Maître d'hôtel

The maître d’hôtel (pronounced: [mɛːtʁ dotɛl]; often shortened to maître d’) in the original French language is literally the "master of the hotel". In a suitably staffed restaurant or hotel, it is the person in charge of assigning customers to tables and dividing the dining area into areas of responsibility for the various servers on duty. The plural form is 'maîtres d'hôtel' or 'maîtres d' if shortened. The maître d'hôtel may also be the person who receives and records reservations for dining, as well as dealing with any customer complaints. It is also their duty to make sure that all the servers and waitstaff are completing their tasks in an efficient manner. In small restaurants, the post might also be known as the headwaiter or host. This term originated from medieval courts, where the holder was an important courtier, like Olivier de la Marche in 15th century Burgundy.[citation needed]

In large organizations such as hotels or cruise ships where restaurants are more frequent, the maître d’hôtel is often responsible for the overall dining experience including room service and buffet, and customer satisfaction, while the headwaiters or supervisors are responsible for the specific restaurant or dining room they work in.

Historically, maîtres d'hôtel, such as Oscar Tschirky of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in Manhattan, New York, would also play a part in the preparation of food; boning fish and mixing salads.[1]

In the United States, the position may be a part of the role of a manager or supervisor in charge of the "front of the house" operations.


  1. ^ Zeldes, Leah A. (October 7, 2009). "Eat this! Waldorf salad, an apple-licious fall favorite". Dining Chicago. Chicago’s Restaurant & Entertainment Guide. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maître d'hôtel — au XVe siècle. Au Moyen Âge, le maître d hôtel est un seigneur richement vêtu (portant une épée et un diamant au doigt, il a pour insigne le bâton de vermeil) et est chargé d organiser le service de bouche et de la « domesticité » à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maitre d'Hotel — Maître d hôtel Dans un restaurant ou un hôtel, le maître d hôtel est la personne chargée de la coordination de l ensemble du personnel de service. Le maître d hôtel est chargé de l accueil du client au restaurant et de la coordination du service… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maître d'hôtel — Mâitre d hôtel ist die Bezeichnung für den Leiter eines Restaurants. Der Begriff stammt aus dem Französischen und wird vor allem im gehobenen Gastronomiebereich verwendet. Hierarchisch ist der Mâitre d hotel allen sonstigen Restaurantmitarbeitern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maître d’hôtel — Maître d hôtel ist die Bezeichnung für den Leiter eines Restaurants. Der Begriff stammt aus dem Französischen und wird vor allem im gehobenen Gastronomiebereich verwendet. Hierarchisch ist der Maître d hotel allen sonstigen Restaurantmitarbeitern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • maitre d'hotel — mai tre d ho*tel , maitre d hotel ma[^i] tre d h[^o]*tel (m[=a] t[ e]r d[=o]*t[e^]l or m[=a] tr[u^] d[=o]*t[e^]l ); pl. {maitres d hotel}. n. 1. A headwaiter. Syn: captain, head waiter. [WordNet 1.5] 2. The manager or owner of a hotel. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maître d'hôtel — 1530s, head domestic, French, lit. house master, from O.Fr. maistre master; skilled worker, educator (12c.), from L. magistrum (see MAGISTRATE (Cf. magistrate)). Sense of hotel manager, manager of a dining room is from 1890. Shortened form maître …   Etymology dictionary

  • maitre d'hotel — maitre d UK [ˌmeɪtrə ˈdiː] / US [ˌmeɪtrə ˈdɪ] or maitre d hotel UK [ˌmeɪtrə dəʊˈtel] / US [ˌmeɪtrə doʊˈtel] noun [countable] Word forms maitre d : singular maitre d plural maitre d s formal the person in a restaurant who is in charge of the… …   English dictionary

  • maître d'hôtel — ► NOUN (pl. maîtres d hôtel pronunc. same) 1) the head waiter of a restaurant. 2) the manager of a hotel. ORIGIN French, master of the house …   English terms dictionary

  • maître d'hôtel — [me tr dō̂ tel′] n. [Fr, lit., master of the house] 1. a butler or steward; major domo 2. a hotel manager 3. a headwaiter 4. with a sauce of melted butter, parsley, and lemon juice or vinegar …   English World dictionary

  • Maître d'hôtel — ● Maître d hôtel personne qui dirige le service de la table …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.