- Louis, Prince Napoléon
Louis Prince Napoléon Head of the House of Bonaparte Period 3 May 1926 – 3 May 1997
( 71 years, 0 days)
Predecessor Napoléon V Victor Successor Napoléon VII Charles
Napoléon VIII Jean-Christophe
Spouse Alix de Foresta Issue Prince Charles
House House of Bonaparte Father Victor, Prince Napoléon Mother Princess Clémentine of Belgium Born 23 January 1914
Died 3 May 1997(aged 83)
Louis, Prince Napoléon, (Louis Jérôme Victor Emmanuel Léopold Marie; 23 January 1914 – 3 May 1997) as Napoleon VI was the claimant to the Imperial throne of France of the Bonaparte dynasty from 1926 until his death.
He was born in Brussels, Belgium, due to the law which then banned heirs of the former French ruling dynasties from residing in France. He was the son of Victor, Prince Napoléon and his wife Princess Clémentine of Belgium, daughter of King Leopold II of the Belgians and Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria. Leopold II's mother, Princess Louise-Marie of Orléans, was the eldest daughter of King Louis Philippe I, ruler of France during the July Monarchy.
As a child, Prince Louis spent some time in England where he stayed with Empress Eugénie, the widow of Napoleon III. He was educated in Leuven in Belgium and Lausanne in Switzerland. His father died on 3 May 1926, and so Prince Louis succeeded as the Bonapartist claimant to the French throne at the age of 12 with his mother acting as regent until he came of age.
World War II and later life
On the outbreak of World War II Prince Louis wrote to the French prime minister, Édouard Daladier, offering to serve in the French Army. His offer was refused so he assumed the nom de guerre of Louis Blanchard and joined the French Foreign Legion, seeing action in North Africa before being demobilised in 1941 following the Armistice. He then joined the French Resistance and was arrested by the Germans after attempting to cross the Pyrenees to get to London to join Free French leader Charles de Gaulle. Following his arrest he spent time in various prisons including Fresnes. Following his release, he joined the French Resistance group Organisation de Résistance dans l'Armee under the name Louis Monnier. Another member of the Charles Martel Brigade to which he belonged was his cousin, Prince Joachim Murat who was killed in July 1944. Prince Louis himself narrowly escaped death a month later when, on 28 August, he was badly wounded as part of a seven man patrol which came under attack: he alone survived. Following his recovery he joined the Alpine Division and was later decorated for bravery.
In his professional life, Prince Louis became a successful businessman with a number of financial interests in Africa. In 1951, the prince sent a memorial wreath bearing the Napoleonic 'N' insignia to the funeral of William, German Crown Prince, son of the deposed Wilhelm II, German Emperor. This was seen as an ironic gesture by royalists at the time, given the fact that it was the German House of Hohenzollern which had defeated and dethroned Louis Napoleon's own imperial house during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.
Following Prince Louis' death in Prangins, Switzerland, his will designated his grandson, Prince Jean-Christophe Napoléon, as his successor, thereby bypassing his elder son, Prince Charles Napoléon.
- Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur
- Croix de guerre 1939-1945.
- Médaille de la Résistance
- Médaille commémorative de la Seconde Guerre mondiale
- Prince Charles Marie Jérôme Victor (born October 19, 1950) who claims headship of the House of Bonaparte and the title, "Le Prince Napoléon".
- Princess Cathérine Elisabeth Albérique Marie (born 19 October 1950), who wed, firstly, Nicolò San Martino d'Agliè dei marchesi di Fontaneto con San Germano (born 3 July 1948) on June 4, 1974, in Prangins, Switzerland, and divorced in 1982 without issue. She wed, secondly, Jean-Claude Dualé (born 3 November 1936 in Medjez-el-Bab, Tunisia) on October 22, 1982, in Paris, France, and had two children:
- Charlotte Dualé was born October 13, 1983, in Paris.
- Mario Dualé was born October 29, 1985, in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, France.
- Laure Clémentine Geneviève Bonaparte (b. 8 October 1952 in Paris, France) married Jean-Claude Lecomte (b. 15 Mar 1948 in Ax-les-Thermes, France) on December 23, 1982, and had a son and two daughters:
- Clément Louis Lecomte (born in 1995)
- Charlotte Lecomte
- Marion Lecomte
- Prince Jérôme Xavier Marie Joseph Victor (born 14 January 1957).
ReferencesLouis, Prince NapoléonBorn: 23 January 1914 Died: 3 May 1997
Titles in pretence Preceded by
Napoléon V Victor
— TITULAR —
Emperor of the French
3 May 1926 – 3 May 1997
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1870
Napoléon VII Charles or
Pretenders to the French throne since 1792 Monarchy in exile (1792–1815)
Legitimist pretenders (1830–present) Orléanist pretenders (1848–present) Bonapartist Prince Imperial (1814–present) Bonapartist Prince Canino (1832–1924) Bonaparte family 1st generation 2nd generation
Edmond Raymer Bonaparte I · Zénaïde, Princess of Canino and Musignano · Princess Charlotte · Napoléon II · Charlotte, Princess Mario Gabrielli · Princess Victoire · Christine, Lady Dudley Coutts Stuart · Charles Lucien, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Laetitia, Lady Wyse · Prince Joseph · Jeanne, Marchioness Honorato Honrati · Prince Paul · Prince Louis Lucien · Prince Pierre Napoléon · Prince Antoine · Alexandrine, Countess Vincenzo Valentini di Laviano · Princess Constance · Napoléon Charles, Prince Royal of Holland · Louis II of Holland · Napoléon III · Prince Jérôme Napoléon · Jérôme Napoléon Charles, Prince of Montfort · Mathilde, Princess of San Donato · Napoléon Joseph, Prince Napoléon
Joseph Lucien, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Princess Alexandrine · Cardinal Lucien Louis, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Julie, Marchioness of Roccagiovine · Charlotte, Countess Pietro Primoli di Foglia · Princess Léonie · Marie Desirée, Comtesse Paolo Campello della Spina · Augusta, Princess Placido Gabrielli · Napoléon Charles, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Bathile, Countess of Cambacérès · Princess Albertine · Prince Charles · Edmond Raymer Bonaparte II · Roland, Prince of Canino and Musignano · Jeanne, Marchioness of Villeneuve-Escaplon · Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial of France · Prince Jérôme Napoléon · Prince Charles Joseph · Victor, Prince Napoléon · Prince Napoléon Louis · Marie Letizia, Duchess of Aosta · William Charles Bonaparte-Wyse · Laetitia Marie Wyse Bonaparte · Lucien Napoléon Bonaparte-Wyse
4th generation 5th generation 6th generation
Princess Caroline · Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoléon · Princess Sophie
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Prince Napoléon — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Napoléon et Bonaparte. Le prince Napoléon Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonapar … Wikipédia en Français
Prince Napoleon Lucien Charles Murat — Lucien Charles Joseph Napoléon, 3rd Prince Murat, 2nd Prince of Pontecorvo (May 16, 1803, Milan April 10, 1878, Paris) was a French politician. He was born with the courtesy title of Prince of the Two Sicilies.Family He was the second son of… … Wikipedia
Victor, Prince Napoléon — Victor Prince Napoléon Head of the House of Bonaparte Period 1 June 1879 – 3 May 1926 ( 1000000000000004600000046 years … Wikipedia
Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen — ( de. Friedrich Ludwig Fürst zu Hohenlohe Ingelfingen) (January 31 1746 ndash; February 15, 1818) was a Prussian general and the eldest son of Prince John Frederick ( Johann Friedrich ; died 1796) of Hohenlohe Ingelfingen.Frederick Louis was born … Wikipedia
Lucien Louis Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte — Lucien Louis Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, 4th Prince of Canino and Musignano (November 15, 1828 November 19, 1895) was a French cardinal.He was born in Rome, the son of Charles Lucien Bonaparte and his wife Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte.His… … Wikipedia
Napoleon III — Louis Napoleon redirects here. For other uses, see Louis Napoleon (disambiguation). Napoleon III 1st President of the French Republic Term 20 December 1848– 2 … Wikipedia
Napoleon II — Emperor of the French Reign 22 June 1815 – 7 July 1815 (15 days) Predecessor Napoleon I as Emperor o … Wikipedia
Napoleon Louis Bonaparte — Louis II A portrait of Napoléon Louis Bonaparte. King of Holland Reign 1 July 1810 – 9 July 1810 (8 days) Predec … Wikipedia
Napoleon Charles Bonaparte — Napoléon Charles Bonaparte Prince Royal of Holland; Prince Français A portrait of Napoleon Charles Bonaparte with his mother, Hortense. Full name Napoléon Louis Charles B … Wikipedia
Prince Jérôme Napoléon — Prince Jérôme Father Louis, Prince Napoléon Mother Alix de Foresta Born 14 January 1957 (1957 01 14) (age 54) Prince Jérôme Xavier Marie Joseph Victor Napoléon (born 14 January 1957) is currently second in the line of succession for the… … Wikipedia