Masonic Lodge Building (Kirkland, Washington)
Masonic Lodge Building
Location: Kirkland, Washington Coordinates: Coordinates: Built: 1891 Architectural style: Victorian Romanesque Governing body: Private NRHP Reference#:
Added to NRHP: August 3, 1982
The Masonic Lodge Building, also known as the Campbell Building and first known as the French & Church Building, is an historic building located at 702 Market Street at the corner of Seventh Avenue in the historic commercial core of Kirkland, Washington. It was built in 1890-91 by Kirkland businessman and postmaster Edwin M. Church with pioneer Harry D. French as part of the land boom following Peter Kirk's proposal of building a huge steel mill on the east side of Lake Washington. In 1922, The building was purchased by Kirkland Lodge No. 150 of the Free and Accepted Masons, which still occupies the building's upper level.
The building is notable for its sturdy brick construction and Victorian elements including a wooden cornice and window caps. It remains basically unchanged except for new aluminum frame windows installed by the lodge in the 1960s to replace the original wood double hung ones. On August 3, 1982, it was added the National Register of Historic Places.
Present and past appearance
This is a two story rectangular brick building with a flat roof. The building measures 54' x 79' with the southwest corner cut at a 45° angle to create a corner entrance. The exterior brick is laid in the common bond pattern.
The wall design on the street level of the west facade is alternate brick piers and 8" round, cast iron columns one story in height. The window and door treatments are typical storefront with large wood sash windows with transoms and doorways without decoration. There is frieze and cornice 'molding' above the window transoms at the second floor level terminating at the northwest and southeast corners in a decorative bracket and triangular ornament. The second floor of the west facade is given a pier effect by the use of vertical sections of raised brick at regular intervals between the tall rectangular windows. Original double hung windows have been replaced with Aluminium frame windows. Above these windows is a plaster entablature head topped by scrolls flanking a triangular ornament.
There is a continuous decorated metal parapet with dentils, brackets and wide paneled frieze crowning the building , terminating at the northwest and southeast corners in a decorative bracket similar to those mentioned previously. Below the frieze are several rows of brick corbelling. The decorative parapet and frieze form a smooth curve around the angled corner of the building. Just below the frieze at this point was a plaster conch shell decoration which has been missing for several years, most likely due to deterioration. The corner has recessed nine foot wooden double doors at the street level, now sheathed in brushed copper.
Edwin Church was born in New York and spent his early years all over the midwest, serving in the 1st Iowa Cavalry during the American Civil War. After living in Kansas for several years, he and his family traveled west by train to San Francisco where they boarded the steamer Pacific. This steamer would sink off of Cape Flattery on its next voyage, killing all but one aboard. Church arrived in Seattle in May 1875 where he briefly lived near Auburn. His family finally settled on a large plot of land in Houghton on the eastern shore of Lake Washington by the end of 1876. During this time Church worked as a bricklayer and a mason while his family tended to crops. He eventually sold most of the property to other settlers, excluding the plot for his house, which he rebuilt in 1880 and expanded in 1886.
Harry French, whose father, S. Foster French had brought them to the area from Maine in August 1872, was one of the earliest settlers in what would become Kirkland.
In the spring of 1889, Church purchased the Kirkland grocery store of J.J. Tompkins and became a businessman. Soon afterwords, he became Kirkland's postmaster in June 1890. With the arrival and big plans of Peter Kirk in late 1890, Church joined forces with Harry D. French, son of one of Kirkland's earliest pioneers, to construct a $12,000 brick building at the intersection of Market Street and Picadilly (now Seventh Avenue) to accommodate their businesses as well as the post office. The building's walls were reported to be thick enough to support an eventual third floor. In later years, E.A. Brooks operated the grocery store in the building and lived upstairs with his family. In the 1920s a Mr. Evans operated a variety store in the southern half of the building for a time while the other storefront was used as a band practice space. In the later 20's the ground floor was used for automotive storage. The corner store was later used as a cabinet shop
In 1922, Kirkland Lodge No. 150 of the Free and Accepted Masons of Washington purchased the building for their meeting space, moving from an older wooden building a block away. The Masons remodeled the space by replacing the roof and removing most of the partition walls on the second floor. They rented out their meeting space for use by several other Masonic lodges. When a garage building was built to the north of the Masonic Lodge Building, they used its north wall as a bulkhead, weakening it and necessitating the construction of a retaining wall. Under direction of the Lodge, the basement, rendered useless by time and dampness, was filled with 15,000 yards of pea gravel and capped with a layer of cement that replaced the original floor in 1954. The then vacant store rooms have been occupied ever since.
- Peter Kirk
- Peter Kirk Building
- Joshua Sears Building
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b c Eagon, Glenn (1975). History of Kirkland Lodge #150. Kirkland. p. 19. link
- ^ "Operations at Kirkland: Half a dozen brick blocks under construction or about to begin" The News (Seattle) 1890. Retrieved December 31, 2009
- Kuhn, Lael "King County Historic Sites Survey for the Masonic Lodge Building" Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation 21 November 1977. Retrieved January 10, 2010
- "An Early Settler: Brief Outline of the Life of Postmaster E.M. Church" - The Seattle Times 1890. Retrieved December 31, 2009 [Kirkland Heritage Society]
- "Some Early Settlers: How S. Foster French and Captain Jay O'Connor helped to develop the finest piece of country in King County" The News (Seattle) 1890. Retrieved December 31, 2009 [Kirkland Heritage Society]
- "Kirkland Town of Brick Business Blocks 150 New Buildings" Unknown publication 1890. Retrieved December 31, 2009 [Kirkland Heritage Society]
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