- Mott Archaeological Preserve
16 FR 11
Layout of the mounds at the Mott Site
Coordinates: Location Country: USA Region: Franklin Parish, Louisiana Nearest town: Bonita, Louisiana History Culture: Marksville, Troyville, Coles Creek, Plaquemine Excavation and maintenance Responsible body: private Dates excavated: 1900, 1913, 2005 Notable archaeologists: George Beyer, Clarence Bloomfield Moore, Stephen Williams, Timothy Schilling, Tristram R. Kidder Architecture
The Mott Archaeological Preserve or Mott Mounds Site (16 FR 11) is an archaeological site in Franklin Parish, Louisiana on the west bank of Bayou Macon. It originally had eleven mounds with components from the Marksville, Troyville, Coles Creek, and Plaquemine periods. It was at one time one of the largest mound centers in the Southeast and has one of the largest mounds in Louisiana with a base which cover more than two acres. It was purchased by the Archaeological Conservancy in 2002. and is now used for research and educational purposes.
The site formerly had as many as fourteen mounds, depending on the criteria used to describe a mound. Except for one small outlier to the south all are surrounding an exceptionally large central plaza that is aligned on an east-west axis. The large plaza measures close to 280 metres (920 ft) east to west and 175 metres (574 ft) north to south. These measurements are about three quarters the size of the Grand Plaza at Cahokia, which is the largest Mississippian culture plaza known. Other large sites from the region during the same time period (such as the Raffman, Winterville, or Holly Bluff) could easily fit their entire sites into the confines of Motts plaza. On the western edge of the plaza is Mound A, the largest at the site and one of the largest in the state and possibly the largest in the Tensas Basin region during the time period it was constructed. It is a platform mound about 90 metres (300 ft) by 100 metres (330 ft) at its base, 45 metres (148 ft) by 60 metres (200 ft) at its summit and over 8 metres (26 ft) in height. This produces a footprint that covers an area of over two acres. The eastern and southern borders of the plaza are bounded by two other large platform mounds, Mounds F and I respectively. The northern edge of the plaza has four small dome shaped mounds, aligned along a meander scar of Bayou Macon. 700 metres (2,300 ft) south of the mound group is a large village site thought to be contemporaneous with the mounds.
A number of archaeologists have undertaken excavations and investigations at the site. The earliest were George Beyer in 1900 and Clarence Bloomfield Moore in 1913. In the mid 1960s researchers from the Lower Mississippi Survey of Harvard University led by Stephen Williams sampled the site and fixed it into the local chronology. They found markers from the Marksville, Coles Creek, and Plaquemine cultures, but with the most intensive habitation being during the Coles Creek period. Site surveys were also conducted in 1976 and in 1992, all of which confirmed this chronological placement. The site was purchased in two acquisitions in 2002 by the Archaeological Conservancy to preserve and protect the site which had been threatened by looting, land leveling, and timber harvesting. It is now known as the Mott Archaeological Preserve and is over 200 acres, making it one of the Conservancy’s largest acquisitions in the Southeastern United States to date. In 2005 Mott Project was begun by Timothy Schilling of Washington University in St. Louis and Tristram R. Kidder of Tulane University.
- ^ a b "Southeast Regional Office : Some of Our Southeast Preserves". The Archaeological Conservancy. http://www.americanarchaeology.com/southeastern1.html. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- ^ a b c d "LAS Announcements". LAArchaeology.org. http://www.laarchaeology.org/announce.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ^ a b Schilling, Timothy (Winter 2006-2007), "Archaeology at the Mott Mounds", Newsletter of the Louisiana Archaeological Society, 34 (3 ed.), Louisiana Archaeological Society, pp. 8-12, http://www.laarchaeology.org/files/newsletter343.pdf
Hopewellian peoples Woodland period · List of Hopewell sites · Mound builder (people) · List of archaeological periods (North America) Ohio HopewellBeam Farm · Benham Mound · Cary Village Site · Cedar-Bank Works · Dunns Pond Mound · Ellis Mounds · Ety Enclosure · Ety Habitation Site · Fort Ancient · Fortified Hill Works · Great Hopewell Road · High Banks Works · Hopeton Earthworks · Hopewell Culture National Historical Park · Indian Mound Cemetery · Keiter Mound · Marietta Earthworks · Moorehead Circle · Mound of Pipes · Nettle Lake Mound Group · Newark Earthworks · Oak Mounds · Perin Village Site · Portsmouth Earthworks · Seip Earthworks and Dill Mounds District · Shawnee Lookout · Tremper Mound and Works · Williamson Mound Archeological District Crab Orchard culture Goodall FocusGoodall Site · Norton Mound Group Havana Hopewell culture Kansas City Hopewell Marksville culture Miller cultureBynum Mound and Village Site · Ingomar Mound · Miller Site · Pharr Mounds · Pinson Mounds Point Peninsula ComplexLewiston Mound · Serpent Mounds Park · LeVescounte Mounds Swift Creek culture Other Hopewellian peoplesArmstrong culture · Copena culture · Fourche Maline culture · Laurel Complex · Saugeen Complex · Old Stone Fort (Tennessee) Exotic trade items Related topics · Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley · Black drink · burial mound · Calumet (pipe) · Effigy mound · Hopewell pottery · Horned Serpent · Eastern Agricultural Complex · Underwater panther Coles Creek and Plum Bayou cultures Late Woodland period · List of archaeological periods (North America) Coles Creek sitesAden Site · Balmoral Mounds · Churupa Plantation Mound · Coles Creek Site · Crippen Point site · Cypress Grove Mound · DePrato Mounds · Greenhouse Site · Filhiol Mound Site · Fisher Site · Flowery Mound · Frogmore Mound Site · Ghost Site Mounds · Greenhouse Site · Insley Mounds · Kings Crossing Site · Lamarque Landing Mound · Marsden Mounds · Mazique Archeological Site · Mott Mounds · Mound Plantation · Peck Mounds · Raffman Site · Scott Place Mounds · Shackleford Church Mounds · Sundown Mounds · Transylvania Mounds · Troyville Earthworks · Venable Mound · Wade Landing Mound · Coastal Coles Creek sitesAtchafalaya Basin Mounds (16SMY10) · Bayou Black Mound (16TR78) · Bayou Cypremont (16SMY7) · Bayou Grande Cheniere Mounds · Bayou L’Ours Site · Bayou Portage Mounds · Bayou Sorrel Mounds (16IV4) · Clovelly Site (16LF64) · Cypress Point Site (16VM112) · Eagle Point Site (16IB123) · Gibson Mounds (16TR5) · Greenwood Cemetery Site (16SMY10) · Kleinpeter Mounds · Little Cheniere Site (16CM22) · Little Pecan Island Site (16CM43) · Jerry Haas Site (16SJ51) · Machias Lake (16SB2) · Morgan Mounds (16VM9) · Pecan Mounds (16SM37) · Pennison Mounds (16AS16) · Portage Mounds (16SM5) · Richeau Field Site (16TR82) · Schwing Place Mound (16IV13) · Southwest of Cut Off Lagoon (16SB50) · St. Gabriel Mounds (16IV128) · Temple Mounds Site (16LF4) · Plum Bayou sitesChandler Landing Site · Coy Site (3LN20) · Dogtown Site · Hayes Site (35CS196) · Maberry Site · Roland Site (3AR30) · Toltec Mounds · Related topics · Eastern Agricultural Complex · Fourche Maline culture · Mississippian culture · Natchez · Plaquemine culture · Platform mound · Taensa · Troyville culture · Mississippian and related cultures List of Mississippian sites · Mound builder (people) · Timeline of Mississippi valley Middle Mississippian· Angel Mounds · Angel Phase · Aztalan State Park · Beasley Mounds Site · Big Eddy Site · Boyd Mounds Site · Brentwood Library Site · Brick Church Mound and Village Site · Cahokia · Castalian Springs · Chucalissa · Cloverdale archaeological site · Dickson Mounds · Dunbar Cave · Fewkes Group Archaeological Site · John Roy Site · Kincaid Mounds · Kuhn Station Site · Marshall Site · Millstone Bluff · Mitchell Site · Monks Mound · Mound Bottom · Murphy Mound Archeological Site · Obion Mounds · Old Town Archaeological Site · Orendorf Site · Prather Site · Rowlandton Mound Site · Sellars Indian Mound · Shiloh Indian Mounds Site · Steed-Kisker culture · Sugarloaf Mound · Swallow Bluff Island Mounds · Tolu Site · Towosahgy · Turk Site · Twin Mounds Site · Wickliffe Mounds South Appalachian
MississippianBottle Creek Indian Mounds · Citico · Dauphin Island · Etowah · Fort Walton Culture · Fort Walton Mound · Garden Creek site · Hickory Ridge Cemetery · Hoojah Branch Site · Jere Shine Site · Lake Jackson Mounds · Leon-Jefferson Culture · Letchworth Mounds · Liddell Archeological Site · Moccasin Bend · Moundville · Muscogee (Creek) · Nacoochee Mound · Ocmulgee · Pisgah Phase · Roods Landing · Town Creek Indian Mound · Velda Mound · Waddells Mill Pond Site
Plaquemine MississippianAnna Site · Emerald Mound Site · Fitzhugh Mounds · Flowery Mound · Foster's Mound · Ghost Site Mounds · Grand Village of the Natchez · Holly Bluff Site · Jaketown Site · Julice Mound · Mangum Mound Site · Mazique Archeological Site · Medora Site · Mott Mounds · Pocahontas Mounds · Routh Mounds · Scott Place Mounds · Transylvania Mounds · Venable Mound · Winterville Site · Caddoan Mississippian Upper Mississippian
Late Mississippian /
ProtohistoricAnhaica · Apalachee Province · Belle Meade Phase · Bussell Island · Caddo · Caborn-Welborn culture · Campbell Site · Chiaha · Citico · Coosa chiefdom · Dallas Phase · de Soto Expedition · Eaker Site · Hovey Lake · Joara · Jordan Mounds · Lamar Phase · Mabila · Menard-Hodges Site · Natchez · Nodena Phase · Parkin Site · Slack Farm · Taensa · Tipton Phase · Toqua (Tennessee) · Tunica · Walls Phase
Languages Religion Related topics · American Bottom · Chevron bead · Clarksdale bell · Maize · Mississippian culture pottery · Mill Creek chert · Stone box grave
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mott — can refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Music 4 See also People Basil Mott (1859–1938), British civil engineer … Wikipedia
Cloverdale archaeological site — The Cloverdale archaeological site (23BN2) is an important archaeological site near St. Joseph, Missouri. It is located at the mouth of a small valley that opens into the Missouri River. It was occupied by Kansas City Hopewell (ca. 100 to 500 CE) … Wikipedia
Moundville Archaeological Site — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark … Wikipedia
Mound builder (people) — For other uses, see Mound builder (disambiguation). Monks Mound, located at the Cahokia Mounds UNESCO World Heritage Site near Collinsville, Illinois, is the largest Pre Columbian earthwork in America north of Mesoamerica … Wikipedia
Woodland period — The Woodland period of North American pre Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term Woodland Period was introduced in the 1930s as a generic header for prehistoric sites falling between … Wikipedia
Black drink — Chief Saturiwa prepares his men for battle, from Plate XI of Jacques le Moyne des Morgues engraving of Fort Caroline , Jacques le Moyne and Theodor De Bry. Photo credit The Florida Center for Instructional Technology, University of South Florida… … Wikipedia
Dickson Mounds — U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Oak Mounds — The Oak Mounds is a large prehistoric earthwork mound, and a smaller mound to the west. They are located outside Clarksburg, in Harrison County, West Virginia. Contents 1 Mounds … Wikipedia
Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark … Wikipedia
Old Stone Fort (Tennessee) — Old Stone Fort U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia