- Natchez language
Natchez Spoken in United States Region Louisiana Ethnicity Natchez people Extinct 1930s Language family Language codes ISO 639-3 nczPre-contact distribution of the Natchez language This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
The Natchez language is generally believed by scholars to be a language isolate. Mary Haas studied the language with Sam and Raven in the 1930s, and posited that Natchez was distantly related to the Muskogean languages. In 1941 she also proposed grouping Natchez with the Atakapa, Chitimacha, and Tunica languages in a language family to be called Gulf.
Neither of these theories is widely accepted today by linguists, but the Gulf proposal has not been entirely rejected. (It is followed by Ethnologue, for example.) A modern sketch of the Natchez language, including its assessment as an isolate, written by Geoffrey Kimball and based on Haas's notes, was published in a 2005 survey of Southeastern languages.
As of 2011 six members of the Natchez tribe in Oklahoma speak the language, out of about 10,000.
labial alveolar palatal velar labial-velar glotal stop p t k kʷ ʔ affricate ts fricative s h nasal m̥, m n̥, n approximant l̥, l ȷ̊, j w̥, w
There were five vowels which occurred long and short, /a aː e eː i iː o oː u uː/. Watt Sam had a sixth vowel, "ö", of secondary origin, which also occurred long and short.
Stress was penultimate if that vowel was long, otherwise ante-penultimate.
- ^ "Natchez Indian Language", Native Languages of the Americas, (retrieved 9 December 2010)
- ^ "Introduction", in Native Languages of the Southeastern United States, ed. Janine Scancarelli and Heather Kay Hardy, University of Nebraska Press, 2005, p, 6, accessed 9 Dec 2010
- ^ a b Nicholas A. Hopkins, "The Native Languages of the Southeastern United States", The Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc., accessed 9 Dec 2010
- ^ Geoffrey Kimball, "Natchez", in Native Languages of the Southeastern United States, ed. Janine Scancarelli and Heather Kay Hardy, University of Nebraska Press, 2005, pp. 385-453, accessed 9 Dec 2010
- ^ Smith, Diane. "Universities partner to save dying languages." Associated Press at the Houston Chronicle. June 12, 2011. Retrieved on June 16, 2011.
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Look at other dictionaries:
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language — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) System of communication Nouns 1. language, tongue, lingo, vernacular, mother tongue, protolanguage; living or dead language; idiom, parlance, phraseology; wording; dialect, patois, cant, jargon, lingo,… … English dictionary for students
Natchez — I. noun (plural Natchez) Etymology: French, plural of Nacha, Natché, a Natchez town Date: 1764 1. a member of an American Indian people of southwestern Mississippi 2. the language of the Natchez people II. geographical name city SW Mississippi on … New Collegiate Dictionary
Natchez — Original name in latin Natchez Name in other language HEZ, Natchez, na qi ci, natshyz, msysyby, nchyz, mysysypy, Натчез State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 31.56044 latitude 91.40317 altitude 71 Population 15792 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Natchez — noun a) A Native American of a particular tribe of Mississippi. b) The language isolate spoken by the Natchez … Wiktionary
natchez-muskogean — | ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun Usage: usually capitalized N&M : a language stock comprising the Natchesan and Muskogean language families … Useful english dictionary
Natchez — ISO 639 3 Code : ncz ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct … Names of Languages ISO 639-3