Matla River

Matla River
Country India
State West Bengal
Landmarks Canning, Basanti (South 24 Parganas)

Matla River (Bengali: মাতলা নদী) forms a wide estuary in and around the Sundarbans in South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

The main stream of the Matla River is divided into two arms near Purandar. One passes through Kultali-Garanbose and then passes through the Sundarbans. The other passes through Basanti, Pathankhali, Surjyaberia, Masjidbati and then meets Bidyadhari River.[1]

Lateral connections of the Matla system on the west are Belladonna River, Kultala River, the Piyali-Nabipukur River, the Bainchapi Khal, the Kaikalmari River, the Suia River, the Dulibhasani Gang, and the Gokhaltali Gang, On the eastern side the main connections with the Gosaba and Raimangal systems are more intricate and many of the channels are yet to be named. The important channels in this belt are Rupkhali Khal, Pathankhali Nadi, Pirkhali Nadi, Gazikhali Khal, Panchmukhani Khal, Mayanadi Khal, Mayadip River, Bhangaduni River, Kalindi River, Kalgachia River, Raimangal River, Jhilla River, Gonna River, and the Harinbhanga River.[2]

An abortive attempt was made to establish Port Canning on the Matla in 1860s.[3]

About 300,000 pilgrims take a dip at the confluence of the Adi Ganga and Matla rivers at South Bishnupur village on Makar Sankranti day.[4]

During the monsoons the Matla becomes so turbulent that it becomes impossible for boats to ferry people. At the same time, the Matla has become so silted that during the dry season boats cannot come near the jetties and have to be stationed 500 yards away from the jetty.[5] Long stretches of the Matla have embankments to protect villages in the surrounding areas from flooding.[6]

A 644 m road bridge across the Matla, was inaugurated by Buddhadeb Bhattachajee, Chief Minister, in January 2011. It links Canning with Basanti.[7][8]The bridge is located at 22°18′20″N 88°40′46″E / 22.3056°N 88.6795°E / 22.3056; 88.6795.


  1. ^ "Plant wealth of the lower Ganga Delta: an eco-taxonomical approach\\, Volume 1 By Kumudranjan Naskar". Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  2. ^ "The Sundarbans of India: a development analysis By Asim Kumar Mandal". Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  3. ^ "Calcutta Port". Banglapedia. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  4. ^ "Alternative to Ganga Sagar". The Statesman, 24 January 2004. Retrieved 2009-10-27. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Bridge on the river Matla". The Statesman, 24 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-27. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Matla waters may sweep villages". The Statesman, 24 August 2004. Retrieved 2009-10-27. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Didi on Singur mind, not CM". See photo caption. The Telegraph, 9 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ "Canning bridge inaugurated, CM rolls sops for locals". The Statesman, 9 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

Coordinates: 22°11′25″N 88°39′32″E / 22.1903300°N 88.6589100°E / 22.1903300; 88.6589100

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