- Victor, Prince Napoléon
Victor Prince Napoléon Head of the House of Bonaparte Period 1 June 1879 – 3 May 1926
( 46 years, 336 days)
Predecessor Napoléon IV Eugene Successor Napoléon VI Louis Spouse Princess Clémentine of Belgium Issue Princess Marie-Clotilde
House House of Bonaparte Father Prince Napoléon Joseph Mother Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy Born 18 July 1862
Died 3 May 1926(aged 63)
Victor, Prince Napoléon, titular 4th Prince of Montfort (Napoléon Victor Jérôme Frédéric Bonaparte; 18 July 1862 – 3 May 1926) was the Bonapartist pretender to the French throne from 1879 until his death in 1926. He was known as Napoléon V by his supporters.
He was born in the Palais Royal of Paris during the Second French Empire the son of the Prince Napoleon and his wife Princess Marie Clothilde of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. Two younger siblings would soon follow: Prince Louis (1864–1932) and Princess Maria Letizia (1866–1926), later the Duchess of Aosta. At the time of his birth he was third in the line of succession to the throne behind the Prince Imperial and his father. The Empire came to an end in 1870 with the abdication of Emperor Napoléon III.
He was appointed head of the house of Bonaparte at the age of 18 in the will of Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial, who died in 1879, and so became Napoleon V to his supporters, though his younger brother, Prince Louis, a colonel in the Russian Imperial Guard, was preferred to him by many Bonapartists. The decision by the Prince Imperial to bypass Prince Victor's father led to a complete breakdown in relations between father and son. In May, 1886 the French Republic expelled the princes of the former ruling dynasties and so Prince Victor left France for exile in Belgium.
At the time of the death of President Félix Faure during the Dreyfus affair, a number of political factions attempted to take advantage of the disorder and Prince Victor announced to a delegation from the Imperialist committee that he would take action to restore the French Empire when he felt that the time was favourable. In order to achieve this, he announced he would place himself at the head of the movement with his brother, Prince Louis, fighting beside him who he said would be "bringing to the Bonapartist forces his prestige and his military talents as well as his rank in the Russian army". The Duke of Orléans, rival claimant to the throne, also had forces available and they were ready to cross the French frontier at same time as the Bonapartist forces. In the end the anticipated outbreak in France didn't materialise and the French Third Republic survived one of its gravest crises.
Prince Victor died on 3 May 1926 in Brussels with the French author Charles Maurras commenting on Prince Victor's time as pretender saying that he hadn't offered any new ideas since 1884 and no radical alternatives to republican governments. He was succeeded as the Bonaparte heir by his only son Prince Louis.
On 10 November/14 November 1910, at Moncalieri, Prince Victor was married to Princess Clémentine of Belgium (1872–1955), daughter of Leopold II of Belgium and Marie Henriette of Austria. They had two children:
- Princess Marie Clotilde Eugénie Alberte Laetitia Généviève Bonaparte (1912–1996) married Serge de Witt
- Prince Louis Napoléon (1914–1997)
ReferencesVictor, Prince NapoléonBorn: 18 July 1862 Died: 3 May 1926
Titles in pretence Preceded by
Napoléon IV Eugène
— TITULAR —
Emperor of the French
1 June 1879 – 3 May 1926
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1870
Napoléon VI Louis
Pretenders to the French throne since 1792 Monarchy in exile (1792–1815)
Legitimist pretenders (1830–present) Orléanist pretenders (1848–present) Bonapartist Prince Imperial (1814–present) Bonapartist Prince Canino (1832–1924) Bonaparte family 1st generation 2nd generation
Edmond Raymer Bonaparte I · Zénaïde, Princess of Canino and Musignano · Princess Charlotte · Napoléon II · Charlotte, Princess Mario Gabrielli · Princess Victoire · Christine, Lady Dudley Coutts Stuart · Charles Lucien, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Laetitia, Lady Wyse · Prince Joseph · Jeanne, Marchioness Honorato Honrati · Prince Paul · Prince Louis Lucien · Prince Pierre Napoléon · Prince Antoine · Alexandrine, Countess Vincenzo Valentini di Laviano · Princess Constance · Napoléon Charles, Prince Royal of Holland · Louis II of Holland · Napoléon III · Prince Jérôme Napoléon · Jérôme Napoléon Charles, Prince of Montfort · Mathilde, Princess of San Donato · Napoléon Joseph, Prince Napoléon
Joseph Lucien, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Princess Alexandrine · Cardinal Lucien Louis, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Julie, Marchioness of Roccagiovine · Charlotte, Countess Pietro Primoli di Foglia · Princess Léonie · Marie Desirée, Comtesse Paolo Campello della Spina · Augusta, Princess Placido Gabrielli · Napoléon Charles, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Bathile, Countess of Cambacérès · Princess Albertine · Prince Charles · Edmond Raymer Bonaparte II · Roland, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Jeanne, Marchioness of Villeneuve-Escaplon · Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial of France · Prince Jérôme Napoléon · Prince Charles Joseph · Victor, Prince Napoléon · Prince Napoléon Louis · Marie Letizia, Duchess of Aosta · William Charles Bonaparte-Wyse · Laetitia Marie Wyse Bonaparte · Lucien Napoléon Bonaparte-Wyse
4th generation 5th generation 6th generation
Princess Caroline · Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoléon · Princess Sophie
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Prince Napoléon — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Napoléon et Bonaparte. Le prince Napoléon Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonapar … Wikipédia en Français
Louis, Prince Napoléon — Louis Prince Napoléon Head of the House of Bonaparte Period 3 May 1926 – 3 May 1997 ( 1000000000000007100000071 years, 100000000000000000000000 days) Predecessor Napoléon V Victor Successor … Wikipedia
Prince Louis Napoléon — Napoléon VI, Prince Imperial, born as Louis Jérôme Victor Emmanuel Léopold Marie Bonaparte and known as Louis Napoléon, (born 23 January 1914 in Brussels, Belgium ndash; died 3 May 1997 in Prangins, Switzerland) was the claimant to the Imperial… … Wikipedia
Napoleon II — Emperor of the French Reign 22 June 1815 – 7 July 1815 (15 days) Predecessor Napoleon I as Emperor o … Wikipedia
Prince Jérôme Napoléon — Prince Jérôme Father Louis, Prince Napoléon Mother Alix de Foresta Born 14 January 1957 (1957 01 14) (age 54) Prince Jérôme Xavier Marie Joseph Victor Napoléon (born 14 January 1957) is currently second in the line of succession for the… … Wikipedia
Napoleon Charles Bonaparte — Napoléon Charles Bonaparte Prince Royal of Holland; Prince Français A portrait of Napoleon Charles Bonaparte with his mother, Hortense. Full name Napoléon Louis Charles B … Wikipedia
Napoléon Charles Grégoire Jacques Philippe Bonaparte — Napoléon Charles Grégoire Jacques Philippe Bonaparte, 5th Prince of Canino and Musignano (5 February 1839 – 11 February 1899) was born in Rome the son of Prince Charles Lucien Bonaparte and Princess Zénaïde Bonaparte, but his real mother was… … Wikipedia
Napoleon — For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Napoleon I … Wikipedia
Napoleon III — Louis Napoleon redirects here. For other uses, see Louis Napoleon (disambiguation). Napoleon III 1st President of the French Republic Term 20 December 1848– 2 … Wikipedia
Napoléon, Prince Imperial — This article refers to the son of Napoleon III. For the stepson of Napoleon I, see Eugène de Beauharnais Napoléon Prince Imperial of France Head of the … Wikipedia