Named LNWR "Prince of Wales" Class locomotives

Throughout its history the London and North Western Railway adopted a policy of reusing the numbers and names of withdrawn locomotives for new engines as they came out of Crewe Works. This resulted in each class of engines having entirely random numbers and a collection of names that defies logical analysis.

However, by 1911 new locomotives were being produced at a much faster rate than old ones were being scrapped and a new set of names was required for Bowen Cooke’s new 4-6-0 express engines which were beginning to enter service.

By a happy chance Prince Edward, the future King Edward VIII, was invested as Prince of Wales at Caernarfon Castle on 13 July 1911 and this gave the company the opportunity to name the first of the locomotives, and therefore the whole class, in honour of the new Prince.

A further nine engines were produced during 1911 and, in keeping with the patriotic sentiments of the time, they were given names associated with ships of the Royal Navy.

With the production of the second batch of locomotives in 1913 and early 1914 it was decided to commemorate major literary figures of the 18th and 19th centuries. The 30 locomotives included British, Continental and American poets and novelists. The arbitrary nature of those chosen to be honoured clearly illustrates literary merit as judged by a committee of railway engineers. The only exception was the final engine of the batch which was named G.P. Neale in honour of the former LNWR Superintendent of the Line, who had retired in 1895.

The outbreak of World War I was reflected in the names of the ten engines produced in 1915, recognizing the leaders of Britain’s allies or individuals who had played a significant part in the war effort.

By the beginning of 1916 sufficient engines had been withdrawn to enable the use of historical LNWR names, however in March and April of that year the war was again reflected in three locomotives remembering the ill-fated campaign in the Dardanelles and seven commemorating maritime losses of 1915 and 1916.

No further locomotives entered service until January 1919, by which time a decision had been taken not to allocate names until matters had returned to normal after the war. It was not until 1922 that another twelve engines were given names taken from former LNWR engines.

During 1921 and 1922 a further 90 locomotives were built by William Beardmore and Company at Dalmuir. None of these was ever named.

The absorption of the LNWR into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway on 1 January 1923 saw many significant policy changes, none more so than the Rolling Stock Committee Minute 53 issued from Derby on 31 May 1923 which announced that in conformity with former Midland Railway practices

‘‘Passenger engines and coaching stock to be painted in old Midland crimson lake, goods engines to be black without lining – new engines not to be named but those with names will continued to do so.’’

It must have been a source of great satisfaction in Crewe that one of the last locomotives to be named was No. 5753 Premier, a clear reference to the LNWR slogan of being “the Premier Line”, and one final defiant gesture aimed at the new management in Derby.

The LMS renumber all of the Prince of Wales in sequence from 5600 to 5844, but unfortunately not in exactly the same order that the locomotives had been built. A final locomotive was built by Beardmore in February 1924, which was displayed at the British Empire Exhibition that year; the LMS bought it in November 1924, and numbered it 5845. It was withdrawn in November 1947.

LNWR Number LMS Number Name Entered Service Withdrawn Notes
819 5600 Prince of Wales 01911-10 October 1911 01933-10 October 1933
1388 5601 Andromeda 01911-10 October 1911 01935-03 March 1935
1452 5602 Bonaventure 01911-10 October 1911 01937-06 June 1937
1454 5603 Coquette 01911-11 November 1911 01935-01 January 1935
1537 5604 Enchantress 01911-11 November 1911 01934-10 October 1934
1691 5605 Pathfinder 01911-11 November 1911 01934-11 November 1934
1704 5606 Conqueror 01911-11 November 1911 01933-10 October 1933
1721 5607 Defiance 01911-11 November 1911 01934-12 December 1934
2021 5608 Wolverine 01911-12 December 1911 01935-02 February 1935
2359 5609 Hermione 01911-12 December 1911 01933-10 October 1933
362 5610 Robert Southey 01913-10 October 1913 01933-10 October 1933
892 5611 Charles Wolfe 01913-10 October 1913 01935-06 June 1935
1081 5612 John Keats 01913-10 October 1913 01936-01 January 1936
1089 5613 Sydney Smith 01913-10 October 1913 01935-02 February 1935
1134 5614 Victor Hugo 01913-10 October 1913 01934-12 December 1934
2040 5615 Oliver Goldsmith 01913-11 November 1913 01935-03 March 1935
2075 5616 Robert Burns 01913-11 November 1913 01934-11 November 1934
321 5617 Henry W. Longfellow 01913-11 November 1913 01935-01 January 1935
479 5618 Thomas B. Macaulay 01913-12 December 1913 01935-02 February 1935
951 5619 Bulwer Lytton 01913-12 December 1913 01934-08 August 1934
2198 5620 John Ruskin 01913-11 November 1913 01936-03 March 1936
2205 5621 Thomas Moore 01913-11 November 1913 01934-08 August 1934
2213 5622 Charles Kingsley 01913-11 November 1913 01933-10 October 1933
1679 5623 Lord Byron 01913-12 December 1913 01935-05 May 1935
2249 5624 Thomas Campbell 01913-12 December 1913 01937-03 March 1937
2283 5625 Robert L. Stevenson 01913-12 December 1913 01936-12 December 1936
86 5626 Mark Twain 01914-01 January 1914 01936-05 May 1936
146 5627 Lewis Carroll 01914-01 January 1914 01936-07 July 1936
307 5628 R. B. Sheridan 01913-12 December 1913 01934-11 November 1934
637 5629 Thomas Gray 01913-12 December 1913 01934-12 December 1934
979 5630 W. M. Thackeray 01914-01 January 1914 01934-09 September 1934
1400 5631 Felicia Hemans 01914-01 January 1914 01936-06 June 1936
964 5632 Bret Harte 01914-02 February 1914 01933-09 September 1933
985 5633 Sir W. S. Gilbert 01914-02 February 1914 01935-08 August 1935
1321 5634 William Cowper 01914-02 February 1914 01934-09 September 1934
2152 5635 Charles Lamb 01914-02 February 1914 01934-03 March 1934
2293 5636 Percy Bysshe Shelley 01914-02 February 1914 01935-01 January 1935
2377 5637 Edward Gibbon 01914-02 February 1914 01936-12 December 1936
2443 5638 Charles James Lever 01914-03 March 1914 01936-04 April 1936
2520 5639 G. P. Neale 01914-03 March 1914 01933-10 October 1933
27 5640 General Joffre 01915-10 October 1915 01937-02 February 1937
88 5641 Czar of Russia 01915-10 October 1915 01936-09 September 1936
122 5642 King of the Belgians 01915-11 November 1915 01936-03 March 1936
160 5643 King of Serbia 01915-11 November 1915 01934-10 October 1934
185 5644 King of Italy 01915-11 November 1915 01936-03 March 1936
877 5645 Raymond Poincaré 01915-11 November 1915 01936-06 June 1936
1333 5646 Sir John French 01915-11 November 1915 01934-12 December 1934
2275 5647 Edith Cavell 01915-11 November 1915 01935-01 January 1935
2396 5648 Queen of the Belgians 01915-12 December 1915 01948-10 October 1948
2408 5649 Admiral Jellicoe 01915-12 December 1915 01933-10 October 1933
606 5650 Castor 01916-01 January 1916 01936-04 April 1936
745 5651 Pluto 01916-01 January 1916 01934-07 July 1934
810 5652 Onyx 01916-01 January 1916 01933-09 September 1933
352 5653 The Nile 01916-01 January 1916 01935-10 October 1935
379 5654 Witch 01916-01 January 1916 01935-03 March 1935
484 5655 Smeaton 01916-01 January 1916 01934-12 December 1934
884 5656 Shark 01916-01 January 1916 01938-08 August 1938
346 5657 Trent 01916-01 January 1916 01936-04 April 1936
417 5658 Atlas 01916-01 January 1916 01935-10 October 1935
442 5659 Odin 01916-02 February 1916 01935-03 March 1935
90 5660 Kestrel 01915-12 December 1915 01936-08 August 1936 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
95 5661 Gallipoli 01916-03 March 1916 01935-02 February 1935
126 5662 Anzac 01916-03 March 1916 01936-08 August 1936
136 5663 Minerva 01915-10 October 1915 01935-01 January 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
173 5664 Livingstone 01915-10 October 1915 01935-02 February 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
233 5665 Suvla Bay 01916-03 March 1916 01936-04 April 1936
257 5666 Plynlimmon 01915-11 November 1915 01934-09 September 1934 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
401 5667 Zamiel 01915-12 December 1915 01934-11 November 1934 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
446 5668 Pegasus 01915-11 November 1915 01935-08 August 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
525 5669 Vulcan 01915-12 December 1915 01937-04 April 1937 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
610 5670 Albion 01915-12 December 1915 01935-10 October 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
849 5671 Arethusa 01916-03 March 1916 01936-12 December 1936
867 5672 Condor 01916-01 January 1916 01936-12 December 1936 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
1100 5673 Lusitania 01916-03 March 1916 01949-01 January 1949
1132 5674 Scott 01916-01 January 1916 01946-02 February 1946 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
1466 5675 Sphinx 01916-01 January 1916 01936-08 August 1936 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
1744 5676 Petrel 01916-01 January 1916 01935-04 April 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
1749 5677 Precedent 01915-11 November 1915 01935-01 January 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2055 5678 Milton 01916-01 January 1916 01935-04 April 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2063 5679 Hibernia 01915-11 November 1915 01935-05 May 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2175 5680 Loadstone 01915-11 November 1915 01937-06 June 1937 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2203 5681 Falstaff 01915-11 November 1915 01935-06 June 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2339 5682 Samson 01916-01 January 1916 01935-04 April 1935 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
1324 5683 Falaba 01916-04 April 1916 01946-01 January 1946
2092 5684 Arabic 01916-04 April 1916 01936-03 March 1936
2276 5685 Persia 01916-04 April 1916 01936-08 August 1936
2295 5686 Anglia 01916-04 April 1916 01934-11 November 1934
2300 5687 Hotspur 01915-12 December 1915 01934-09 September 1934 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
2340 5688 Tara 01916-04 April 1916 01933-09 September 1933
2392 5689 Caliban 01915-12 December 1915 01936-09 September 1936 Built by the North British Locomotive Co.
940 5697 Richard Cobden 01919-01 January 1919 01936-07 July 1936
621 5700 Telford 01919-02 February 1919 01936-03 March 1936
1584 5704 Scotia 01919-03 March 1919 01936-09 September 1936
504 5706 Canning 01919-03 March 1919 01936-12 December 1936
974 5707 Hampden 01919-03 March 1919 01935-04 April 1935
522 5723 Stentor 01919-06 June 1919 01936-01 January 1936
1290 5729 Lucknow 01919-07 July 1919 01935-02 February 1935
1325 5736 Disraeli 01919-08 August 1919 01935-06 June 1935
1178 5743 Prince Albert 01919-09 September 1919 01934-09 September 1934
1542 5750 Marathon 01919-11 November 1919 01936-03 March 1936
1694 5753 Premier 01919-11 November 1919 01936-02 February 1936
2516 5754 Dalton 01919-11 November 1919 01935-05 May 1935

References

  • LNWR Locomotives 1912 -1949 by Willie B. Yeadon. ISBN 978-1-901945-90-4
  • LMS Locomotive Names by Rev. John Goodman. The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0901115797
  • The LNWR Precursor Family by O. S. Nock. David and Charles (Publishers) Ltd. 1966
  • Premier Line by O. S. Nock Ian Allen Ltd. 1952

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