- Macedonia (Roman province)
Roman provinceof Macedonia was officially established in 146 BC, after the Roman general Quintus Caecilius Metellusdefeated Andriscus of Macedonin 148 BC, and after the four client republics ("tetrarchy") established by Rome in the region were dissolved. The province incorporated Epirus Vetus, Thessaly, and parts of Illyriaand Thrace.
After the reforms of
Diocletianin the late 3rd century, Epirus Vetus was split off, and sometime in the 4th century, the province of Macedonia itself was divided into Macedonia Prima in the south and Macedonia Salutaris in the north. These provinces were all subordinate to the Diocese of Macedonia, one of three dioceses which were included in the praetorian prefecture of Illyricum, organized in 318. When the Prefecture was divided between the Western and Eastern Empires in 379, the Macedonian provinces were included in Eastern Illyricum. With the permanent division of the Empire in 395, Macedonia passed to the East, which would evolve into the Byzantine Empire.
One important figure to come from Roman Macedonia is the
patron saintof the city of Thessaloniki, Saint Demetrius, who martyred in 306.
Economy of Roman Macedonia
The reign of
Augustusbegan a long period of peace, prosperity and wealth for Macedonia, although its importance in the economic standing of the Roman world diminished when compared to its neighbor, Asia Minor.
The economy was greatly stimulated by the construction of the
Via Egnatia, the installation of Roman merchants in the cities, and the founding of Roman colonies. The Imperial government brought, along with its roads and administrative system, an economic boom, which benefited both the Roman ruling class and the lower classes. With vast arable and rich pastures, the great ruling families amassed huge fortunes in the society based on slave labor.
The improvement of the living conditions of the productive classes brought about an increase in the number artisans and craftspeople to the region. Stone-masons, miners, blacksmiths, etc. were employed in every kind of commercial activity and craft. Greek people were also widely employed as tutors, educators and doctors throughout the Roman world.
The export economy was based essentially on agriculture and livestock, while iron, copper, and gold along with such products as timber, resin, pitch, hemp, flax and fish were also exported. Another source of wealth was the country's ports, such as Dion,
Pella, Thessalonica, Cassandreia. [ [http://www.unrv.com/provinces/macedonia.php Macedonia - Province of the Roman Empire ] ]
*Damon of Thessalonica 2nd c.BC [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=06DWb8PIxs8C&pg=PA17&dq=Damon+thessalonica+macedonian+macedonians+and+the+other+greeks&sig=_8rwRQc6nmhqlaXFS9pPJvASQWI The Letters to the Thessalonians by Gene L. Green] ]
aints and Clerics
Lydia of Thyatira, 1st c.
Aristarchus of Thessalonica, 1st c.
Epaphroditus, first bishop of Philippi
*Gaius, first Bishop of Thessalonica
*Onesimus, first bishop of Beroea
*Matrona of Thessalonica
Agape, Chionia, and Irene(† 304)
Saint Demetrius, early 4th c.
Demophilus of Constantinople(d. 386), Bishop, born in Thessalonica
*Craterus of Amphipolis (ca. 100-30 BC)
Rhapsodewinner in Amphiarian games [Amphiareion — ca. 80-50 BC [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=180713&bookid=225®ion=3&subregion=6 Epigraphical Database] ]
Phaedrusof Pieria (ca. 15 BC – ca. 50 AD), fabulist
Antipater of Thessalonica(late 1st c. BC), epigrammatic poet and governor of the city
Philippus of Thessalonica(late 1st c. AD), epigrammatic poet and compiler of the Greek Anthology
*Antiphanes (late 1st c. AD), epigrammatist
*Parmenio (late 1st c. AD), epigrammatist
Criton of Pieria, historian
Polyaenus, (2nd c. AD), military writer
Stobaeus(5th c. AD), anthologist of Greek authors
Macedonius of Thessalonica(6th c. AD), epigrammatist of Greek Anthology
*C. Iulius Nicetas of Lyke (Lyki) in
*Aurelius Isidorus of Thessalonica
*Sextus Iulius Chariton of
*Servia of Thessalonica
*Pubicius Lalus and Publicius Hermias of
*Aelius Nicolaus of Edessa
Dion[*ref [http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=%CE%A0%CE%B5%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%BB%CF%88%CE%B5%CE%B9+%2F+Summaries+%2F+Zusammenfassungen+%2F+Sommaires+%2F+Riassunti+Anthemius+of+Edessa&btnG=Search www.phl.uoc.gr/eulimene/eulimene03.pdf] ]
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