Names of European cities in different languages: I–L

I

English name Other names or former names
Iaşi Iaşi (Romanian)*, Iasio - Ιάσιο (Greek)*, Iassy (former French)*, Jászvásár (Hungarian)*, Jassy (German*, Polish*, former English*), Yaş (Turkish)*, Yash - יאס Yos - יאש (Yiddish)*, Yassy - Яссы (Russian)*
Iglesias Esglésies* or Iglésies* (Catalan), Igeullesiaseu / Igŭllesiasŭ - 이글레시아스 (Korean), Iglesias (Italian*, Romanian*, Spanish*), Igresias (Sardinian)*, Is Cresias (former Sardinian)*, Villa di Chiesa (former Italian)*
Iisalmi Iisalmi (Finnish)*, Idensalmi (Swedish)*
Ilanz Glion (Romansh)*, Ilanz (German)*
Inari Aanaar (Inari Sami)*, Anaar (Skolt Sami)*, Anár (Northern Sami)*, Enare (Swedish)*, Inari (Finnish)*, Inari - 이나리 (Korean)
Innsbruck Dispruch (Ladin), Innsbruck (Finnish*, German*, Romanian*), Inomost (Old Slovene)*, Innomostí* / Inšpruk* (Czech), Insbruka (Latvian)*, Insbrukas (Lithuanian)*, Insbruque (Portuguese)*, Inseubeurukeu / Insŭbŭruk'ŭ - 인스브루크 (Korean), Insuburukku - インスブルック (Japanese)*, Inzbrik (Yiddish), Inzbruk (Serbian)*, Puntina (Romansh), 因斯布鲁克 (Chinese)
Ioannina Giannina (Italian)*, Ianina (Aromanian, Romanian*), Ioánnina - Ιωάννινα (Greek)*, Janina (Czech*, Finnish*), Janinë* / Janina* (Albanian), Janjina - Јањина (Serbian)*, Yánena - Γιάννενα* and Yánina - Γιάννινα* (Greek variants), Yanina (Azeri)*, Yanya (Turkish)*
Inverness Inbhir Nis (Scots Gaelic)*, Inbhear Nis (Irish)*, Inbeoneseu / Inbŏnesŭ - 인버네스 (Korean), 因華尼斯 (Chinese-HK), 因弗內斯 (Chinese-PRC)*
Iraklion See Heraklion
İskenderun Alejandreta (Spanish), Aleksandretta (Polish), Alessandretta (Italian), Alexandrie* (Czech), Alexandrië (Afrikaans, Dutch), Alexandreta (Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian), Alexandretta (variant in English, German), Alexandrétta - Αλεξανδρέττα (Greek), Alexandrette (variant in French, German), Iskandarūn - إسكندرون (Arabic), (al-)Iskandariya (former Arabic), İskenderiye (Turkish until 1939), İskenderun (German, Turkish), İsgəndərun (Azeri), Scanderoon (former variant in English)
Istanbul Carigrad (Slovene), Estambol (Ladino)*, Estambul (Spanish)*, I Poli - Η Πόλη (i.e. "The City") (Greek variant)*, Iseutanbul / Isŭt'anbul - 이스탄불 (Korean), Istamboul (French alternate)*, Istambul Portuguese*), Istanboel (Afrikaans, Dutch*), Istanbūl - إسطنبول (Arabic)*, İstanbul (Azeri*, Turkish*), Istanbul (Bosnian*, Croatian*, Czech*, French*, Italian*, Ladino alternate *, Maltese, Romanian*, Serbian*), Istanbuł* / Stambuł* (Polish), Isutambūru - イスタンブール (Japanese)*, Isztambul (Hungarian)*, Konstantinúpolis - Κωνσταντινούπολις (Greek)*, Mikligarður (Icelandic)*, Stamboll (Albanian)*, Stamboul (French alternate [old, rare])*, Stambul - Ստամբուլ (Armenian)*, Stambul - Стамбу́л (Russian*, Ukrainian*), Stambula (Latvian)*, Stambulas (Lithuanian)*, Stenbol (Kurdish)*,Sztambul (old Hungarian)*, Tsarigrad (Bulgarian)*, 伊斯坦堡 (Chinese variant)*, 伊斯坦布爾 (Chinese variant)*

Former names: Constantinople (English)*, Byzantium (English)*, Caergystennin (Welsh)*, Bizancio* / Constantinopla* (Spanish), Bizanci* / Constantinoble (Catalan)*, Bizánc* / Konstantinápoly* (Hungarian), Bizanc* / Carigrad* / Konstantinopel* (Slovene), Kostantinopli (Maltese), Bizâncio* / Constantinopla* (Portuguese), Bizancjum* / Carogród* / Konstantynopol* (Polish), Bizans* / Qüstəntiniyyə* (Azeri), Bizant* / Carigrad* / Konstantinopol* (Croatian), Stambol* / Carigrad* / Konstantinopolj* (Serbian), Bizanţ* / Constantinopol* / Constantinopole* / Stambul* / Ţarigrad* (Romanian), Bisanzio* / Costantinopoli* (Italian), Bysants* / Konstantinopel* (Norwegian), Byzance* / Constantinople* / Stamboul* (French), Byzantium* / Constantinopolis* (Latin), Konstantinobolis (Armenian), Byzantion* / Cařihrad* / Konstantinopol* (Czech), Carihrad* / Konštantínopol* (Slovak), Constantinopel (Dutch)*, Byzanz* / Byzantion* / Konstantinopel* (German), Bysans* / Byzantion* / Konstantinopel* (Swedish), Konseutantinopolliseu / K'onsŭt'ant'inop'ollisŭ - 콘스탄티노폴리스 (Korean), Konstantínópel (Icelandic)*, Konstantinopoli (Finnish)*, Konsutantinōpuru - コンスタンティノープル (Japanese)*, Miklagård (old Swedish)*, Mikligarðr (Old Norse), Qushta - קושטא (Hebrew)*, Caregrad - Царегра́д, Carjgrad - Царьгра́д, Carjgorod - Царьгород, Vizantij - Виза́нтий, Konstantinopolj - Константино́поль (Russian)*, Vizántion / Konstantinoupoli - Βυζάντιον* / Κωνσταντινούπολη* (Greek), 拜占庭 / 君士坦丁堡 (Chinese)*; Asitane / Dersaadet / Estambul / Konstantiniye / Konstantinopyla / Kospoli / Kostan / Kushta / Kushtandina / Payitaht (Payitaht simply means "Capital City", taht meaning "throne") (other variants during Ottoman period)
Ivalo Avveel (Inari Sami)*, Âˊvvel (Skolt Sami)*, Avvil (Northern Sami)*, Ivalo (Finnish)*
Ivangorod Ivangorod - Ивангород (Russian)*, Jaanilinn (Estonian)*, Iivananlinna (Finnish)
Ivano-Frankivsk Ivano-Frankivsjk - Івано-Франківськ (Ukrainian)*, Ivano-Frankovsk - Ивано-Франковск (Russian)*, Iwano-Frankowsk (Polish)*, İvano-Frankovsk (Turkish)*, Ivano-Frankivskas (Lithuanian)*, Iwano-Frankiwsk (German)*, Stanislau (former German)*, Stanislavov - Станиславов (former Russian)*, Stanislavovas (former Lithuanian)*, Stanislev - סטאַניסלעװ (Yiddish)*, Stanisławów (former Polish)*, Stanyslaviv - Станиславів (former Ukrainian)*
İzmir Esmirna (Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish), Ezmirna (Ladino), Ijeumireu / Ijŭmirŭ - 이즈미르 (Korean), İzmir (Turkish, Azeri), Iżmir (Maltese), Izmir - Измир (Russian, Serbian), Իզմիր (Armenian), Izmir (Dutch, Finnish, Hungarian, Romanian), Izmira (Latvian), 伊茲密爾 (Chinese)*, Smirna (former Serbian, former Romanian), Smirne (Italian), Σμύρνη / Smýrni (Greek), Smirna - Сми́рна (Russian)* Smyrna (English variant, Polish), Szmirna (old Hungarian)

J

English name Other names or former names
Jablonec nad Nisou Gablonz an der Neiße (German)*, Jablonec nad Nysą (Polish)*
Jablunkov Jabłonków (Polish)*, Jablunkov (Czech)*, Jablunkau (German)*
Jakobstad Jakobstad (Swedish)*, Pietarsaari (Estonian*, Finnish*)
Jarosław Jaroslau (German)*, Jaroslav (Czech), Jarosław (Polish)*, Yareslev - יאַרעסלעװ (Yiddish)*, Jaroslav - Ярослав (Russian)*, 雅羅斯拉夫 (Chinese)
Jastrzębie-Zdrój Jastrzębie-Zdrój (Polish)*, Bad Königsdorff-Jastrzemb (German)*, Ястшембе-Здруй (Russian)*
Jelgava Jelgava (Latvian, Lithuanian)*, Mintauja (Old Lithuanian)*, Mitau (German)*, Mitava - Митава* / Jelgava - Елгава* (Russian), Mitawa (Polish)*
Jerusalem Jerusalem (German), Jeruzalem (Dutch), Jerusalén (Spanish), Jerusalém (Portuguese), Jérusalem (French), Gerusalemme (Italian), Hierosolyma (Latin), ירושלים - Yerushalayim (Hebrew), القُدس - al-Quds (Arabic),
Jena Iéna (French)*, Iena (Romanian)*, Jena (German)*, Iena - Ιένα (Greek)*, Jéna (Hungarian)*, Jjena - Йена (Russian)* 耶拿 (Chinese)
Jihlava Iglau (German)*, Jihlava (Czech)*
Jurbarkas Jurbarkas (Lithuanian)*, Georgenburg* / Jurgenburg* / Eurburg* (German), Jurborg / Jurburg' / Yurburg / Yurberig / Yurbrik (Yiddish)*, Jurbarkas (Samogitian)*

K

English name Other names or former names
Kajaani Kajaani (Finnish)*, Kajana (Swedish)*
Kaliningrad Jiālǐnìnggélè - 加里寧格勒 (Chinese), Kalíngrad (Icelandic)*, Kaliningrad (Finnish*, Romanian*, Maltese, Swedish*, Turkish*), Kaliningrad - Καλίνινγκραντ (Greek)*, Kaliningrad* (Polish), Kaliningrad - Калининград (Russian)*, Kaļiņingrada (Latvian)*, Kaliningradas (Lithuanian)*, Kaliningrado (Portuguese*, Spanish*), Kalininhrad - Калінінград (Belarusian*, Ukrainian*), Kalinjingrad (Croatian*, Kalinyingrád, Königsberg (Hungarian)*, Kaljinjingrad - Каљињинград (Serbian)*

before 1946:Karalaviec - Каралявец (Belarusian)*, Karaliaučius (Lithuanian)*, Kenigsberg - קעניגסבערג (Yiddish)*, Kēnísībǎo - 柯尼斯堡 (Chinese), Kenizbérghi - Καινιξβέργη (Greek)*, Keunigsbarg (Low Saxon)*, Königsberg (German *, Hungarian *) Konigsberga (Portuguese)*, Koningsbergen (Dutch)*, Královec (Czech)*, Królewiec (Polish)*, Kionigsberg Кёнигсберг (Russian)*, Regiomontium (Latin)*

Kamenz Kamenz (German)*, Kamjenc (Upper Sorbian)
Kamianets-Podilskyi Camenecium (Latin)*, Cameniţa (Romanian)*, Kamenets - קאַמענעץ (Yiddish)*, Kamenec-Podoljskij - Каменец-Подольский (Russian)*, Kamieniec Podolski (Polish)*, Kamjanecj-Podiljsjkyj - Кам’янець-Подільський (Ukrainian)*, Kamjanets-Podilskyi (Finnish)*, Kamenyec-Podolszkij (Hungarian)*
Kandalaksha Kandalakša - Кандалакша (Russian)*, Kannanlahti* / Kantalahti* (Finnish)
Kartuzy Cartusia (Latin)*, Karthaus (German)*, Kartuzë (Kashubian)*, Kartuzy (Polish)*
Katowice Katowice (Polish*, Hungarian*), Katovicai (Lithuanian)*, Katovice (Czech*, Latvian*, Romanian*, Serbian*), Katoviçe (Turkish)*, Kattowitz (German)*; Stalinogród (Polish 1953-1956)*
Kaunas Kauen (German)*, Kauņa (Latvian)*, Kaunas (Azeri*, Finnish*, Lithuanian*, Romanian*, Serbian*, Swedish*, Turkish*), Kaunas - Каунас (Russian) *, Kaunasu - カウナス (Japanese)*, Kauns (Samogitian)*, Koŭna - Коўна (Belarusian)*, Kovne - קאָװנע (Yiddish)*, Kovno (Czech)*, Kovno - Ковно (older Russian)*, Kowno (Polish)*, 考那斯 (Chinese)*
Kazan Kazanj - Казань (Russian)*Casan (Latin)*, Kasan (German)*, Kazan - カザン (Japanese)*, Kazan (Turkish)*, Kazań (Polish)*, Kazaņa (Latvian)*, Qazan (Azeri*, Tatar*), 喀山 (Chinese)*, ٌقازان (Arabic)*
Kayseri Caesarea (Latin), Kayseri (Turkish), Qeysəriyyə (Azeri)
Former names: Caesarea (English), Cäsarea (German), Mazaca (Latin), Mazaka (Greek)
Kavadarci Kavadarci (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Кавадарци (Macedonian)
Kem Kemj' - Кемь (Russian)*, Kemi* or Vienan Kemi* (Finnish)
Kemi Giepma (Northern Sami)*
Kerch Kerç (Crimean Tatar*, Azeri*, Turkish*), Kerč - Керч (Ukrainian)*, Kerč - Керчь (Russian)*, Kercz (Polish)*, Kerci (Romanian)*, Kertš (Finnish)*, Kertsch (German)*, Krč (older Croatian)*, 刻赤 (Chinese)*
Kętrzyn Kętrzyn (Polish)*, Rastenburg (German)*
Kharkiv Charkov (Czech*, Slovak*), Charkovas (Lithuanian)*, Charkow (German), Charkov (Dutch)*, Charków (Polish)*, Hā'ěrkēfū - 哈尔科夫 (simplified) 哈爾科夫 (traditional) (Chinese), Harkov (Romanian*, Serbian*, Slovene), Harkova (Finnish*, Harkov (Hungarian)*, Harkov (Hungarian)*, Latvian*), Hárkovo - Χάρκοβο (Greek)*, Harukiu - ハルキウ (Japanese)*, Karkov (Turkish)*, Charkiv - Харків (Ukrainian)*, Harjkov - Харьков (Russian)*, خاركوف (Arabic)
Kičevo Kičevo (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Кичево (Macedonian)
Kiel Kiel (Estonian*, Finnish*, German*, Hungarian*, Low Saxon*, Portuguese*, Romanian*, Spanish*, Swedish*, Turkish*), Ķīle (Latvian)*, Kilonia (Polish)*, Kylis (Lithuanian)*, Quília (Portuguese)*[1], Kielo - Κίελο (Greek)*, 基爾 (Chinese)
Kielce Kielce (Polish)*, Kelts - קעלץ (Yiddish)*, Keljcy - Кельцы*, Keljce - Кельце (Russian)* (Russian)
Kiev Chiu (old Romanian)[citation needed], Jīfǔ - 基辅 (simplified) 基輔 (traditional) (Chinese), Kænugarður (Icelandic)*, Kíev (Catalan), Kiefu - キエフ, Kiiu - キーウ (Japanese)*, Kiëv (Dutch)*, Kiev (Interlingua, Italian*, Maltese, Portuguese*, Romanian*, Spanish*, Swedish*, Turkish*), Kiev - קיִעװ (Yiddish)*, Kijeŭ - Кіеў (Belarusian)*, Kíevo - Κίεβο (Greek)*, Kiew (German)*, Kiiev (Estonian)*, Kijev (Croatian*, Hungarian*, Serbian*, Slovene*), Kijeva (Latvian)*, Kijevas (Lithuanian)*, Kiyev (Azeri)*, Kijów (Polish)*, Kiova (Finnish)*, Kiyepeu / K'iyep'ŭ - 키예프 (Korean), Kiyev - Киев (Russian)*, Kīyif - كييف (Arabic), Kyjev (Czech*, Slovak*), Kyyiv, Kyiv - Київ (Ukrainian*), Киев (Macedonian*), Qiyev - קייב (Hebrew)*
Kikinda Chichinda Mare (Romanian)*, Grosskikinda (German)*, Nagykikinda (Hungarian*)
Kırklareli Kırkkilise (former Ottoman Turkish)*, Kırklareli (Turkish)*, Lozengrad - Лозенград (Bulgarian)*, Qırxlareli (Azeri)*, Saránda Eklisiés - Σαράντα Εκκλησιές* / Saránda Eklisíe - Σαράντα Ἐκκλησίαι* (Greek)
Kirovohrad Kirovgrado (Portuguese*, Spanish*), Yelizavetgrad (former name)*
Kilkenny Cill Chainnigh (Irish)*
Killarney Cill Áirne (Irish Gaelic)
Kiruna Giron (Sami)*, Kiiruna (Finnish)*, Kiruna (Swedish)*, Kiruna / K'iruna - 키루나 (Korean)
Klagenfurt Clagenfurth (historic German), Klagenfurt (German*, Dutch*, Romanian*), Clanfurt (Friulian*), Celovec (Czech*, Slovene*), Želanec (alternative Czech name)*
Klaipėda Klaipėda (Lithuanian)*, Klaipeda (Estonian*, Finnish*, Romanian*), Klaipēda (Latvian)*, Klaipieda (Samogitian)*, Klajpeda (Belarusian)*, Kłajpeda (Polish)*, Meemel (former Estonian)*, Memel* and Memelburg* (German), Mēmele (former Latvian)*
Klosters Claustra (Romansh), Klosters (German)*, 克洛斯達斯 (Chinese)
Kobarid Caporetto (Italian*, Romanian*), Cjaurêt (Friulian)*, Karfreit (German)*, Kobarid (Slovene)*
Kočani Kočani (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Кочани (Macedonian)
Kolkwitz Gołkojce (Lower Sorbian), Kolkwitz (Niederlausitz) (German)*
Kolomyia Colomeea (Romanian)*, Kilemey - קילעמײ (Yiddish)*, Kolomea (German)*, Kołomyja (Polish)*, Kolomyja - Коломия (Ukrainian)*, Kolomyja - Коломыя (Russian)*
Komárno Komárno (Slovak)*, Révkomárom / Öreg-komárom / Komárom (Hungarian)*, Komarne (Yiddish)
Komárom Komárom (Hungarian)*, Komárno (Slovak)*
Komotini Gümülcine (Turkish)*, Komotini - Κομοτηνή (Greek)*
Kondopoga Kondopoga - Кондопога (Russian)*, Kontupohja (Finnish)*
Konstanz Constance (French*, English variant*), Constança* / Constância* (Portuguese), Costanza (Italian)*, Konstanca (Serbian)*, Konstanca (Hungarian)*, Konstancja* / Konstanca* (Polish), Kostnice (Czech)*, Konstántza - Κωνστάντζα* / Konstandía - Κωνσταντία* (Greek), 康斯坦茨 (Chinese)
Köpenick Köpenick (German)*, Kopanica (Polish)*, Kopník (Czech)*
Koper Capodistria (Italian)*, Kopar (Croatian*, Serbian*), Koper (Slovene*, Hungarian *, Polish *), Cjaudistre (Friulian)*
Korçë Corizza (Italian)*, Korçë * / Korça* (Albanian), Koritsá - Κορυτσά (Greek)*
Kortrijk Cortoriacum (Latin)*, Courtrai (French*, Italian*, Portuguese*, Romanian*, Spanish*), Courtrai (English variant)*, Kortreikas*, Kortriek (Limburgish)*, Kortrijk (Afrikaans*, Dutch*)
Košice Cassovia or Caschovia (Latin)*, Caşovia (old Romanian)*, Kassa (Hungarian)*, Cassovie (French)*, Kaschau (German)*, Kasha (Romani)*, Kashoy - קאשוי (Yiddish), Košice (Czech*, Romanian*, Serbian*, Slovak*), Kösice (Turkish), Košycy - Кошицы, Košycе - Кошице (Russian*), Košyсi (old Ukrainian), Koszyce (Polish)*, קושיצה (Hebrew)
Kosovo Polje Amselfeld (German)*, Câmpia Mierlei (Romanian)*, Champ des merles (French)*, Fushë Kosova (Albanian)*, Kosovo Polje (Serbian*, Slovene), Kosowe Pole (Polish)*, Kosifopédhio - Κοσσυφοπέδιο (Greek)*, Merelveld (Afrikaans*, Dutch*), Rigómező (Hungarian, only in historic context)*
Kotor Cattaro (Italian)*, Kotor (Croatian*, Serbian*)
Kovel Kovel' - Ковель (Russian*, Ukrainian*), Kovl - קאָװל (Yiddish)*, Kowel (Polish)*
Kozani Kozhani - Кожани (Bulgarian)*, Kozani - Κοζάνη (Greek)*
Kraków Cracovia (Latin, Italian*, Romanian*, Spanish*), Cracóvia (Portuguese)*, Cracovie (French)*, Keurakupeu / K'ŭrak'up'ŭ - 크라쿠프 (Korean), Kraká (Icelandic)*, Krakau (Afrikaans*, Dutch*, German*), Krakiv - Краків (Ukrainian)*, Krakkó (Hungarian)*, Krakov (Croatian*, Czech*, Slovak*, Slovene*, Turkish*), Krakov - Краков (Russian*, Serbian*), Krakova (Latvian*, Finnish*), Krakovía - Κρακοβία (Greek)*, Krakovja (Maltese), Krakovo (Esperanto)*, Krakow / Cracow (English variants)*, Kraków (Polish*, Swedish*), Krākūf (Arabic), Krokuva (Lithuanian)*, Krakaŭ - Кракаў (Belarusian)*, Kroke - קראָקע (Yiddish)*, Kurakufu - クラクフ (Japanese)*, 克拉科夫 (Chinese)*
Kratovo Kratovo (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Кратово (Macedonian)
Kristianstad Christianstadt (former German)*, Kristianstad (German*, Swedish*), Kristianstadas (Lithuanian)*
Kristinestad Christinae Stadh (former Swedish)*, Kristiinankaupunki (Finnish)*, Kristinestad (Swedish)*, Kristingrad - Кристинград (Serbian)*, Krinstianstad (Polish)*
Kriva Palanka Kriva Palanka (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Крива Паланка (Macedonian)
Krnov Carnovia (Latin)*, Jägerndorf (German)*, Karniów (former Polish)*, Krnov (Czech)*, Krnów (Polish)*
Kruševo Kruševo (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Крушево (Macedonian)
Kudowa-Zdrój Bad Kudowa (German)*, Chudoba (Czech)*, Kudowa-Zdrój (Polish)*
Kumanovo Kumanovo (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene), Куманово (Macedonian)
Kuressaare Arensburg (former German*, former Swedish*), Kuressaari (Finnish)*
Kwidzyn Kwidzyn (Polish)*, Marienwerder (German)*
Kyle of Lochalsh Caol Loch Aillse (Scots Gaelic)*, Kayl Oyfn Loch (Yiddish)
Kyrenia Girne (Turkish)*, Kerínia - Κερύνεια (Greek)*

L

English name Other names or former names
Labin Albona (Italian), Labin - Лабин (Croatian, Serbian, Russian)
Lahti Lahti (Estonian, Finnish, Romanian, Slovene, Polish), Lahtis (Swedish)
Lakhva Łachwa (Polish), LahvaЛахва (Belarusian, Russian), לחווא (Hebrew), לאַכװע (Yiddish)
Lappeenranta Lappeenranta (Estonian, Finnish), Villmanstrand (Swedish)
Lausanne Lausana (Catalan, Portuguese*, Spanish*), Lausanne (Dutch*, French*, Finnish*, German*, Romanian*, Swedish*), Laŭzano (Esperanto)*, Losanen (former German)*, Losanna (Italian*, Romansh*), Lozan (Armenian, Turkish*), Lozana (Serbian), LozániΛωζάνη (Greek)*, Lozanna (Latvian*, Polish*), Luzana (Slovene)*, Rōzannu – ローザンヌ (Japanese)*, 洛桑 (Chinese)*
Leeuwarden Leeuwarden (Dutch, Finnish, French, German), Liwwarden (Town Frisian), Ljouwert (Frisian), Leeuwerd (Gronings)
Leghorn Liorna (Spanish), Livorno (Dutch, Finnish, German, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian), LivórnoΛιβόρνο (Greek), Livourne (French)
Legnica Legnica (Polish), Liegnitz (Dutch, German)
Leicester Caerlŷr (Welsh), Leicestria (Church Latin), L'sesteh (Yiddish), Ratae (Latin), لستر (Persian)
Leiden Leida (Italian, Portuguese, Romanian), Leiden (Dutch, Slovene), Lejda (Polish), Leyde (French), Leyden (variant in English), Reiden – 레이덴 (Korean), 莱頓 (Chinese)
Leipzig Lajpcig (Serbian), LajpcygЛяйбцыґ (Belarusian), Leipciga (Latvian), Leipcigas (Lithuanian), Leipsic (older English), Leipsick (former French), Leipzig (Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish), Lejpcigo (Esperanto), Lepsiko (Esperanto) Lipcse (Hungarian), Lipsca (old Romanian), LipsíaΛειψία (Greek), Lipsia (Italian), Lípsia (Portuguese), Lipsk (Lower Sorbian, Polish), Lipsko (Czech, Slovak), Raipeuchihi / Raip'ŭch'ihi – 라이프치히 (Korean), 萊比錫 (Chinese), Raiputsihi – ライプツィヒ (Japanese)*
Lębork Lauenburg (German), Lębork (Polish), Lãbòrg (Kashubian)
Leuven Leuven (Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish), Louvain (French, Romanian), Lováin (Irish), Lovaina (Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish), Lovaň (Czech), Lovanio (Italian), Löwen (German), Lovin (Walloon), Léiwen (Luxembourgish), Lovanium (Latin), Lowanium (Polish), 魯汶 (Chinese)
Lezhë Lezhë / Lezha (Albanian), Alessio (Italian), Lješ Љеш (Serbian, Montenegrin)
Liberec Reichenberg (German)
Liège Liège (French, Hungarian, Swedish), Lîdje / Lîdge (Walloon), Léck (Luxembourgish), Leodium (Latin), L'ežЛьеж (Russian), Лиеж (Bulgarian), Liege (Finnish, Romanian, Swedish, Turkish), Liége (former French, Portuguese), Liegi (Italian), Lieĝo (Esperanto), Lieja (Catalan, Spanish), Λιέγη (Greek), Liež (Serbian), Lježa (Latvian), Liežas (Lithuanian) Luik (Afrikaans, Dutch), Lutych (Czech), Lüttich (German), Luuk (Luik) (Limburgish), Rieju – 리에주 (Korean), ولييج (Arabic), ליאז (Hebrew), Riēju – リエージュ (Japanese)*, 列日 (Chinese)*
Liepāja Libau (German), Liepoja (Lithuanian), LibavaЛибава (former Russian), Libave – ליבאַװע (Yiddish), Liepaja (Estonian, Finnish, Romanian), Liepāja (Latvian), Liibavi (former Estonian), Lipawa (Polish), Liyepaya (Russian)
Lier Lier (Dutch), Lierre (French)
Lille Lille (French, Finnish, German, Latvian, Portuguese, Romanian), Rijsel (Dutch), Lil (Serbian), Lilla (Catalan, Italian), Lillo (Esperanto), Ryssel (former German),Λίλλη (Greek), 里爾 (Chinese)
Limoges Lemòtges / Limòtges (Occitan), Llemotges (Catalan)*Limož (Serbian), 列摩日 (Chinese)
Limassol LemesosΛεμεσός (Greek), Leymosun (obsolete Turkish), Limasol (Turkish), Limisso (Venetian/Italian)
Limerick Limeriko (Esperanto), Luimneach (Irish), 利默里克 (Chinese)
Linköping Lincopia (Latin), Linköping (Danish, Finnish, Swedish), 林雪平 (Chinese)
Linz Lentia (Latin), Linca (Latvian), Linec (Czech), Linz (Catalan, German, Finnish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene), Rincheu / Rinch'ŭ – 린츠 (Korean), 林茨 (Chinese)
Lisbon Liospóin (Irish), Lisabon (Croatian, Czech, Serbian, Slovak), Lisabona (Latvian, Lithuanian, Romanian), Lisboa (Catalan*, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Ladino), Lisbona (Italian, Maltese), Lisbonne (French), Lisbono (Esperanto), Lišbūna (Arabic), Lissabon (Azeri, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Russian, Swedish), LissavónaΛισσαβώνα (Greek), Lisszabon (Hungarian), Lizbon (Armenian, Turkish), Lizbona (Polish, Slovene), Riseubon / Risŭbon – 리스본 (Korean), Risubon – リスボン (Japanese)*, Ushbune (old Arabic), Lǐsīběn – 里斯本 (Chinese), ليسبون (Persian)
Liverpool Learpholl (Irish), Lerpwl (Welsh), Liverpūle (Latvian), Liverpulis (Lithuanian), Liverpulo (Esperanto), Llynlleifiad (former Welsh), Ribapūru – リバプール (Japanese)*, Ribeopul / Ribŏp'ul – 리버풀 (Korean), 利物浦 (Chinese), ليورپول (Persian)
Livorno Liorna (Catalan), Livorno or Leghorn (English), Livourne (French), 利禾奴 / 利沃諾 (Chinese)
Ljubljana Laibach (German), Liubliana (Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish), Lublanë (Albanian), Liublijana (Lithuanian), Liyūbliyānā (Arabic), Ljubljana (Catalan, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Maltese, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish), LjubljanaЉубљана (Macedonian, Serbian), Lubiana (Italian), Lubjanë (Albanian), Lyublyana (Azeri), Lublaň (Czech), Ļubļana (Latvian), Lublana (Polish), Ľubľana (Slovak), Lubliyana (Turkish), LoubliánaΛουμπλιάνα (Greek), LiublianaЛюблянa (Russian), Ryuburyana – リュブリャナ (Japanese)*, 盧布爾雅那 (Chinese)*
Lleida Ilerda (Latin), Iltirda / Ildirda (Iberian), Lerida (Italian, Romanian), Lérida (French, Portuguese, Spanish), Lleida (Catalan, Finnish)
Löbau Löbau (German), Lubij (Upper Sorbian), Lubiniec (Polish)
Łódź Lodsch (German variant), Łódź (Polish), Lodz (German variant), former name:Litzmannstadt (German, 1940–1945),Yiddish: לאדזש (Lodzh), Lodž, (Slovene), 罗兹 (Chinese)
London Llundain (Welsh), Londër (Albanian), Londain (Irish), London (Azeri, Hungarian), LondanЛёндан (Belarusian), Londe (Limburgish), Londen (Afrikaans, Dutch), LondhínoΛονδίνο (Greek), Londinium (Latin), Londona (Latvian), Londonas (Lithuanian), Londono (Esperanto), Londra (Albanian, Italian, Maltese, Romanian, Romansh, Turkish), Londres (Catalan, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Ladino), Londrez (Breton), Londyn (Polish), Londýn (Czech, Slovak), Lontoo (Finnish), Loundres (Cornish), Luân Đôn (Vietnamese), Lundenwic (Anglo-Saxon), Lúndūn – 伦敦 (simplified) 倫敦 (traditional) (Chinese), Lundúnir (Icelandic), Lunnainn (Scottish Gaelic), Reondeon / Rŏndŏn – 런던 (Korean), Rondon – ロンドン (Japanese)*, لندن (Arabic, Persian, Urdu)
Londonderry Lunnonderrie (Ulster Scots), Doire or Doire Cholm Cille (Irish), Doire or Doire Chaluim Chille (Scottish Gaelic)*, Deri - Дери (Serbian), Derio (Esperanto)
Longwy Longwy (French), Langich (German), Lonkech or Lonkesch (Luxembourgish)
Lourdes Lorda (Catalan, Occitan), Lourde (Provençal), Lourdes (French, Finnish, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian), Lurdy (Czech), Λούρδη (Greek – καθαρεύουσα)
Lübben Lübben (German), Lubin (Lower Sorbian, Polish)
Lübbenau Lübbenau (German), Lubnjow (Lower Sorbian)
Lübeck Libek (Serbian), Lībeka (Latvian), Liubekas (Lithuanian), Lubecca (Italian), Lübeck (French, German, Low Saxon, Romanian, Swedish), Lubek (Czech), Lubeka (Polish), Lubeque (Portuguese), Lüübek (Estonian), Lyypekki (Finnish), Λυβέκη (Greek – καθαρεύουσα), Liubice (old Slavic name)*, Lybæk (former Danish), Rwibekeu / Rwibek'ŭ – 뤼베크 (Korean), 呂貝克 (Chinese)
Lublin Civitas Lublinensis (Latin), Lublino (Italian), Liublinas (Lithuanian), Ļubļina (Latvian), LiublinЛюблин (Bulgarian, Russian), Люблін (Belarusian, Ukrainian), LublinЛублин (Macedonian), לובלין (Hebrew), Ruburin – ルブリン (Japanese)*, 盧布林 (Chinese)
Lucca Luca (Portuguese), Lucca (Catalan, Dutch, German, Italian, Romanian), Lucques (French), Lukka (Polish)
Lucerne Liucerna (Lithuanian), Lucern (Czech, Serbian, Slovene), Lucerna (Italian, Latvian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Spanish), Lucerne (French), LukérniΛουκέρνη (Greek), Luzern (Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish), Luzerna (Catalan), Ruchereun / Ruch'erŭn – 루체른 (Korean)
Lugano Lügan (Lombard), Lauis (old German), Ligiaun (Romansh), Lugano (Catalan, French, German, Italian, Maltese, Spanish, Portuguese*), Rugano – 루가노 (Korean)
Lugoj Logoş (Turkish), Lugoj (French*, Italian*, Romanian*), Lugos (Hungarian)*, LugošЛугош or LugožЛугож (Serbian)*, Lugosch (German)*, LugozhЛугож (Russian)*
Luleå Luleå (Swedish), Lulėja (Lithuanian), Luleo (Latvian, Serbian), Luulaja (Finnish), Julivu/Luleju (Sami)
Lund Lund (Danish, French, German, Swedish), Lunda (Latin, Latvian), 隆德 (Chinese)
Lüneburg Lüneburch (Low Saxon), Lunebourg (French), Lüneburg (German, Romanian), Luneburgo (Italian, Portuguese), Lunenburg (Dutch, variant in English), 呂內堡 (Chinese)
Lutsk Luckas (Lithuanian), Luţk (Romanian), LucjkЛуцьк (Ukrainian), Łuck (Polish)
Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish), Liuksemburgas (Lithuanian), LiuksemburgЛюксембург (Bulgarian, Russian), Ljuksemburh (Ukrainian), Lucemburk (Czech), Lucsamburg (Irish), Lục Xâm Bảo (Vietnamese), Luksemboarch (Frisian), Luksemburg (Croatian, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene), Lüksemburg (Turkish), Luksemburga (Latvian), Luksemburgo (Esperanto, Ladino), Lussemburgo (Italian), Lussemburgu (Maltese), Lussimbork (Walloon), Lützelburg (former German), Lúxemborg (Icelandic), Luxemborg / Luxembourg / Luxemburg (Danish), Luxembourg (Estonian, French, Hungarian), Luxemburg (Afrikaans, Basque variant, Catalan, Dutch, English variant, Finnish, German, Romanian, Swedish), Luxemburgia (Latin variant), Luxemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Luxemburgum (Latin), Luxembursko (Slovak), LuxemvúrghoΛουξεμβούργο (Greek), Luxenburgo (Basque), Lwcsembwrg (Welsh), LuksemburgЛюксэмбурґ(Belarusian), Ruksembureukeu / Ruksemburŭk'ŭ – 룩셈부르크 (Korean), Rukusemburuku – ルクセンブルク (Japanese)*, 盧森堡 (Chinese)
Lviv İlbav (Crimean Tatar), Ilov (Armenian), Ilyvó (old Hungarian), Lavov (Croatian, Serbian), Lemberg (German), Lemberg – לעמבערג or Lemberik – לעמבעריק (Yiddish), Λεώπολις (Greek – καθαρεύουσα), Léopol (French), Leopoli (Italian), Leopolis (Latin), Leópolis (Spanish, Portuguese*), Levov – לבוב (Hebrew), Liov (Romanian), Lìwòfū – 利沃夫 (Chinese), L'vivЛьвів (Ukrainian), LvoŭЛьвоў (Belarusian), Lvov (Czech, Slovene), L'vovЛьвов (Russian), Ľvov (Slovak), Ļvova, Ļviva (Latvian), Lvovas (Lithuanian), Lwów (Polish)
Lyon León de Francia (former Spanish), Lião (Portuguese)*, 里昂 (Chinese), Lionas (Lithuanian), Lió (Catalan), LiónΛυών (Greek), Λούγδουνον (Greek – καθαρεύουσα), Liona (Latvian), Lione (Italian), Liono (Esperanto), Lion (Azeri), Liyon (Arpitan, Serbian, Turkish), Ludgun or Lwów francuski (former Polish), Lugdunum or Lugudunum (Latin), Lyon (Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Romanian, Slovene), Lyón (Spanish), Lyons (English), Riong – 리옹 (Korean), Riyon – リヨン (Japanese)*

References

  1. ^ http://www.info.pro.br/instituto_steiger/8/88s/id_00919.pdf

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