English Cemetery, Florence
The English Cemetery is in Piazzale Donatello,
In 1827 the Swiss Evangelical Reformed Church purchased land outside the
medievalwall and gate of Porta a' Pinti from Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscanyfor an international and ecumenical cemetery, Russian and Greek Orthodox burials joining the Protestant ones. Prior to that date non- Catholicsand non- Jews who died in Florence could only be buried in Livorno. Carlo Reishammer, as a young architectural student, first landscaped the Swiss-owned, so-called 'English' Cemetery, then Giuseppe Poggishaped it as its present oval when Florence became capital of Italy, surrounding it with great studios for artists, including that of Michele Gordigiani, who painted the portraits of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, now in the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Many famous people are buried in the graveyard:
Elizabeth Barrett Browning(in a tomb designed by Frederic, Lord Leighton), Walter Savage Landor, Arthur Hugh Clough, Fanny Trollopeand her daughter-in-law Theodosia Garrow Trollopeand three other family members, Isa Blagden, Southwood Smith, Hiram Powers, Joel Tanner Hart, Theodore Parker, Fanny, the wife of William Holman Huntin a tomb he himself sculpted, Mary, the daughter of John Roddam Spencer Stanhopein a tomb he himself sculpted, Louise, sister to Henry Adams, whose dying he describes in his 'Chaos' chapter in "The Education of Henry Adams", two children of the Greek painter George Mignaty, whom Robert had paint Casa Guidi as it was when Elizabeth Barrett Browning died there, and Nadezhda De Santis, a black Nubian slave brought to Florence at fourteen from Jean-François Champollion's 1827 expedition to Egypt and Nubia, while the French Royalist exile Félicie de Fauveausculpted two tombs here. Beatrice Shakespeareand Edward Claude Shakespeare Clenchlast descendants of William Shakespeare. Giampietro Vieusseux, Swiss, the founder of the Gabinetto Vieusseuxof which John Ruskin, Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, and Robert Browningwere readers, is also buried here and likewise the Swiss historian Jacques Augustin Galiffe, who with Jean Charles Léonard Simonde de Sismondipioneered genealogical, archival research. Emily Dickinsontreasured a photograph of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's tomb and wrote 'The soul selects her own society' about it, using lines also from EBB's "Aurora Leigh". While Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote a sonnet on Hiram Powers' sculpture "The Greek Slave", which had been at the center of the Crystal Palace Exhibition. Isa Blagden and Theodosia Garrett Trollope, part East Indian, part Jewish, are models for Miriam in Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Marble Faun", while George Mignaty's wife is model for the head of Hiram Powers' "Greek Slave". The cemetery is famous, too, as the partial subject of Arnold Boecklin's Island of the Dead, from its burial of his seven-month daughter, Mary. In turn, the composer Sergei Rachmaninoffmade use of the painting for his Op. 29, "The Isle of the Dead". The cemetery itself is a kind of encyclopedia memorializing the creativity of western culture, from America to Russia, from Scandinavia to Nubia, during Italy's Risorgimento.
The tomb inscriptions are in Hebrew, Greek,
Cyrillic, "fraktura" and Roman scripts, and in many languages: Hebrew, Russian, French, German, Danish, Romansh, English, including passages of the Bible in their vernaculars, at that period forbidden to Catholics.
In 1877, the Cemetery had to be closed, the medieval wall having been torn down at the time of the Risorgimento when Florence became capital of Italy, with Code Napoleon, from Roman law, forbidding burials within city limits. At the present day ashes may be interred. Currently, research is being carried out on the burial records in England, Russia and Italy, these being published on the web. The library in the cemetery seeks books written by and about those buried here, and an emergency appeal is under way to restore the 'English' Cemetery in Florence after 125 years of neglect and abandonment to its former beauty described in
Victorian eraguidebooks and seen in early sepia photographs, particularly those taken by Hiram Powers' son, Longworth Powers, now in the Gabinetto Vieusseux.
* [http://www.florin.ms/cemetery1.html Catalogue of Tombs in Cemetery]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Florence Nightingale — Born 12 May 1820(1820 05 12) Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany Died … Wikipedia
Florence — Firenze and Florentine redirect here. For other uses, see Florentin, Florentine (disambiguation), Florence (disambiguation) or Firenze (disambiguation). Florence Firenze Comune … Wikipedia
Florence — /flawr euhns, flor /, n. 1. Italian, Firenze. a city in central Italy, on the Arno River: capital of the former grand duchy of Tuscany. 464,425. 2. a city in NW Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 37,029. 3. a city in E South Carolina. 30,062. 4. a… … Universalium
Florence Nightingale — (12 mai 1820 13 août 1910), surnommée « la dame à la lampe », était une pionnière des soins infirmiers modernes et une statisticienne notable. Elle reçut l Ordre du Mérite et la Royal … Wikipédia en Français
Florence Marryat — (9 July 1833 – 27 October 1899) was a British author and actress. The daughter of author Capt. Frederick Marryat and his wife Catherine, she was particularly known for her sensational novels and her involvement with several celebrated spiritual… … Wikipedia
Florence Kate Upton — (22 February 1873 ndash; 16 October 1922) was an American born English cartoonist and author most famous for her Golliwogg series of children s books.Early lifeUpton was born in Flushing, New York to recently emigrated British parents. She was… … Wikipedia
Florence Young — Florence Selina Harriet Young (10 October 1856 28 May 1940) was a New Zealand born missionary who established the Queensland Kanaka Mission in order to convert blackbirded labourers in Queensland, Australia. In addition, she conducted missionary… … Wikipedia
Florence Prag Kahn — (November 9, 1866 ndash; November 16, 1948) was an American teacher and politician who in 1925 became the first Jewish woman to serve in the United States Congress. She was only the fifth woman to serve in Congress, and the second from California … Wikipedia
Père Lachaise Cemetery — Cimetière du Père Lachaise Details Year established 1804 Country France Location … Wikipedia
Protestant Cemetery, Rome — Coordinates: 41°52′35″N 12°28′48″E / 41.876399°N 12.479943°E / 41.876399; 12.479943 … Wikipedia