- Television in Mexico
Television in Mexico first began in August 19, 1946 in Mexico City when Guillermo González Camarena transmitted the first television signal in Latin America from his home’s bathroom. On September 7, 1946 at 8:30 PM (CST) Mexico’s and Latin America’s first experimental television station was established and was given XE1GC callsign. This experimental station broadcasted an artistic program and interviews on Saturdays for two years. Mexico’s first commercial station XHTV channel 4 was established on August 31, 1950 in Mexico City. It started transmitting on the following day. The first program to be broadcast was Mexican President Miguel Alemán Valdés IV Informe de Gobierno. Mexico's first color television transmission was carried out by Guillermo González's XHGC Canal 5 in Mexico City.
There are six major commercial broadcast television networks in Mexico, which four are owned by Televisa and two by TV Azteca. Televisa owned networks are Canal de las Estrellas, FOROtv, Canal 5, and Galavisión. The TV Azteca owned networks are Azteca 7 and Azteca 13. All six networks have their flagship stations located in Mexico, Distrito Federal. These flagships are XEW for Canal de las Estrellas, XHTV for FOROtv, XHGC for Canal 5, XEQ for Galavisión, XHIMT for Azteca 7 and XHDF for Azteca 13.
Mexican television company Televisa made experimental HDTV broadcasts in the early-1990s, in collaboration with Japan's NHK. During the first half of 2005, at least one cable provider in Mexico City, Cablevision, has begun to offer 5 HDTV channels to subscribers purchasing a digital video recorder.
In January 2006, Televisa's XEFB-TV and Multimedios' XHAW-TV in Monterrey began HDTV transmissions on UHF channels 48 and 50, respectively. In February 2006, Televisa's XHUAA in Tijuana began its HDTV transmissions on channel 20.
The digital transition was divided in 6 triannual periods and started on July 5, 2004 just three days after the adoption of ATSC. The analog signal was to be cut off no sooner than January 1, 2022.
President Felipe Calderon said in his 4th informe that he wants the analog signal to be cut off by 2015.
Currently there are 38 digital channels in Mexico.
The first cable system started to operate in the early 1960s in Monterrey, as a CATV service (an antenna at the top of the Loma Larga, which could get TV signals from South Texas). Most of the other major cities didn't develop cable systems until the late 1980s, due to government censorship. By 1989, the industry had had a major impulse with the founding of Multivisión—a MMDS system who started to develop its own channels in Spanish—and the later development of companies such as Cablemas and Megacable.
Over the past few years, many US networks have started to develop content for the Latin American market, such as CNN en Español, MTV, Cartoon Network, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, and others. The country also has a DTH service called SKY (Televisa & News Corp. owned). Recently DirecTV merged with Sky. The dominant company nowadays is Megacable and Grupo HEVI.
XETV in Tijuana, Baja California, is on the air in HDTV using 720p format on UHF channel 23 and broadcasting from Mt. San Antonio in Tijuana, with 403,000 watts, directed primarily northward at San Diego, where it serves as an affiliate for the American CW Network. Channel 20 broadcasts an upscaled version of the programs of XHUAA's analog signal on channel 57.
Another American border station, Matamoros, Tamaulipas licensed Fox affiliate XHRIO-TV, broadcasts their digital signal on digital channel 49, though not on a digital channel of their own in Mexico; instead XHRIO-DT broadcasts on an American station as a digital subchannel of sister station KNVO in McAllen, Texas, which is a Univision affiliate.
List of stations
As of February 12, 2010 there are currently 38 digital stations operational:
DTV channel Broadcaster Analogue channel City Notes 23 XEIMT Canal 22 22 México, Distrito Federal 24 XHIMT TV Azteca 7 25 XHDF TV Azteca 13 26 XHTVM TV Azteca 40 27 XHREA Cadenatres 28 33 XEIPN Once TV 11 Broadcast Tests 44 XEQ Televisa 9 48 XEW Televisa 2 49 XHTV Televisa 4 50 XHGC Televisa 5 24 XEWO Televisa 2 Guadalajara, Jalisco Currently redirects to 9.1 channel in digital mode 26 XHG Televisóra de Occidente 4 29 XHGA Televisa 9 31 XHSFJ TV Azteca 11 33 XHJAL TV Azteca 13 23 XHX Televisa 10 Monterrey, Nuevo León 31 XET Televisa 6 39 XHWX TV Azteca 4 43 XHFN TV Azteca 7 48 XHCNL Televisa 34 50 XHAW XHAW Televisión Digital 12 22 XHUAA Televisa 57 Tijuana, Baja California 23 XETV XETV Radio Televisión 6 28 XHJK TV Azteca 21 29 XHTIT TV Azteca 27 32 XEWT Televisora de Calimex 12 29 XHJCI Canales de Televisión Populares 32 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Falsely identifies itself as XEPM 34 XHCJE TV Azteca 11 36 XHCJH TV Azteca 20 25 XHEXT TV Azteca 20 Mexicali, Baja California 28 XHAQ TV Azteca 5 34 XHBM Canales de Televisión Populares 14 19 XERV Canales de Televisión Populares 9 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 36 XHREY TV Azteca 12 30 XHAB Televisóra de Matamoros 7 Matamoros, Tamaulipas 33 XHOR TV Azteca 14 25 XHBR Televisa 11 Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas 50 XHLNA TV Azteca 21 51 XHLAT TV Azteca 33 29 XHP Televisa 3 Puebla
- American Network - ABC and CBS' best. Available only in Mexico.
- De Pelicula - Mexican cinema from the Golden Era. Available in Mexico, Latin America, United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
- Telehit - Hit Music Network. Mexico and U.S.
- TL Novelas - Televisa's most famous soap operas. Pan American, European and Australian Versions.
- Unicable - Univision and low-cost productions.
- TVC - Magazine Network. Available in all Mexican States but DF. Produed by major cable-system provider PCTV.
- Platino - B-Movies.
- ^ Latin America's first experimental television station (Spanish)
- ^ XHTV first television station in Latin America (Spanish)
- ^ Televisa website
- ^ TV Azteca website
- ^ "Televisión Digital Terrestre (TDT)". Archived from the original on 2008-04-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20080413235701/http://www.cft.gob.mx/wb/COFETEL/COFE_Periodos_de_Transicion_a_la_TDT. Retrieved 2007-11-30. (in Spanish)
- ^ http://www.cofetel.gob.mx/wb/Cofetel_2008/Cofe_canales_de_television_digital_in
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