Substance-related disorder

Substance-related disorder
Classification and external resources

Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction treatment[1]
ICD-10 F10-F19
ICD-9 291-292; 303305
MeSH D019966

A substance-related disorder is an umbrella term used to describe several different conditions (such as intoxication, harmful use/abuse, dependence, withdrawal, and psychoses or amnesia associated with the use of the substance) associated with several different substances (such as alcohol or opiods).

Substance-related disorders can be subcategorized into "substance use disorders" (SUD) and "substance-induced disorders" (SID).[2][3]

Though DSM-IV makes a firm distinction between the two, SIDs often occur in the context of SUDs.[4]

Some people can have strong drug cravings even after they have not used the drug for a long period of time. They call this being "clean". To figure out how the brain triggers these cravings they have done multiple test on mice.[5]

Contents

Classification and terminology

Substance-induced disorders

Substance-induced disorders include medical conditions that can be directly attributed to the use of a substance.[6]

These conditions include intoxication, withdrawal, substance-induced delirium, substance-induced psychosis, and substance-induced mood disorders.[7]

Substance use disorders

Substance use disorders include substance abuse and substance dependence.[8] In DSM-IV, the conditions are formally diagnosed as one or the other, but it has been proposed that DSM-V combine the two into a single condition called "Substance-use disorder".[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Nutt, D.; King, L. A.; Saulsbury, W.; Blakemore, C. (2007). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse". The Lancet 369 (9566): 1047–1053. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60464-4. PMID 17382831.  edit
  2. ^ "substance-related disorders" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  3. ^ Marc Galanter; Herbert D. Kleber (2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing textbook of substance abuse treatment. American Psychiatric Pub. pp. 59. ISBN 9781585622764. http://books.google.com/books?id=6wdJgejlQzYC&pg=PA59. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Michael B. First; Allen Frances; Harold Alan Pincus (2004). DSM-IV-TR guidebook. American Psychiatric Pub. pp. 123–. ISBN 9781585620685. http://books.google.com/books?id=hU_L1KUsNfIC&pg=PA123. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Aldhous, Peter (4/9/2008). "'Drug binge' mice reveal why cravings linger". Newscientist. http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13630-drug-binge-mice-reveal-why-cravings-linger.html. Retrieved 10/82011. 
  6. ^ "Substance-induced disorders" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  7. ^ Roderick Shaner (1 April 2000). Psychiatry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 1–. ISBN 9780683307665. http://books.google.com/books?id=JxYg4ON0CsMC&pg=RA1-PA85. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Substance use disorders" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  9. ^ "Proposed Revision | APA DSM-5". http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=431#. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 

External links


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