Nagar nigam (Hindi: नगर निगम) or municipal corporations in India are state government formed departments that works for the development of a city, which has a population of more than one million. The growing population and urbanization in various cities of India were in need of a local governing body that can work for providing necessary community services like health centres, educational institutes and housing and property tax.
They are formed under the Corporations Act of 1835 of Panchayati Raj system which mainly deals in providing essential services in every small town as well as village of a district/city. Their elections are held once in five year and the people choose the candidates. The largest corporations are in the four metropolitan cities of India; Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta and Chennai. These cities not only have a large population, but are also the administrative as well as commercial centres of the country.
- Water supply
- Street lighting
- Solid waste
- Fire brigades
- Market places and
- Records of births and deaths
Sources of income
Its sources of income are taxes on water, houses, markets, entertainment and vehicles paid by residents of the town and grants from the state government.
Our Civic Life (Civics and Administration) Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research, Pune
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