- Flight attendant
Flight attendants or cabin crew (historically known as stewards, air hosts/hostesses, or stewardesses) are members of an
aircrewemployed by airlines to ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers aboard commercial flights as well as on select business jet aircraft. [ [http://www.cabinmanagers.com/corporate/ Cabin Managers - Corporate] ]
The role of a flight attendant ultimately derives from that of similar positions on passenger
ships or passenger trains, but it has more direct involvement with passengers because of the confined quarters and often shorter travel times on aircraft. Additionally, the job of a flight attendant revolves around safety to a much greater extent than those of similar staff on other forms of transportation. Flight attendants on board a flight collectively form a "cabin crew," as distinguished from pilots and engineers in the cockpit.
The first flight attendant, a steward, was reportedly a man on the German
Zeppelin"LZ10 Schwaben" in 1911.Fact|date=February 2007 Origins of the word "steward" in transportationare reflected in the term "steward" as used in maritime transportterminology. The term purserand chief steward are often used interchangeably describing personnel with similar duties among seafaring occupations. This lingual derivation results from the international British maritime tradition dating back to the 14th century and the civilian United States Merchant Marinewhich U.S aviation is somewhat modeled. Due to international conventions and agreements, in which all ships' personnel who sail internationally are similarly documented by their respective countries, the U.S. Merchant Marine assigns such duties to the chief steward in the overall rank and command structureof which pursers are not positionally represented or rostered. Imperial Airwaysof the United Kingdomhad "cabin boys" or "stewards"; in the 1920s. In the USA, Stout Airways was the first to employ stewards in 1926, working on Ford Trimotorplanes between Detroit and Grand Rapids, Michigan. Western Airlines(1928) and Pan American World Airways(Pan Am) (1929) were the first US carriers to employ stewards to serve food. Ten-passenger Fokkeraircraft used in the Caribbeanhad stewards in the era of gambling trips to Havana, Cubafrom Key West, Florida. Lead flight attendants would in many instances also perform the role of pursor, steward, or chief steward in modern aviation terminology.
The first female flight attendant [ [http://www.thearticlewriter.com/OriginalEight.htm The Original Eight: Genesis of the Modern Day Flight Attendant] ] was a 25-year-old
registered nursenamed Ellen Church. Hired by United Airlinesin 1930, she also first envisioned nurses on aircraft. Other airlines followed suit, hiring nurses to serve as "stewardesses" on most of their flights. The requirement to be a registered nurse was relaxed at the start of World War II, as so many nurses enlisted into the armed forces.
The primary and overriding responsibility of flight attendants is passenger safety. [ [http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos171.htm#nature "Occupational Outlook Handbook, Flight Attendants - Nature of Work," U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics] ] They are often tasked with the secondary function of seeing to the care and comfort of the passengers, insofar as this does not interfere with their safety responsibilities. They are often perceived by the flying public as
waiting staffor servants because there is not a full understanding of the career, the majority of their regular and rare duties are safety related and are the priority above customer service.
The majority of a flight attendant's duties are safety related. Prior to each flight, flight attendants attend a safety briefing with the pilots & purser. During this briefing they go over safety and emergency checklists, the locations and amounts of emergency equipment and other features specific to that aircraft type. Boarding particulars are verified, such as special needs passengers, small children travelling as unaccompanied minors or VIP's. Weather conditions are discussed including anticipated turbulence. Prior to each flight a safety check is conducted to ensure all equipment such as lifevests, flashlights and firefighting equipment are on board, in the right quantity, and in proper condition. Any unserviceable or missing items must be reported and rectified prior to takeoff. They must monitor the cabin for any unusual smells or situations and maintain certain precautions such as keeping doors disarmed or open during fueling on the ground. They assist with the loading of carry-on baggage, checking for weight, size and dangerous goods. They then must do a safety demonstration or monitor passengers as they watch a safety video demonstrating the safety features of the aircraft. They then must "secure the cabin" ensuring tray tables are stowed, seats are in their upright positions, armrests down and carry ons stowed correctly and seatbelts fastened prior to takeoff.
Flight attendants must conduct cabin checks every 20-30 minutes, especially during night flights to check on the passengers, and listen for any unusual noises or situations. Checks must also be done on the lavatory to ensure the smoke detector hasn't been deactivated, there are no issues with the equipment, nobody having trouble in there or smoking, and to restock supplies as needed. Regular cockpit checks must be done to ensure the pilot's health and safety. They must respond immediately to call lights dealing with special requests and smaller emergencies including a wide variety of inflight emergencies that do happen from time to time and special requests. During turbulence crosschecks must be conducted and during severe turbulence all service equipment must also be stowed. Prior to landing all loose items, trays and garbage must be collected and secured along with service and galley equipment. All hot liquids must be disposed of. A final crosscheck must then be completed prior to landing. They must remain aware as the majority of mechanical emergencies occur during takeoff and landing. Upon landing, flight attendants must remain stationed at exits and monitor the airplane and cabin as passengers disembark the plane. They also assist any special needs passengers and small children off the airplane and escort children, while following the proper paperwork and ID process to escort them to the designated person picking them up.
Flight attendants are highly trained for a wide variety of emergencies and how to respond. More frequent situations may include a bleeding nose, illness, small injuries, intoxicated passengers, aggressive and anxiety stricken passengers. Emergency training includes rejected takeoffs, emergency landings, cardiac and inflight medical situations, smoke in the cabin, fires, depressurization, onboard births and deaths, dangerous goods and spills in the cabin as well as land and water landings including the preparation of passengers and the cabin, the evacuation with slides or rafts and then the followup survival skills which include environments as open water, jungle, water, tropical and Arctic climates, along with a variety of emergency equipment.
Many regions mandate the presence of flight attendants on commercial aircraft, based on the passenger capacity of the aircraft and other factors. This mandate generally relates only to their function as safety technicians.
Passenger Care Responsibilities
The main and always primary duty of a flight attendant is for safety but they do also provide a caregiving and customer service role on board commercial flights. Customer service duties include the preparation and serving or selling of onboard food and beverage. Flight attendants also offer comfort items including blankets, pillows, hot towel service, handing out headsets, magazines, newspapers, amenity kits, games and on certain airlines hand out pyjamas and set up and make the lie flat beds. They also distribute customs forms on international flights and assist passengers with their proper completion prior to landing.
Cabin Service Director
The Cabin Service Director (CSD), Cabin Service Manager (CSM). The title associating with this crew member differentiates from airline to airline. These crew are mainly found on larger aircraft types and are in charge of the running of the cabin. They report when the cabin is secure for takeoff and landing, deliver on-board announcements, and any broken or missing emergency equipment items to the pilots after the preflight check. They generally operate the doors during routine flights as well as hold the manifest and account for all money and required paperwork and reports for each flight. 2-4 Senior Crew Members may also be on board the larger aircraft types. Cabin Service Directors are flight attendants that have been promoted through the ranks flight attendant> senior crew member> purser> Cabin Service Director. To reach this position the crew member must have had a mandatory amount of service years within the airline or airlines prior to changing airline. Further training to become a Cabin Service Manager is mandatory, and typically earn a higher salary than flight attendants because of the added responsibility.
The purser, or the flight attendant that assist the Cabin Service Director (CSD) are on board larger aircraft with multiple flight attendants on board. They assist the CSD in informing the safety and service duties of the flight attendants inflight. On short haul flights the Pursers are in charge and they report when the cabin is secure for takeoff and landing, and any broken or missing emergency equipment items to the pilots after the preflight check. They generally operate the doors during routine flights as well as hold the manifest and account for all money and required paperwork and reports for each flight. 2-4 Senior Crew Members may also be on board the larger aircraft types. Pursers are flight attendants or a related job with an airline for several years typically prior to application for and further training to become a purser, and typically earn a higher salary than flight attendants because of the added responsibility.
Flight attendants are normally trained in the hub or headquarters city of an airline over a period that may run from six weeks to six months, depending on the country and airline. The main focus of training is safety. One flight attendant is required for every 50 passenger seats on board in the
United States, but many airlines have chosen to increase that number. One of the most elaborate training facilities was Breech Academywhich Trans World Airlines(TWA) opened in 1969 in Overland Park, Kansas, U.S. Other airlines were to also send their attendants to the school. However, during the fare warsthe school's viability declined and it closed around 1988.
Safety training includes, but is not limited to: emergency passenger evacuation management, use of
evacuation slides / life rafts, in-flight fire fighting, survival in the jungle, sea, desert, ice, first aid, CPR, defibrillation, ditching/ emergency landingprocedures, decompression emergencies, crew resource managementand security.
Multilingual flight attendants are often in demand to accommodate international travelers. The languages most in demand, other than English, are Mandarin, Cantonese, Japanese,
Hindi, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Filipino, Indonesian and Italian.Fact|date=November 2007
Height and weight
Some airlines, such as
EVA Air, have height requirements for purely aesthetic purposes. Horizon Airand other regional carriers have height restrictions because their aircraft have low ceilings.
Flight attendants are also subject to weight requirements as well. Weight must usually be in proportion to height; persons outside the normal range may not be qualified to act as flight attendants. [ [http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos171.htm] , U.S. Department of Labor -- Bureau of Labor Statistics | Occupational Outlook Handbook -- Flight Attendants]
Uniforms and presentation
The first stewardess
uniforms were designed to be durable, practical, and inspire confidence in passengers. The first stewardesses for United Airlines wore green berets, green capes and nurse's shoes. Other airlines, such as Eastern Air Lines, actually dressed stewardesses in nurses' uniforms.
Perhaps reflecting the
military aviationbackground of many commercial aviationpioneers, many early uniforms had a strongly military appearance; hats, jackets, and skirts showed simple straight lines and military details like epaulettes and brass buttons. Many uniforms had a summer and winter version, differentiated by coloursand fabrics appropriate to the season: navy bluefor winter, for example, khakifor summer. But as the role of women in the air grew, and airline companies began to realize the publicityvalue of their stewardesses, more feminine lines and colours began to appear in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Some airlines began to commission designs from high-end department stores and still others called in noted designers or even milliners to create distinctive and attractive apparel.
Flight attendants are generally expected to show a high level of personal grooming. Female attendants are expected to use appropriate
cosmetics, and all attendants must have very high levels of personal hygiene.
In the 1960s and 1970s, many airlines began advertising the attractiveness and friendliness of their stewardesses. National Airlines began a "Fly Me"; campaign using attractive stewardesses with
taglines such as "I'm Lorraine. Fly me to Orlando." (A low budget 1973 film about three flight attendants, " Fly Me", starring Lenore Kasdorf, was based on the ad campaign.) Braniff International Airways, presented a campaign known as the "Air Strip" with similarly attractive young stewardesses changing uniforms mid-flight. [ [http://www.salon.com/tech/col/smith/2006/06/23/askthepilot191/ Ask the pilot] ] A policy of at least one airline required that only unmarried women could be flight attendants. [ [http://www.united.com/page/article/0,6722,3211,00.html Flight attendant history 2] ] Flight attendant Roz Hanbybecame a minor celebrity when she became the face of British Airwaysin their "Fly the Flag" advertising campaign over a 7 year period in the 1980s. Singapore Airlinesis currently one of the few airlines still choosing to use the image of their stewardesses, known as Singapore Girls, in their advertising material. However, this is starting to be phased out, in favour of advertising which emphasises the modernity of their fleet.
Flight attendant unions were formed, beginning at United Airlines in the 1940s, to negotiate improvements in pay, benefits and working conditions. [From Skygirl to Flight Attendant, Women and the Making of a Union by Georgia Panter Nielsen, ILR Press/Cornell, Ithaca, NY (1982)ISBN 978-0875460932] Those unions would later challenge what they perceived as sexist
stereotypes and unfair work practices such as age limits, size limits, limitations on marriage, and prohibition of pregnancy. Many of these limitations have been lifted by judicial mandates. The largest flight attendants union is the Association of Flight Attendants, representing over 50,000 flight attendants at 22 airlines within the US.
In the UK, cabin crew can be represented by either
Cabin Crew '89, or the much larger and more powerful Transport and General Workers' Union.
Australia, flight attendants are represented by the Flight Attendants' Association of Australia(FAAA). There are two divisions: one for international crews (Long Haul) and one for domestic crews (Short Haul).
Airline managers commonly subjected flight attendants to various forms of discrimination from the early days of the profession until the 1990s. [ [http://www.chicagotribune.com/features/lifestyle/living/chi-0703050190mar07,1,4563381.story?coll=chi-living-hed "Skies Often Overly Friendly, Early Flight Attendants Faced Sexism"] , by Dawn Klingensmith, Chicago Tribune, Chicago, Illinois, Lifestyle Section, March 7, 2007. ] Flight attendants at United States-based airlines, and others as well, were forced to resign or were fired if they got married, if they were overweight, wore eyeglasses, if they turned 30 years of age (or 32 at some airlines). These discriminatory policies came under attack in the U.S. after passage of
Title VIIof the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Flight attendant unions like the Association of Flight Attendants used Title VII, in the courts and at the bargaining table, to bring an end to such practices and recognize the professionalism of the flight attendant career. The no-marriage rule was eliminated throughout the U.S. airline industry by the 1980s. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE5DD113AF932A25754C0A960948260, "kjkjUnited Settles Sex-Bias Case"] , New York Times, July 11, 1986. ] The last such broad categorical discrimination, the weight restrictions [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9F0CE1DD163AF935A25756C0A965958260 "Public & Private; In Thin Air] , by Anna Quindlen, New York Times, May 16, 1993.] were eliminated in the 1990s through litigation and negotiations. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE3D6173BF933A0575BC0A967958260 "Accord on Flight Attendants' Weight"] , New York Times, August 30, 1991.] By the end of the 1970s, the term "stewardess" had generally been replaced by the gender-neutral, and more wordy, alternative "flight attendant." More recently the term "cabin crew" or "cabin staff" has begun to replace 'flight attendants,' in some parts of the world because of the term's recognition of their role as members of the crew. This, does not, however, suitably replace the older terms, being a collective noun rather than a singular one.
eptember 11, 2001
The role of flight attendants received heightened prominence after the
September 11, 2001 attackswhen flight attendants (such as Sandra W. Bradshaw and CeeCee Lyles of United Airlines Flight 93, Robert Fangman of United Airlines Flight 175, Renee May of American Airlines Flight 77and Betty Ongand Madeline Amy Sweeneyof American Airlines Flight 11) actively attempted to protect passengers from assault, and also provided vital information to air traffic controllers on the hijackings. [http://www.united.com/page/article/0,6722,50102,00.html Flight attendant history 10] ]
Roles in an emergency
Actions of flight attendants in emergencies have long been credited in saving lives; in the United States, the
National Transportation Safety Board(NTSB) and other aviation authorities view flight attendants as essential for safety, and are thus required on Part 121aircraft operations. Studies, some done in light of British Airtours Flight 28M, have concluded that assertive cabin crew are essential for the rapid evacuation of airplanes. [ [http://www.casa.gov.au/fsa/2005/aug/44-47.pdf "Evacuate, Evacuate, Evacuate"] ] [ [http://www.atsb.gov.au/publications/2006/pdf/grant_20040239.pdf Evacuation Commands for Optimal Passenger Management] ] Notable examples of cabin crew actions include:
Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751, when cabin crew recognized an emergency landing was imminent and commanded the passengers to "bend down...hold your knees" to adopt the brace position. [ [http://home3.inet.tele.dk/stefan-g/STEFANBOG.pdf Det gælder dit liv!] ]
Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529, whose sole flight attendant, Robin Fech, provided emergency briefings, brace and evacuation commands to the passengers when the Embraer EMB 120 Brasiliaaircraft sustained serious damage to one of its engines and crash landed. The NTSB accident report commended "the exemplary manner in which the flight attendant briefed the passengers and handled the emergency". [ [http://www.ntsb.gov/Publictn/1996/AAR9606.pdf NTSB Atlantic Southeast Airlines, Inc., Flight 529] ]
BOAC Flight 712, where a flight attendant died saving passengers from an onboard fire and was posthumously awarded the George Cross.
British Airways Flight 5390, in which a flight attendant was able to prevent a pilot from being lost through a cockpit window that had failed.
Southern Airways Flight 242, on which the cabin crew provided safety briefings to their passengers, and on their own initiative, warned passengers of the impending crash by commanding passengers to adopt the brace position. At least one flight attendant is known to have assisted in rescuing trapped passengers. [ [http://www.casa.gov.au/fsa/2001/may/16-19.pdf Am I alive?] ]
Air Florida Flight 90, in which the lone surviving flight attendant passed the only lifevest she could find to another passenger. She is recognized in the NTSB report for this "unselfish act." [ [http://amelia.db.erau.edu/reports/ntsb/aar/AAR82-08.pdf Full NTSB Accident Report] ]
* TWA flight attendant
Uli Dericksonwho protected passengers during the TWA Flight 847hijacking by assisting with negotiation efforts.
TWA Flight 843, when a TWA Lockheed L-1011aircraft crashed after an aborted takeoff in 1992. The aircraft was destroyed by fire. Nine flight attendants, along with five off-duty flight attendants, evacuated all 292 persons on board without loss of life. The NTSB in their after accident reported noted, "The performance of the flight attendants during the emergency was exceptional and probably contributed to the success of the emergency evacuation." [ [http://www.airdisaster.com/reports/ntsb/AAR93-04.pdf NTSB Report] ] [ [http://www.twaflight843.com/ TWA Flight 843] ]
British AirwaysFlight 2069, cabin crew stopped the plane from being crashed by a mentally ill passenger. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1092642.stm Crew's training saved terror flight] ]
* Crew on
American Airlines Flight 63prevented shoe bomber Richard Colvin Reidfrom blowing up the plane. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1725627.stm Explosives scare forces down plane] ]
* Flight attendants on
Qantas Flight 1737prevented their plane from being hijacked by a passenger with mental health issues. Two of them were taken to hospital with stab wounds. [ [http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/05/29/1054177673194.html Heroes foil Qantas hijack attack] ]
Aloha Airlines Flight 243suffered a decompression which tore an 18-foot section of fuselageaway from the plane. Despite her injuries, flight attendant Michelle Honda crawled up and down the aisle reassuring passengers. [ [http://starbulletin.com/2005/12/22/features/story05.html '243' is horrific Aloha flight story] ]
* Senior Purser
Neerja Bhanotsaved the lives of passengers and crew when Pan Am Flight 73was hijacked. She was killed while protecting children from the terrorists. After her death she received the Special Courage Award from the United States Department of Justice.
* Flight Attendants on
Air Canada Flight 797(Sergio Benetti, Judi Davidson, Laura Kayama) used procedures which were not specifically taught in training such as moving passengers to the front of the aircraft to move them away from the fire and smoke, and passing out towels for passengers to cover their nose and mouths with while the cabin was filling with smoke.
Notable flight attendants
Kathy Augustine, was a flight attendant prior to entering Nevada politics
Alex Best, ex-wife of George Best
Regina Bird, "Big Brother Australia" 2003 winner
Deborah Burlingame, sister of Charles "Chic" Burlingame III, the pilot of hijacked American Airlines Flight 77
Beverly Lynn Burns, American Airlines stewardess class of 1971;first woman Boeing 747 Captain in the world July 1984.
Sherylynn Butt, beauty pageant winner
Terence Cao, veteran Singaporean actor
Ellen Church, first flight attendant in history
Ester Cordet, Playmate
Uli Derickson, on duty during TWA Flight 847 hijacking
Brian Dowling, UK "Big Brother" 2001 winner
Gaëtan Dugas, alleged Patient Zero for acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Sandra Force, beauty pageant winner
*Veronica Genereux - first African American Stewardess
Roz Hanby- Face of the British Airways "Fly the Flag" campaign (1970s / 1980s)
Barbara Jane Harrison- posthumously awarded the George Cross for bravery
Todd Herzog, winner of Survivor: China
Jennifer Hosten, 1970 Miss World winner
Patricia Ireland, former President of the National Organization for Women
Suzen Johnson, mistress of Frank Gifford
Evangeline Lilly, Canadian actress
Kate Linder, actress on "The Young and the Restless", who continues to fly with United Airlines on weekends, when not filming scenes for the soap opera.
*Jan Brown Lohr, lobbied in Washington for lap babies' safety belts after the crash of
United Airlines Flight 232
Catherine Maunoury, French winner of the Aerobatics World Championship in 1988 and 2000
Avis Miller, Playmate
Jane McGrath, co-founder of the McGrath Foundation for breast cancer
Froso Papaharalambous, singer
Michelle Parma, participant in Our First Time hoax
Iris Peterson, flew for United Airlines from 1946 until 2007, retiring at the age of 85
Lyudmila Putina, wife of Russian President Vladimir Putin, was a flight attendant early in her career
Linda Louise Rowley, former beauty queen who held the title Miss Alaska USA
Lee Seung-yeon, Korean actress/talkshow host
Ellen Simonetti, first flight attendant to be fired for blogging
Tania Soni, beauty pageant winner
Silver Tree, writer and producer
Vesna Vulović, Guinness World Record holder for surviving the highest fall without a parachute
Julie Woodson, Playmate
Flight attendants in pop-culture portrayals
* 1965: "Boeing Boeing"
Jerry Lewisand Tony Curtis comedy.
* 1968: In "", there is a flight attendant wearing gravity shoes and a uniform with the Pan Am logo. The attendant has the classic scene when she uses her shoes to walk upside down to the cockpit. Ironically, Pan Am ended operations in 1991, 10 years before the movie was to have taken place.
* 1973: A low budget movie, "Fly Me", featured three stewardesses. The film starred
Karen Blackplays a flight attendant forced to control the aircraft following a mid-air collision in " Airport 1975".
* 1980: The movie "
Airplane!" satirizes earlier aircraft-disaster movies and features flight attendants behaving absurdly.
The Replacementsrecorded a song called "Waitress in the Sky," about the drearier aspects of the work.
Hanna Schygullaplayed a flight attendant in the movie "The Delta Force" loosely based on the hijacking of TWA Flight 847.
Elizabeth Hurleyplayed a terrorist posing as a flight attendant in the action film " Passenger 57".
* 1994: Two "
Saturday Night Live" sketches featured Total Bastard Airlines flight attendants (played by David Spadeand Helen Hunt) wishing their passengers a dismissive "Buh-bye."
* 1994: "
The Simpsons" episode "Fear of Flying" reveals that Marge Simpson's father was a steward (though at first Marge shamefully called him a "stewardess") during a time when flight attendants were predominantly female.
Halle Berryplayed a flight attendant in the movie " Executive Decision" where she tried to help save a hijacked Oceanic Airlinesflight. She performed opposite Kurt Russell.
* 1997: The
Quentin Tarantinofilm "Jackie Brown" centers on a "stewardess" involved in criminal activity.
* 1997: The
Robert Butlerfilm "Turbulence" is about a flight attendant who pilots a commercial airplane after both pilots are murdered.
Jessica Biel's character on the family television drama " 7th Heaven", Mary Camden, trains to become a flight attendant while travelling between Buffalo and Glenoak.
Kylie Minogueuses lyrics suggestive of the standard flight attendant spiel, in the title track of her album "Light Years".
Zooey Deschanelportrays a flight attendant in Cameron Crowe's film, Almost Famous
* 2002: Flight attendants are essential to
Frank Abagnale(played by Leonardo DiCaprio) in his attempts to pass himself off as a PanAm pilot, in the factional film " Catch Me if You Can."
Gwyneth Paltrow, Kelly Preston, Candice Bergen, and Christina Applegateportray flight attendants in the comedy film " View from the Top".
Britney Spearsplays a flight attendant in the video for her song "Toxic."
* 2003-2005: "
Mile High" is a British television comedy/drama centering around the lives of several flight attendants.
Catherine Zeta-Jonesplays a flight attendant in the film " The Terminal".
Kirsten Dunstplays a flight attendant in the film "Elizabethtown".
independent film" The Aviary" is centered around the sentimental and professional life of a flight attendant. The writer and producer, Silver Tree, was a flight attendant herself.
Erika Christensen, Kate Beahanand Bess Wohlplay key roles as flight attendants in the movie " Flightplan".
* 2006: A Japanese dorama, "
Attention Please", chronicles an unlikely girl (portrayed by Aya Ueto) training to be a flight attendant for Japan Airlines.
* 2006: The
Travel Channelbegan airing a reality television show, " Flight Attendant School", which follows trainees for Frontier Airlines.
* 2007: The United Kingdom's
Eurovision Song Contestentrants were the band Scooch. They dressed as flight attendants for the dance routine to their song " Flying the Flag (for You)".
Royal Thai Army TVChannel 5 " The Air Hostess War". Local trade union of flight attendants find the show immoral and protest.
In-flight safety demonstration
Flight Attendant Labor Unions:
* [http://www.afanet.org The Association of Flight Attendants, AFL-CIO]
* [http://www.unitedafa.org The Association of Flight Attendants, UAL-MEC]
* [http://www.nwaafa.org The Association of Flight Attendants, NWA-MEC]
* [http://www.apfa.org Association of Professional Flight Attendants]
* [http://www.stcaa.cl/ Sindicato de Tripulantes de Cabina American Airlines, American Airlines Flight Attendant Union of Chile, STCAA]
* [http://www.uniformfreak.com/ Collection of flight attendant uniforms, current and historical]
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Look at other dictionaries:
flight attendant — n. an attendant on an airplane, employed to look after the passengers comfort and safety … English World dictionary
flight attendant — UK US noun [C] ► TRANSPORT someone who serves passengers on a plane: »The airline s flight attendants are trained to limit the number of drinks passengers receive on board … Financial and business terms
flight attendant — noun an attendant on an airplane • Syn: ↑steward • Derivationally related forms: ↑stewardship (for: ↑steward) • Hypernyms: ↑attendant, ↑attender, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
flight attendant — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms flight attendant : singular flight attendant plural flight attendants someone whose job is to look after passengers on a plane … English dictionary
Flight Attendant — Flugbegleiter/ innen sind arbeitsvertraglich zur Freundlichkeit verpflichtet. Flugbegleiter/ in (engl.: flight attendant, früher auch: steward/ ess) ist die Berufsbezeichnung für Servicekräfte in einem Verkehrsflugzeug, die Passagiere auf… … Deutsch Wikipedia
flight attendant — flight attendants N COUNT On an aeroplane, the flight attendants are the people whose job is to look after the passengers and serve their meals … English dictionary
flight attendant — flight′ attend ant n. cvb an airline employee who serves meals and attends to passengers comfort and safety during a flight • Etymology: 1955–60 … From formal English to slang
flight attendant — flight at.tendant n someone who serves food and drinks to passengers on a plane, and looks after their comfort and safety … Dictionary of contemporary English
flight attendant — flight at,tendant noun count someone whose job is to take care of passengers on an airplane … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Flight-Attendant — Flight At|ten|dant [ flai̮t|ətɛnd(ə)nt], der; s; s und die; ; s (schweizerisch für Steward[ess]) … Die deutsche Rechtschreibung