A coaster, drink coaster, beverage coaster, or beermat, is used to rest beverages upon. The main purpose is to protect the surface of a table or any other surface where the user might place their beverage.
Public houses usually will have them spread out across the tables. They are used not just to protect the surface of the table, but, as they are usually made of paper, they can also be used to absorb condensation dripping along the glass or serve as an ad-hoc notepad. Beermats are often branded with alcohol advertising. Beermats are not to be confused with bar mats, rectangular pieces of rubber or absorbent material used to protect the counter top and soak up spilled drinks in a bar or pub.
In 1880, the first beermats made of cardboard were introduced by the German printing company, Friedrich Horn. In 1892, Robert Sputh of Dresden manufactured the first beermat made of wood pulp. Watney brewery introduced them to the United Kingdom in 1920 to advertise their pale ale. The packaging company Quarmby Promotions, established in 1872, began manufacturing beermats in Milnsbridge in 1931. After it was taken over by the Katz Group, it moved production to Brighouse and in 2006 to Morley, West Yorkshire, before closing its production in 2009. In 1978, American Coaster Company introduced the United States to the beverage coaster. In 2007, American Coaster Company acquired its competitor, AD-Mat International Coasters USA, Inc. creating the short lived, American Coaster Ad-Mat, Inc. In 2007, The KATZ Group purchased the assets of American Coaster. In 2009, The KATZ Group was purchased by the Koehler Paper Group, the premier paper producer for carbonless and thermal paper needs, also located in Germany.
Saucers were also long used in Europe for much the same purpose. When drinking tea, it was customary to use a cup and saucer set. By the mid-twentieth century, beverage coasters made in many materials and styles were being manufactured for domestic use. Today they are common as a houseware and in restaurants.
The Katz Group, based in Weisenbach, Germany, produces 75% of the estimated 5.5 billion beermats in the world, including about two-thirds of the European market and 97% of the US market. In addition to the factory in Weisenbach, the company has another factory in Großschirma, Germany and two conversion factories in the U.S., one in Sanborn, NY and the other in Johnson City, TN.
Beermats are usually adorned with a customized image—usually advertising a brand of beer, although they can also be used to promote a drinking establishment, sports franchise, businesses or special events. Recently, they have also been used to advertise political messages and parties, such as the UKIP beermats during the 2004 European Elections. Although they appear to be a disposable item, they are in fact quite durable and reusable.
Some coasters are collectible items. Tegestology is a Latin term defined as the practice of collecting beermats or coasters, with practitioners known as tegestologists.
- Saucer, used to support cups
- ^ a b "Tough Times for the Humble Beer Mat". Spiegel Online. SPIEGELnet GmbH. 2009-04-24. http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/0,1518,620780,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- ^ a b c d Atkinson, Simon (2009-05-26). "Last orders for beer mat maker?". BBC News. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8049077.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- ^ Atkinson, Neil (2008-12-01). "Jobs lost as historic beer mat firm moves to Germany". Huddersfield Examiner. Trinity Mirror North West & North Wales Limited. http://www.examiner.co.uk/news/local-west-yorkshire-news/2008/12/01/jobs-lost-as-historic-beer-mat-firm-moves-to-germany-86081-22374560/. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
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