Minuscule 36

New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 36
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at National Library of France
Size 29.3 cm by 21.3 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 36 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A20 (von Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has complex contents and full marginalia.



The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels on 509 parchment leaves (29.3 cm by 21.3 cm). The text is written in 1 column per page, 19 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Canon tables, Prolegomena to Mark, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, prolegomena, pictures, and commentaries (in Mark Victorinus).[4]

It contains a questionable scholion to the Longer ending of Mark.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]

It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[6]

In Luke 16:19 the manuscript has scholion on a margin of uncertain date ευρον δε τινες και του πλουσιου εν τισιν αντιγραφοις τουνομα Νινευης λεγομενον. The same scholion has manuscript 37.[7] Now we have only one Greek manuscript with textual variant ονοματι Ν[ιν]ευης (with the name N[in]eue) in Luke 16:19 - Papyrus 75. This reading has also Sahidic version.[8]


The manuscript was held in the monastery Great Lavra of in Mount Athos (St. Athanasius).[4] It came from the Athos to the France.[3]

Montfaucon was the first who examined and described the manuscript. Then it was examined and described by Wettstein, Scholz, and Paulin Martin.[9] The text of the Revelation was collated by Hoskier (1929).

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Wettstein. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[3]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Coislin Gr. 20) at Paris.[2]

See also



  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. http://www.archive.org/stream/diegriechischen00greggoog#page/n59/mode/2up. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 48.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 137. http://www.archive.org/stream/textkritikdesne00greggoog#page/n149/mode/2up. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). Cambridge, London: George Bell & Sons. p. 196. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission and Limitations, Clarendon Press: Oxford 1977, p. 136.
  8. ^ Philip Comfort, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (2001), p. 551.
  9. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 46-47

Further reading

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