Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt

Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Duchess of Württemberg
Consort 20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797
Spouse Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
Frederick, King of Württemberg
Duke Louis
Sophia Dorothea, Empress of Russia
Friederika, Princess of Holstein-Gottorp
Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria
Duke Alexander
Full name
Friederike Sophia Dorothea
House House of Württemberg
House of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Father Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Mother Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Born 18 December 1736(1736-12-18)
Died 9 March 1798(1798-03-09) (aged 61)

Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt (Friederike Sophia Dorothea; 18 December 1736 – 9 March 1798) was Duchess of Württemberg (now in Germany) and ancestor to many European royals of the 19th and 20th century.[1]



Sophia Dorothea was described as witty and charming. She belonged to the reformed faith, while her consort was Catholic, but she brought up her children as Lutheran upon agreement with the Lutheran council, from whom she received an allowance.

From 1769 she lived at Montbéliard, which was being managed by her husband, but which had to be abandoned in 1792 because of the French Revolution. Her husband inherited the Dukedom of Württemberg in 1795-97.


Sophia Dorothea was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and his wife Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, sister of Frederick the Great. Her siblings included Elisabeth Louise, Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia and Philippine, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel.

Marriage and children

On November 2, 1753, she married Frederick Eugen of Württemberg. He would succeed his brother in 1795, making her Duchess consort of Württemberg. They had twelve children:

  1. Frederick Wilhelm Karl (6 November 1754 – 30 October 1816), his successor, who would later become the first King of Württemberg;
  2. Louis Frederick Alexander (30 August 1756 – 20 September 1817), of whom Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is a direct descendant;
  3. Eugene Frederick Henry (1758 – 20 June 1822);
  4. Sophie Marie Dorothea (25 October 1759 – 5 November 1828), married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia), of whom Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and Queen Sofia of Spain are direct descendants;;
  5. William Frederick Philip (27 December 1761 – 10 August 1830); father of Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach
  6. Ferdinand Augustus Frederick (22 October 1763 – 20 January 1834);
  7. Friederike Elisabeth Amalie (27 July 1765 – 24 November 1785), married to Peter, Duke of Oldenburg;
  8. Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise (21 April 1767 – 18 February 1790), married to Francis I, Emperor of Austria;
  9. Friederike Wilhelmine Katharina (born and died 1768);
  10. Charles Frederick Henry (3 May 1770 – 22 August 1791);
  11. Alexander Frederick Charles (24 April 1771 – 4 July 1833), the founder of the fifth branch of Württemberg, from which today's head of the House, Duke Carl Maria of Württemberg
  12. Charles Henry (3 July 1772 – 28 July 1833);

Royal descendants


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 18 December 1736 – 2 November 1753 Her Serene Highness Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
  • 2 November 1753 – 20 May 1795 Her Serene Highness Duchess Frederick Eugene of Württemberg
  • 20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797 Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Württemberg
  • 23 December 1797 – 9 March 1798 Her Royal Highness the Dowager Duchess of Württemberg


This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.


Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 18 December 1736 Died: 9 March 1798
German royalty
Title last held by
Franziska von Hohenheim
Duchess consort of Württemberg
20 May 1795 – 23 December 1797
Succeeded by
Charlotte, Princess Royal

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