Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt Duchess of Württemberg Consort 20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797 Spouse Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg Issue Frederick, King of Württemberg
Sophia Dorothea, Empress of Russia
Friederika, Princess of Holstein-Gottorp
Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria
Full name Friederike Sophia Dorothea House House of Württemberg
House of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Father Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt Mother Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia Born 18 December 1736
Died 9 March 1798(aged 61)
Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt (Friederike Sophia Dorothea; 18 December 1736 – 9 March 1798) was Duchess of Württemberg (now in Germany) and ancestor to many European royals of the 19th and 20th century.
Sophia Dorothea was described as witty and charming. She belonged to the reformed faith, while her consort was Catholic, but she brought up her children as Lutheran upon agreement with the Lutheran council, from whom she received an allowance.
From 1769 she lived at Montbéliard, which was being managed by her husband, but which had to be abandoned in 1792 because of the French Revolution. Her husband inherited the Dukedom of Württemberg in 1795-97.
Sophia Dorothea was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and his wife Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, sister of Frederick the Great. Her siblings included Elisabeth Louise, Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia and Philippine, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel.
Marriage and children
On November 2, 1753, she married Frederick Eugen of Württemberg. He would succeed his brother in 1795, making her Duchess consort of Württemberg. They had twelve children:
- Frederick Wilhelm Karl (6 November 1754 – 30 October 1816), his successor, who would later become the first King of Württemberg;
- Louis Frederick Alexander (30 August 1756 – 20 September 1817), of whom Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is a direct descendant;
- Eugene Frederick Henry (1758 – 20 June 1822);
- Sophie Marie Dorothea (25 October 1759 – 5 November 1828), married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia), of whom Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and Queen Sofia of Spain are direct descendants;;
- William Frederick Philip (27 December 1761 – 10 August 1830); father of Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach
- Ferdinand Augustus Frederick (22 October 1763 – 20 January 1834);
- Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (27 July 1765 – 24 November 1785), married to Peter, Duke of Oldenburg;
- Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise (21 April 1767 – 18 February 1790), married to Francis I, Emperor of Austria;
- Friederike Wilhelmine Katharina (born and died 1768);
- Charles Frederick Henry (3 May 1770 – 22 August 1791);
- Alexander Frederick Charles (24 April 1771 – 4 July 1833), the founder of the fifth branch of Württemberg, from which today's head of the House, Duke Carl Maria of Württemberg
- Charles Henry (3 July 1772 – 28 July 1833);
- Her daughter Sophie Dorothea married Emperor Paul I of Russia and become Empress Marie Feodorovna. The Empress was mother to (among others) Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I of Russia as well as Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands (from whom the current Dutch royal family is descended) and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, great-grandmother of German Emperor William II.
- Through her second son Louis she is also great-great-great-great-grandmother of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 18 December 1736 – 2 November 1753 Her Serene Highness Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
- 2 November 1753 – 20 May 1795 Her Serene Highness Duchess Frederick Eugene of Württemberg
- 20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797 Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Württemberg
- 23 December 1797 – 9 March 1798 Her Royal Highness the Dowager Duchess of Württemberg
NotesMargravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-SchwedtCadet branch of the House of HohenzollernBorn: 18 December 1736 Died: 9 March 1798
German royalty VacantTitle last held byFranziska von Hohenheim Duchess consort of Württemberg
20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797
Charlotte, Princess Royal
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt — Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg Schwedt Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia Elisabeth Louise, c. 1760 Spouse Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia Issue … Wikipedia
Margravine Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt — Philippine of Brandenburg Schwedt Landgravine of Hesse Kassel Philippine Auguste in 1775. Spouse Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse Kassel Full name … Wikipedia
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover — Infobox Prussian Royalty|majesty|consort name =Sophia Dorothea of Hanover title =Queen consort in Prussia; Electress consort of Brandenburg caption =Portrait by Antoine Pesne, 1726 reign =25 February 1713 31 May 1740 spouse =Frederick William I… … Wikipedia
Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg — Portrait of Sophia Dorothea by Jacques Vaillant, 1682 … Wikipedia
Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt — Spouse(s) Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia Noble family House of Hohenzollern Father Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg Schwedt Mother Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt Dessau … Wikipedia
Dorothea von Salviati — was the wife of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, the eldest son of Crown Prince Wilhelm, the heir of the last German Emperor, Wilhelm II. Born Dorothea von Salviati in Bonn, Nordrhein Westfalen on 10 September 1907. Her father was Alexander Hermann… … Wikipedia
Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg — Maria Dorothea of Württemberg Archduchess of Austria Maria Dorothea of Württemberg, taken around 1840 Spouse Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary Issue … Wikipedia
Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg) — Maria Feodorovna … Wikipedia
Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg — Princess Eitel Friedrich of Prussia A photograph of Sophia Charlotte, 1913. Spouse Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia Harald van Hedemann … Wikipedia
List of consorts of Brandenburg — See also: List of rulers of Brandenburg Contents 1 Margravine of the Nordmark, 965–1157 2 Margravine of Brandenburg, 1157–1356 3 Electress of Brandenburg, 1356–1806 … Wikipedia