Military anthem of China

The military song of China is a Chinese patriotic song that dates back to the formation of the New Armies of the late Qing Dynasty. The succeeding Chinese regimes recycled the music and changed the lyrics.

The music was taken from the Prussian March of the Emperor Wilhelm II. The original Qing lyrics were commissioned by Zeng Guofan for the Xiang Army. The same lyrics were used during the Yuan Shikai regime and known as the Soldier's Training Song.

After the Xinhai Revolution, the lyrics were changed again and continued to be used by the Chinese military. A well known variant was the National Revolution Army Song.

The Communists reworded the song into the Land Revolution Is Successful. A further modification transformed the song into Three Rules and Eight Notices, which is the best known form today. The latest lyrics is an extension of Zeng Guofan's version, adding additional rules to further inspire soldiers' discipline.

At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, the music was used in the presence of representatives of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China.

Contents

Lyrics

Training Soldier Song (Qing Dynasty)

Simplified Chinese

爱民歌
曾国藩 咸丰八年(1858年)在江西大营作
三军个个仔细听,行军先要爱百姓。
贼匪害了百姓们,全靠官兵来救人。
百姓被贼吃了苦,全靠官兵来做主。

第一扎营不要懒,莫走人家取门板。
莫拆民房搬砖石,莫踹禾苗坏田产。
莫打民间鸭和鸡,莫借民间锅和碗。
莫派民夫来挖壕,莫到民家去打馆。
筑墙莫拦街前路,砍柴莫砍坟上树。
挑水莫挑有鱼塘,凡事都要让一步。

第二行路要端详,夜夜总要支帐房。
莫进城市占铺店,莫向乡间借村庄。
人有小事莫喧哗,人不躲路莫挤他。
无钱莫扯道边菜,无钱莫吃便宜茶。
更有一句紧要书,切莫掳人当长夫。
一人被掳挑担去,一家号哭不安居。
娘哭子来眼也肿,妻哭夫来泪也枯。
从中地保又讹钱,分派各团并各都。
有夫派夫无派钱,牵了骡马又牵猪。
鸡飞狗走都吓倒,塘里吓死几条鱼。

第三号令要严明,兵勇不许乱出营。
走出营来就学坏,总是百姓来受害。
或走大家讹钱文,或走小家调妇人。
邀些地痞做伙计,买些烧酒同喝醉。
逢着百姓就要打,遇着店家就发气。
可怜百姓打出血,吃了大亏不敢说。
生怕老将不自在,还要出钱去陪罪。
要得百姓稍安静,先要兵勇听号令。
陆军不许乱出营,水军不许岸上行。
在家皆是做良民,出来当兵也是人。
官兵贼匪本不同,官兵是人贼是禽。
官兵不抢贼匪抢,官兵不淫贼匪淫。
若是官兵也淫抢,便同贼匪一条心。
官兵与贼不分明,到处传出丑声名。
百姓听得就心酸,上司听得皱眉尖。
上司不肯发粮饷,百姓不肯卖米盐。

爱民之军处处喜,扰民之军处处嫌。
我的军士跟我早,多年在外名声好。
如今百姓更穷困,愿我军士听教训。
军士与民如一家,千记不可欺负他。
日日熟唱爱民歌,天和地和又人和。

Traditional Chinese

Hanyu Pinyin

English Translation

Marshal Training Soldier Song(Military song of Beiyang Army (Republic of China)

Simplified Chinese

大帅练兵歌
1895年光绪二十一年袁世凯在天津小站练兵,新建陆军参谋营务处总办、翰林徐世昌为《大帅练兵歌》填词。1896年光绪二十二年湖广总督张之洞在武汉三镇编练新军,也用《大帅练兵歌》操练。
朝廷欲将太平大局保,大帅统领遵旨练新操;
第一立志要把君恩报,第二功课要靠官长教;
第三行军莫把民骚扰,我等饷银皆是民脂膏;
第四品行名誉要爱好,第五同军切莫相争吵;
方今中国文武学堂造,不比市井蠢汉逞粗豪;
各营之中枪队最为要,望牌瞄准莫低亦莫高;
炮队放时须要看炮表,安放药引须按度数标;
轻炮分工不愁路窄小,重炮车载马拉不觉劳;
马队自己须将马养好,检点蹄铁切勿伤分毫;
临敌侦探先占敌险要,我军酣战从旁速包抄;
工程一队技艺须灵巧,陆地筑垒遇水便搭桥;
辎重队里事事算计到,衣粮军火缺乏不需焦。

民国初年北洋政府的北洋军来源于小站新军,南方革命军来源于张之洞的湖广新军,所以这首《大帅练兵歌》又被后人称为《北洋军军歌》。

Traditional Chinese

Hanyu Pinyin

English Translation

Military Song of National Revolution Army (Republic of China)

Simplified Chinese

进入民国后,北洋军阀各派系军队、国民革命军、鄂豫皖的工农红军,都曾用此曲填入新词成为军歌。这首歌又被重新填词作为国民革命军(国军)和奉军(张作霖)等新军阀的军歌:
中华民族五族共和好,方知今日练兵最为高;
大帅练兵人人都知晓,若不当兵国家不能保;
请看外国军械多灵巧,重整武备坚甲历兵高;
共同练兵个个如虎豹,保住国家太平乐消遥;
陆军营内辎工马步炮,各营各连学术比为高;
陆军棚内正目为主脑,服从官长一切做事好;
第一当兵宗旨要达到,莫叫官长费心又费劳;
第二棚内常讲卫生好,无有疾病哪能生疲劳;
第三枪械自己要保好,临阵之时发枪多灵巧;
第四军服洁净最为要,若不洁净外人多耻笑;
第五棚内弟兄和气好,同心处事切莫相争吵;
第六临阵奋勇向前跑,如果退却军法不能饶;
第七莫看吃酒赌博好,官长查出军法不能饶;
第八莫怕弹雨枪和炮,效命疆场才能显英豪;
第九服从官长为正道,遵守营规这事为最好;
第十功课要受官长教,立了战功升官有多好;
但愿同胞拿起枪和刀,卫国杀敌个个逞英豪;
驱逐强盗平定内忧患,保住国家太平乐消遥。

到了国民军冯玉祥那,变成《民族立宪歌》
民族立宪五族共和了,放知今日练兵最为高。
庚子兵变,人人都知晓,若不当兵,国家无人保。
请看外国军械多灵巧,重整武备坚甲利兵高。
同胞练兵,个个如虎豹,若不操练,国仇不能报。
路军营内步马辎工炮,各营各连学术比低高。
陆军棚内,正目为主脑,服从官长,一心做事好。

Traditional Chinese

Hanyu Pinyin

English Translation

Three Rule and Eight Notices (People's Republic of China)

Simplified Chinese

革命军人个个要牢记,三大纪律,八项注意;
第一一切行动听指挥,步调一致才能得胜利;
第二不拿群众一针线,群众对我拥护又喜欢;
第三一切缴获要归公,努力减轻人民的负担。
三大纪律我们要做到,八项注意切莫忘记了;
第一说话态度要和好,尊重群众不要耍骄傲;
第二买卖价钱要公平,公买公卖不许逞霸道;
第三借人东西用过了,当面归还切莫遗失掉;
第四若把东西损坏了,照价赔偿不差半分毫;
第五不许打人和骂人,军阀作风坚决克服掉;
第六爱护群众的庄稼,行军作战处处注意到;
第七不许调戏妇女们,流氓习气坚决要改掉;
第八不许虐待俘虏兵,不许打骂不许搜腰包;
遵守纪律人人要自觉,互相监督切莫违反了;
革命纪律条条要记清,人民军队处处爱人民;
保卫祖国永远向前进,全国人民拥护又欢迎。

Traditional Chinese

革命軍人個個要牢記,三大紀律,八項注意;
第一一切行動听指揮,步調一致才能得胜利;
第二不拿群眾一針線,群眾對我擁護又喜歡;
第三一切繳獲要歸公,努力減輕人民的負擔。
三大紀律我們要做到,八項注意切莫忘記了;
第一說話態度要和好,尊重群眾不要耍驕傲;
第二買賣价錢要公平,公買公賣不許逞霸道;
第三借人東西用過了,當面歸還切莫遺失掉;
第四若把東西損坏了,照价賠償不差半分毫;
第五不許打人和罵人,軍閥作風堅決克服掉;
第六愛護群眾的庄稼,行軍作戰處處注意到;
第七不許調戲婦女們,流氓習气堅決要改掉;
第八不許虐待俘虜兵,不許打罵不許搜腰包;
遵守紀律人人要自覺,互相監督切莫違反了;
革命紀律條條要記清,人民軍隊處處愛人民;
保衛祖國永遠向前進,全國人民擁護又歡迎。

Hanyu Pinyin

English Translation

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