Nabu-shum-libur

Nabû-šuma-libūr
King of Babylon

Contract of a sale of land imposed by the need to pay a ransom, dated to his 1st year.
Reign 1033 – 1026 BC
Predecessor Marduk-zer-X
Successor Simbar-Šipak
(Dynasty V)
Royal House 2nd Dynasty of Isin

Nabû-šuma-libūr (1033 – 1026 BC) was the 11th and last king of the 2nd Dynasty of Isin, the 4th Dynasty of Babylon. He ruled during a period of instability due to incursions of Aramean nomadic tribesmen in Northwest Babylonia.

Contents

Biography

There is very little extant material for his reign. The legal text pictured[i 1] is from his first year. It was found at Kār-Bēlet-Ilāni near Nippur and details the reimbursement of the šandabakku, or governor, of Nippur with land after he ransomed a man from the enemy.[nb 1]

A stone duck weight[i 2] inscribed Nabû-šuma-libūr, optimistically titled šar kiššati (“king of the world”),[nb 2] found its way to the Northwest palace of Nimrud, where it was discovered by Layard in the mid 19th century, and perhaps indicates continued trade.[1] It was marked 30 minas (about 15 kilograms).

Ominous portents dated for his reign are included in a damaged religious chronicle of the Seleucid era.[i 3] It records, “a lion was lying lurking and they killed it,” a prophecy fulfilled by the fall of the dynasty.[2] The events at the end of his reign are not known, but the dynasty was followed by the 2nd Dynasty of Sealand when a substantial part of southern Mesopotamia seceded.

Inscriptions

  1. ^ Tablet ME 139424, on display in room 55 of the British Museum.
  2. ^ Alabaster duck-weight with two panels of cuneiform inscription; top of bird's head lost; abraded, BM 91432.
  3. ^ The Religious Chronicle, tablet BM 35968 (ABC 17) column 1.

Notes

  1. ^ The “enemy” is recorded as LÚ.KÚR.MEŠ, and is unspecific.
  2. ^ Transliterated: 30 ma- <na> gl-na [ ] sa dAG. Mu-li-bur LUGAL DIN.[ ], translated: “30 mina, correct, of Nabû-šuma-libūr, king of the world.”

References

  1. ^ J. A. Brinkman (2001). Dietz Otto Edzard. ed. Reallexikon Der Assyriologie Und Vorderasiatischen Archaologie: Nab - Nuzi. 9. Walter De Gruyter. p. 34. 
  2. ^ Stephen Bertman (2005). Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. Oxford University Press. p. 97. 

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