Major Indoor Soccer League (2001–2008)

Major Indoor Soccer League (2001–2008)
MISL logo.png
Sport Indoor Soccer
Founded 2001
Country(ies)  United States and
Ceased 2008
Last champion(s) Baltimore Blast
TV partner(s) Fox Soccer Channel
Official website

The Major Indoor Soccer League was the top professional indoor soccer league in the USA. The league was a member of both the United States Soccer Federation and FIFA. The MISL had replaced the NPSL which folded in 2001. According to, the league has ceased operations as of May 31, 2008. "We are considering structural changes that will bring us greater efficiencies, while also allowing long term growth and expansion of the League," said John Hantz, former Chairman of the MISL, and Owner/Operator of the Detroit Ignition.[1] All the teams from MISL went to the new indoor leagues: NISL, PASL-PRO and the XSL. The NISL and XSL used the same playing rules as the MISL.



In the summer of 2001, the National Professional Soccer League disbanded. The six surviving teams organized the MISL as a single-entity structure similar to Major League Soccer. In 2002, the MISL absorbed two teams from the World Indoor Soccer League, the Dallas Sidekicks and San Diego Sockers. The St. Louis Steamers, another former WISL team, joined the following year. On May 27, 2008, Commissioner Steve Ryan stepped down as the commissioner of the MISL, and then on June 2, 2008, the Management Committee of the MISL announced they had ceased operations effective May 31, 2008 to reform the league. All of the MISL's teams from its last season joined either the National Indoor Soccer League, Professional Arena Soccer League, or the Xtreme Soccer League.


The MISL was organized in a single table playing a 30 game schedule. Traditionally, the season began in October and ended in March. The league also conducted an All-Star Game at midseason. It pitted Eastern teams against Western teams and USA All-Stars against World All-Stars as well as the MISL All-Stars against a Mexican team. No All-Star Game was played in the 2004-2005 and 2006-2007 seasons. The All-Star game scheduled for the 2007-08 season in Stockton, California was also canceled.

The top six teams qualified for the playoffs, which began in April. In the first round, the sixth place team played the third place team while the fourth and fifth place teams also played either other. The top two teams received a bye in the first round. The survivors of the first round played the top two seeds in the semifinals with the first place team playing the lowest surviving seed from the first round and the second place team playing the highest surviving seed. The two semi-final winners met in the MISL Championship Final. The first two rounds were a two game series with a golden goal tie breaker. The Championship Final was a single game at a predetermined neutral site.


The MISL had a relative lack of television coverage for being a national professional sports league. In February 2007, the league and Versus announced a partnership to deliver a nationally televised game of the week starting in March 2007. For the 2006 - 2007 season, Versus broadcast two regular season games, a MISL Championship Series Semifinal game on April 14, and the MISL Championship Series Final. Additionally, the MISL produced its first-ever live magazine show to preview the 2007 MISL Championship Series. Before the 2006 - 2007 season, national television coverage was limited to the MISL Championships in 2005 and 2006, which were shown on ESPN2.

For the 2007-08, the MISL signed an agreement with Fox Soccer Channel to televise 20 games that season.

In addition to national television, certain games were shown in local markets over local cable networks like CN8.

MISL teams

Team City/Area Arena
Baltimore Blast Baltimore, Maryland 1st Mariner Arena
California Cougars[2] Stockton, California Stockton Arena
Chicago Storm Hoffman Estates, Illinois (Chicago area) UIC Pavilion/Sears Centre
Cleveland Force/Crunch Cleveland, Ohio Wolstein Center
Dallas Sidekicks Dallas, Texas Reunion Arena
Detroit Ignition Plymouth Township, Michigan (Detroit area) Compuware Arena
Harrisburg Heat Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Farm Show Complex & Expo Center
Kansas City Comets Kansas City, Missouri Kemper Arena
Milwaukee Wave Milwaukee, Wisconsin U.S. Cellular Arena
Monterrey Fury/Tigres Monterrey, Nuevo León Monterrey Arena
Monterrey La Raza Monterrey, Mexico Monterrey Arena
New Jersey Ironmen Newark, New Jersey Prudential Center
Orlando Sharks Orlando, Florida Amway Arena
Philadelphia KiXX Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wachovia Spectrum
St. Louis Steamers St. Louis, Missouri Family Arena/Savvis Center
San Diego Sockers San Diego, California San Diego Sports Arena

Annual awards

Coach of the Year Award

Season Coach Team
2001–2002 Keith Tozer Milwaukee Wave
2002–2003 Keith Tozer Milwaukee Wave
2003–2004 Tatu Dallas Sidekicks
2004–2005 Omid Namazi Cleveland Force
2005–2006[3] Omid Namazi St. Louis Steamers
2006–2007[4] Mark Pulisic Detroit Ignition

Defender of the Year Award

Season Player Team
2001–2002 Sean Bowers Baltimore Blast
2002–2003 Genoni Martinez Harrisburg Heat
2003–2004 Genoni Martinez Monterrey Fury
2004–2005 Pat Morris Baltimore Blast
2005–2006[5] Genoni Martinez St. Louis Steamers
2006–2007[4] Genoni Martinez Philadelphia KiXX

Goalkeeper of the Year Award

Season Player Team
2001–2002 Victor Nogueira Milwaukee Wave
2002–2003 Victor Nogueira Milwaukee Wave
2003–2004 Pete Pappas Philadelphia KiXX
2004–2005 Pete Pappas Philadelphia KiXX
2005–2006[6] Brett Phillips St. Louis Steamers
2006–2007[4] Pete Pappas Philadelphia KiXX

Most Valuable Player Award (Hector Marinaro Trophy)

Season Player Position Team
2001–2002 Dino Delevski Forward Kansas City Comets
2002–2003 Dino Delevski Forward Kansas City Comets
2003–2004 Greg Howes Forward Milwaukee Wave
2004–2005 Greg Howes Forward Milwaukee Wave
2005–2006[7] Aduato Neto Forward Baltimore Blast
2006–2007[4] Jamar Beasley Forward Detroit Ignition

Rookie of the Year Award

Season Player Position Team
2001–2002 Billy Nelson Defender Baltimore Blast
2002–2003 P. J. Wakefield Forward Baltimore Blast
2003–2004 Jamar Beasley Forward Kansas City Comets
2004–2005 John Barry Nusum Forward Philadelphia KiXX
2005–2006[8] Vicente Figueroa Forward California Cougars
2006–2007[4] Stephen Armstrong Forward Chicago Storm

MISL Championship series

Season Date(s) Champion Series Runner-Up Host
2001-02 Philadelphia KiXX 2-1 Milwaukee Wave Milwaukee/Philadelphia
2002-03 Baltimore Blast 2-1 Milwaukee Wave Baltimore/Milwaukee
2003-04 Baltimore Blast 3-0 Milwaukee Wave Baltimore/Milwaukee
2004-05 Milwaukee Wave 2-0 Cleveland Force Milwaukee/St. Louis
2005-06 Baltimore Blast 2-1 St. Louis Steamers Baltimore/St. Louis
2006-07 4/21/07 Philadelphia KiXX 1-0 Detroit Ignition Detroit
2007-08 4/25/08 Baltimore Blast 1-0 Monterrey La Raza Milwaukee

MISL Championships Won

Team Championships Winning years
Baltimore Blast 4 2003, 2004, 2006, 2008
Philadelphia KiXX 2 2002, 2007
Milwaukee Wave 1 2005

Championship formats

Series Years
Single game 2007, 2008
Two game plus golden goal series 2005, 2006
Best-of-three series 2002, 2003
Best-of-five series 2004


The MISL game was the standard North American version of indoor soccer. It was different from the FIFA-sanctioned futsal.

Each MISL game consisted of four 15-minute quarters. There were breaks between the first two and the last two quarters. There was also a 15-minute halftime. Ties resulted in consecutive 15-minute sudden death overtimes.

An MISL field was roughly the size of an ice hockey rink, measuring 200 feet by 80 feet. Goals measured 14 feet by 8 feet and are set into the boards. Players were allowed to bounce the ball off the dasher boards. Play stopped if the ball leaves the field of play.

During an MISL game, each team was allowed to have 6 players on the field at a time. One player was the goalkeeper who handled the ball while in the penalty arc. The other players were generally divided as two defenders, one midfielder, and two forwards. Substitution was unlimited and may happen "on the fly" during play.

Fouls and misconducts were generally the same as outdoor soccer with a few changes. First, all kicks were direct, with no whistle to restart play, which usually resulted in a "quick start". Also, the MISL utilized blue cards in addition to the traditional yellow and red cards of outdoor soccer.

Blue cards were for fouls that earn possible two minute power plays. Yellow cards were given for dissent, resulting in a 5 minute penalty but the offending team did not play short.

All red cards in the MISL resulted in a two minute power play. Red cards were awarded for violent conduct or accumulation of cards (3 blues or 2 yellows).

Originally, the MISL had a multiple point scoring system where goals were worth 1, 2, or 3 points depending upon the distance that they were scored or game situation. The former WISL teams objected to this. After the 2003 Championship, the league began using a traditional one-point-per-goal rule because of a controversial goal scored during the deciding game. However, the league went back to multipoint scoring in 2006 with 2- and 3-point goals.

Average attendance

Year Record
2001-02 5,065
2002-03 5,420
2003-04 5,587
2004-05 4,388
2005-06 4,737
2006-07 4,711
2007-08 4,577
Seasons Average
7 4,957


See also

  • Index of Professional Sports teams in the United States and Canada
  • Sports league attendances
  • Top Attendance in American Soccer

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