Maria Dobroniega of Kiev

Maria Dobroniega
Maria Dobroniega of Kiev.
Duchess consort of Poland
Reign 1040–1058
Predecessor Richeza of Lotharingia
Successor Wyszesława of Kiev
Spouse Casimir the Restorer
Issue
Bolesław II the Bold
Władysław I Herman
Mieszko Kazimierzowic
Otto Kazimierzowic
Świętosława, Queen of Bohemia
House Riurik Dynasty
House of Piast
Father Vladimir the Great
Born 1012
Died 1087 (aged 77)

Maria Dobroniega of Kiev (b. aft. 1012[1] – d. 1087), was a Kievian Rus princess of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Poland.

Contents

Life

Family

She was one of the youngest children of Vladimir I, Grand Prince of Kiev. The identity of her mother is disputed among historians and web sources.

Grand Prince Vladimir I had married seven times and had fathered many children, legitimate and illegitimate. Anna Porphyrogeneta, his sixth wife, is known to have predeceased Vladimir by four years. Chronicle Thietmar of Merseburg, writing from contemporary accounts, mentions that Boleslaw I of Poland captured Vladimir I's widow during his raid on Kiev in 1018. The historians long had no clue as to identity of this wife. The emigre historian Nicholas Baumgarten, however, pointed to the controversial record of the "Genealogia Welforum" and the "Historia Welforum Weingartensis" that one daughter of Count Kuno von Oenningen (future Duke Konrad I of Swabia) by "filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris" (Otto the Great's daughter; possibly Rechlinda Otona [Regelindis], claimed by some as illegitimate daughter and by others legitimate, born from his first marriage with Edith of England) married "rex Rugorum" (King of Rus). He interpreted this evidence as pertaining to Vladimir I's last wife. This woman is a possible identity for Maria's mother.

Marriage

Maria married around 1040 to Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland. This marriage helped Casimir to gain support in his reclaim over the Polish throne. Casimir had attempted to seize the throne twice before, both times he failed. With the support of Maria's brother, Yaroslav I the Wise, Casimir was able to make a successful claim.

The couple had five children:[2]

  1. Bolesław II the Bold (b. ca. 1043 – d. 2/3 April 1081/82).
  2. Władysław I Herman (b. ca. 1044 – d. 4 June 1102)
  3. Mieszko (b. 16 April 1045 – d. 28 January 1065).
  4. Otto (b. ca. 1046 – d. 1048).
  5. Świętosława (b. ca. 1048 – d. 1 September 1126), married ca. 1062 to Duke (and since 1085 King) Vratislaus II of Bohemia.

Maria's husband died on 28 November 1058. Her sixteen year old son, Bolesław, became King of Poland. Bolesław II is considered one of the most capable of the Piast rulers; however, he was deposed and expelled from the country in 1079. Bolesław II died two years later, in 1081.

Maria survive her son six years and died in 1087, aged seventy-seven or seventy-six.

References

Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Rurikid dynasty
Born: bef. 1012 Died: 1087
Royal titles
Preceded by
Richeza of Lotharingia
Duchess consort of Poland
1040–1058
Succeeded by
Wyszesława of Kiev

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • María Dobroniega de Kiev — María Dobroniega Consorte de Polonia María Dobroniega de Kiev. Reinado 1040 1058 Otros títulos Gran Duquesa de Lituania Nacimiento 1012 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dobroniega of Poland — (Polish: Dobroniega Bolesławówna, German: Dobroniega (Luitgard) von Polen; b. ca. 1129 d. by 1160), was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast and by marriage Margravine of Lusatia. She was the daughter of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Duke of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dobroniega — Gender female Origin Word/Name Slavic Meaning dobro ( good, goodness ) + niega ( delight ) Dobroniega is a Slavic name which contains word dobro good, goodness and niega delight, and may refer to: Dobronieg …   Wikipedia

  • Maria of Bohemia (d. aft. 1172) — Maria of Bohemia (c. 1124 or 1125 – 1160 or 1172) was the only daughter of Duke Sobeslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, and his wife Adelaide of Hungary, the granddaughter of Géza I of Hungary. Maria was Margravine of Austria and Duchess of Bavaria by her… …   Wikipedia

  • Rus de Kiev — Para otros usos de este término, véase Rus. Киевская Русь Kievskaya Rus Rus de Kiev …   Wikipedia Español

  • Boleslas II de Pologne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boleslas II. Boleslas II de Pologne Boleslas II par Jan Matejko (1838 1893) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zbigniew — Portrait par Leonard Chodźko Titre Duc de Pologne 1202 – 1107 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ladislas Ier Herman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ladislas Ier et Herman. Ladislas Ier Herman Ladislas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casimir Ier le Restaurateur — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Casimir Ier. Casimir Ier le Restaurateur Casimir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Władysław I Herman — This article is about the 11th century Polish monarch. For the 13th century monarch, see Władysław I the Elbow high, and for other nobles with a similar name, please see Ladislaus I (disambiguation). Władysław I Herman Duke of Poland Portrait by …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.