- Moskovskiye Vedomosti
The newspaper was established by the Moscow University a year after its own foundation, in 1756. With a circulation of 600, the newspaper was printed by the university press, featuring mainly official announcements and articles by university professors.
In 1779, the press was leased to the first Russian journalist, Nikolay Novikov, who reformed the weekly thoroughly, introduced supplements on literature and art, and raised its circulation to 4,000. Novikov edited the Moscow News until 1789, but his immediate successors continued along the same lines.
The newspaper was published once a week until 1812, twice a week until 1842, thrice a week until 1859 and daily since then. Mikhail Katkov, who was the paper's editor in 1850-55 and 1863-87, made the daily reflect his increasingly conservative views. Under his guidance, the influence of the Moscow News rose to new heights and the circulation reached 12,000.
The daily gradually acquired a semi-official character, although nominally owned by the university until 1909, when it was taken over by the Black Hundred circles. The newspaper was closed by the Bolsheviks on 9 November 1917, two days after the October Revolution.
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