Elijah Mizrachi

Elijah Mizrachi (Hebrew: אליהו מזרחי) (c. 1455 – 1525 or 1526) was a Talmudist and posek, an authority on Halakha. He is best known for his "Sefer ha-Mizrachi", a supercommentary on Rashi's commentary on the Torah. He is also known as "Re'em" (רא״ם), the Hebrew acronym for "Rabbi Elijah Mizrachi", coinciding with the Biblical name of an animal, sometimes translated as "unicorn".

Biography

Mizrachi was born in Constantinople; he was of Romaniote origin, meaning that his family was from Turkey, and not from the Spanish exile. He studied under Elijah ha-Levi and Judah Minz of Padua. As a young man, he distinguished himself as a Talmudist, yet he also studied the secular sciences, particularly mathematics and astronomy; he is said to have been the first to derive a method for the extraction of the cube root. He also knew Greek and Arabic.

Mizrachi succeeded Moses Capsali (on his death c. 1495) as "Hakham Bashi" ("Grand Rabbi") of the Ottoman empire; he held this position for the rest of his life. As "Hakham Bashi" he was known for his mild attitude toward the Karaites, an attitude inherited from his teacher Elijah ha-Levi; he even held that it was permissible to teach them Talmud.

Works

Sefer ha-Mizrachi is a supercommentary on Rashi's commentary on the Torah. It is counted in its own right as among the most important commentaries on the Torah. It was first published in Venice in 1527 after Mizrachi's death, by his son Israel. Mizrachi himself considered his commentary on Rashi the most important of his works (Responsa, Nos. 5, 78). The work shows Rashi's Talmudic and midrashic sources, and elucidates all obscure passages. It was written, partially, to defend Rashi from the strictures of the later commentators, particularly Nachmanides. A compendium by Jacob Marcaria was published under the title "Kitzur Mizrachi" (Trento, 1561), and later, one by Isaac ha-Kohen of Ostrog, entitled "Mattenat 'Ani" (Prague, 1604-9). Several commentaries have been written on Mizrachi, including "Yeri'ot Shlomo" by Solomon Luria (Maharshal) and strictures on the work by Samuel Edels, (Maharsha).

Other works of Torah by Mizrachi include:
*"Tosefe Semag", novellae on Sefer Mitzvot Gadol ("Semag") of Rabbi Moses ben Jacob of Coucy.
* A collection of responsa - "Teshuvot Re'em"; see .

Mizrachi also authored works on mathematics and science:
* "Sefer ha-Mispar" on arithmetic, and a commentary to Ptolemy's "Almagest", an important text on astronomy. ("Melekhet ha-Mispar"; is a similar work attributed to Mizrachi, which additionally contains a chapter on chess).
* A commentary on Euclid's "Elements", a fundamental mathematics text.

References

* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=675&letter=M#2269 Elijah ben Abraham (Re'em), Mizrahi] , jewishencyclopedia.com
* [http://www.aleinu.org/bibliography.html Mizrachi] , aleinu.org


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mizrachi — or Mizrahi (Hebrew: מזרחי‎, lit. Eastern) may refer to: Mizrahi Jews, Jews from the Eastern world Mizrachi (religious Zionism), a religious Zionist movement Mizrachi (political party) and Hapoel HaMizrachi, defunct Israeli political parties… …   Wikipedia

  • Mizrachi, Elijah — (c. 1450–1526)    Turkish scholar and community leader. Mizrachi was the head of the yeshivah in Constantinople and the leading Jew in Turkey. He was a member of the sultan’s council, together with the Moslem mufti and the Greek Orthodox… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Mizrahi (disambiguation) — Mizra(c)hi may refer to:Mizrahi*Mizrahi Jews *Mizrahi Democratic Rainbow Coalition *Mizrahi Hebrew language *Mizrahi music*Alon Mizrahi (born 1971), Israeli footballer *Isaac Mizrahi (born 1961), U.S. fashion designer *Moshé Mizrahi (born 1931),… …   Wikipedia

  • Rashi — For the astrological concept, see Rāshi (Jyotiṣa). Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki, ( he. רבי שלמה יצחקי), better known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: rlm;רש י lrm;), (February 22, 1040 ndash; July 13, 1105), was a rabbi from France, famed as the author of… …   Wikipedia

  • Chachambaschi — Hahambaşı (Chachambaschi) ist der türkische Titel des Groß oder Oberrabbiners der Türkei, des Oberhaupts der rund 23.000 Juden des Landes. Der Oberrabbiner hat seinen Sitz in Istanbul. Aufgrund der Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs gilt die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hahambasi — Hahambaşı (Chachambaschi) ist der türkische Titel des Groß oder Oberrabbiners der Türkei, des Oberhaupts der rund 23.000 Juden des Landes. Der Oberrabbiner hat seinen Sitz in Istanbul. Aufgrund der Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs gilt die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hahambaşı — (osmanisch ‏خخام باشی‎ Chacham baschi) ist der türkische Titel des Groß oder Oberrabbiners der Türkei, des Oberhaupts der rund 23.000 Juden des Landes. Der Oberrabbiner hat seinen Sitz in Istanbul. Aufgrund der Geschichte des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hakham Bashi — Hahambaşı (Chachambaschi) ist der türkische Titel des Groß oder Oberrabbiners der Türkei, des Oberhaupts der rund 23.000 Juden des Landes. Der Oberrabbiner hat seinen Sitz in Istanbul. Aufgrund der Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs gilt die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elia Misrachi — (auch: Elijah Mizrachi; * 1455 in Konstantinopel; † 1526) war ein jüdischer Gelehrter, Rabbiner und Mathematiker. Sein bedeutendstes Werk ist Sefer ha Mizrach, ein Superkommentar zu Raschis Pentateuch Kommentar. Er war in der Zeit von 1497 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Marcaria — (d. 1562) is best known as operator of the Jewish printing press in Trento in the period from 1558 to 1562. The press was licenced under Joseph Ottolengo, a German rabbi to whom Cardinal Cristoforo Madruzzo had granted the privilege of printing… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.