Swartkrans


Swartkrans

Swartkrans is a location in South Africa, around 20 miles from Johannesburg.

Swartkrans is a farm near to Sterkfontein, notable for being extremely rich in archaeological material, particularly hominid remains. It was purchased by the University of the Witwatersrand in 1968. The oldest deposits present at the site are believed to be between 1.8 and 2 million years old.

Fossils discovered in the limestone of Swartkrans include "Telanthropus capensis" (a variety of "Homo erectus"), "Paranthropus" and "Homo habilis"

Noted paleontologist Robert Broom was a frequent digger. He was followed by Charles Kimberlin Brain (C.K. 'Bob' Brain), whose excavations at the site inspired his book "The Hunters or the Hunted?" in which he demonstrated that instead of being bloodthirsty killer apes, the hominin fossils found at the site were themselves victims of predation by big cats.

Swartkrans is part of the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site. Use of fire at Swartkrans has been dated to up to 1 million years BP, and is believed to be the second oldest evidence of fire use known in the world.

References

* "The Hunters or the Hunted?: An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy." C.K. Brain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981. Paperback: ISBN 0-226-07090-5, ISBN 978-0-226-07090-2.

ee also

* Paleoanthropology

External links

* [http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/257.ctl University of Chicago Press page] for "The Hunters or the Hunted?"


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  • Swartkrans — ist eine Farm und archäologische Fundstelle in Südafrika, etwa 30 km von Johannesburg entfernt. Der Ort ist bekannt für seinen Reichtum an archäologischen Funden, speziell wegen der Fossilien von frühen Vorfahren der Gattung Homo (Hominini) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swartkrans — Sitios de restos fósiles homínidos de Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, y alrededores …   Wikipedia Español

  • Swartkrans — 25°55′45″S 27°47′20″E / 25.92917, 27.78889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Swartkrans — ▪ anthropological and archaeological site, South Africa       one of three neighbouring South African paleoanthropological sites, located just west of Johannesburg, where important fossil remains of hominins (members of the human lineage) have… …   Universalium

  • Swartkrans — Swạrtkrans,   Höhle bei Krugersdorp, Republik Südafrika; in ihr wurden seit 1948 zahlreiche ältestpleistozäne Hominiden des Typs Australopithecus robustus (Australopithecinen) sowie Fossilien des Homo erectus und/oder des Homo habilis gefunden …   Universal-Lexikon

  • swartkrans — swart·krans …   English syllables

  • Swartkrans ape-man — [svärt′kränz΄] n. [after Swartkrans, near Johannesburg, South Africa, where the remains were found] an early hominid (Australopithecus robustus crassidens) known from fossil remains and thought to be from the Middle Pleistocene …   English World dictionary

  • Swartkrans ape-man — /sfahrt krahnz/ the fossil remains of the extinct hominid Australopithecus robustus, found at Swartkrans, Republic of South Africa: formerly classified in the genus Paranthropus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Swartkrans ape-man — /sfahrt krahnz/ the fossil remains of the extinct hominid Australopithecus robustus, found at Swartkrans, Republic of South Africa: formerly classified in the genus Paranthropus …   Useful english dictionary

  • swartkrans man — noun see swartkranz ape man …   Useful english dictionary


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