The Na or Nga people (Tibetan: ང) is a small tribal group residing in the higher reaches, below the great Himalayan ranges in Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Within the district, they are found in the villages within Taksing circle: Gumsing, Taying, Esnaya, Lingbing, Tongla, Yeja, Reding, Redi, Dadu villages. As of 2000, the tribal population stood at 1,500. However, the Nga are classified together with the Tagin in all official censuses, who are ethnically related to them.
The Nga were believed to have migrated South from the north in Tibet following racial persecution from the Tibetans, but later engaged in trade with the Tibetans after the Nishi served as a mediator between the two groups until recent times. However, relations with their neighbors were often unstable; for instance, the shift of preference of their northern Tibetan trading partners in a 1906 incident resulted in a massacre which claimed many lives from their tribal group.
The Nga are adherents of Tibetan Buddhism but are also influenced by pre-Buddhist Shaman practices. Both Buddhist Lamas and traditional Shamans, known as Nyibu in the native tongue, are employed for religious occasions.
Like most tribes living in higher elevations, they build permanent houses made of stone and cultivate the usable land. One can see villages with terraced fields growing maize, millet, barley, etc. They breed domestic animals including yaks and sheep, and their clothes are made of spun wool.
The Nga are more closely related to the Tagin both ethnically and linguistically than to Tibetans, but they claim to be a separate group, like the Mara who live in Limeking. However, both tribes acknowledge that they share a common ancestry with the Tagin.
- ^ Toni Huber (1999). The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain: Popular Pilgrimage and Visionary Landscape in Southeast Tibet. Oxford University Press. pp. 166–8. ISBN 0195120078.
- ^ Dalvindar Singh Grewal (1997). Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh: Identity, Culture, and Languages. South Asia Publications. p. 197. ISBN 8174330194.
- ^ Rann Singh Mann (1996). Tribes of India: Ongoing Challenges. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.. p. 401. ISBN 8175330074.
- ^ Rann Singh Mann (1996). Tribes of India: Ongoing Challenges. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.. pp. 395–402. ISBN 8175330074.
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
Scheduled tribes (recognised by government)
Aka (Hruso) · Apa Tani · Ashing · Bori · Chikum Dui · Deori · Digaro Mishmi · Gallong · Hill Miri · Khamba · Khamti · Khamyang · Khowa · Lisu · Padam · Palibo · Phake · Memba · Monpa · Miji · Mikir (Karbi) · Minyong · Miju Mishmi (Kaman) · Mishing · Nishi · Nocte · Nga · Ran · Sherdukpen · Singpho · Sulung · Takpa · Tangsa · Tutsa · Wancho · Zekhring
Other tribes (Not recognised by government)
Chugpa · Lishipa
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