The temple sikhars with the entrance in front
Coordinates: Coordinates: Name Proper name: Dwarkadheesh Mandir Devanagari: द्वारकाधीश मंदिर Location Country: India State: Gujarat Locale: Dwarka Architecture and culture Primary deity: Dwarkadheesh Krishna Important festivals: Janmastami Char Dham Badrinath • Rameswaram
Dwarka • Puri
The Dwarakadheesh temple (Hindi: द्वारकाधीश मंदिर, Gujarati: દ્વારકાધીશ મંદિર) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, who is worshipped here by the name Dwarkadhish, or 'King of Dwarka'. It is situated at Dwarka, Gujarat, which is believed to have been built after the historic Dvarka city, the Kingdom of Krishna himself which submerged in to the ocean after the Mahabharata war. The main shrine of the 5-storied building, supported by 72 pillars, is known as Jagat Mandir or Nija Mandir, and is believed to be 2500 years old. The Dwarkadhish Temple is Pushti Marg Temple hence it follows the guidelines and rituals created by Shree Vallabacharya and Shree Vitheleshnathji.
The present temple was built in 16th century CE, while the original temple was believed to have been built by Krishna's grandson, Vajranabha, over the hari-griha (Lord Krishna's residential place) and became part of the Char Dham pilgrimages considered most sacred by Hindus in India, after Adi Shankaracharya, the 8th century reformer and philosopher, visited the shrine and even today a memorial within the temple is dedicated to his visit. Dwarakadheesh is the 108th Divya Desam of Lord Vishnu on the subcontinent, glorified in the Divya Prabandha sacred texts.
The town of Dwaraka or Dwarka is the first part of the name while 'adi' or 'adee' means first and 'eesh' means lord. The total sum means the temple of Dwaraka's first lord.
The town of Dwarka in Gujarat has a history that dates back centuries, and is mentioned in the Mahabharat as the Dwaraka Kingdom. Situated on the banks of river Gomti, the city's legend for being the capital of Lord Krishna. The ancient city was submerged by raging sea waters 8 times, but the remains do still exist.
A temple was built at the site around 400 BC by Vajranabhji, the great grandson of Lord Krishna, however the present structure was built during the 16th century in a typical Chalukyan style of architecture. The beautiful temple rises up to a height of 51.8 mts. Also known as the Jagat Mandir, the temple has two Sikhara. The Nij shikhar (The longer sikhar) is where the deity of Lord Dwarkadhish is placed. The huge temple consists of 60 exquisitely carved pillars and a number of sculptures that depict the influence of various dynasties such as the Guptas, Pallavas and Chavdas (referring to Chavda Kingdom) that ruled Dwarka over the years.
The entrance to the temple is from the north, also known as the Moksha Dwaar while towards the south is the Swarg Dwaar, from where a series of steps leads down to the banks of river Gomti. According to legend, the temple was constructed in a single day by Vishwakarma, the lord of construction. The deity of Lord Dwarkadhish is made of shiny black stone and is about 2.25 ft in height. The four hands of the Lord carries a conch, wheel, a mace and a lotus each and is popularly known as 'Shankh Chakra Gada Padma Chaturbhuj'. It is said that the deity was hidden for years to protect it from invaders while another deity brought from the Rukmini temple was installed in its absence. The original deity was reinstalled during the 16th century after the construction of the new temple.
- The flag atop the temple shows the sun and moon.
- The flag is changed from 5 times a day, but the symbol remains the same.
- The pristine condition of the temple and an important discovery in its surrounding has led to the nomination of UNESCO world cultural heritage site status to the temple.
- There are two styles of building a temple, Dwarkadhish temple is built in Shaiv style whereas Bet-Dwarka temple is built in Vaishnav style
- The temple is a five-storey structure built on seventy-two pillars.
- The temple spire is 78.3m high.
- The temple is constructed of limestone which is still in pristine condition.
- The temple shows intricate sculptural detailing done by successions of dynasties that ruled the region. The structure was not expanded much by these works.
- Lord Krishna's grandson, Vajranabha, is said to have built the original temple of Dwarkadhish over the hari-griha (Lord Krishna's residential place).
- The sanctum of the temple is formed by the Jagat Mandir, or Nija Mandir, dating back at least 2500 years.
- The Jagat Mandir has a tall tower and a hall of audience.
- There are two entrances to the temple. The main entrance (north entrance) is called "Moksha Dwara" (Door to Salvation). This entrance takes one to the main market. The south entrance is called "Swarga Dwara" (Gate to Heaven).
- Outside this doorway are 56 steps that leads to the Gomati River.
- UNESCO World Cultural heritage Site status, report on Indian Express newspaper website
- Underwater remains near Dwarakadheesh temple, on website of National Institute of Oceanography
Krishna Forms Worship Holy sites Texts See also Hindu Temples in Gujarat
Akshardham (Gandhinagar) • Ambaji • Becharaji Temple • Camp Hanuman Temple • Chotila • Dwarakadheesh Temple • Pimpleshwar Mahadev, Saldi • Santram Mandir • Shamlaji • Shri Hanuman Mandir, Salangpur • Shri Nathjidada Ni Jagya • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Bhuj (New temple) • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Bhuj • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Dholera • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Gadhada • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Junagadh • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Vadtal • Somnath • Sun Temple, Modhera
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