- Sky Network Television
Sky Network Television Type Public (NZX: SKT) Industry Subscription Television
Founded 1987 Headquarters Auckland, New Zealand Key people John Fellet, CEO
Peter Macourt, Chairman
Products Sky Television
Revenue NZ$796.9 million (2011) Operating income NZ$321.7 million (2011) Profit NZ$120.3 million (2011) Total assets NZ$1.9 billion (2011) Total equity NZ$1.3 billion (2011) Website sky.co.nz
- 808,617 digital subscribers
- 20,840 other subscribers
All up, Sky was in 50.5% of New Zealand homes, making it the largest television platform in New Zealand.
- 1 History
- 2 Products and services
- 2.1 Television
- 2.2 Mobile
- 2.3 Publishing
- 2.4 Web
- 3 Technical
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Sky Media Limited originally formed to investigate the possibility of beaming sports programming into clubs and pubs using high performance 4 metre satellite dishes by Jarvis and an engineering associate Brian Green but was redirected into pay television following successful bidding in 1990 for four groups of UHF frequencies in the Auckland, Hamilton and Tauranga regions.
The first Sky subscriber was former Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives Jonathan Hunt, according to Helen Clark, Former Prime Minister of New Zealand.
Sky rapidly won long term rights from US sports network ESPN (which became a 1% shareholder) as well as CNN and HBO providing it with a supply of sports, news and movies for three channels: Sky Sport, Sky News (a mix of CNN International and BBC bulletins) and Sky Movies (later renamed HBO, before reverting to its original name.)
Initially only operating in the Auckland region Sky contracted Broadcast Communications to provide the broadcast service and transmission from its Panorama Road studios formerly owned by defunct broadcaster Northern Television.
Later, as funding allowed Sky extended its coverage throughout most of New Zealand, in 1994, Sky launched two further channels, Discovery and Orange. The company expanded to Hawkes Bay, Manawatu, Southland and Otago, follow by the Wairarapa, Taupo and Wanganui regions in 1995. Its final UHF expansion, in 1996, was to Taranaki, Whangarei and eastern Bay of Plenty.
In April 1997, Sky introduced a nationwide analogue direct broadcasting via satellite (DBS) service over the Optus B1 satellite. The DBS services gave Sky the opportunity to offer its customers more channels and interactive options. It upgraded it to a digital service in December 1998.
The concept of a pay television service was new to New Zealand and Sky had early problems. These included viewer acceptance of subscriber television. It faced difficulty in educating retailers and customers on the use of the original decoders. However, this problem was eased with the introduction of easier-to-use decoders that allowed greater viewer flexibility.
Channels that are no longer carried by Sky TV include Granada UKTV, Hallmark Channel, TVSN, HBO (renamed Sky Movies) and Property TV. A SkyMail email service was also featured for a time, but was later pulled due to lack of interest, (including the wireless keyboards they had produced for it).
Purchase of Prime Television
In November 2005, Sky announced it had purchased the free-to-air channel Prime Television for NZ$30 million. Sky uses Prime to promote its pay content and to show delayed sports coverage. New Zealand's Commerce Commission issued clearance for the purchase on 8 February 2006.
The unreliability of the ageing Optus B1 satellite was highlighted when the direct broadcasting satellite (DBS) service went offline just before 7p.m. NZST (8 a.m. London, 3 a.m. New York) on 30 March 2006. The interruption affected service to over 550,000 customers and caused many decoders to advise customers of "rain fade." Due to excessive volume of calls to the Sky toll-free helpdesk Sky posted update messages on their website advising customers that they were working with Optus to restore service by midnight. SKY credited customers with one day's subscription fees as compensation for the downtime at a cost to the company of NZ$ 1.5 million. Sky switched its DBS service to the Optus D1 satellite on 15 November 2006. It later expanded its transponder capacity on this satellite to allow for extra channels and HD broadcasts.
Sky has recently switched off their UHF service. All of its analogue UHF pay TV networks shut down on 11 March 2010 at midnight.
They plan to hand their UHF and radio spectrum back to the Government and trade them for digital terrestrial bandwidth.
Products and services
Channel Name Subscription package Widescreen Notes 000 Preview Basic Yes 001 TV ONE Basic Yes Free-to-air 002 TV2 Basic Yes Free-to-air 003 TV3 Basic Yes Free-to-air 004 Prime Basic Yes Free-to-air 005 The BOX Basic Yes 006 UKTV Basic Yes 007 Vibe Basic Yes 008 Living Basic Yes 009 Food Television Basic Yes 010 SoHo Extra Channel Yes 011 E! Basic Yes 012 FOUR Basic Yes Free-to-air 014 MTV Basic Yes 015 Comedy Central Basic Yes 016 U Basic Yes 017 TVNZ Heartland Basic Yes 019 Māori Television Basic Yes Free-to-air 020 SKY Movies Sky Movies Yes 021 SKY Movies 2 Sky Movies Yes 022 Sky Movies Greats Sky Movies Yes 023 MGM Sky Movies Yes 024 TCM Sky Movies Yes 025 Rialto Channel Extra Channel
(also Platinum Movies)
Yes 028 Preview Basic Yes 029 Upgrade Channel Basic Yes An interactive service that allows the viewer to upgrade their channel subscription 333 Sport Mosaic Sky Sport Yes 030 SKY Sport 1 Sky Sport Yes 031 SKY Sport 2 Sky Sport Yes 032 SKY Sport 3 Sky Sport Yes 033 SKY Sport Highlights Sky Sport Yes 034 ESPN Sky Sport Yes 035 TAB TV Basic Yes 036 Trackside Basic Yes Free-to-air 037 The Rugby Channel Platinum Sport Yes 038 SKY ARENA PPV Yes Sport PPV service 039 SKY ARENA HD PPV Yes Sport PPV service HD 040 Disney Channel Basic Yes 041 Nickelodeon Basic Yes 042 Cartoon Network Basic Yes 044 Nick Jr. Basic No 045 Disney Junior Basic Yes 046 TVNZ Kidzone24 Basic Yes 050 Playin' TV Extra Channel No Interactive games channel 051 MindGames Extra Channel No Interactive quiz channel 059 Te Reo Basic Yes Free-to-air 060 MTV Hits Basic Yes Starts 1 December 2011 061 MTV Classic Basic Yes 062 Juice TV Basic Yes 063 63 Basic Yes 070 Discovery Channel Basic Yes 071 CI Basic Yes 072 National Geographic Channel Basic Yes 073 History Basic Yes 074 BBC Knowledge Basic Yes 075 Animal Planet Basic Yes 076 Travel Channel Basic Yes 077 TVNZ 7 Basic Yes Free-to-air 079 The Arts Channel Extra Channel Yes 089 Triangle STRATOS Basic No Free-to-air 090 Sky News Basic Yes 091 CNN Basic No 092 Fox News Basic Yes 093 BBC World News Basic Yes 094 Parliament TV Basic Yes Free-to-air 095 CNBC Basic No 096 RT Basic No 098 Weather Channel Basic No Interactive weather channel 099 Country 99 TV Extra Channel Yes 100 France 24 English Basic Yes 101 France 24 Francais Extra Channel Yes 110 CUE Basic Yes Free-to-air 111 Shine TV Basic Yes Free-to-air 112 Daystar Basic No 201-216 Sky Box Office Movies PPV Yes A group of pay-per-view movie channels 217 Playboy TV PPV Yes Pay-per-view 218 Adult Channel PPV Yes Pay-per-view 219 Spice: Xcess PPV Yes Pay-per-view 300-309 World TV World TV No A group of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese channels 310 CCTV-9 Basic No 315 STAR Plus Hindi Extra Channel No 319 Preview Basic Yes
The following channels are available in High Definition for My Sky HDi and My Sky + subscribers:
Channel Name Subscription package Notes 001 TV One HD Basic Video guard encryption (Sky Subscribers only) 002 TV2 HD Basic Video guard encryption (Sky Subscribers only) 003 TV3 HD Basic Video guard encryption (Sky Subscribers only) 010 SoHo SoHo subscription & HD Ticket 020 Sky Movies HD Sky Movies & HD Ticket 022 Sky Movies Greats HD Sky Movies & HD Ticket 030 Sky Sport 1 HD Sky Sport & HD Ticket 031 Sky Sport 2 HD Sky Sport & HD Ticket 032 Sky Sport 3 HD Sky Sport & HD Ticket 034 ESPN HD Sky Sport & HD Ticket 038 SKY ARENA HD Sport PPV service & HD Ticket
Channel Name Subscription package Notes 311 Real Good Life Basic Chinese 312 New Supremo Basic Chinese 313 FM 104.2 Basic Chinese 400-413 Sky Digital Music Sky Digital Music A group of digital music channels 500 The Edge Basic 501 Radio New Zealand National Basic 502 Radio New Zealand Concert Basic 505 Tahu FM Basic 506 Calvary Chapel Radio Basic
- SkyBet - interactive sports betting service.
- Electronic Programme Guide (EPG) - Television listing information
- Playin TV Games - video games.
- MindGames - challenging video games.
- Weather Channel - interactive weather maps and information.
Digital video recorders
In December 2005, Sky released its own Digital Video Recorder (DVR), which essentially is an upgraded set top box similar to Foxtel IQ in Australia or TiVo in the U.S.. Called My Sky, it offers viewers the ability to pause live television, rewind television, record up to two channels at once straight to the set top box and watch the start of a recorded programme while still recording the end. It also gives viewers access to a revamped Guide and the new Planner, used to plan and access recordings at the touch of a button. However the PVR box remains the property of SKY Television.
One of the advertised features of My Sky is the ability of the system to record series of programs using the "Series Link" feature. But this has proven to be somewhat unreliable in that on occasions, intended future recordings are not made. This has occurred since the inception of the service. Sky TV say they are working to determine the cause of the random failures, and to rectify it. Soft rebooting the decoder appears to temporarily overcome the problem.
There was software in My Sky that after an hour of no signal from Sky then the decoder locks playback of pre-recorded programmes. This was discovered after the Optus B1 satellite was unable to broadcast Sky to over 600,000 subscribers.
This generation of box was replaced by My Sky HDi when it launched on 1 July 2008.
My Sky HDi
On 1 July 2008, a service called My Sky HDi was launched, and is the successor to the My Sky service released in 2006. The HD channels available are Sky Movies, Sky Movies Greats, Sky Sport 1, Sky Sport 2, as well as free-to-air channels TV ONE, TV2, and TV3.
The boxes allow connection of to up to four satellites which can work with its four TV tuner cards in any combination. Two channels can be recorded at once, while another can be watched live and the fourth is for a non-real time pay per view service. The device has a 320GB HDD however only 160GB is available for recording, the remaining is reserved for on-demand downloads. The quality of My Sky HDi is 576i via component and 720/1080i via HDMI.
A new feature was released exclusive to MY SKY HDi on 6 July 2010 called Record Me. This feature allows subscribers to press the green button on programme advertisements to record that advertised programme.
As of 31 December 2010, there are 231,072 My Sky HDi subscribers.
My Sky +
On 1 July 2011, a new service called My Sky + was launched, and is the successor to the My Sky HDi service released in 2008.
It has a 1T hard drive which makes it capable of recording 4 times the amount of content than its predecessor.
Sky On Demand
Sky announced late 2006 that it will be using the 30% reserved disk space in the PVR to offer a video on demand service to its My Sky customers. This service commenced in 2007 offering 12 - 15 titles at any one time. New titles are downloaded automatically from the Optus D1 satellite to the PVR and listed only when they are available for purchase and instant playback.
In May 2009 Sky introduced copy protection on My Sky and My Sky HDi decoders limiting the ability to copy material from My Sky/My Sky HDi to DVD/HDD recorders and to PCs. TV One, Two and Three, Sky Movies, Sky Movies 2, Sky Movies Greats, MGM & TCM have a copy-once encoding meaning movies can be copied however any further copying is prevented. Sky Box Office channels, including Adult channels are copy protected so DVD/HDD recorders & PCs will not record from these channels. Other channels are not copy protected. Copy protection technology is not built into other decoders.
In August 2009 a new online service was launched where customers can log on and set their My Sky or My Sky HDi's to record programmes.
The instruction to record a programme is sent to the set-top boxes via satellite.
Sky Mobile TV
In December 2006, Sky announced that it will be launching a new mobile television service to Vodafone New Zealand's 3G customers. The channels include:
- Adult swim
- Cartoon Network
- Comedy Central
- Discovery Channel
- Disney Junior
- Disney Channel
- Sky News
- Sky Sport Live
- Sky Sport News
Sky TV App
Sky has released a mobile app which works on iOS devices such as iPhone, iPad and iPod Touches. The app contains an electronic program guide, remote record capabilities (for MySky HDi), Facebook & Twitter social functions and automatic programme reminders. The app has been a success, with over 50,000 downloads from the iTunes App Store in just four weeks.
Sky also provides a Skywatch monthly magazine to all its customers. The latest readership survey shows that Skywatch has a readership of 965,000 which makes it the largest magazine read in New Zealand, and the largest monthly magazine. The magazine provides monthly listings for Sky channels, as well as highlights and features.
Sky Sport The Magazine
In January 2007, Sky launched Sky Sport The Magazine, as the published extension of the Sky Sport television package. The magazine features articles by local and international sports writers, as well as sports photography.
iSKY is SKY Television's online video on demand service, which launched in 2011. The service streams programmes from SKY's channels based on users' existing SKY subscriptions. There are also live streaming sports and news channels.
Currently iSKY offers programming from the following SKY channels:
- Disney Channel
- Disney Junior
- Cartoon Network
- TVNZ Kidzone24
- the BOX
- Food Television
- Comedy Central
- TVNZ Heartland
- SKY Movies
- Rialto Channel
- BBC Knowledge
- Travel Channel
- The Arts Channel
- CNN (Live streaming)
- Sky News New Zealand (Live streaming)
- SKY Sport 1 (Live streaming)
- SKY Sport 2 (Live streaming)
- SKY Sport 3 (Live streaming)
- SKY Sport Highlights
- ESPN3.com (iSKY exclusive, not available on television)
Future plans for the service also include movie download rentals and opening iSKY up to non-SKY subscribers.
Sky Digital subscribers get a standard 60-centimetre satellite dish installed on their home along with set-top boxes including modems for a return path.
Sky switched from the elderly Optus B1 to the Optus D1 satellite for its DBS service on 15 November 2006. Initially, Sky used vertically polarised transponders on Optus D1 (as it had on Optus B1). However, on 31 July 2007 it moved its programming to horizontally polarised transponders with New Zealand-specific beams to be consistent with Freeview and to gain access to more transmission capacity. Sky have also purchased some of the capacity of Optus D3, which was launched mid August 2009, this gives Sky the ability to add more channels and upgrade existing channels to HD in the future.
A set-top box (STB) is used to decrypt the satellite signals. Digital broadcasts are in DVB-compliant MPEG-2 (MPEG-4 AVC for HD broadcasts). Interactive services and the EPG use the proprietary OpenTV system.
- ^ Commerce Commission Website - Sky cleared to acquire Prime Television
- ^ Scoop: SKY to shut down UHF network
- ^ Eriksen, Alanah (11 July 2009). "Sky TV ready to flick its UHF switch". The New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10583747. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- ^ Pullar-Stecker, Tom (2009-08-10). "Sky TV to offer Remote Record". The Dominon Post. http://www.stuff.co.nz/technology/gadgets/2734003/Sky-TV-to-offer-Remote-Record. Retrieved 11 August 2009. "Sky Television's 70,000 MySky subscribers will be able to log on to the internet to programme their set-top boxes to record programmes from Friday next week."
- ^ http://www.skytv.co.nz/Default.aspx?tabid=1506
- ^ http://www.skytv.co.nz/Default.aspx?tabid=202&art_id=35590
- ^ http://www.isky.co.nz/
Links to related articles Channels on Sky Network Television Entertainment Movies Sports News & Documentaries Kids & Family Lifestyle & Leisure Interactive Music Special Interest HD Channels Former Channels News CorporationPercentages indicate percentage ownership Dow Jones & Company National consumer products Dow Jones Local Media Group Enterprise products Fox Filmed Entertainment Fox Broadcasting Company Fox Television Stations Fox Cable Networks Fox News Network Fox International ChannelsFox (Asia · Germany · Italy · Latin America · Poland · Portugal · Spain · Turkey) · Fox Life (Greece · Italy) · FX (Asia · Australia · Greece · Latin America · UK) · Fox Crime (Asia · Italy) · Fox Retro · Fox Sports · BabyTV · Utilisima · Speed · tvN6 · Fox Family Movies · Fox History & Traveller · Cult · Voyage · National Geographic International Channels (52%)4 (National Geographic Channel (Asia · Germany · Greece · Scandinavia5 · UK5) · Nat Geo WILD4 · Nat Geo Mundo4 · National Geographic Adventure · Nat Geo Music · Premier Media Group (50%) Fox Sports InternationalFox Pan American Sports (33%)7 (Fox Deportes · Fox Sports Latinoamérica) News Corp. Digital Media Investments
4 Owned with the National Geographic Society 5 Originally a joint venture with sister company British Sky Broadcasting (1997 – 2007) 6 Joint venture with CJ Media Korea 7 Owned with HM Capital Partners 8 Owned with Big Ten Conference 9 Owned with Globosat, Paramount Pictures, Universal Pictures, MGM and DreamWorks 10 Owned with Sony Pictures Entertainment, NBCUniversal, Viacom, and Liberty Global 11 Owned with Associated Press
USA UK Australia
Angus & Robertson
Metropolitan newspapers Community newspapersSun newspapers (Northern Territory) Regional newspapers Sports Other properties Channels Defunct channelsSKY Vivo · SKY Show Joint ventures
(Radio stations)Sky Music · 50 Songs · Yesterjay '90 · Yesterjay '80 · Capital '70 · Vintage '60 · Rock Classic · Rock Shock · Soulsista · Hit Italia · ItalianVintage · Livetime · Heart 'n Song · B-Side · Ritmo Latino · Dance · Yesterday 2000 · Jazz & Fusion · Jazz Gold · Soul Train · Extrabeat · Sinfonia · Opera · Cinema Deejay · Baby Mix · Disc Joker
See alsoSky HD (Italy) · List of channels on Sky Italia IndiaChannel [V] · STAR Gold · STAR Jalsha · STAR Movies · STAR One · Star Plus · Star Pravah · STAR Utsav · STAR World · Asianet Communications (81%)8 (Asianet · Asianet Sitara · Asianet Suvarna)( · ESPN Star Sports (50%)9 · Hathway (17%) · MCCS (26%)10 (STAR News · STAR Ananda · STAR Majha) · Vijay (81%) · Tata Sky (30%)11 China Star SelectBroadcast Middle East (50%)11 (FARSI1 · Zemzemeh) · Rotana (15%) US newspapers Satellite investments
BSkyB (39.1%) · Foxtel (25%) · Sky Deutschland (49.90%) · Sky Network Television (44%)
Other assets NZX 50 companies of New Zealand
Air New Zealand · AMP · AMP NZ Office · ANZ · APN News & Media · Argosy Property Trust · Auckland International Airport · Cavalier · Contact Energy · DNZ Property Fund · Ebos · Fisher & Paykel Appliances · Fisher & Paykel Healthcare · Fletcher Building · Freightways · Goodman Fielder · Goodman Property Trust · Guinness Peat Group · Hallenstein Glasson · Heartland New Zealand · Infratil · Kathmandu · Kiwi Income Property Trust · Mainfreight · Methven · Michael Hill International · New Zealand Oil & Gas · New Zealand Refining Company · Nuplex · NZX · PGG Wrightson · Port of Tauranga · Property For Industry · Pumpkin Patch · Rakon · Restaurant Brands · Ryman Healthcare · Sanford · Skellerup · Skycity Entertainment Group · Sky Network Television · South Port NZ · Steel & Tube Holdings · Telecom New Zealand · Telstra · Tower · TrustPower · Vector · Vital Healthcare Property Trust · The Warehouse Group · Westpac
Cable, satellite & speciality television providers in Africa, Asia and OceaniaAmericas · Canada · Europe · Africa, Asia, and Oceania Cable SatelliteAirtel Digital TV · Aora TV · ART · Astro · Austar · BIG TV · Cignal Digital TV · Dish TV · DishHD · Dream · DStv · Foxtel · Freeview (NZ) · G Sat · Indovision · MRTV-4 · OSN · OTAU TV · PBS Fiji · SelecTV · SkyLife · Sky Pacific · Sky PerfecTV! · Sky TV (NZ) · STAR TV · Sun Direct · Tata Sky · TelkomVision · UBI World TV · Videocon d2h · WOWOW · Astro Nusantara · Galaxy IPTV TerrestrialItalics indicate defunct company.
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