Mo Brooks Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
Incumbent Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded by Parker Griffith Madison County District 5 Commissioner In office
Preceded by Rob Colson Succeeded by Phil Riddick Member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 10th District In office
Preceded by James C. Haney Succeeded by Tom Drake Member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 18th District In office
Preceded by Charlie Britnell Succeeded by Frank Riddick Personal details Born April 29, 1954 
Charleston, South Carolina
Political party Republican Spouse(s) Martha Brooks Residence Huntsville, Alabama Alma mater Duke University, University of Alabama Occupation Business Lawyer Website brooks.house.gov
- 1 Early life
- 2 Pre-congressional political career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Controversies
- 5 Political positions
- 6 Electoral history
- 7 Personal life
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Brooks was born in 1954 in Charleston, South Carolina,and moved to Huntsville, Alabama, in 1963. His father, Jack Brooks, was raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and worked as an electrical engineer before retiring from Redstone Arsenal's Metrology Center. His mother, Betty Brooks, taught economics and government for over 20 years at Lee High School, while he attended Grissom High School. They still live in Madison County, Alabama.
Brooks graduated from Grissom High School in 1972. He graduated from Duke University in three years with a double major in political science and economics. Brooks later graduated from the University of Alabama School of Law in 1978.
Pre-congressional political career
Brooks started his legal career with the Tuscaloosa District Attorney’s office. Brooks left the Tuscaloosa District Attorney’s office in 1980 to return to Huntsville as a law clerk for presiding Circuit Court Judge John David Snodgrass. During every year except when he was serving as a prosecutor or court clerk, Brooks was a practicing lawyer. In 1993, he became of counsel to the firm of Leo and Associates, a business law firm with a national focus founded by Karl W. Leo. He became a partner in the firm which was reorganized as Leo & Brooks, LLC. He maintained a national practice that specialized in commercial litigation. <martindale-hubble law directory and Karl W. Leo>
Alabama House of Representatives
In 1982, Brooks was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives and was subsequently re-elected in 1983, 1986 and 1990. While in the legislature, Brooks was elected Republican House Caucus Chairman three times.
Madison County political offices
In 1991, Brooks was appointed Madison County District Attorney. In 1992, he ran for the office, but lost to Democrat Tim Morgan; a Republican had not been elected to the office since the Reconstruction era.
In 1995–1996, Mo Brooks was appointed special assistant attorney general for then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions. From 1996–2002, he was appointed special assistant attorney general for then Attorney General Bill Pryor.
In 1996, Brooks ran for the Madison County Commission and unseated an 8-year incumbent Republican. He was reelected to the Commission in 2000, 2004, and 2008.
U.S. House of Representatives
In the November 2, 2010, general election, Brooks defeated Democratic nominee Steve Raby 58% to 42%. In the June 1, 2010, GOP primary Brooks defeated Republican incumbent Parker Griffith. In the primary, Brooks received 51% of the vote, narrowly avoiding a run-off. Griffith received 33% of the primary vote while conservative activist Les Phillip received 16%.
Larry Sabato, Charlie Cook, and Real Clear Politics rated this race "Likely Republican". CQPolitics, Stuart Rothenberg, and the New York Times rated the race "Safe Republican". Nate Silver in the FiveThirtyEight.com New York Times blog predicted that there was a 94.1% chance that Brooks would defeat Raby.
Brooks easily defeated Raby with 57 percent of the vote, becoming the first freshman Republican to represent this district since Reconstruction.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Science, Space and Technology
- Republican Study Committee
In April 2011, Brooks stated, during a congressional speech, "Folks, we are here today forcing this issue because America is at risk. We are at risk of insolvency and bankruptcy because the socialist members of this body choose to spend money that we do not have." After Brooks made this remark, Democratic Congressman Keith Ellison asked that Brooks' comments be "taken down." This request forced Brooks to either have the comment stricken from the record or defend the remark and wait until later in the day for a formal ruling over whether or not the comment was inappropriate. Brooks chose to have the remark withdrawn before he continued with his speech. Ellison accepted the withdrawal.
Afterwards, Brooks stated that he did not regret his initial remark and that he thought those who objected to his comment, particularly those within the Democratic Party, were "thin-skinned." He stated, "People could quite clearly infer that socialism is what the other guys are promoting." He also said that anyone offended by his remark probably did not know the difference between a socialist economic system and a communist political system.
On June 29, 2011, in an interview with reporter Venton Blandin of WHNT-TV, Brooks was asked by Blandin to repeat what he had previously stated at a town hall meeting about illegal immigrants. Brooks repeated his previous statement, saying, "As your congressman on the house floor, I will do anything short of shooting them. Anything that is lawful, it needs to be done because illegal aliens need to quit taking jobs from American citizens."  In an editorial for the Daily Sentinel, Brad Shurett expressed disapproval of Brooks' comments, saying "I wish the congressman would choose his words more wisely. Language like that doesn’t represent true leadership. My hope is Congressman Brooks had a temporary lapse in judgment." 
Brooks went on to say that Birmingham, a city where Alabama's strict immigration law has been criticized, needed to prepare to spend more money if it wants to be a sanctuary city for illegal immigrants. He told Blandin, "They need to start picking up the tab that American citizens are having to pick up. If Birmingham wants to be a sanctuary city, or wants to head in that direction, that is their decision. They are absolutely wrong."
Brooks also has stated that he feels Congress will probably do nothing about illegal immigration in the coming years.
Abortion and stem cell research
He is opposed to federal funding for abortions and is also against federal funding of Planned Parenthood. Brooks was a co-sponsor of Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, which would have ended the federal funding of Planned Parenthood.
Representative Brooks has stated that he believes that the economy is the sole issue for Congress. He has stated, "Financial issues overshadow everything else going on in Washington. That one set of issues is sucking everything else out of the room.”
Mo Brooks has stated that he supports reforming Social Security,, including allowing individuals to invest some of their Social Security money in private retirement accounts.  Brooks has stated on his website that he does not support the full privatization of Social Security, "because the stock market and many other investments are simply too volatile."
Brooks also supports the plan proposed by Paul Ryan to shift Medicare from a publicly run program to one that is managed by private insurers. He believes that if the national debt of the United States continues to grow, the damage done to the nation will be catastrophic. Brooks is opposed to increasing taxes and will not support raising the debt ceiling unless cuts of between 300 and 500 billion dollars are made. 
Brooks has also stated that he supports the Fair Tax proposal.
While at a monthly breakfast meeting of the Madison County Republican Men's Club, Brooks referred to the jobs bill proposed by President Obama as the "Obama 'kill jobs' bill." He told the crowd that it adds to the debt, promotes "frivolous lawsuits", and creates new government agencies. He challenged the President's promotion of the bill saying, "If Barack Obama is serious about jobs, how about repealing Obama-care, dealing with illegal immigration and urging the Democrat-controlledSenate to pass pro-jobs bills that have already cleared in the House."  At the same meeting, Brooks compared the recession of 2008 (and its after effects) with the Great Depression, saying that the problems associated with the Great Depression are "a cakewalk compared to what can happen to our country if we don't start acting responsibly in Washington, D.C., to try to get this deficit under control." 
Brooks believes that "we cannot continue to be the world police."  He has expressed disappointment that the U.S. military didn't leave Afghanistan immediately after the death of Osama bin Laden on May 1, 2011.
He also has expressed his disapproval over NATO military actions in Libya that the United States has been involved in. He has stated, "I reject the President’s position that the way to prevent Libyans from killing Libyans is by Americans killing Libyans." He voted against H.R. 2278 and, after voting, released this statement:
- "We should be out of Libya altogether, and not voting piecemeal on parts of the operation. While this bill excludes some operations in Libya, it approves many others. The lesson from Vietnam is that the one sure way to lose a war is by fighting it half-way."
Brooks is opposed to "Obamacare" and has said that the committee that passed it didn't understand it. He signed the Club for Growth's "Repeal-It!" pledge that stated that upon his election to Congress that he would "sponsor and support legislation to repeal any federal health care takeover passed in 2010, and replace it with real reforms that lower health care costs without growing government."  He was also endorsed by the website Defundit.org for his stance on the health care reform bill. Brooks co-sponsored H.R. 127, which would have removed all funding from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and any amendments made by either act.
According to a survey by the Christian Coalition, Brooks is also opposed to the idea of government-run health care.  He voted yes on repealing the Prevention and Public Health Fund in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. 
Brooks is opposed to allowing illegal immigrants to remain in the United States. As part of his 2010 campaign, he advocated getting the federal government "out of the way so state and local governments can help solve the problem."   He also advocated making it "unprofitable" for employers to hire illegal immigrants over American citizens.
Brooks has co-sponsored 14 immigration-reducing bills since taking office in January 2011. 
Technology and Communication
Alabama Republican primary, 5th Congressional district, 2010 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Mo Brooks 35,746 50.81% Republican Parker Griffith 23,525 33.44% Republican Les Phillip 11,085 15.76% Alabama 5th Congressional district election, 2010 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Mo Brooks 130,927 57.9% Democratic Steve Raby 95,078 42.1%
Brooks met Martha Jenkins of Toledo, Ohio at Duke University. They were married in 1976. Martha graduated from the University of Alabama with a degree in accounting. In 2004, Martha attended the University of Alabama in Huntsville for a degree in teaching and currently teaches at Whitesburg Middle School in Huntsville. They have four children and two granddaughters. Brooks joined the LDS Church in 1978, and though he still attends Mormon services with his wife, he considers himself a non-denominational Christian.
- ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=208790
- ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=217177
- ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=216888
- ^ a b "Guide to the New Congress". CQ Roll Call. 2010-11-04. http://innovation.cq.com/newmember/2010elexnguide.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- ^ http://www.legistorm.com/memberbio/2724/Rep_Mo_Brooks_AL.html
- ^ Khan, Naureen (October 13, 2010). "Mo Brooks (R)". National Journal.
- ^ a b Brooks, Morris (November 2, 2010). "Morris J. "Mo" Brooks, Jr. Biography". Madison County Commission. http://www.co.madison.al.us/about/dist5/. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- ^ a b Chapman, Beth (2010-06-11). "2010 Election Information, Primary Election – June 1, 2010, Election Results – Republican Primary (Excel file; 6/11//2010)". Alabama Secretary of State. http://www.sos.alabama.gov/Elections/2010/ElectionInfo2010.aspx. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- ^ Cillizza, Chris (2010-06-02). "Party switcher Parker Griffith, Rep. Artur Davis lose in Alabama primaries". Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/thefix/governors/national-republicans-get-their.html. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Alabama Republican Rep. Parker Griffith was soundly defeated in a Republican primary tonight, the second party switcher to lose an intraparty fight in the past two weeks. Madison County Commissioner Mo Brooks had 51 percent of the vote to Griffith's 33 percent and 16 percent for Les Phillip with 99 percent of precincts reporting."
- ^ Stephens, Challen (2010-06-01). "Parker Griffith concedes: It's Mo Brooks vs. Steve Raby". The Huntsville Times. http://blog.al.com/breaking/2010/06/parker_griffith_concedes_its_b.html. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- ^ Blandin, Venton (2010-06-02). "Mo Brooks Wins Alabama's 5th District Congressional Primary Race". WHNT-TV. http://www.whnt.com/news/whnt-mo-brooks-wins-congressional-primary,0,7233646.story. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Brooks won the GOP ticket with 51% the vote. The majority vote means almost 36,000 people picked Brooks over his opponents-- Les Phillip and Incumbent Congressman Parker Griffith."
- ^ Stephens, Challen (2010-08-25). "Times Watchdog Report: National Republicans back Mo Brooks, Democrats undeclared on Steve Raby". The Huntsville Times. http://blog.al.com/breaking/2010/08/times_watchdog_report_national.html. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Meanwhile, the Republicans in congress have adopted Mo Brooks, slapping on him their highest label for a hot prospect: Young Gun."
- ^ Sabato, Larry; Issac Wood (2010-08-28). "Alabama (05) House 2010". Sabato's Crystal Ball. http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball/alabama-05-house-2010/. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Likely R"
- ^ Cook, Charlie (2010-11-02). "House". Cook Political Report. http://www.cookpolitical.com/races/house/chart.php. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Likely R"
- ^ "Alabama 5th District – Brooks vs. Raby". Real Clear Politics. 2010-11-02. http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/2010/house/al/alabama_5th_district_brooks_vs_raby-1370.html. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Likely GOP"
- ^ "Alabama – 5th District". CQPolitics. 2010-11-02. http://www.cqpolitics.com/wmspage.cfm?docID=district-2010-AL-05. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Safe Republican"
- ^ Rothenberg, Stuart (2010-11-01). "House Ratings". Rothenberg Political Report. http://rothenbergpoliticalreport.com/ratings/house. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- ^ "Alabama 5th District Profile". New York Times. 2010-11-02. http://elections.nytimes.com/2010/house/alabama/5. Retrieved 2010-11-02. "Solid Republican"
- ^ Silver, Nate (2010-10-20). "FiveThirtyEight Forecasts Alabama 5th District". New York Times. http://elections.nytimes.com/2010/house/alabama/5. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- ^ a b Blandin, Venton (29 Jun 2011). "Congressman Mo Brooks Makes Strong Comments on Illegal Immigration Law". http://www.whnt.com/news/whnt-congressman-mo-brooks-makes-strong-comments-on-illegal-immigration-law-20110628,0,1001498.story. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- ^ Shurett, Brad (1 July 2011). "New law is not the answer". The Daily Sentinel. http://thedailysentinel.com/opinion/editorials/article_ccb48d72-a434-11e0-8c13-001cc4c03286.html. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- ^ a b c d Lawson, Brian (12 June 2011). "U.S. Rep. Mo Brooks warns government has dire financial problems". The Huntsville Times. http://blog.al.com/breaking/2011/06/us.html. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- ^ a b "Mo Brooks on Abortion". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/House/Mo_Brooks_Abortion.htm. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- ^ a b c d Delinski, Bernie (30 Jun 2011). "Brooks: Economy biggest issue". TimesDaily. http://www.timesdaily.com/article/20110701/NEWS/110639978?Title=Brooks-Economy-biggest-issue. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- ^ a b c "Seniors' Issues". Mo Brooks for Congress. http://mobrooksforcongress.com/?page_id=434. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- ^ "Public Notes on 10-CC-q6". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/Notebook/Note_10-CC-q6.htm. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- ^ "Mo Brooks on Social Security". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/House/Mo_Brooks_Social_Security.htm. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f "Mo Brooks on Health Care". On the Issues. On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/House/Mo_Brooks_Health_Care.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ a b c d Kesner, Keith (17 September 2011). "Mo Brooks warns of threat to nation from deficits, says Obama employment plan a 'kill jobs' bill". The Huntsville TImes. http://blog.al.com/breaking/2011/09/mo_brooks.html. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ a b Brooks, Mo. "6/24/2011, Congressman Brooks' Statement on Libya". http://brooks.house.gov/press-release/6242011-congressman-brooks-statement-libya. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- ^ "Endorsements". DefundIt.org - Pledge to DeFund Obamacare!. http://defundit.org/?page_id=6. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ a b c "Mo Brooks on Immigration". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/House/Mo_Brooks_Immigration.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ "Freshman Rep. Mo Brooks Co-Sponsors 14 Immigration-Reduction Bills". Congress Watch. NumbersUSA. http://www.numbersusa.com/content/node/12324. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ "Mo Brooks on Technology". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/House/Mo_Brooks_Technology.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ "Vote number 11-HV192 terminating funding for National Public Radio on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill H.1076 Prohibit Federal Funds for NPR Results: Passed 228-192". On the Issues. On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/HouseVote/Party_11-HV192.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ "H.R.1076". Bill Summary & Status 112th Congress (2011 - 2012). The Library of Congress. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:h.r.01076:. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ Brooks, Mo. Parker Griffith Attacks Mo Brooks With False “Push Polling”.
- Congressman Mo Brooks official U.S. House site
- Mo Brooks for Congress official campaign site
- Biography at WhoRunsGov.com at The Washington Post
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Voting record maintained by The Washington Post
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance at LegiStorm.com
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Campaign contributions at the National Institute for Money in State Politics
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- AL – District 5 from OurCampaigns.com
- 2010 Alabama – 5th District from CQ Politics
United States House of Representatives Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district
January 3, 2011 – present
United States order of precedence Preceded by
United States Representatives by seniority
Alabama's current delegation to the United States Congress Senators Representatives Other states'
delegationsAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
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