Flight of Refugees Across Wrecked Bridge in Korea
Flight of Refugees Across Wrecked Bridge in Korea is a Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph by Associated Press photographer Max Desfor, taken on December 4, 1950, at a destroyed bridge over the Taedong River near Pyongyang, North Korea. Desfor was covering the Korean War at the time.
During the Korean War, the Battle of Inchon turned the tide against the Korean People's Army (NKPA) for the Americans who were fighting under the United Nations Command. The U.S. Eighth Army, which made up most of the United Nations forces, then raced to the Chinese border but were defeated in the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River after the entry of large numbers of Chinese troops on the North Korean side. United Nations forces were sent in retreat back down the Korean peninsula, and the 120 mi (190 km) retreat was the longest in U.S. military history.
Taking the photo
Max Desfor (born November 8, 1913), a photographer for the Associated Press, was travelling with the front line troops and even took part in a parachute jump with the 101st Airborne Division 187th Infantry Regiment. After American troops started fleeing south, Desfor was able to commandeer a jeep with two other reporters and an army signal corpsman headed south. They crossed the Taedong River at a United Nations pontoon bridge. While driving along the river's southern shore they observed Korean refugees crossing the river on foot where it was iced over, and using small boats where the river was open. Further down the southern shore they came across a destroyed bridge where they saw thousands of Koreans trying to cross the shattered girders of the bridge. It was December 4, 1950, at the beginning of winter and Desfor had trouble working his camera because of the freezing temperatures.
Desfor's 2010 visit to Korea
In June 2010, Desfor returned to Korea for the 60th anniversary of the war and he shared some of his thoughts. "I ask anyone who'll listen -- why do they celebrate the start of the war? They celebrate the start, of course, because it's never ending -- it's still going on." Desfor also talked about his time on the front line with the troops and, while proud of his Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph, believes that he took better photos during the war. Regarding the war itself he says, "The Korean War is labelled 'the Forgotten War', and the main reason is [American GIs] never got a parade when they got back, they never got relief, they never were cited for their effort for the work that was done. They were just completely forgotten."
- Bradford, James C. (2009). A Companion to American Military History: 2 Volume Set (2009 ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781405161497. - Total pages: 1136
- Hartzenbusch, Lara (June 25, 2010). "US photographer Max Desfor relives Korean War". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10402908. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- Lucas, Dean (July 17, 2010). "Escaping over the Taedong Bridge". Famous Pictures Magazine. http://www.famouspictures.org/mag/index.php?title=Escaping_over_the_Taedong_Bridge. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- Stokesbury, James L. (1988). A short history of the Korean War (1988 ed.). W. Morrow. ISBN 9780688063771. - Total pages: 276
- West, Philip; Sŏ, Chi-mun (2001). Remembering the "Forgotten War": the Korean War through literature and art (2001 ed.). M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 9780765606976. - Total pages: 225
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