Arnold Newman

Infobox Artist
bgcolour =
name = Arnold Newman

imagesize =
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birthname = Arnold Abner Newman
birthdate = Birth date|1918|03|03
location =
deathdate = Death date|2006|6|6 (aged 88)
deathplace = Mt. Sinai Medical Center, New York City
nationality = American
field = Portrait Photography
News Photography
Photography Teacher
training =
movement = Environmental Portraiture (founder/coined phrase)
works = "Fortune
patrons =
influenced by =
influenced =
awards = Infinity Award (1999)
Lucie Award (2004)

Arnold Abner Newman (3 March 1918, New York, NY6 June, 2006, New York, NY) was an American photographer, noted for his "environmental portraits" of artists and politicians. He was also known for his carefully composed abstract still life images.

Early life and career

Newman graduated high school in Miami Beach and attended the University of Miami studying painting and drawing with an introduction to Modernism. Unable to afford continuing after two years, he moved to Philadelphia, PA to work for a studio making 49-cent portraits. His time there taught the importance of interacting with his subjects and allowed him to develop his technique.

uccess as photographer

Newman returned to Florida in 1942 to manage a portrait studio in West Palm Beach. Three years later he opened his own business in Miami Beach. In 1946, Newman relocated to New York, opened Arnold Newman Studios and worked as a freelance photographer for Fortune, Life, and Newsweek.

Newman found his vision in the empathy he felt for artists and their work. Although he photographed many personalities — Marlene Dietrich, John F. Kennedy, Harry S. Truman, Piet Mondrian, Pablo Picasso, Arthur Miller, Marilyn Monroe, Ronald Reagan and Mickey Mantle — he maintained that even if the subject is not known, or is already forgotten, the photograph itself must still excite and interest the viewer.

Newman is often credited with being the first photographer to use so-called "environmental portraiture", in which the photographer places the subject in a carefully controlled setting to capture the essence of the individual's life and work. Newman normally captured his subjects in their most familiar surroundings with representative visual elements showing their professions and personalities. A musician for instance might be photographed in their recording studio or on stage, a Senator or other politician in their office or a representative building. Using a large-format camera and tripod, he worked to record every detail of a scene.

"I didn't just want to make a photograph with some things in the background," Newman told American Photo magazine in an interview. "The surroundings had to add to the composition and the understanding of the person. No matter who the subject was, it had to be an interesting photograph. Just to simply do a portrait of a famous person doesn't mean a thing."

Newman's best-known images were in black and white, although he often photographed in color. His black and white portrait of Igor Stravinsky seated at a grand piano became his signature image, even though it was rejected by the magazine that gave the assignment to Newman. He was one of the few photographers allowed to make a portrait of the famously camera-shy Henri Cartier-Bresson.

Among Newman's best-known color images is an eerie portrait that shows convicted former Nazi slave labor boss Alfried Krupp in one of Krupp's factories.

Newman taught photography at Cooper Union for many years. He was recovering from a stroke when he died at Mt. Sinai Medical Center, New York. [ [ Death of Arnold Newman reported by MSNBC] ]


*1999 Infinity Award for Master of Photography, International Center of Photography, Manhattan [ [ Newman's biography at the ICP website for his 1999 Infinity Award] ]
*2004 Lucie Award for Outstanding Achievement in Portrait Photography, International Photography Awards program, Los Angeles, California [ [ 2004 Lucie Award information] ]

ee also

* [ Arnold Newman Photographs]
* [ Newman's bio] for the Lucie Awards, 2004
* [ Newman's bio] on the Ryerson University web site
* [ Arnold Newman Obituary] New York Times, June 7, 2006
* [ AP "Photographer Arnold Newman dies at 88"]
* [ Alfried Krupp] portrait by Arnold Newman
* [ Igor Stravinsky] portrait by Arnold Newman
* [ One of the last Interviews held with Arnold Newman] -2003


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • NEWMAN, ARNOLD — (1918– ), U.S. photographer. Born in New York, Newman studied art at the University of Miami (1936–38) but did not complete his studies due to financial difficulties, and became a photographer s apprentice in Philadelphia. In 1945 he moved to New …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Newman — This article is about the surname. For other uses, see Newman (disambiguation). The surname Newman may refer to many people: Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia

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