Moravská gobelínová manufaktura

Moravská gobelínová manufaktura
Moravská gobelínová manufaktura

The entrance door to the Manufactory
Established 1898
Location Valašské Meziříčí, CZ
Type Tapestry
Director Jan T. Sryček
Website MGM

The Moravská gobelínová manufaktura — MGM, is a tapestry manufactory located in the town of Valašské Meziříčí, in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. The manufactory has been involved in the area of hand-made classical and artistic tapestries, restoring and also creating new pieces with modern themes for more than fifty years. It is considered the first tapestry manufactory in Czechoslovakia,[1] and the only workshop of this kind in Moravia and Silesia.[2]

The workshop, textile manufactory and museum, is also well known for its collaborative works with Czech artists and architects. Its main focus is deeply rooted in preserving the principal technical methods of fine manual work.[3] The manufactory and school of Gobelin tapestry idealized by painter and tapestry designer Rudolf Schlattauer, has now been in activity for more than one hundred years.



The first stage in the history of the Moravská gobelínová manufaktura in Valašské Meziříčí dates back to the 19th century, when the author Rudolf Schlattauer materialized his idea of opening a tapestry-weaving workshop. After training as painter at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, Schlattauer studied and practiced painting in other European cities, spending a period of time in Scandinavia.[4] There, he became acquainted with the local manufacture of hand-woven tapestry. Schlattauer Scandinavian sojourn is generally considered a turning point in his subsequent professional activities. In 1898, after returning from the Nordic countries, he established a tapestry-weaving practice in the village of Zašová, near the Moravian town of Valašské Meziříčí.[5] The region's traditional textile cottage industry and in turn skilled work force were viewed as assets for the tapestry workshop's most successful operation.


During its initial years, however, the plant confronted difficulties, particularly of economic type. The protracted problems with sales of the product led to the request for official funding support, which ultimately resulted in the manufactory's takeover by the Moravian Regional Committee, followed by its transformation into the Jubilee Regional Tapestry and Carpet School, located in Valašské Meziříčí. Artistically, the school's initial period is associated with textile designs created by its director Rudolf Schlattauer: his tapestries, screens and furniture upholstery feature Art Nouveau motifs, shapes and ornamentation. Of equal importance was the Valašské Meziříčí manufactory's collaboration with Czech painter Hanuš Schwaiger, Schlattauer's fellow student from the Vienna Academy. The factory produced tapestries based on Schwaiger's decorative patterns, and their variations were much more in demand in later years. The woven wall tapestry as well as the manufactory's second main article, the hand-knotted carpet, were perceived as potential style-forming components in the decoration of interior spaces and as such inspired the manufactory to turn to architects. These included Dušan Jurkovič, Jan Kotěra and a large number of their students and followers, many of whom were engaged at the School for Fine Woodworking in Valašské Meziříčí after their Prague studies. The fabrics produced under the directorship of Schlattauer's successor Jaro Kučera are characterized, in terms of styhle, by a decorativist Art Deco idiom and, thematically, by an espousal of figural subjects related to the newly-established Czechoslovakia — to those of work and life in the young republic.

In the 20th century

The creative partnership between the tapestry establishment and visual artists, through which paintings were translated into textile form, continued to flourish; tapestries were woven from designs by artists Václav Špála, František Süser, and many others. The ensuing 1930s were marked by a minimalist artistic expression, distinctive of functionalist-style carpet designs. During World War I, the manufactory's art production stagnated due to the lack of fine-quality material for tapestry weaving. In 1946, a new management was appointed to the plant and its specialization was expanded to include the restoration of historical tapestries and production of hand-woven carpets. The following year saw the establishment of cooperation with foreign companies, among them the French traditional tapestry workshop in Aubusson. In the 1950s, a tapestry was made for the Triennale in Milan from a design by Pravoslak Kotík and another piece was produced from a pattern by Ludmila Kybalová for the World's Fair Expo '58 in Brussels.[6] In the 1960s, the manufactory collaborated with the textile designer Antonín Kybal and a sizable group of his students. Jan T. Sryček, the current director of the Moravská Gobelínová Manufaktura, was also enrolled in Kybal's studio at the Academy of Arts, Archtecture and Design in Prague. Sryček has been representing the manufactory's modern history from the early 1990s. Apart from textile design work, Sryček also initiated the Actual Textile Art project. The purpose of this initiative has been to resurrect the manufactory's time-tested collaboration with contemporary artists. Over the years, a host of prominent embodying many different styles and distinctive aesthetic approches have been invited to express themselves through the medium of wool.

See also


  1. ^ Periodical Journal (1969), Welcome to Czechoslovakia, Praha: Orbis, Vol. 4, p. 52. ISSN 0043-2210
  2. ^ "Moravian Wallachia". Tapestry workshop in Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  3. ^ PhDr. Kateřina Tlachová. "The Moravian Gallery in 2003" (PDF). Moravska Galerie. p. 16. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Howard, Jeremy (1997). Art nouveau: international and national styles in Europe, Manchester University Press, p. 88. ISBN 0719041619
  5. ^ Unknown (2005). "The Reception of British Art in Central Europec. 1900" (PDF). Historians of German & Central European Art & Architecture. p. 13.,%20Wzorce%20Tozsamosci.pdf. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Evan Deterling (2008). "Ghosting - Part One". The Journal of Downscale Living. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 49°28′12.7″N 17°58′5.8″E / 49.470194°N 17.968278°E / 49.470194; 17.968278

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gobelins Manufactory — For other uses, see Gobelins (disambiguation). Manufacture des Gobelins, Paris. The Manufacture des Gobelins is a tapestry factory located in Paris, France, at 42 avenue des Gobelins, near the Les Gobelins métro station in the XIIIe… …   Wikipedia

  • William Morris — For other people named William Morris, see William Morris (disambiguation). William Morris William Morris by George Frederic Watts, 1870 Born 24 March 18 …   Wikipedia

  • Morris & Co. — A Morris Co. stained glass window to a design by Edward Burne Jones installed in Malmesbury Abbey. The window shows characteristic themes based on Arthurian legends. This article is about the decorative arts firm. For the Chicago meatpacking… …   Wikipedia

  • Mille-fleur — Tapestry The Triumph of Death, or the Three Fates with a typical mille fleurs background, Flemish, c. 1510 20. Mille fleurs (French), also in English millefleur or mille fleur literally means thousand flowers and refers to a background made of… …   Wikipedia

  • New World Tapestry — The New World Tapestry is the largest stitched embroidery in the world,[1] larger than the Bayeux Tapestry. It depicts English colonisation attempts in Newfoundland, North America, the Guyanas and Bermuda between the years 1583 and 1642, when the …   Wikipedia

  • Överhogdal tapestries — Viking ship, detail from the Överhogdal tapestries The Överhogdal tapestries (Överhogdalstapeten) are a group of extraordinary well preserved textiles dating from the Viking Age that were discovered in Överhogdal, Sweden …   Wikipedia

  • Mortlake Tapestry Works — were established alongside the River Thames at Mortlake, then outside, but near west London in 1619 by Sir Francis Crane. Contents 1 Royal Patronage 2 The Tapestries 2.1 Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight …   Wikipedia

  • Devonshire Hunting Tapestries — Boar and Bear Hunt, The Devonshire Hunting Tapestries, late 1420s V A Museum no. T.204 1957 The Devonshire Hunting Tapestries are a group of four magnificent Flemish tapestries dating from the mid fifteenth century. These enormous works, each… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.