- Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair
Born at Chunar,
Bengal, son of the Inspector General of Hospitals in that region, Playfair was educated at the University of St Andrews, the Andersonian Institutein Glasgow, and the University of Edinburgh. After going to Calcuttaat the end of 1837, he became private laboratory assistant to Thomas Graham at University College, London, and in 1839 went to work under Justus Liebigat the University of Giessen.
After returning to Britain, Playfair became manager of a calico works in Primrose, near
Clitheroe, and in 1843 was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Manchester Institution, where he was assisted by Robert Angus Smith. Two years later, he was made chemist to the Geological Survey, and subsequently became Professor in the new School of Mines. In 1848, he was elected to the Royal Society, and three years later was made Special Commissioner and a member of the executive committee of the Great Exhibition.
Appointed CB that same year, Playfair also became
Gentleman Usherto Prince Albert, and in 1853 was appointed Secretary of the Department of Science, in which capacity he advocated the use of poison gas against the Russiansin the Crimean War. In 1855, he was a commissioner of the Exposition Universelle, and two years later became Presidentof the Chemical Society, finally returning to Edinburgh University in 1858 as Professor of Chemistry there.
In 1868, Playfair was elected Liberal
Member of Parliamentfor the Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrews, being made Postmaster General in Gladstone's government in 1873. On the Liberals' return to power in 1880, he was appointed Chairman of Ways and Meansand Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons, holding these posts until 1883, when he was knightedas KCB. He was subsequently President of the British Associationin 1885, and the following year became Vice President of the Committee of the Privy Council for Education, finally being made a member of the Council of the Duchy of Cornwallin 1889.
Having represented Leeds South since 1885, Sir Lyon Playfair left the House of Commons in 1892 and was ennobled as Baron Playfair, of
St Andrewsin Fife. He became a Lord in Waitingto Queen Victoria that same year, and in 1895 added the GCB to his many domestic and foreign honours.
Lord Playfair's last honour came when he received the Harben Gold Medal from the
Royal Institute of Public Healthin 1897. He died a year later at his home in South Kensington, and was buried in St Andrews.
Playfair promoted a new cipher system invented by
Charles Wheatstone, and the name stuck: the Playfair cipher.
[http://books.google.com/books?id=YpbKDTpVOAcC&dq=lyon+playfair&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=zDObBf64VM&sig=zPO_UJx-GRwjPucLFOs1_THahu8#PPR3,M2 "Memoirs and Correspondence of Lyon Playfair"] by Wemyss Reid, Harper and Brothers, New York, 1899
[http://books.google.com/books?id=bKQOAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1&dq=proceedings+royal+society+london#PPT9,M1 Obituary] of Lyon Playfair in "Proceedings of the Royal Society of London", volume LXIV, 1899 (pages ix - xi, near the end of the volume)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Baron Playfair — was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created on September 3, 1892 for Sir Lyon Playfair. It became extinct with the death of the 2nd Baron in 1939.Barons Playfair (1892)*Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair (1818 1898) *George James… … Wikipedia
Playfair — Real people= Playfair is a surname, and may refer to* Andrew W. Playfair (1790–1868), Canadian politician, son of William * Henry Playfair (born 1983), Australian rules footballer * Ian Stanley Ord Playfair (1894 1972), a general in the British… … Wikipedia
Хилл, Роуленд — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с такой фамилией, см. Хилл. Роуленд Хилл англ. Rowland Hill … Википедия
Royal Society of Edinburgh — Abbreviation RSE Formation 1783 Type Educational charity … Wikipedia
University of St Andrews — Infobox University name = University of St Andrews native name = latin name = Universitas Sancti Andreae apud Scotos (University of St Andrew amongst the Scots) image size = 126px motto = ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ (AIEN ARISTEUEIN) ( el. Ever To Be The… … Wikipedia
История криптографии — Основная статья: Криптография История криптографии насчитывает около 4 тысяч лет. В качестве основного критерия периодизации криптографии возможно использовать технологические характеристики используемых методов шифрования. Первый период… … Википедия
Chemical warfare — For other uses, see Chemical warfare (disambiguation). This article forms part of the series Chemical agents Lethal agents Blood agents Cyanogen chloride (CK) … Wikipedia
List of Privy Counsellors (1837–1901) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed during the reign of Queen Victoria, from 1837 to 1901. = Victoria, 1837 1901 = 1837*Henry Stephen Fox Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester (1787–1858) *Henry Charles Howard, Earl of … Wikipedia
List of statisticians — Statisticians or people who made notable contributions to the theories of statistics, or related aspects of probability, or machine learning. NOTOC CompactTOC8 side = yes seealso = yes nobreak = yes extlinks = yes x = A * Odd Olai Aalen (1947 ) * … Wikipedia
List of Scots — is an incomplete list of notable people from Scotland. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents 1 Actors 2 Architects 3 Artists … Wikipedia