Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc. Type Public company Traded as NYSE: MMI Industry Telecommunications Fate Acquisition pending by Google Predecessor Motorola, Inc. Founded January 4, 2011 Headquarters Libertyville, Illinois, U.S. Key people Sanjay Jha (Chairman and CEO) Products Mobile phones, Smartphones, Tablets Revenue US$ 11.460 billion (2010) Operating income US$ 76 million (2010) Net income US$ 79 million (2010) Total assets US$ 6.204 billion (2010) Total equity US$ 1.755 billion (2010) Owner(s) Motorola, Inc. (1928–2011)
Employees 19,000 (2010) Website motorola.com
Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: MMI), formerly the Mobile Devices division of Motorola Inc. until January 2011, is a communications corporation headquartered in Libertyville, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. Motorola's networks division (named Personal Communication Section (PCS) before 2004) pioneered the flip phone with the StarTAC in the mid-1990s. Motorola had a commanding lead in the analog cellphone market, but failed to move quickly to digital technology, giving a way for global rivals such as Nokia and Samsung Electronics to leap ahead.
Motorola continued to experience a major crisis with its handset division, which recorded a $1.2 billion loss in Q4 2007. Its global market share had been continuously on the decline; from 18.4% of the market in 2007, it had a share of just 9.7% by 2008. In 2010, Motorola's global market share had dropped to seventh place.
Motorola Mobility was formerly known as the Mobile Devices division of Motorola until it was spun-off as a separate entity in January of 2011. Motorola Mobility consists of the Mobile Devices business which produces smartphones and the Home business which produces set-top boxes and end-to-end video solutions.
In 2002–2003, Motorola's Mobile Devices department reinvented itself. Three areas of significant improvement were user friendliness, design and brand. Motorola started paying more attention to the user experience, and models such as the v300, v400 and v600 (called the triplets) were among the first to boast an easy user interface. Coupled with this improvement, Motorola stressed design and brand image. The result of constant effort in this direction led to the RAZR V3.
In 2004, Motorola released the RAZR V3. Motorola released other phones based on the RAZR design. These include the PEBL U6, SLVR L6, SLVR L7 (more expensive variant of SLVR L6), RAZR V3c (CDMA), RAZR V3i (with upgraded camera and appearance), V3x (supports 3G technology and has a 2 MP camera), RAZR V3xx (supports 3.5G technology) and RAZR maxx V6 (supports 3.5G technology and has a 2 MP camera) announced on July 2006.
Unfortunately, Motorola capitalized on the RAZR too long and it was also slow adopting 3G. The company lost market share to Samsung and LG Electronics. By 2007, without new cellphones that carriers wanted to offer, Motorola sold tens of millions of RAZRs and their offshoots by slashing prices, causing margins to collapse in the process. Under Zander, Ron Garriques who was responsible for the successful RAZR departed for Dell Inc., while Stu Reed failed to turn around the struggling mobile handset division.
Motorola shifted its Operating systems from their proprietary software to Google's Android operating system and in October 2009, Motorola announced a forthcoming smartphone named "Droid" that launched on the Verizon network on November 6, 2009. "Droid" was a major success for Motorola Mobile Devices. It received the prestigious "Time Gadget of the Year" award in 2009. In 2010, Motorola launched "Droid X" and "Droid 2". Droid X was a major success, which has helped Motorola to regain much of its market share in the US.
The division began trading as a separate independent company on January 4, 2011.
Atrix 4G and Droid Bionic
On January 5, 2011, Motorola Mobility announced that the Atrix 4G and the Droid Bionic were headed to AT&T and Verizon (respectively), with expected release dates in Q1 of 2011. The Atrix was released on February 22 as the world's first phone with both a Dual-Core Processor and 1GB of RAM. The phone also had optional peripherals such as a Multimedia Dock and a Laptop Dock which launched a Webtop UI. Soon after the Atrix release, Motorola released the Xoom tablet two days later on February 24 as the world's first Android 3.0 tablet, and followed it up shortly afterwards with an update to make it the world's first Android 3.1 tablet.
Acquisition by Google
On August 15, 2011, Google announced that it would acquire Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion, subject to approval from regulators in the United States and Europe. In a post on Google's blog, Google Chief Executive Officer and co-founder, Larry Page, revealed that Google's acquisition of Motorola Mobility is a strategic move to strengthen Google's patent portfolio. The company's Android operating system has recently come under fire in an industry-wide patent battle, in which Android manufacturers HTC, Motorola, and Samsung have been sued for alleged patent infringement, by Microsoft, Oracle and Apple. The Motorola Mobility acqusition is considered a means of protecting the viability of Android. Google has stated that it will run Motorola as an independent company. On November 17, 2011, Motorola announced that its shareholders voted in favor of the company's acquisition by Google Inc. for $12.5 billion.
- ^ a b c d e f "2010 Form 10-K, Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc.". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1495569/000119312511040013/d10k.htm.
- ^ "Motorola profit slides on mobile woes; shares hit 5-year low". MarketWatch. 2008-01-23. http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/motorolas-quarterly-profit-declines-84/story.aspx?guid=%7BCC01CF82%2DC434%2D4C1E%2D97B5%2DFBEF11D78E44%7D&siteid=yhoof. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- ^ "Gartner Says Worldwide Mobile Device Sales to End Users Reached 1.6 billion Units in 2010; Smartphone Sales Grew 72 Percent in 2010: Apple and RIM Displaced Sony Ericsson and Motorola in Mobile Device Manufacturers Ranking". Gartner. February 9, 2011. http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=1543014.
- ^ a b "Supercharging Android: Google to acquire Motorola". Google Blog. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2011/08/supercharging-android-google-to-acquire.html. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ Bradshaw, Tim (08-15-11). "Google buys Motorola mobile phone division". The Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/e906bedc-c734-11e0-a9ef-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1V6DVHjMP. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ Mike Mclean, EDN. "Google and Motorola - A match made in patent heaven?." September 15, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- ^ a b "Motorola Mobility Launches as Independent Company - Press Releases - Motorola Mobility, Inc". Mediacenter.motorola.com. http://mediacenter.motorola.com/Press-Releases/Motorola-Mobility-Launches-as-Independent-Company-352b.aspx. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- ^ Kawamoto, Dawn; Krazit, Tom (November 30, 2007). "Motorola's Zander out after Razr deemed one-hit wonder". CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/Motorolas-Zander-out-after-Razr-deemed-one-hit-wonder/2100-1036_3-6220913.html.
- ^ a b Burrows, Peter (November 16, 2009). "Moto Droid Off To A Good Start. But Is It Good Enough?". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/the_thread/techbeat/archives/2009/11/moto_droid_off.html.
- ^ "Motorola's Zander Has Real Trouble Now". Forbes. February 20, 2007. http://www.forbes.com/2007/02/20/motorola-dell-zander-pf-ii-in_jl_0220soapbox_inl.html.
- ^ Segan, Sascha (2009-10-18). "Verizon Tips Oct. 30 for 'Droid' Phone". Pcmag.com. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2354388,00.asp. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- ^ Perez, Marin. "DROID does – but Motorola can't rest on its laurels". http://www.knowyourcell.com/features/507569/droid_does_but_motorola_cant_rest_on_its_laurels.html. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- ^ Grossman, Lev (December 8, 2009). "The Top 10 Everything of 2009 – Top 10 Gadgets". Time Inc.. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1945379_1944278_1944280,00.html. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- ^ Dignan, Larry. "Motorola: Droid X Selling 'Extremely Well". http://seekingalpha.com/article/232957-motorola-droid-x-selling-extremely-well-third-quarter-shines. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- ^ Savov, Vlad. "Take a Look at the World’s First Dual Core Phone". http://www.entertainmentbuddha.com/take-a-look-at-the-worlds-first-dual-core-phone-motorola/. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ "Atrix 4G with Laptop Dock". www.atrix4gsmartphone.com. Motorola Atrix 4G. http://www.atrix4gsmartphone.com. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- ^ Kamal, Kal. "Meanwhile, Motorola launches world’s first Android 3.0 Honeycomb tablet XOOM in Malaysia". http://www.greyreview.com/2011/04/29/meanwhile-motorola-launches-worlds-first-android-3-0-honeycomb-tablet-xoom-in-malaysia/. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Bowman, Arthur. "Android 3.1 Honeycomb Update To Verizon Motorola XOOM Users First". http://bwone.com/android-3-1-honeycomb-update-to-verizon-motorola-xoom-users-first/. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Tsukayama, Hayley (August 15, 2011). "Google agrees to acquire Motorola Mobility". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/faster-forward/post/google-agrees-to-acquire-motorola-mobility/2011/08/15/gIQABmTkGJ_blog.html. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ "Google to Acquire Motorola Mobility". Google Inc. Investor Relations. August 15, 2011. http://investor.google.com/releases/2011/0815.html. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ "Google CEO: 'Anticompetitive' Apple, Microsoft forced Motorola deal". Apple Insider. August 15, 2011. http://www.appleinsider.com/articles/11/08/15/google_ceo_anticompetitive_apple_microsoft_forced_motorola_deal.html. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ Drummond, David (August 3, 2011). "When patents attack Android". Official Google Blog. Google Inc. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2011/08/when-patents-attack-android.html. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- ^ Richtel, Matt; Wortham, Jenna (August 21, 2011). "Motorola’s Identity Crisis". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/22/technology/after-google-motorola-to-face-identity-crisis.html.
- ^ Latif, Lawrence (November 18, 2011). "Motorola Mobility shareholders vote in favour of Google merger". The Inquirer. http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/2126017/motorola-mobility-shareholders-vote-favour-google-merger.
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