegt, gibt es die Auffassung, nur die Thematisierung moderner Kriege rechtfertige das Etikett „Kriegsfilm“. Hiervon abweichend… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Making the Band — Format Reality Created by Lou Pearlman Jonathan Murray Mary Ellis Bunim Andrew Marek No. of seasons 12 (four iterations with three seasons each) No. of episodes 142 total 43 (Making the Band) 33 (Making the …   Wikipedia

  • Miss Teen USA 1992 — Date August 25, 1992 Presenters Dick Clark, Leeza Gibbons and Bridgette Wilson Venue Biloxi, Mississippi Broadcaster CBS Winner …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.