Windows Services for UNIX


Windows Services for UNIX
Windows Services for UNIX

Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) or Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA) is a software package produced by Microsoft which provides a Unix subsystem and other parts of a full Unix environment on Windows NT and some of its immediate successor operating-systems. It was an extension and replacement of the minimal Microsoft POSIX subsystem from Windows NT.

SFU 1.0 and 2.0 (NT 4.0 and Windows 2000) used the MKS Toolkit; starting with SFU 3.0 (Windows XP; 1999), SFU used the Interix subsystem,[1] which was acquired by Microsoft in 1999 from US-based Softway Systems as part of an asset acquisition.[2] These are available free from Microsoft as a download. Windows Server 2003 R2 included SFU 3.5 (on Disk 2), and renamed it to Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA). In Windows Server 2008 and high-end versions of Windows Vista (Enterprise and Ultimate), a minimal SUA is included, but most of the utilities must again be downloaded from Microsoft's web site.[1]

Like the Microsoft POSIX subsystem in Windows NT that it replaces, Interix is not an emulation of a Unix kernel, but rather an implementation of a user-mode subsystem running directly on top of the Windows NT kernel.

Windows Services for Unix and Subsystem for Unix-based Applications provide header files and libraries that make it easier to recompile or port Unix applications for use on Windows; they do not make Unix binaries compatible with Windows binaries. It is best thought of as a distinct Unix-like platform.

Contents

Components

As of 2011 SFU contains:

  • Over 350 Unix utilities such as vi, ksh, csh, ls, cat, awk, grep, kill, etc.
  • GCC 3.3 compiler, includes and libraries (through an MS libc)
  • A cc-like wrapper for Microsoft Visual Studio command-line C/C++ compiler
  • GDB debugger
  • Perl
  • NFS server and client
  • A pcnfsd daemon
  • X11 tools and libraries
  • Tools for making NFS mount-points appear as Windows shares, and vice-versa (gateway services)
  • An NIS server capability linked with Active Directory (AD)
  • Some Windows/Unix authentication information-synchronization tools

SFU does not contain the following (but binaries are available for separate installation[3]):

Although SFU includes X Window System client libraries and applications, it does not contain a native X server. Administrators may configure any of the numerous third-party Windows X servers: fully featured free options include Cygwin/X, Xming, WeirdMind and WeirdX.

Releases

SFU 1.0

Microsoft produced at least one beta release of the initial version of SFU before its final release in February 1999. This release, in English only, was supported on the Windows NT 4.0 SP3+ for x86 and Alpha platforms. This is the only known release to support Alpha. It included a demonstration version of the MKS Toolkit along with the following components:

  • Telnet server
  • Telnet client
  • UNIX Utilities (from MKS)
  • Client for NFS
  • Server for NFS
  • Server for NFS Authentication
  • Windows NT to UNIX password-synchronization
  • Help files and documentation

SFU 2.0

This second installment of SFU was released April 2000 and was also for English; however, a Japanese-language release appeared just two months later in June 2000. Both ran on Windows NT 4.0 SP4+ and Windows 2000 on x86 platforms with Internet Explorer 4.01+. SFU 2.0 supported the following UNIX versions: Solaris 2.6+, HP-UX 10.2+, AIX 4.2+, Tru64 UNIX 5.0+, and Red Hat Linux 5.1+. It included the following components:

  • Server for NFS (NFSServer)
  • Client for NFS (NFSClient)
  • Gateway for NFS (NFSGateway)
  • Server for PCNFS (Pcnfsd)
  • User Name Mapping (Mapsvc)
  • Server for NFS Authentication (NFSServerAuth)
  • Server for NIS (NIS)
  • Telnet Client (TelnetClient)
  • Telnet server (TelnetServer)
  • Password synchronization (PasswdSync)
  • ActiveState ActivePerl (Perl)
  • UNIX utilities (UnixUtilities)
  • Cron service (CronSvc)
  • Rsh service (RshSvc)

SFU 3.0

This version, released in May 2002, was the first release to include the Interix subsystem. Previously Microsoft had released Interix 2.2 (actually version 2.2.5) as a separate product around the same time frame as SFU 2.0. This SFU release included Interix release 3.0 (commonly called the "version" as reported by uname -r) with an internal Microsoft version of 7.0 that relates to internal build sequences. This Interix release contained significant technical extensions from the Interix 2.2 release such as a rooted file system and setuid functionality that were entirely based on the Softway Systems' Interix development codenamed "Firebrand". This was also released in English and followed by a later release in Japanese in October 2002, adding internationalization support. Both supported Windows NT 4.0 SP6a+, Windows 2000, and Windows XP Professional on x86 platforms with Internet Explorer 5.0+. The MKS Toolkit was no longer included. It included the following components:

  • Base Utilities for Interix (BaseUtils; including X11R5 utilities)
  • UNIX Perl for Interix (UNIXPerl)
  • Interix SDK (InterixSDK; including headers and libraries for development and a wrapper for Visual Studio compiler)
  • GNU Utilities for Interix (GNUUtils, about 9 utilities in total)
  • GNU SDK for Interix (GNUSDK; including gcc and g++)
  • NFS Client for Windows (NFSClient)
  • NFS Gateway for Windows (NFSGateway)
  • NFS Server for Windows (NFSServer)
  • NIS Server for Windows (NIS)
  • Password Synchronization (PasswdSync)
  • Windows Remote Shell Service (RshSvc)
  • Telnet Server for Windows (TelnetServer)
  • NFS User Name Mapping (Mapsvc)
  • NFS Authentication Server (NFSServerAuth)
  • PCNFS Server (Pcnfsd)
  • ActiveState Perl (Perl)

SFU 3.5

This was the final release of SFU and the only release to be distributed free of charge. It was released January 2004 and included both English and Japanese versions for Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional, and Windows Server 2003 on x86 platforms with Internet Explorer 5.0+. It included Interix subsystem release 3.5 (build version 8.0) adding internationalization support (at least for the English version which did not have such until now) and POSIX threading. This release could only be installed to an NTFS file system (earlier versions supported FAT; this was for improved file-security requirements in Interix 3.5). The following UNIX versions were supported for NFS components: Solaris 7 and 8, Red Hat Linux 8.0, AIX 5L 5.2, and HP-UX 11i. It included the following components:

  • Base Utilities for Interix (BaseUtils; including X11R6 and X11R5 utilities)
  • UNIX Perl for Interix (UNIXPerl)
  • Interix SDK (InterixSDK; including headers and libraries for development and a wrapper for Visual Studio compiler)
  • GNU Utilities for Interix (GNUUtils, again about 9 utilities)
  • GNU SDK for Interix (GNUSDK; including gcc and g++)
  • NFS Client for Windows (NFSClient)
  • NFS Gateway for Windows (NFSGateway)
  • NFS Server for Windows (NFSServer)
  • NIS Server for Windows (NIS)
  • Password synchronization (PasswdSync)
  • Windows Remote Shell Service (RshSvc)
  • Telnet Server for Windows (TelnetServer)
  • NFS User Name Mapping (Mapsvc)
  • NFS Authentication Server (NFSServerAuth)
  • PCNFS server (Pcnfsd)
  • ActiveState Perl (Perl)

Microsoft does not intend to produce any further standalone versions of SFU, opting instead for the integrated SUA. As of July 13, 2011 v3.5 is still downloadable.[4] General support will continue until 2011; extended support until 2014.[5]

Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA)

Windows Server 2003 R2 contains most SFU components, namely Microsoft Services for Network File System (NFS), Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA, aka Interix), and Identity Management for UNIX.[6] The July 2007 SFU 3.5 Security Update updated posix.exe and related files to match the SUA version.[7]

Unlike the SFU, the SUA version included in Windows Server 2003 R2 (and subsequent versions) has 64-bit support and allows linking of Win32 libraries to SUA applications.[8]

Windows Vista and Windows 7 Enterprise and Ultimate Editions also contain the Services for Unix components, now called the Subsystem for UNIX-based applications (SUA), and Client for NFS v3. Users must download the utilities and SDK separately. However, the server components from the SFU product line (namely Server for NFS, User Name Mapping, Server for NIS, Password Synchronization etc.) are not included[9]–these are included in Server editions of Windows (i.e. Windows Server 2008).

It is set to be deprecated after the release of Windows 8.[10]

Known problems

Character translation must be used to accommodate filenames which include a colon (:) or other characters that do not comply with the naming conventions of Windows file-systems. Files with the same name but different cases are also not allowed by default, but can be enabled on installation with the side-effect of making the underlying partition's filesystem case-sensitive,[11][12] even for the Win32 subsystem. SUA (and SFU) supports a maximum files size of 2GB on 32-bit Windows. On 64-bit Windows, SUA supports up 4TB files.[13]

Network authentication for UNIX systems relies on the insecure NIS protocol (LDAP- and Kerberos-based authentication require a third-party solution). Microsoft has released several hotfixes for Windows Services for UNIX, and at least one Security Update (KB939778). The GNU Project utilities are several versions older than the latest ones. A separate port of the up-to-date Debian utilities was started in 2007, but apparently abandoned in 2009. [14] Several of the text processing utilities in SUA (e.g. awk) are not compatible with Unicode or wide character text files.

No version of Windows Services for UNIX is available for Windows XP Professional x64 Edition. [15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Dale Liu; Justin Peltier (2008). Next Generation SSH2 Implementation: Securing Data in Motion. Syngress. pp. 181–182. ISBN 9781597492836. http://books.google.com/books?id=RHZsOY-sTcEC&pg=PA181. 
  2. ^ Microsoft Acquires Softway Systems to Strengthen Future Customer Interoperability Solutions, Sep 17, 1999, Press Release, Microsoft Corporation
  3. ^ Tool Warehouse for Interix, SFU & Subsystem for Unix-based Applications (SUA), Interop Community
  4. ^ Download details: Windows Services for UNIX Version 3.5, Date Published: 9/21/2006, Microsoft
  5. ^ It's the End of the Line for Microsoft's Services for Unix Product, September 1, 2005, Microsoft Watch, eWeek
  6. ^ Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 UNIX Interoperability Components, Microsoft
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Open Source at Microsoft. Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications: Providing More Choices
  9. ^ UNIX Interoperability and Windows Vista, Published 01 May 2007, Ashish, Services for UNIX - Interoperability Blog, MSDN Blogs
  10. ^ Reiter, Brian (15 September 2011). "SUA Deprecated in Windows 8". http://brianreiter.org/2011/09/15/sua-deprecated-in-windows-8/. Retrieved 15 October 2011. "SUA is deprecated starting with [the Windows 8 M3 Developer Preview] release and will be completely removed from the next release." 
  11. ^ Windows Services for UNIX 3.5 White Paper, April 22, 2004, Charlie Russel, Microsoft Corporation
  12. ^ Chapter 1: Introduction to Windows Services for UNIX 3.5, Published: May 31, 2006, Microsoft Corporation
  13. ^ http://www.suacommunity.com/SUA_Tools_Env_Start.htm
  14. ^ http://debian-interix.net/
  15. ^ You receive a "Cannot install on a 64 bit machine" error message when you try to install Windows Services for UNIX on a computer that is running a 64-bit operating system

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Windows Services for UNIX — Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) ist ein Software Paket von Microsoft, welches ein Unix Subsystem und andere Komponenten einer Unix Umgebung nach POSIX Standard auf Windows NT (oder neuer) zur Verfügung stellt. Dieses Subsystem wird als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Windows Services for UNIX — Сервисы Microsoft Windows для англ. Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX, SFU)  программный пакет, разработанный компанией Windows NT (в том числе и более поздних). Данная подсистема называется Interix. Содержание 1 Состав 2 Версии …   Википедия

  • Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX — (SFU) is a software package produced by Microsoft which provides a Unix subsystem and other parts of a full Unix environment on Windows NT and its successors. The subsystem included is called Interix. Like the Microsoft POSIX subsystem in Windows …   Wikipedia

  • Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX — (SFU) ist ein Software Paket von Microsoft, welches ein Unix Subsystem und andere Komponenten einer Unix Umgebung nach POSIX Standard auf Windows NT (oder neuer) zur Verfügung stellt. Dieses Subsystem wird als Interix bezeichnet.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX — …   Википедия

  • Services for UNIX — Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) est un package logiciel produit par Microsoft qui procure un sous système Unix et quelques parties de l environnement Unix complet sur Windows NT et ses successeurs. Le sous système s appelle Interix. Comme POSIX… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Services for UNIX — Сервисы Microsoft Windows для англ. Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX, SFU)  программный пакет, разработанный компанией Windows NT (в том числе и более поздних). Данная подсистема называется Interix. Содержание 1 Состав 2 Версии …   Википедия

  • Print Services for UNIX — is the name given by Microsoft to its support of the Line Printer Daemon protocol (also called LPR, LPD) on Windows NT based systems. This method allows LPD queues to be supported using the native Windows printing system. It does not provide the… …   Wikipedia

  • Microsoft Windows NT Services for Unix —    A package from Microsoft Corporation that provides Unix services on a Windows NT system, including several popular command line utilities, the Perl programming language, and a variety of Unix scripting tools …   Dictionary of networking

  • Portable Operating System Interface for UniX — Das Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX [ˈpɒsɪks]) ist ein gemeinsam von der IEEE und der Open Group für Unix entwickeltes standardisiertes Application Programming Interface, das die Schnittstelle zwischen Applikation und dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.