List of people pardoned by a United States president

The following list of people pardoned by a United States president documents the most prominent cases of each presidency. The power of pardon in the U.S. presidency includes the ability to grant a full pardon, commutation of a sentence and/or the granting of clemency for any federal offenses.

Approximately 20,000 pardons and clemencies were issued by U.S. presidents in the 20th century alone. This list includes pardons and commutations. [ [http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/pardonspres1.htm Presidential Pardons ] ]

Definitions

A "pardon" means an executive order vacating a conviction.

A "commutation" means a mitigation of the sentence of someone currently serving a sentence for a crime pursuant to a conviction, without vacating the conviction itself.

George Washington

*Leadership of the Whiskey Rebellion - the first pardons granted by a President

Andrew Jackson

*George Wilson - convicted of robbing the United States mails - Only Presidential pardon rejected.

James K. Polk

*John C. Frémont - convicted by court martial of mutiny

James Buchanan

*Brigham Young - pardoned for role in the Utah War

Andrew Johnson

*Confederate soldiers - unconditional amnesty to all Confederates on Christmas Day 1868; earlier amnesties requiring signed oaths and excluding certain classes of people were issued both by Lincoln and by Johnson.
* Dr. Samuel Mudd - charged with conspiring to murder Lincoln
*Edmund Spangler - charged with conspiring to murder Lincoln
*Samuel Arnold - charged with conspiring to murder Lincoln

Grover Cleveland

*David King Udall - convicted on perjury charges; spent 3 months in a Federal Prison; received a full and unconditional pardon

Warren Harding

*Eugene V. Debs - sentence commuted

Calvin Coolidge

*Marcus Garvey - sentence commuted and deported

Harry Truman

*Oscar Collazo - Collazo attempted his assassination. Commuted death sentence to life sentence.

Richard Nixon

*Jimmy Hoffa - sentence commuted on condition
*Angelo DeCarlo - convicted of extortion; served 1 1/2 years; pardoned due to poor health

Gerald Ford

*Richard Nixon - full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President
*Robert E. Lee - full rights of citizenship were posthumously restored
*Iva Toguri D'Aquino - "Tokyo Rose" - only U.S. citizen convicted of treason to be pardoned

Jimmy Carter

*Oscar Collazo - Attempted assassination on President Harry S. Truman
*G. Gordon Liddy - sentence commuted
*Peter Yarrow - Singer-songwriter
*Vietnam draft dodgers - amnesty issued in the form of a pardon
*Jefferson Davis - President of the Confederate States of America.
*Patty Hearst - Convicted of Bank Robbery sentence commuted

Ronald Reagan

*George Steinbrenner - Nixon campaign contribution

George H.W. Bush

*Elliott Abrams - Iran-Contra affair
*Armand Hammer - CEO of the Occidental Petroleum Company, Nixon campaign contribution
*Robert C. McFarlane - National Security Adviser to President Ronald Reagan over Iran-Contra Affair
*Caspar Weinberger - Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan, pardoned before trial over Iran-Contra Affair

Bill Clinton

*Roger Clinton, Jr. - brother of Bill Clinton. After serving a year in federal prison for cocaine possession.
*Patricia Campbell Hearst - sentence commuted on condition by Jimmy Carter, pardoned by Clinton.
*Marc Rich, Pincus Green - business partners; had fled the U.S. after being indicted by U.S. Attorney on charges of tax evasion and illegal trading with Iran during the Iran hostage crisis.
*Dan Rostenkowski - United States Representative Democratic Party.
*Susan McDougal - partners with Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham Clinton in the failed Whitewater deal.
*Henry Cisneros - Clinton's Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count for lying to the FBI, and was fined $10,000.
*Mel Reynolds - Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives.
*Henry O. Flipper - guilty of "conduct unbecoming an officer" (1882)
*John Deutch - Director of Central Intelligence, former Provost and University Professor, MIT

George W. Bush

*I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby - Libby was not pardoned, but his prison sentence was commuted while leaving the other terms (including more than $250,000 in fines) unchanged.

ee also

*Pardons and clemency in the United States

References

General references:
* [http://www.usdoj.gov/pardon/actions_administration.htm Presidential Clemency Actions By Administration: 1945 To 2001]
* [http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/pardons.htm Presidential pardons page at University of Pittsburgh School of Law] Specific references:


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of people pardoned by George W. Bush — The following is a partial list of people pardoned by George W. Bush. As of July 21, 2008, [http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5h28Ul1zG AJjGFriiYjUgsa4nBogD8VKMJGG7 Bush Pardons 15 And Commutes AQnother] Associated Pres , (March 25, 2007)]… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people pardoned by George H. W. Bush — The following is a list of the 75 pardons and 3 commutations by President George H. W. Bush. The list is organized by the date on which President George H. W. Bush granted the pardon or commutation.This list is a subset of the list of people… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people pardoned by Bill Clinton — The following is a partial list of people pardoned by Bill Clinton.[1] As President Bill Clinton used his power under the U.S. Constitution to grant pardons and clemency to 456 people, thus commuting the sentences of those already convicted of a… …   Wikipedia

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • President of the United States — POTUS redirects here. For political talk radio, see P.O.T.U.S. (Sirius XM). For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. President of the United States of America …   Wikipedia

  • List of fictional United States Presidents G-M — The following is a list of fictional United States presidents, G through M.GActing President Hal Gardner *Acting President in: 24 (2007 2009) *After Charles Logan is arrested in fifth season finale of 24 , Gardner would be next in line of… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Senate election in New York, 2000 — 1994 ← November 7, 2000 → 2006 …   Wikipedia

  • United States v. Libby — United States of America v. I. Lewis Libby, also known as Scooter Libby (USA v. LIBBY, Case No. 1:2005 cr 00394 RBW) is the federal trial of former high ranking George W. Bush administration official I. Lewis Scooter Libby. Libby served as… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people who were executed — This is a list of people who were executed. The list is categorised by the crime causing the death penalty.In order of date:Murder* Stanley Williams (d. 2005) * Dhananjoy Chatterjee (d. 2004) * Mamoru Takuma (d. 2004… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people convicted of treason — This is a list of people convicted of treason.Some countries, such as the U.S., have a high constitutional hurdle to conviction for treason, while many countries, especially absolute monarchies and dictatorships, have less stringent… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.