Minuscule 2053

New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 2053
Text Book of Revelation
Date 13th centuiry
Script Greek
Now at Messina
Size 26.8 x 21 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Note close to A, C, and 2062

Minuscule 2053 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Oα31 (von Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on 138 parchment leaves (26.8 by 21 cm). Paleografically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[1]



The codex contains only the text of the Book of Revelation with the commentary on that Bοοk by Oecumenius. The text is written in two columns per page, in 24 lines per page.[2]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Textual value is higher than Codex Sinaiticus (in Revelation) and is comparable with manuscripts Codex Alexandrinus, Codex Ephraemi, Minuscule 2062, and Minuscule 2344. It is one of the best witnesses for the Book of Revelation, sometimes even superior to the Papyrus 47.[3] Aland placed it in Category I.[4] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[5]


The manuscript was written in the 13th century in Messina.

The codex currently is housed at the Biblioteca Universitarià (99), in Messina.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 165.
  2. ^ C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 323.
  3. ^ Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Walter de Gruyter 1995, pp. 31-32.
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 83. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading

  • Herman C. Hoskier, "Der Apokalypse Text in dem Kommentar-Codex Messina 99", AJP 35 (1914), pp. 179-191.

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