Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa
Maria Beatrice d'Este Archduchess of Austria
Duchess of Modena
Spouse Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Maria Teresa, Queen of Sardinia
Maria Leopoldina, Electress of Bavaria
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Archduke Maximilian Joseph
Archduke Karl, Archbishop of Esztergom
Maria Ludovika, Empress of Austria
Full name Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
House of Este
Father Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena Mother Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina Born 7 April 1750 Died 14 November 1829(aged 79)
Maria Beatrice d’Este (Maria Beatrice Ricciarda; 7 April 1750 – 14 November 1829) was heiress of Modena and Reggio and Duchess of Massa and Carrara from 1790 until 1797 and from 1816 until her death in 1829.
Her parents were not expected to produce more children, as their marriage was unhappy and they lived separated from each other, and Maria was therefore early acknowledged as an heiress.
Her paternal ancestors included Louis XIII of France and Philippe d'Orléans, Regent of France for Louis XV. Her maternal ancestors were members of the House of Cybo-Malaspina, members of the Italian nobility.
As heiress to four Duchies (Modena and Reggio from her father, and Massa and Carrara from her mother), she was a very attractive wedding partner. Empress Maria Theresa sought to arrange a marriage between Maria Beatrice and the Archduke Leopold (future Holy Roman Emperor) but this never materialised; she instead married Leopold's brother, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, in a union through which the Austrians aimed to expand their influence in Italy.
The couple was engaged in 1754, at a very young age, and the marriage was celebrated in Milan on 15 October 1771. Festivities arranged for this occasion included the operas Ascanio in Alba by Mozart and Il Ruggiero by Johann Adolph Hasse.
The couple settled in Modena. As the Duchy of Modena did not allow female succession, Maria Beatrice's rights to the throne of Modena and Reggio passed to her son when her father died. When her mother died in 1790, however, she succeeded her as Duchess of Massa and Carrara. After the French conquest of Northern Italy, she spent her life mostly in Austria and left the rule to administrators.
By her marriage, the House of Austria-Este was created, a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, which ruled Modena between 1814 and 1859. After Maria Beatrice d'Este's death at Vienna in 1829, Massa and Carrara were added to the Duchy of Modena.
Issue Name Portrait Lifespan Notes Archduke Josef Franz 1772-
Died in infancy Archduchess Maria Theresa
Queen of Sardinia
Married Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and had issue Archduchess Josepha 1775-
Died in infancy Archduchess Maria Leopoldine
Electress of Bavaria
Married first Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria no issue;
married second Ludwig Count of Arco, had issue,
Duke of Modena
Married Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1773–1832) and had issue Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph
Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian army during the Napoleonic Wars
Died unmarried Archduke Maximilian Joseph
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
Died unmarried; Archduchess Maria Antonia 1784-
Died in infancy Archduke Karl Ambrosius
Archbishop of Esztergom
Died unmarried; Archduchess Maria Ludovika
Empress of Austria
Married her cousin Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and had no issue
Regnal titles Preceded by
Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina
Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara
Cisalpine Republic Cisalpine Republic Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara
Princesses of Modena Generations start from Ercole I d'Este, first Duke of Modena 1st Generation 2nd GenerationPrincess Leonora · Princess Isabella Maria 3rd GenerationAnna, Duchess of Guise, Duchess of Nemours · Lucrezia, Duchess of Urbino · Princess Eleonora · Princess Angela Caterina 4th GenerationPrincess Julia · Maria Laura, Duchess of Mirandola · Princess Caterina · Princess Angela Caterina 5th GenerationPrincess Caterina Maria · Margarete, Duchess of Guastalla · Princess Beatrice · Princess Beatrice · Anna Beatrice, Duchess of Mirandola · Ippolita, Lady of Montecchio and Scandiano 6th Generation 7th GenerationMaria Beatrice, Queen of England · Princess Benedetta · Amalia, Marchioness of Villeneuf · Enrichetta, Duchess of Parma 8th Generation 9th GenerationMaria Beatrice, Duchess of Modena 10th Generation 11th GenerationMaria Theresa, Duchess of Orléans* · Maria Beatrix, Countess of Montizón* 12th GenerationPrincess Anna Beatrice* · Maria Theresa, Queen of Bavaria* *also Archduchess of Austria 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationInfanta Isabella of Portugal · Anne of Bohemia and Hungary 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generationArchduchess Margaret Theresa of Austria^ · Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria^ · Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg 8th generationPrincess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg · Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 9th generationnone 10th generation 11th generationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg** · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg** · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia** · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym** · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg** · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy** · Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy*** 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Charlotte of Belgium · Princess Margaretha of Saxony · Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies · Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal · Princess Anna of Saxony** · Princess Alice of Parma** · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies** · Princess Isabella of Croÿ · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria^ · Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria 14th generation 15th generationPrincess Zita of Parma · Princess Franziska of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst · Princess Dorothea of Bavaria** · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems** · Princess Ileana of Romania** · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm** · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil** · Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg · Princess Christina of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 16th generationPrincess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen · Princess Margherita of Savoy · Princess Anne Eugénie of Arenberg · Princess Yolande of Ligne · Countess Xenia Czernicheva-Besobrasova · Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede · Countess Helena of Toerring-Jettenbach · Countess Ludmilla of Gallen · Princess Laetitia of Arenberg** · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak** · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^^** · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein** · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann** · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg** · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg** · Freiin Edith von Sternbach** · Princess Margaret of Hohenberg · Countess Marie Christine of Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff · Eugenia de Calonge^^ · Freiin Maria Theresia von Gudenus 17th generationFreiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva · Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg · Princess Astrid of Belgium*** · Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein*** · Bettine Götz^^ · Paola de Temesváry^^ · Baroness Marie Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck · Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg · Princess Alexandra of Wrede · Princess María of the Two Sicilies · Sara Maya Al-Askari^^ · Mayasuni Heath^^ · Countess Katharina of Hardenberg · Ashmita Goswami^^ · Elyssa Edmonstone^^** · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein** 18th generationEstelle de Saint-Romain^^ *also an infanta of Spain by marriage
**also a princess of Tuscany by marriage
***also a princess of Modena by marriage
^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right
^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
2nd Generation 3rd Generationnone 4th GenerationMarguerite Louise d'Orléans · Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga 5th GenerationDuchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria · Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th GenerationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg* · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily* · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily* · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg* · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia* · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym* · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg* · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy* 9th GenerationPrincess Maria Anna of Saxony* 10th GenerationPrincess Anna of Saxony* · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies* 11th GenerationPrincess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies* · Infanta Blanca of Spain* · Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria* 12th GenerationPrincess Dorothea of Bavaria* · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems* · Princess Ileana of Romania* · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm* · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil* 13th GenerationPrincess Laetitia of Arenberg* · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak* · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^* · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein* · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann* · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg* · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg* · Freiin Edith von Sternbach* 14th GenerationElyssa Edmonstone^* · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein* ^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
* also an archduchess of Austria by marriage
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.