Michael Doukas (protostrator)
John Doukas Born ca. 1061 Died before 1117 Allegiance Byzantine Empire Rank protostrator Battles/wars Byzantine–Norman wars, Battle of Levounion Relations John Doukas (brother)
Michael Doukas (Greek: Μιχαήλ Δούκας) was a member of the Doukas family, a relative of the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118) and a senior military figure, with the rank of protostrator, during Alexios' reign. His life is only known through the Alexiad of Anna Komnene and the history of her husband, Nikephoros Bryennios.
Michael Doukas was born ca. 1061, the eldest son of the domestikos ton scholon Andronikos Doukas, son of the Caesar John Doukas, and his wife, Maria of Bulgaria, the granddaughter of Tsar Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria. Michael was thus the brother-in-law of Alexios I Komnenos, who had married his sister Irene Doukaina. In 1074, during the rebellion of the Norman mercenary Roussel de Bailleul, Michael and his younger brother John were at the estates of the Caesar John Doukas in Bithynia. Roussel demanded that the Caesar give up the two as hostages in return for releasing their wounded father, whom he held captive. The Caesar agreed, and the two were imprisoned by Roussel. The slave servants of the two boys managed to persuade a local peasant to help them escape and lead them to Nicomedia, but in the event, only Michael with his eunuch pedagogue Leontakios managed to escape and reach safety. His brother John remained behind, until he was liberated after Roussel's defeat later in the year.
In 1078, he played a crucial role in the marriage of Nikephoros III Botaneiates (r. 1078–1081) to the Empress Maria of Alania. The marriage was against canon law, as she was still married to the recently deposed emperor Michael VII Doukas (r. 1071–1078), but on the instructions of his grandfather the Caesar, Michael procured a priest willing to conduct the ceremony. In 1081, when Alexios Komnenos rebelled against Botaneiates, Michael accompanied the Caesar to Alexios' camp at Schiza. There they supported Alexios' candidacy for the throne against his elder brother Isaac Komnenos. After Alexios' successful accession to the throne, Michael was rewarded with the title of sebastos and the office of protostrator, one of the Empire's highest military positions.
In 1083, he participated in the campaign in Thessaly against the Normans under Bohemund, commanding the heavy infantry. He was defeated in battle by Bohemund near Larissa, and his army scattered. Four years later, he participated in the failed expedition against the Pechenegs in Bulgaria, and urged the emperor Alexios to flee after the Byzantine defeat at Dorystolon. During the flight, Michael's horse slipped and he fell, but a soldier gave him his own horse, allowing him to rejoin the emperor's party. A few years later however, in 1091, he participated in the final victory over the Pechenegs at the Battle of Levounion.
After that, he is recorded as having attended the synod of 1094 that condemned Leo of Chalcedon, and in a letter during the Norman invasion of 1107–1108, according to which Michael was dispatched to Epirus to raise troops. He died after a prolonged illness on a 9 January. The year is unknown, however it was sometime before 1117, when he is listed as dead in the typikon of the Kecharitomene Monastery.
Through his marriage to an unnamed woman, he had several children. Only one is attested with certainty, Constantine Doukas, a sebastos and governor of the region of the Vardar river ca. 1118. D.I. Polemis further identifies two Doukas women as two of Michael's daughters. The first is a certain Theodora Doukaina, attested in an epigram as married to a Theodore. Polemis considers her as the mother of Euphrosyne Doukaina, Michael's granddaughter, whose father was also named Theodore. The second is Eirene Doukaina, the wife of Gregory Kamateros, a man of humble origin who rose to high office under Alexios Komnenos and his successor, John II Komnenos (r. 1118–1143). Another daughter, married to a certain John, is unnamed, and it is possible that a poem by Nicholas Kallikles refers to another son.
- ^ Kazhdan (1991), pp. 655–656; Polemis (1968), pp. 63–64; Skoulatos (1980), pp. 203
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 64, 66; Skoulatos (1980), pp. 146, 203
- ^ a b Polemis (1968), p. 64; Skoulatos (1980), p. 203
- ^ Polemis (1968), p. 64; Skoulatos (1980), pp. 127, 203
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 64–65; Skoulatos (1980), p. 203
- ^ Polemis (1968), p. 65; Skoulatos (1980), p. 204
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 65–66, 76; Skoulatos (1980), p. 204
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 66, 77; Skoulatos (1980), p. 204
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 66, 78–79; Skoulatos (1980), pp. 110–111
- ^ Polemis (1968), pp. 66, 77
- Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991), Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6
- Polemis, Demetrios I. (1968), The Doukai: A Contribution to Byzantine Prosopography, London: Athlone Press
- Skoulatos, Basile (1980) (in French), Les personnages byzantins de I'Alexiade: Analyse prosopographique et synthese, Louvain: Nauwelaerts
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Michael Doukas — may refer to: Michael VII Doukas (c. 1050–c. 1090), Byzantine emperor Michael I Komnenos Doukas (died 1215), ruler of the Despotate of Epirus (1205–1215) Michael II Komnenos Doukas (died 1266/8), ruler of the Despotate of Epirus (1230–1266/8)… … Wikipedia
Michael Doukas Glabas Tarchaneiotes — Not to be confused with Michael Tarchaneiotes. Michael Doukas Glabas Tarchaneiotes or Michael Tarchaneiotes Glabas (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Δοῦκας Γλαβᾶς Ταρχανειώτης; born ca. 1235, died after 1304) was a notable Byzantine aristocrat and general. Contents … Wikipedia
Doukas — For the 15th century historian, see Doukas (historian). For the Composer, see Dukas. Doukas, latinized as Ducas (Greek: Δούκας; fem. Doukaina/Ducaena, Δούκαινα; pl. Doukai/Ducae, Δούκαι), from the Latin tile dux ( leader, general , hellenized as… … Wikipedia
Alexios Doukas Philanthropenos — ( el. Αλέξιος Δούκας Φιλανθρωπηνός, died ca. 1276) was a Byzantine nobleman, with the rank of protostrator , and Grand Admiral ( Megas Doux ) of the 13th century. In 1262, the year after the recapture of Constantinople from the Latins, Emperor… … Wikipedia
Maria, wife of Ivan Vladislav — Maria Empress consort of Bulgaria Spouse Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria Born Unknown Died Unknown Maria was the wife of tsar Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria. She was the last empress consort (tsaritsa) of the F … Wikipedia
Konostaulos — or konostablos ( constable , in Greek variously κονόσταυλος, κονοσταῦλος or κονόσταβλος), later corrupted to kontostaulos (Greek: κοντόσταυλος), was a late Byzantine title, adopted from the Normans. The derivative dignity of megas konostaulos… … Wikipedia
Andronikos Asen — (? 1322?) was the despot of Morea between 1316 and 1322.Andronikos Asen was the son of Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen III and Eirene Palaiologina, who was the sister of Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos.His father and mother, after a… … Wikipedia
Irene Asanina — was the Empress consort of John VI Kantakouzenos of the Byzantine Empire.FamilyShe was a daughter of Andronikos Asen and his wife Tarchanaiotissa. Her paternal grandparents were Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria and Irene Palaiologina. Her maternal… … Wikipedia
Pammakaristos Church — Fethiye Mosque redirects here. For other uses, see Fethiye Mosque (disambiguation). Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 28°56′47″E / 41.02917°N 28.94639°E … Wikipedia
Megas doux — The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos (1341 1345), in the garb of his office. The megas doux (Greek: μέγας δούξ; English: grand duke) was one of the highest positions in the hierarchy of the later Byzantine Empire, denoting the commander in chief o … Wikipedia