Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Khardung La Pass
Photo = KhardungLa3.jpg
Caption = Khardung La
Elevation = 5,359 m (17,582 feet
Location = IND
Coordinates = coord|34|16|44|N|77|36|17|E|type:pass|display=inline,title
Traversed by =
Khardung La ("la" means "pass" in Tibetan) (elevation 5359 m) is a high
mountain passlocated in the Ladakhregion, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The international spelling is used here, but it is locally spelt "Khardong La".
The pass on the
Ladakh Rangelies north of Lehand is the gateway to the Shyokand Nubra valleys. The Siachen Glacierlies partway up the latter valley. Built in 1976, it was opened to motor vehicles in 1988and has since seen many automobile, motorbikeand mountain biking expeditions. Maintained by the Indian Army's Corps, the pass is strategically important to India as it is used to carry essential supplies to the Siachen. Khardong La is historically important as it lies on the major caravan route from Leh to Kashgarin Chinese Central Asia. About 10,000 horses and camels used to take the route annually, and a small population of Bactrian camels can still be seen in the area north of the pass, mute witnesses to history. During World War IIthere was a futile attempt to transfer war material to Chinathrough this route.
Khardung La is situated 37 km by road from Leh. The first 24 km, as far as the South Pullu check point, are paved. From there to the North Pullu check point about 15 km beyond the pass the roadway is primarily loose rock, dirt, and occasional rivulets of snow melt. However, this pass is in better repair than many of the surrounding passes (Tanglang La, for example). From North Pullu into the Nubra Valley, the road is very well maintained (except in a very few places where washouts or falling rock occur). Hired vehicles (2 and 4-wheel-drive), heavy
trucks, and motorcycles regularly travel into the Nubra Valley, though special permits may need to be arranged for travellers to make the journey.
The 5,359 m elevation given above is from a modern
GPSsurvey by a team of researchers. It accurately matches SRTMdata and Russian topographic mapping, and it is broadly consistent with several other independent travellers' GPSreports ( [http://www.telefonica.net/web2/pedalsalcel/resultatsangles2005.html] , [http://www.bootsnall.org/datw/archives/cat_26india_journals.shtml] , [http://www.horizonsunlimited.com/tstories/rooiman/2001_07.php] , [http://www.iris-trui.be/india/india_stories/india_stories_05_uk.htm] ) and an [http://www.bonington.com/argan_news/2708.htm article by Bonington] .
Several of these sources contain assertions by local people who claim that the 5,602 m (18,380 feet) height claimed by the summit signs has been inflated for the purpose of record breaking. The even higher elevation of 5,682 m (18,640 feet) that has been claimed by
Guinness World Recordsand the National Geographic Societyis not supported by any evidence and may be rooted in a copying error from 5,602 m.
The world's highest motorable pass?
Khardung La is widely, but incorrectly, believed to be the world's highest motorable pass. There are higher motorable passes at Suge La, west of Lhasa, 5,430 m (17,815 feet), and
Semo La5,565 m (18,258 feet), between Raka and Coqen in Central Tibet. Both these elevations are supported by GPSand SRTMevidence and the latter was also measured by the Catalans and supported by the CIC, see above. Vehicles have been driven over the convert|5582|m|ft|0 Marsimik La, in the Indian Karakoram to the north-east of Khardung La, but it is debatable whether this pass should be considered to be motorable. There may be higher motorable passes elsewhere in Tibet, but verification of these has not been possible because of lack of information and restricted access.The youngest person to scale with the smalllest capicity vehicle is Jagdish Chandrakant Chaudhari,an NCC Cadet from Ahmedabad,India. He scaled Khardungla Pass in Sept-1994 when Jagdish was of 19 years on TVS Scooty - a 59.6cc scooterate.The same record is registered in Limca Book Of Records under both catagories
Getting to Khardung La Pass
The nearest town is
Leh, the capital of Ladakh. Leh is connected by road from Manali and Srinagar, and daily flights are operated from Delhi. From Leh, a daily bus service to Nubra Valleypasses over Khardungla. The ideal method to get to Khardung-la is by taxi or bike. The two bases on either side of Khardong-la are North Pullu and South Pullu. Vehicles are allowed only in one direction at a time, from 9am - 1pm in the Leh - Khardongla Direction, and from 1 pm - 5 pm in the Nubra - Khardungla - Leh Direction. Sometimes it is one direction one day and the other direction the next day.
Inner line permits are required to reach Khardung-la. These can be procured at the DC's office in Leh. Make sure to have photocopies of your permits, as each checkpoint needs a copy to be deposited with them.
Extreme points of the world
* [http://www.dirttrackproductions.com/ Documentary on Marsimek-La, highest motorable pass]
* [http://geocities.com/sec_sol/ladakh.html Motorcycle ride in Ladakh]
* [http://www.60kph.com/rides/north/frozen/kla.htm A Firsthand Experience]
* [http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/ICCSemoKhardung.pdf Document supplied by the Cartographic Institute of Catalonia]
* [http://www.sol.co.uk/v/viewfinder/khardung-la.txt Local SRTM data]
* [http://www.sol.co.uk/v/viewfinder/khardung100.jpgExtract from 100K Russian Topographic map] . Confusingly, this shows "Khardung" (in Cyrillic) further east, but the road pass is accurately mapped.
* [http://sss.vn.ua/india/kashmir/khardungla/indexen.htm Photo gallery of Khardung La, 1280x960]
* [http://kiranc.com/?album=20060925-Khardung%20La Khardung La Pass, travelogue and pictures.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Khardung La — en los himalayas. India. Khardung La (la significa paso en tibetano) (altura 18380FT/ 5602.22m) es un paso de alta montaña en la región de Ladakh, Jammu y Cachemira, India. Los locales lo pronúncian Khardong La . El paso se encuentra en la cadena … Wikipedia Español
Khardung La — Col de Khardung La Indication au col signifiant le sommet de la plus haute route carrossable au monde. Altitude 5 359 m Massif Hi … Wikipédia en Français
Кхардунг Ла — Khardung La (Кхардунг Ла,Кхардунг) перевал Надпись: Кхардунг Ла 18380 фт самая высокая автомо … Википедия
Кхардунг-Ла — Khardung La (Кхардунг Ла) перевал … Википедия
Nubra Valley — valley … Wikipedia
Kardung La — xx Khardung La Kardong La Blick aufs Karakorum … Deutsch Wikipedia
Diskit Monastery — Galdan Tashi Chuling Gompa Diskit Monastery … Wikipedia
Leh — This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Leh district. For other uses, see LEH (disambiguation). Leh लेह / གླེ་ city … Wikipedia
Saser Muztagh — p1p5 Saser Muztagh Das Saser Muztagh vom Khardung La in der Ladakh Range. Links Saser Kangri III und II. Höchster Gipf … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saser Kangri — Vue du Saser Kangri III (à gauche) et II (au centre) depuis le Khardung La. Géographie Altitude 7 672 m, Saser Kangri I … Wikipédia en Français