Magnus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg


Magnus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Magnus (died 1369), called the Pious (Latin Pius), was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

The son of Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Magnus was still a minor when his father died in 1318; he and his brother Ernest were put under the guardianship of their elder brother Otto, who continued as sole ruler even after his brothers came of age. After marrying Sophie, a niece of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Magnus was appointed margrave of Landsberg and count palatine of Saxony by the Emperor in 1333. Magnus took residence at Sangerhausen. When Otto died in 1344, Magnus and Ernest jointly took over government of the state; but already on 17 April 1345, they agreed to divide the territory. Magnus received the Principality of Wolfenbüttel.

In 1346, a border war between Wolfenbüttel and the Archbishop of Magdeburg broke out. In exchange for help in this conflict, Magnus sold the Margraviate of Landsberg to Frederick II, Margrave of Meißen. But the Archbishop conquered Schöningen in 1347, and Magnus had to cede Hötensleben and some other possessions to the Archbishop. Financially ruined by the war, Magnus could not stop the cities in the state from acquiring more and more rights; especially the City of Brunswick was becoming more powerful.

In 1348, the Emperor gave Landsberg and the Palatinate of Saxony to Bernard, Prince of Anhalt. The ensuing conflict over these territories between Magnus and Bernard ended amicably with a marriage between Magnus' son Magnus and Catherine, daughter of Valdemar, Prince of Anhalt.

Magnus attempted to secure the Principality of Lüneburg for his son Louis, so that it could be reunited with Wolfenbüttel. The prince of Lüneburg, William II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a member of the same house to which Magnus belonged, the House of Welf, did not have sons; however, he had already promised the principality to a son of his daughter, a relative of the Duke of Saxony, before he agreed to Magnus' plan. Louis then married William's daughter Matilda. A lengthy conflict broke out that culminated in the Lüneburg Succession War, which was resolved only in 1388.

In 1367, Magnus joined Dietrich, Archbishop of Magdeburg, Albert, Bishop of Halberstadt, Valdemar, Prince of Anhalt, and others in a campaign against Gerhard of Berg, Bishop of Hildesheim; they were defeated by Hildesheim in a battle near Farmsen and Dinklar on 3 September. Magnus was taken prisoner, and had to buy his freedom. He died in Summer of 1369.

Family

Around 1327, Magnus married Sophie (died 1356), daughter of Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg. They had the following children that reached adulthood:

  • Magnus (died 1373)
  • Louis (died 1367)
  • Albert, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen (died 1395)
  • Henry, Provost of Halberstadt Cathedral
  • Ernest
  • Matilda, married Bernard III, Prince of Anhalt
  • Helen, married Otto, Count of Hoya
  • Agnes, married Eric, Count of Hoya

Ancestry

References

Magnus Pious, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 1304 Died: 1369
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Otto the Mild
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Wolfenbüttel

1344–1369
Succeeded by
Magnus Torquatus

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Magnus (1324–1373), called Magnus with the Necklace (Latin: Magnus Torquatus) or Magnus II, was Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, ruling the Brunswick Lüneburg principalities of Wolfenbüttel (colloquially also called Brunswick) and, temporarily,… …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Magnus (died 1369), called the Pious (Latin Pius ), was duke of Brunswick Lüneburg.The son of Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, Magnus was still a minor when his father died in 1318; he and his brother Ernest were put under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Frederick (circa 1357 – 5 June 1400, Kleinenglis), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, was ruler of the Principality of Brunswick from 1373, and, according to some sources, briefly German king elect in opposition to Wenceslaus in 1400. Frederick was the… …   Wikipedia

  • William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — William (4 July 1535 ndash; 20 August 1592), called William the Younger , was Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg in Lüneburg Celle from 1559 until his death. Until 1569 he ruled together with his brother Henry of Dannenberg.He was the son of Ernest I,… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Otto the Mild and his wife Agnes of Brandenburg. Otto (24 June 1292 – 30 August 1344), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, called the Mild, ruled over the Brunswick part of the duchy. Otto was the eldest son of Albert II, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg. Otto …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, engraving, about 1645 Christian Louis (German: Christian Ludwig; 25 February 1622, Herzberg am Harz – 15 March 1665, Celle) was duke of Brunswick Lüneburg. A member of the House of Welf, from 1641… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Henry (Latin Henricus, died 3 December 1416), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, called Henry the Mild, was prince of Lüneburg from 1388 to 1409 jointly with his brother Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, from 1400 to 1409 also of Wolfenbüttel, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Henry (Latin Henricus; 14 June 1463 – 23 June 1514, Leerort), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, called Henry the Elder or Henry the Evil, was prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1491 until his death. LifeHenry s father, William IV, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg,… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Albert (Latin Albertus ; c. 1268 ndash; 22 September 1318), called the Fat ( pinguis ), was duke of Brunswick Lüneburg.The second son of Albert the Tall, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, Albert was a boy when his father died in 1279. He was first… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Bernard (born between 1358 and 1364, died 11 June 1434, Celle), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, ruled over several principalities of Brunswick Lüneburg. In the genealogy of the House of Welf, he is considered the first member of the Second House of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.