Nahal Kziv (Hebrew: נחל כזיב) (lit. "Kziv stream") is a 20-kilometer long perennial stream in the Upper Galilee, Israel.  During the winter, rainfall fills the channel, and springs along the riverbed add to the flow. Currently, Mekorot (the national water company) pumps the water of the river's principal spring, Ein Ziv, and supplies it to the residents of the Western Galilee, making the channel between Ein Ziv and Ein Tamir an intermittent stream. On the ridge above the valley sits a 12th century Crusader castle, Montfort.
Nahal Kziv flows from the western side of Mount Meron near Beit Jann, westward to its estuary, north of and Achziv. It is the longest stream in the Galilee, with the widest drainage basin. The channel passes nearby Hurfeish, Abirim, Mi'ilya, Mitzpe Hila, Neve Ziv, Goren, Manot, and Ma'alot-Tarshiha. Springs along the channel include:
- Ein Ziv
- Ein Tamir (after which the stream becomes perennial).
- Ein Hardalit
- Ein Yakim
Most of the stream is part of a nature reserve that bears its name, and includes the Montfort Castle and other Crusader-period ruins. A stone carving of a man, 1.78 m high can be found near where the Abirim stream empties into Nahal Kziv. The carving is thought to date from the Hellenistic period.
Flora in the area includes Lilium candidum, Rubus sanguineus, Nerium oleander, Platanus orientalis, Artemisia arborescens, and Ferns. Persian fallow deer were brought to the area in 1996, as part of an effort to prevent extinction of the species.
- ^ a b Monfort Crusader castle
- ^ "Nahal Keziv Nature Reserve". ProtectedPlanet.com. http://www.protectedplanet.net/sites/Nahal_Keziv_Nature_Reserve--2.
- ^ "טיפ משולחנו של דוקטור צביקה צוק ארכאולוג הרשות - האיש בנחל כזיב [A tip from the desk of Dr. Tvika Tzuk, Archaeologist of the Nature and Parks Authority - The man in Nahal Kziv]" (in Hebrew). The Israel Nature and Parks Authority. http://www.parks.org.il/BuildaGate5/general2/data_card.php?Cat=~30~~683765618~Card2~&ru=&SiteName=parks&Clt=&Bur=890861260.
- ^ "השושן הצחור פורח בשמורת טבע נחל כזיב [The Lilium candidum is blooming in Nahal Kziv]" (in Hebrew). The Israel Nature and Parks Authority. http://www.parks.org.il/BuildaGate5/general2/data_card.php?Cat=~30~~463942009~Card7~&ru=&SiteName=parks&Clt=&Bur=890861260.
- ^ "היחמור שב לנופי הגליל - שמורת טבע נחל כזיב [The Fallow Deer returns to the Galilee Landscape]" (in Hebrew). The Israel Nature and Parks Authority. http://www.parks.org.il/BuildaGate5/general2/data_card.php?Cat=~30~~570507114~Card2~&ru=&SiteName=parks&Clt=&Bur=890861260.
Nature reserves of Israel Northern DistrictEin Afek · Akhziv Islands · Alonei Yitzhak · Alonei Abba · Amud Stream · Nahal Ayun · Balfouria · Bitan Aharon · Nahal Betzet · Nahal Dishon · Dor Beach and Ma'agan Michael Islands · Ein Avazim · Ein Elah · Ein Nymphit · Ein Te'oh · Ein Yehuda · Nahal Gamal · Gamla nature reserve† · Snir Stream · Hermon nature reserve† · Nahal Hermon† · Hula Valley · Hurshat Tal · Hurshat Zakum · Kerem Ben Zimra · Nahal Kziv · Mount Arbel · Mount Carmel · Mount Gilboa · Mount Meron · Mount Tabor · Pa'ar Cave · Rosh HaNikra · Shamir-Nahal Rachum · Shimron · Nahal Taninim · Tel Anafa · Nahal Tavor · Tel Dan · Tel Shikmona · Nahal Yehiam Central District Southern District Eilat Region† Located in the Israeli-occupied territories
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